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History and theory part 3


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History and theory part 3

  1. 1. + Contemporary Architecture History and theory
  2. 2. + What is contemporary architecture? NOT futuristic Present time • Is formally defined as the building style of the present day • Quite varied and have a number of different influences • Therefore do not necessarily have similar or easily recognizable features as in classical arch. • A precise definition of "contemporary" architecture, therefore, is not so simple to articulate.
  3. 3. + The end of modern architecture Perumahan “ideal” yang paling progresifdari CIAM Kongres International Arsitektur Modern danmemenangkanpenghargaandari AIA waktudirancangoleh Minoru Yamasaki tahun 1951 – the Pruitt-Igoe Housing, St. Louis, dandihancurkanpadatahun 1972 (Jencks).
  4. 4. BEFORE MODERN AFTER MODERN MODERN Relationship of Man and Nature Ideology and Art Relationship of Man and Nature Ideologyand Art Renaissance Ecole de Beaux Arts Bauhaus Man Man Rational Rational CIAM The End of modernism Pluralism Metaphor Communication De-Construction etc. etc. etc. etc.
  5. 5. + [post] MODERN Apakahmerupakan“pemutusan”darisegalahubungandengan modern ? Apakahmerupakan“koreksi”terhadap Modern ?
  6. 6. + Penggunaanistilah postmodern pertamaolehFrederic:Jameson De Onis Keenamoleh Leslie Fiedler Kelima oleholeh olehJencks tahun [1977] Kedua olehCharles Federico Kedelapan Ketujuh kaliIhab Hasan Keempatoleh Toynbee [1947] Ketiga oleh Jean Baudrillard Lyotard [1930] Yang mengistilahkanistilah post sebagai logika cultural yang memproklamirkannya pada untukmenyebutpostmodern yg ketika menunjukkan “reaksi” memberikan bahwa dimanakondisi postmodern yang mencoba menjelaskan postmodern adalah Implosion yangmembawa seni dan yang dll sebagaipada erabahasabaru. eksperimental sejarahfemale timbul“siklus” pada ultra pada humanist,transformasi tidakadalaginarasibesar. suatu sebuah modern atau peledakan kedalam dalam kebudayaan pada baru. modern arsitektur. umumnya.
  7. 7. + Inti isi pemikiran postmodern Hilangnya “Batas” Questioning many things Antarasenidankehidupannyata Antarabudayatinggidanbudaya pop Antara permukaan dan kedalaman Renewing from within Modernism
  8. 8. + Mengkritisikeras form follow function Fungsibolehsajabergan tidalamsuatubentukygt etap Aldo Rossi [1966] Perspective sketches, sketch plans, and detail sketches for the Centro Direzionale, Florence, 1977, Blue ballpoint pen and black felt tip marker on glossy white paper Dalamarsitektur, kotaharusdiperlakukans ebagailocus of collective identity Bukansebagaientitasek onomiataudemografi
  9. 9. + Louis Kahn [1959] Arsitekturselayaknyamulaidariruangberubahdari functionally social architecture menjadi „EXPERIENCE‟ architecture [“silence and light”]yang merupakangabungandariaspekkuantitatifbangunandanaspekkualitatifdariruang “One should not imitate exactly, but be critical about the conceived image and find significance in it” (Latour, 1991)
  10. 10. + New Statement
  11. 11. + LESS is BORE "Learning from Las Vegas" (1972-1978) Robert Venturi (1966) Both-and either or Hybrid form Pure form Riches of meaning Clarity of meanings
  12. 12. + With regards to Robert Venturi
  13. 13. + Michael Grave Colourful ICONIC
  14. 14. Charles Jencks [1977] ModernismematiketikaPruitIgoedihanc urkantahun 1972. + Menggantiunivalensibentuk [modern] denganpluralisasibentuk[doble coding] EsensiArsitekturbertumpupadalangua ge
  15. 15. + Postmodern History through sketch Contemporary architects are exploring the design process and conceptual thinking, utilizing new media to manipulate images in new ways. Regardless of the medium used, architects still rely on the image to evoke a dialogue. It may be argued that the greatest development in the evolution of sketches has been the emergence of the computer. Sketches have been and will continue to be conduits of dialogue.
  16. 16. + Aldo Rossi [1966] Sketsadalamprosesdesainsebagaibentuk dialog antara ‘past and future’ Menurut Paolo Portoghesi, banyaknyasketsadesaindariberbagaisudutpe nggambaranadalahbentukandariidetorsionea tautwisting (a means of maintaining contact with memories without abandoning them) Perspective sketches, sketch plans, and detail sketches for the Centro Direzionale, Florence, 1977, Blue ballpoint pen and black felt tip marker on glossy white paper
  17. 17. + Tadao Ando Preliminary design sketch, light slit on the altar, 1987, Church of the Light, Ibaraki, Osaka, Japan, 11.78.5in., Felt pen on Japanese paper (washi) The minimal forms tell the story of a conceptually strong approach to the light in a small chapel. In writing about the importance of sketches in design process, Ando writes: ‘my sketch[es] usually help me to clear and refine the initial image and to integrate it with architectural space and details.’
  18. 18. + Mario Botta Studies for the ground floor plan and verifications of the building’s volume and shape, 1996, The Cymbalista Synagogue and Jewish Heritage Centre in Tel Aviv, Israel, 1998, 3150cm, Pencil on white sketching paper sketches are the memories involving intuitions and alterations behind a definitive design. - Botta
  19. 19. + Santiago Calatrava Sketch plan (05), 1999, Tenerife Concert Hall, Santa Cruz de Tenerife, Canary Islands, Spain, 3040cm, Watercolor The building is the result of a specified desire for a dynamic, monumental building that would not only be a place for music and culture but would create a focal point for the area.
  20. 20. + Frank Gehry Process elevation sketches, October 1991, Guggenheim Museum Bilbao, Spain, 12.39.2in.
  21. 21. + ZahaHadid Preliminary sketch, 1991, Vitra Fire Station, Weil Am Rheim, Germany, 11.716.5in., Acrylic and ink on tracing paper This sketch is a beautiful and succinct diagram of Hadid’s thinking. The images, although brief and abstract, present the clear concept of the walls that ‘puncture, tilt, and break.’ It is preliminary, preparatory, and describes an outline of her design process.
  22. 22. + Renzo Piano Elevation sketch, 1991, Cultural Center Jean-Marie Tjibaou, Nouméa, New Caledonia, 8.311.7in., Felt pen on paper
  23. 23. + question Mengapa [post] modernismeberkembangpesatdiAmerika?