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'Form follows function'


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atul rajmani pathak

Published in: Design
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'Form follows function'

  1. 1. A Presentation on the architectural proverb “FORM FOLLOWS FUNCTION”
  2. 2. “ It is the pervading law of all things organicand inorganic, Of all things physical and metaphysical, Of all things human and all things super-human, Of all true manifestations of the head, Of the heart, of the soul, That the life is recognizable in itsexpression, That form ever follows function.This is the law.” Louis Sullivan (1856-1924)
  3. 3. Which of the following is design and which is analysis?A. Given that the customer wishes to built a warehouse forhim/her.B. Given the cross-section geometry of a warehouse , and wedraw its plan and elevation for necessary analysis beforestepping into constructional work. Design Analysis Form is the solution to a design problem.
  4. 4.   control Function hold decision making processes move protect Design store shape Form configuration size Form Ever Follows Function materials manufacturing processes
  5. 5. Set of decisionmaking processes and activities to determine theform of an object, given the customer’sdesired function.
  6. 6. Different forms depending upon the type of functioning for the same object: The concept of sustainability has created an awareness among the people. Now people are heading back towards the core concept of “Form follows Function”. This principle does not imply on not decorating the structure or trying to make it aesthetically appealing. People are now more focussed onto making less use of energy intensive materials to make the environment sustainable and avoid chaotic designs. Aesthetics and functionality flow hand in hand. People are ready to spend, buy materials locally or import to make the functionality blend well, in order to get an elegant interior with rich and brand-symbolic elements. Aesthetics for different types of buildings are different. The aesthetic appeal factor varies from residential design to commercial buildings like office complex or shopping malls or cinema theatres etc.
  7. 7. Form
  8. 8. Formulation ConceptPreliminary Design Embodiment Configuration Design Parametric Detail
  9. 9. Realized Form Manufacturing and construction (Production) Production Design Engineering and architectural Design Industrial DesignConceptualization Functional Need
  10. 10. Design on basis of function Established function determine form of a product and plays a key role in the life of the Manufacture product .A movie theatre may be everlastingly built and have Use of its form usually much longer life than a farmhouse. The factor of “function” plays the role here. RetireTo satisfy the consumer…We must consider all the phases in the life of a product from its function to itsphysical form
  11. 11. Independent 1.Basic function 2.Primary amenities 1.Luxury 3.Purpose 2.Technologyform 3. Innovation Dependent Growth of Higher Growth of Primary Functional needs functional needs Surrounding needs form
  12. 12. Fig: Generation of formaccording to therequirement of thehigher functional needand primary functionalneed.
  13. 13. Fig: A typical hut in outskirts of.Its form is dependent upon theexternal surroundings.Being invery less temperature zone,itsof four sided enclosed form andof cold resisting buildingmaterial.
  14. 14. Fig: Comparison of the constructed structures whose form, shape and order are of their respective functional origin
  15. 15. Derivation relevance in Nature and Surroundings of this concept,other thanin Buildings
  16. 16. Professional Team FunctionSurveyor Land planning and site surveyDraftspersons Drawing and Plan designingCivil engineers Construction and building aspectsTechnicians and Production Levelling and reverificationmanagersConstructor Construction and instrumentationInterior designer Specific interior ornamentationIndividual skills inhibitor characterization
  17. 17. • Design is “decision” making.• Product realization process includes engineering design• Design process of any building form requires formulating, generating, analyzing, evaluating, refining and analysis of the socio-economic functionalities of the building and its surrounding localities• Form follows function• Product’s form realization is a professional team work heavily dominated by functional purpose of the project.
  18. 18. 1: Allen, Woody. "If the Impressionists Had Been Dentists: A fantasy exploring the transposition oftemperament. Without Feathers, New York: Warner Books, 1976.2: Banham R. Theory and Design in the First Machine Age. London 1960.3: Mumford L. "The Case Against Modern Architecture." In: The Highway and the City. New York 1964: 162-175.4: Collins P. Changing Ideals in Modern Architecture 1750-1950. London 1967.5: Norberg-Schulz C. Intentions in Architecture. Cambridge, Mass. 1966.6: Jencks C. Modern Movements in Architecture Harmondsworth 1980.7: Brolin B.C. The Failure of Modern Architecture. London 1976.8: Blake P. Form Follows Fiasco: Why Modern Architecture Hasnt Worked. Boston/Toronto 1977.9: Watkin D. Morality and Architecture: The Development of a Theme in Architectural History and Theory from theGothic Revival to the Modern Movement. Oxford 1977.10: Asplund H. Farv�ll till funktionalismen! Stockholm 1980.11: Herdeg K. The Decorated Diagram: Harvard Architecture and the Failure of the Bauhaus Legacy. Cambridge,Mass. 1983.12a: Wolfe T. From Bauhaus to Our House. New York 1981.12b: Krier, L. Architecture: Choice or Fate. Windsor, Berks, England 1998.13a: Lawson, B. How Designers Think: The Design Process Demystified. Second ed. Oxford 1990 [1980].
  19. 19. - Atul Rajmani Pathak