Shauni gerner


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Shauni gerner

  1. 1. Autism
  2. 2. Autism A developmental disability, generally evident before age 3 Affects: Verbal and nonverbal communication, social interaction Affects a child’s performance Often referred to as a spectrum disorder one of 5 in the category of Pervasive Developmental Disorders
  3. 3. History of Autism: 1943- was named by Leo Kenner (a childpsychiatrist at John Hopkins University MedicalSchool 1940’s-60’s it was thought that people with Autism were just socially withdrawn Today it is known as neurological and biochemical alterations in the brain. 1911-Eugen Bluer, a Swiss psychiatrist had first used the term autism, but it was not yet classified
  4. 4. Cause of Autism? The exact cause is unknown. Most evidence indicates that it comes from a biological origin. Lack of love and attention theory…true or false? It is a metabolic dysfunction of the brain. It has 1/4th of the signs of a neurological disorder Measles and mumps vaccine theory
  5. 5. Autism Statistics:  Boys are affected 4 to 5 times more than girls  5 to 15 of every 10,000 people are diagnosed  Rarely more than one person in a family is affected  Center of Disease control estimated 2 out of 1,000 are diagnosed  Autism society of America states 1 of every 150 births are diagnosed and 1 to 1.5 mil Americans have it with a growth of 17% since 1990
  6. 6. Symptoms of Autism andchallenges:  Difficulty in communication  Repetitive behaviors  Lack of spoken language  Grasping and touch  Difficulty understand perspective  Displays of affection and emotion are not typical and difficulty regulating emotions
  7. 7. How to accommodate anAutistic student: Keep to a repetitive and routine schedule. Use of direct instruction which is very structured with many varieties of stimuli Use of direct language. Autism students do not understand figurative language. Practicing communication strategies with a routine Warning and preparation when a change is coming Must feel safe and may require a private area at times Working with specialists to have a co-ordinated approach to
  8. 8. References A History of Autism. (n.d.). WEb MD. Retrieved July 20, 2012, from autism Nielson, L. B. (2009). Disabilities and Health Disorders. In Brief References of Student Dissabilities. (2nd ed.). (p. 65). Thousand Oaks , California: Corwin press. Richmond, M. L. Autism in the classroom. Retrieved July 20, 2012, from http:// (n.d.). Teaching students with Autism. In Teaching Students with Autism. (p. 27). Victoria, BC: Ministry of Education special programs branch.