Task of architect

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Task of architect

  1. 1. + Task of Architecture
  2. 2. Why architecture exist in the first place? Accommodating Activity Spaces 4 Function
  3. 3. + The search for shelter Shelter: A structure affording protection from rain, wind, or sun; in wider sense, anything serving as a screen or a place of refuge from the weather. – Oxford English Dictionary
  4. 4. + sheltering
  5. 5. + sheltering
  6. 6. + The primitive hut Man wants to make himself a dwelling that protects but does not bury him… Let us look at man in his primitive state without any aid or guidance other than his natural instincts. He is in need of a place to rest. Abbe Laugier’s Essay sur l’architecture, 1755
  7. 7. + The discovery of creating shelter Drawing from Viollet le Duc’s Dictionnaire raisonne de l’architecture, 1856
  8. 8. + FIND PLACE for SHELTER MODIFYING PLACE by MAKING FORM (STRUCTURE) for ACCOMODATING ACTIVITIES (SPACES) Need space for (dry) activities: shelter1
  9. 9. + sheltering
  10. 10. THE BUILDING TASK [Schulz-65] 1. Physical Control 2. Functional Frame Concern with the relation between building & surroundings Activities of a number of persons need a practical architectural frame
  11. 11. the BUILDING TASK [Hillier, Musgrove, O’Sullivan-73] 1. Container for human activities 2. Modifier of given climate Internal spaces which will exist in physical relationship with each other Modifyer boundaries between the enclosed space & the external environment
  12. 12. + 2 MAKING FORM (STRUCTURE) for ACCOMODATING WORSHIP ACTIVITIES (SPACES) IN A CERTAIN PLACE Need space for religious activities Containing “settled” activities
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  19. 19. I 2 A2008 08-12 Placing the religius form : highest hirarchy
  20. 20. + MAKING FORM (STRUCTURE) for ACCOMODATING SERVICES ACTIVITIES (SPACES) IN A CERTAIN PLACE Need space for other activities Containing “settled” activities3
  21. 21. I 2 A2008 08-12 U BP MP IP MCK BA MI IK MT CN
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  26. 26. + Utilitas Firmitas Venustas Function: both sheltering activities and symbolizing societies’ cultural and social condition from biologi: firmus and latin: firmness meaning “stable, strong, firm, steadfast” Aesthetics, beauty VITRUVIUS : architecture should embodied
  27. 27. + Function Context Free For m Structure Meaning Form
  28. 28. + Need space for other activities Containing “settled” activities 4
  29. 29. Utilitas Sheltering Symbolizing Creating Activity Spaces 4 1 2 Practical Symbolical
  30. 30. Physical Control Functional Frame Social Milieu Cultural Symbolization Container of human activity Modifier given climate Cultural Symbol Consumer of resources Sheltering Activities Needs
  31. 31. [Hillier, Musgrove, O’Sullivan-73] 3. Cultural symbol ...Symbol operates even when the architect has intended it would not (so called ‘functional’) 4. Cultural Symbolization It’s evident that the cultural symbolization is closely related to the formation of the social milieu : -social structure-symbol system [Schulz-65] 3. Social Milieu A social factors which should enter the architectural concretization : -status /role in groups -institution The building task
  32. 32. s y m b o l i s i n g
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  36. 36. + ARTICULATING (SIGNING) FORM (STRUCTURE) TO MAKE MEANING for IDENTITY Need identity, distinct from other Symbolizing forms and activities 5
  37. 37. + [Hillier, Musgrove, O’Sullivan-73] 4. Consumer of resources All building material must developed further. Each operation adds to its value. The building task
  38. 38. I 2 A2008 08-12
  39. 39. + ARTICULATING (SIGNING) FORM (STRUCTURE) TO CREATE LIFE STYLE and COMMODITY Wants another value Co modifying forms 5
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  50. 50. Needs And now …. Wants b e f o r e a f t e r Needs Wants
  51. 51. I 2 A2008 08-12
  52. 52. I 2 A2008 08-12 Is it sheltering / physical needs? Or social / symbolizing needs ? Or just want another value: symbolizing personal and commodity.
  53. 53. What is the TASK of Architecture ?
  54. 54. Physical Control Functional Frame Social Milieu Cultural Symbolization Container of human activity Modifier given climate Cultural Symbol Consumer of resources Utilitarian Symbolization Practical Symbolica Sheltering Activities Symbolising Commodity Needs Wants
  55. 55. + And the story goes….. needs or wants remote?

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