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Session 5
The Detailed Assessment
Using more accurate data to reduce uncertainty
Carbon Benefits Project (CBP) EDF Training Event
Friday July 5th 2019
Reporting
Module
Project
Information
Module
Toolkit advisor Project Description
Module
Simple
Assessment
Detailed
Assessment
Dynamic
Modelling
Guidance Module
Assessment Tools
Socioeconomic Tools
Reporting
Module
Project
Information
Module
Toolkit advisor Project Description
Module
Simple
Assessment
Detailed
Assessment
Dynamic
Modelling
Guidance Module
Assessment Tools
Socioeconomic Tools
Goal for this Session
• Introduce Users to the Detailed Assessment Tool
• Explain when the Detailed Assessment should be
utilized
The Detailed Assessment Tool
• Simple Assessment relies to some degree on generalizations and
assumptions to allow a more rapid assessment of carbon /
greenhouse gas balance.
• Cropping Systems
• Grassland Systems
• Uses generalized forest types, common tree species
• Detailed Assessment allows user to provide more specific
information on Cropping Practices, woody species, emission
factors.
• Crop Management
• Rice Management
• New and different Woody Species
• User can use standard / default IPCC equation factors or
provide their own project-specific factors.
Central principle of C and GHG
accounting
Emissions rate = “Activity” ☓ “Emission factor”
Central principle of C and GHG
accounting
Emissions rate = “Activity” ☓ “Emission factor”
What is being done
E.g.
• Area being planted to trees
• Amount of fertilizer applied
• Number of dairy cattle
Central principle of C and GHG
accounting
Emissions rate = “Activity” ☓ “Emission factor”
What is being done
E.g.
• Area being planted to trees
• Amount of fertilizer applied
• Number of dairy cattle
Emission per unit of activity
E.g.
• Growth rate for 5-20 yr poplar
• N2O emission per unit N
applied
• Enteric CH4 emission for
lactating females
Stratification
• Activities are stratified (subdivided) according
to factors that most affect GHG emission
rates/C sequestration rates
• Example for soil C stock changes
– Cropland area is subdivided by:
• type of vegetation (grass vs crop),
• relative productivity (fertilized vs non-fertilized),
• plant residues (removed vs retained),
• tillage type (intensity of soil disturbance)
• etc.
Soil C
stocks
C inputs
CO2
C losses
Example – factors determining soil C change
Variables in stock change factors
Vegetation type
Productivity
Residue management
Manure additions
Soil type
Drainage
Tillage
Stratification
• Activities are stratified (subdivided) according
to factors that most effect GHG emission
rates/C sequestration rates
• The factors used to stratify activities (e.g.
subdivide land area) are reflected in the
values of the emission factors
Simple example - Stock change factors for soil C
Δsoil C stocks = f (SOCref, Flu, Fi, Fm) for
different climate and soil types
Climate/tillage type Conv.
tillage
Reduced
tillage
No-till
Temperate – dry 1 1.02 1.1
Temperate - moist 1 1.08 1.15
Tropical - dry 1 1.09 1.17
Tropical - moist 1 1.15 1.22
Values for Fm in Simple Assessment
Impact of Method used on stratification of activity data
Simple assessment
• Emission & stock change factors are default values
supplied by the tool (cannot be changed)
• Therefore, the stratification requirements for activity
data are already defined!
Thus the only data needed for GHG estimates are the
stratified activity data (i.e., the area associated with each
specified management system). But stratification needs to be
consistent with the default factor definitions!
Impact of Method used on stratification of activity data
Simple assessment
• Emission & stock change factors are default values
supplied by the tool
• Therefore, the stratification requirements for activity
data are already set!
Detailed assessment
• Emission & stock change factors can be changed to
project- or region-specific values.
• Project- or region-specific values need to be measured
• Activity data may be stratified differently to coincide with
the project-specific emission (or stock change) factors!
Detailed Assessment Home Page
Annual Cropland in DA
Annual Cropland in DA
Forestland in DA
Forestland in DA
Forestland in DA
Grassland in DA
Grasslands in DA
Settlements in DA
Livestock in DA
Livestock in DA
Emission Factors and Uncertainty
Forestland in DA
Sources for
Measurement
and
Monitoring
Methods
Example protocols and guidance
provided in the Measurement
component of the CBP system
General
guidance
designed for
GEF projects
General Sources for Measurement
and Monitoring Methods
Thank You!

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5 The Carbon Benefits project Detailed Assessment

  • 1. Session 5 The Detailed Assessment Using more accurate data to reduce uncertainty Carbon Benefits Project (CBP) EDF Training Event Friday July 5th 2019
  • 2. Reporting Module Project Information Module Toolkit advisor Project Description Module Simple Assessment Detailed Assessment Dynamic Modelling Guidance Module Assessment Tools Socioeconomic Tools Reporting Module Project Information Module Toolkit advisor Project Description Module Simple Assessment Detailed Assessment Dynamic Modelling Guidance Module Assessment Tools Socioeconomic Tools
  • 3. Goal for this Session • Introduce Users to the Detailed Assessment Tool • Explain when the Detailed Assessment should be utilized
  • 4. The Detailed Assessment Tool • Simple Assessment relies to some degree on generalizations and assumptions to allow a more rapid assessment of carbon / greenhouse gas balance. • Cropping Systems • Grassland Systems • Uses generalized forest types, common tree species • Detailed Assessment allows user to provide more specific information on Cropping Practices, woody species, emission factors. • Crop Management • Rice Management • New and different Woody Species • User can use standard / default IPCC equation factors or provide their own project-specific factors.
  • 5. Central principle of C and GHG accounting Emissions rate = “Activity” ☓ “Emission factor”
  • 6. Central principle of C and GHG accounting Emissions rate = “Activity” ☓ “Emission factor” What is being done E.g. • Area being planted to trees • Amount of fertilizer applied • Number of dairy cattle
  • 7. Central principle of C and GHG accounting Emissions rate = “Activity” ☓ “Emission factor” What is being done E.g. • Area being planted to trees • Amount of fertilizer applied • Number of dairy cattle Emission per unit of activity E.g. • Growth rate for 5-20 yr poplar • N2O emission per unit N applied • Enteric CH4 emission for lactating females
  • 8. Stratification • Activities are stratified (subdivided) according to factors that most affect GHG emission rates/C sequestration rates • Example for soil C stock changes – Cropland area is subdivided by: • type of vegetation (grass vs crop), • relative productivity (fertilized vs non-fertilized), • plant residues (removed vs retained), • tillage type (intensity of soil disturbance) • etc.
  • 9. Soil C stocks C inputs CO2 C losses Example – factors determining soil C change Variables in stock change factors Vegetation type Productivity Residue management Manure additions Soil type Drainage Tillage
  • 10. Stratification • Activities are stratified (subdivided) according to factors that most effect GHG emission rates/C sequestration rates • The factors used to stratify activities (e.g. subdivide land area) are reflected in the values of the emission factors
  • 11. Simple example - Stock change factors for soil C Δsoil C stocks = f (SOCref, Flu, Fi, Fm) for different climate and soil types Climate/tillage type Conv. tillage Reduced tillage No-till Temperate – dry 1 1.02 1.1 Temperate - moist 1 1.08 1.15 Tropical - dry 1 1.09 1.17 Tropical - moist 1 1.15 1.22 Values for Fm in Simple Assessment
  • 12. Impact of Method used on stratification of activity data Simple assessment • Emission & stock change factors are default values supplied by the tool (cannot be changed) • Therefore, the stratification requirements for activity data are already defined! Thus the only data needed for GHG estimates are the stratified activity data (i.e., the area associated with each specified management system). But stratification needs to be consistent with the default factor definitions!
  • 13. Impact of Method used on stratification of activity data Simple assessment • Emission & stock change factors are default values supplied by the tool • Therefore, the stratification requirements for activity data are already set! Detailed assessment • Emission & stock change factors can be changed to project- or region-specific values. • Project- or region-specific values need to be measured • Activity data may be stratified differently to coincide with the project-specific emission (or stock change) factors!
  • 25. Emission Factors and Uncertainty
  • 28. Example protocols and guidance provided in the Measurement component of the CBP system
  • 30. General Sources for Measurement and Monitoring Methods