• Which one is which? – Connect the name
to the state of matter.
• BEC Plasma Gas Liquid Solid
Copyright © 2010 Ryan P. Mu...
• RED SLIDE: These are notes that are very
important and should be recorded in your
science journal.
Copyright © 2010 Ryan...
-Nice neat notes that are legible and use indentations
when appropriate.
-Example of indent.
-Skip a line between topics
-...
• RED SLIDE: These are notes that are very
important and should be recorded in your
science journal.
• BLACK SLIDE: Pay at...
• http://sciencepowerpoint.comWebsite Link:
Matter, Energy, and the Environment Unit
Copyright © 2010 Ryan P. Murphy
 First Area of Focus: Matter
 Matter : Anything that has mass and takes up
space.
Copyright © 2010 Ryan P. Murphy
 Matter : Anything that has mass and takes up
space.
Copyright © 2010 Ryan P. Murphy
 Element: A substance that is made
entirely from one type of atom.
Copyright © 2010 Ryan P. Murphy
 Compound: Made up of two or more
elements bonded together.
Copyright © 2010 Ryan P. Murphy
Homogeneous: Composed of
elements that are all the same.
Heterogeneous / Inhomogeneous:
Composed of two or more different
types of elements.
• Which picture below best represents a
homogeneous mixture, and which
represents a heterogeneous mixture?
• Which picture below best represents a
homogeneous mixture, and which
represents a heterogeneous mixture?
• Which picture below best represents a
homogeneous mixture, and which
represents a heterogeneous mixture?
• Which picture below best represents a
homogeneous mixture, and which
represents a heterogeneous mixture?
• Which picture below best represents a
homogeneous mixture, and which
represents a heterogeneous mixture?
• Which picture below best represents a
homogeneous mixture, and which
represents a heterogeneous mixture?
• Which picture below best represents a
homogeneous mixture, and which
represents a heterogeneous mixture?
• Which picture below best represents a
homogeneous mixture, and which
represents a heterogeneous mixture?
• Which picture below best represents a
homogeneous mixture, and which
represents a heterogeneous mixture?
• Which picture below best represents a
homogeneous mixture, and which
represents a heterogeneous mixture?
Learn More abou...
 Law Conservation of Matter
 -
Copyright © 2010 Ryan P. Murphy
 In any physical or chemical change, matter
is neither created nor destroyed
Copyright © 2010 Ryan P. Murphy
 In any physical or chemical change, matter
is neither created nor destroyed
 Matter can be changed from one form to
ano...
 In any physical or chemical change, matter
is neither created nor destroyed
 Matter can be changed from one form to
ano...
 In any physical or chemical change, matter
is neither created nor destroyed
 Matter can be changed from one form to
ano...
 In any physical or chemical change, matter
is neither created nor destroyed
 Matter can be changed from one form to
ano...
 In any physical or chemical change, matter
is neither created nor destroyed
 Matter can be changed from one form to
ano...
 In any physical or chemical change, matter
is neither created nor destroyed
 Matter can be changed from one form to
ano...
 In any physical or chemical change, matter
is neither created nor destroyed
 Matter can be changed from one form to
ano...
 In any physical or chemical change, matter
is neither created nor destroyed
 Matter can be changed from one form to
ano...
Big Bang
All Matter
Big Bang
All Matter
Particles join
together
Big Bang
All Matter
Particles join
together
Gravity attracts
particles, forms
stars, planets
Galaxies
Big Bang
All Matter
Particles join
together
Gravity attracts
particles, forms
stars, planets
Galaxies
Sun releases
particl...
Big Bang
All Matter
Particles join
together
Gravity attracts
particles, forms
stars, planets
Galaxies
Sun releases
particl...
Big Bang
All Matter
Particles join
together
Gravity attracts
particles, forms
stars, planets
Galaxies
Sun releases
particl...
Big Bang
All Matter
Particles join
together
Gravity attracts
particles, forms
stars, planets
Galaxies
Sun releases
particl...
Big Bang
All Matter
Particles join
together
Gravity attracts
particles, forms
stars, planets
Galaxies
Sun releases
particl...
Big Bang
All Matter
Particles join
together
Gravity attracts
particles, forms
stars, planets
Galaxies
Sun releases
particl...
Big Bang
All Matter
Particles join
together
Gravity attracts
particles, forms
stars, planets
Galaxies
Sun releases
particl...
• Available Worksheet: Law Conservation of
Mass.
• Available Worksheet: Law Conservation of
Mass.
• Activity! Law Conservation of Mass
– Secure a birthday candle to a Petri-Dish and
weigh all.
– Light candle on a scale a...
• Record the Following Spreadsheet into your
Journal.
Time Weight of Candle at Start (grams)
Start
5
10
15
20
25
30
35
40
...
grams
grams
grams
grams
grams
Copyright © 2010 Ryan P. Murphy
5 grams
4 grams
3 grams
2 grams
1 gram
Copyright © 2010 Ryan P. Murphy
-Simulated data if not conducting demonstration
• Questions!
Copyright © 2010 Ryan P. Murphy
• Questions!
– Why did the candle decrease in mass?
Copyright © 2010 Ryan P. Murphy
• Questions!
– Why did the candle decrease in mass?
– Did the flame destroy matter (candle) or just
change its form?
Copyr...
• Questions!
– Why did the candle decrease in mass?
– Did the flame destroy matter (candle) or just
change its form?
– Fro...
• Questions!
– Why did the candle decrease in mass?
– Did the flame destroy matter (candle) or just
change its form?
– Fro...
• Answers to Questions!
Copyright © 2010 Ryan P. Murphy
• Answers to Questions!
– Why did the candle decrease in mass?
Copyright © 2010 Ryan P. Murphy
• Questions!
– Why did the candle decrease in mass?
– Answer! Because the candle which was a
solid turned into a gas durin...
• Questions!
– Did the flame destroy matter (candle) or just
change its form?
Copyright © 2010 Ryan P. Murphy
• Questions!
– Did the flame destroy matter (candle) or just
change its form?
– Answer! No, Matter cannot be created or
de...
• Questions!
– From what form did the candle change?
Copyright © 2010 Ryan P. Murphy
• Questions!
– From what form did the candle change?
– Answer! The candle changed from a solid to a
liquid (melting) and i...
• Demonstration of Law Conservation of
Matter.
– Weigh Alka-Seltzer and water solution tablet in
grams _____
– Weigh 100 m...
• Demonstration of Law Conservation of
Matter.
– Weigh Alka-Seltzer and water solution tablet in
grams _____
– Weigh 100 m...
• Demonstration of Law Conservation of
Matter.
– Weigh Alka-Seltzer and water solution tablet in
grams _____
– Weigh 100 m...
• Demonstration of Law Conservation of
Matter.
– Weigh Alka-Seltzer and water solution tablet in
grams _____
– Weigh 100 m...
• Demonstration of Law Conservation of
Matter.
– Weigh Alka-Seltzer and water solution tablet in
grams _____
– Weigh 100 m...
• Demonstration of Law Conservation of
Matter.
– Weigh Alka-Seltzer and water solution tablet in
grams _____
– Weigh 100 m...
• Demonstration of Law Conservation of
Matter.
– Weight of water _____?
– Weight of Alka-Seltzer _____?
– Weight together ...
• Demonstration of Law
Conservation of Matter
Questions.
– What happened when the two
mixed?
– Why was the weight of the
w...
• Demonstration of Law
Conservation of Matter
Questions.
– What happened when the two
mixed?
– Why was the weight of the
w...
• Demonstration of Law
Conservation of Matter
Questions.
– What happened when the two
mixed?
– Why was the weight of the
w...
• Demonstration of Law
Conservation of Matter
Questions.
– What happened when the two
mixed?
– Why was the weight of the
w...
• Demonstration of Law
Conservation of Matter
Questions.
Copyright © 2010 Ryan P. Murphy
• Demonstration of Law
Conservation of Matter
Questions.
– What happened when the two
mixed?
Copyright © 2010 Ryan P. Murp...
• Demonstration of Law
Conservation of Matter
Questions.
– What happened when the two
mixed?
– Answer! The Alka-Seltzer
re...
• Demonstration of Law
Conservation of Matter
Questions.
Copyright © 2010 Ryan P. Murphy
• Demonstration of Law
Conservation of Matter
Questions.
– Why was the weight of the
water and tablet combined in
the seal...
• Demonstration of Law
Conservation of Matter
Questions.
– Why was the weight of the
water and tablet combined in
the seal...
• Demonstration of Law
Conservation of Matter
Questions.
Copyright © 2010 Ryan P. Murphy
• Demonstration of Law
Conservation of Matter
Questions.
– Why did unsealing the bag
decrease the weight of the two
togeth...
• Demonstration of Law
Conservation of Matter
Questions.
– Why did unsealing the bag
decrease the weight of the two
togeth...
• Demonstration of Law
Conservation of Matter
Questions.
– Why did unsealing the bag
decrease the weight of the two
togeth...
 Kinetic Molecular Theory:
 The molecules are in constant motion.
 This motion is different for the 3 states of matter....
 Kinetic Molecular Theory:
 The molecules are in constant motion.
 This motion is different for the 3 states of matter....
 Kinetic Molecular Theory:
 The molecules are in constant motion.
 This motion is different for the 3 states of matter....
 Kinetic Molecular Theory:
 The molecules are in constant motion.
 This motion is different for the 3 states of matter....
 Kinetic Molecular Theory:
 The molecules are in constant motion.
 This motion is different for the 3 states of matter....
 Kinetic Molecular Theory:
 The molecules are in constant motion.
 This motion is different for the 3 states of matter....
 Kinetic Molecular Theory:
 The molecules are in constant motion.
 This motion is different for the 3 states of matter....
 Kinetic Molecular Theory:
 The molecules are in constant motion.
 This motion is different for the 3 states of matter....
 Kinetic Molecular Theory:
 The molecules are in constant motion.
 This motion is different for the 3 states of matter....
 Kinetic Molecular Theory:
 The molecules are in constant motion.
 This motion is different for the 3 states of matter....
 Kinetic Molecular Theory:
 The molecules are in constant motion.
 This motion is different for the 3 states of matter....
 Kinetic Molecular Theory:
 The molecules are in constant motion.
 This motion is different for the 3 states of matter....
 Kinetic Molecular Theory:
 The molecules are in constant motion.
 This motion is different for the 3 states of matter....
 Kinetic Molecular Theory:
 The molecules are in constant motion.
 This motion is different for the 3 states of matter....
 Kinetic Molecular Theory:
 The molecules are in constant motion.
 This motion is different for the 3 states of matter....
 Kinetic Molecular Theory:
 The molecules are in constant motion.
 This motion is different for the 3 states of matter....
 Kinetic Molecular Theory:
 The molecules are in constant motion.
 This motion is different for the 3 states of matter....
 Kinetic Molecular Theory:
 The molecules are in constant motion.
 This motion is different for the 3 states of matter....
 Kinetic Molecular Theory:
 The molecules are in constant motion.
 This motion is different for the 3 states of matter....
 Kinetic Molecular Theory:
 The molecules are in constant motion.
 This motion is different for the 3 states of matter....
 Kinetic Molecular Theory:
 The molecules are in constant motion.
 This motion is different for the 3 states of matter....
• Activity! State your Matter
– Teacher to give each group of students a
solid block (Maybe ice), glass of water, and
ball...
• Activity! State your Matter
– Teacher to give each group of students a
solid block (Maybe ice), glass of water, and
ball...
• Activity! State your Matter
– Teacher to give each group of students a
solid block (Maybe ice), glass of water, and
ball...
• Activity! State your Matter
– Teacher to give each group of students a
solid block (Maybe ice), glass of water, and
ball...
• Activity Sheet Available: States of Matter
and Phase Change.
• Activity Sheet Available: States of Matter
and Phase Change.
• Activity! Describing Solid-Liquid-Gas
– Please fill out the following spreadsheet and then
collect data.
– Find it or wr...
• Activity! Describing Solid-Liquid-Gas
– Possible Answers!
Solid Liquid Gas
Volume Easy to find –
in ml or cm3
Easy to fi...
• Activity! Describing Solid-Liquid-Gas
– Possible Answers!
Solid Liquid Gas
Volume Easy to find –
in ml or cm3
Easy to fi...
• Activity! Describing Solid-Liquid-Gas
– Possible Answers!
Solid Liquid Gas
Volume Easy to find –
in ml or cm3
Easy to fi...
• Activity! Describing Solid-Liquid-Gas
– Possible Answers!
Solid Liquid Gas
Volume Easy to find –
in ml or cm3
Easy to fi...
• Activity! Describing Solid-Liquid-Gas
– Possible Answers!
Solid Liquid Gas
Volume Easy to find –
in ml or cm3
Easy to fi...
• Activity! Describing Solid-Liquid-Gas
– Possible Answers!
Solid Liquid Gas
Volume Easy to find –
in ml or cm3
Easy to fi...
• Activity! Describing Solid-Liquid-Gas
– Possible Answers!
Solid Liquid Gas
Volume Easy to find –
in ml or cm3
Easy to fi...
• Activity! Describing Solid-Liquid-Gas
– Possible Answers!
Solid Liquid Gas
Volume Easy to find –
in ml or cm3
Easy to fi...
• Activity! Describing Solid-Liquid-Gas
– Possible Answers!
Solid Liquid Gas
Volume Easy to find –
in ml or cm3
Easy to fi...
• Activity! Describing Solid-Liquid-Gas
– Possible Answers!
Solid Liquid Gas
Volume Easy to find –
in ml or cm3
Easy to fi...
• Activity! Describing Solid-Liquid-Gas
– Possible Answers!
Solid Liquid Gas
Volume Easy to find –
in ml or cm3
Easy to fi...
• Activity! Describing Solid-Liquid-Gas
– Possible Answers!
Solid Liquid Gas
Volume Easy to find –
in ml or cm3
Easy to fi...
• Activity! Describing Solid-Liquid-Gas
– Possible Answers!
Solid Liquid Gas
Volume Easy to find –
in ml or cm3
Easy to fi...
• Activity! Describing Solid-Liquid-Gas
– Possible Answers!
Solid Liquid Gas
Volume Easy to find –
in ml or cm3
Easy to fi...
• Activity! Describing Solid-Liquid-Gas
– Possible Answers!
Solid Liquid Gas
Volume Easy to find –
in ml or cm3
Easy to fi...
• Activity! Describing Solid-Liquid-Gas
– Possible Answers!
Solid Liquid Gas
Volume Easy to find –
in ml or cm3
Easy to fi...
• Activity! Describing Solid-Liquid-Gas
– Possible Answers!
Solid Liquid Gas
Volume Easy to find –
in ml or cm3
Easy to fi...
• Activity! Describing Solid-Liquid-Gas
– Possible Answers!
Solid Liquid Gas
Volume Easy to find –
in ml or cm3
Easy to fi...
• Activity! Describing Solid-Liquid-Gas
– Possible Answers!
Solid Liquid Gas
Volume Easy to find –
in ml or cm3
Easy to fi...
• Activity! State your Matter
– Teacher to give each group of students a
solid block (Maybe ice), glass of water, and
ball...
• Activity! State your Matter
– Teacher to give each group of students a
solid block (Maybe ice), glass of water, and
ball...
• Activity! State your Matter
– Teacher to give each group of students a
solid block (Maybe ice), glass of water, and
ball...
• Activity! State your Matter
– Teacher to give each group of students a
solid block (Maybe ice), glass of water, and
ball...
• Activity! State your Matter
– Teacher to give each group of students a
solid block (Maybe ice), glass of water, and
ball...
• Activity! State your Matter
– Teacher to give each group of students a
solid block (Maybe ice), glass of water, and
ball...
• Activity! State your Matter
– Teacher to give each group of students a
solid block (Maybe ice), glass of water, and
ball...
• Activity! State your Matter
– Teacher to give each group of students a
solid block (Maybe ice), glass of water, and
ball...
• Activity! State your Matter
– Teacher to give each group of students a
solid block (Maybe ice), glass of water, and
ball...
• Activity! State your Matter
– Teacher to give each group of students a
solid block (Maybe ice), glass of water, and
ball...
• Activity! State your Matter
– Teacher to give each group of students a
solid block (Maybe ice), glass of water, and
ball...
 States of Matter
 -
 -
 -
 -
Copyright © 2010 Ryan P. Murphy
 Solid (s) has a definite shape and volume.
Copyright © 2010 Ryan P. Murphy
Molecules
form a
crystal
lattice.
Molecules
form a
crystal
lattice.
• Activity! Semi-Solid
• Diapers contain polyacrylic acid, a super-
absorbent polymer (large molecule).
– http://www.cools...
• Activity! Semi-Solid
• Diapers contain polyacrylic acid, a super-
absorbent polymer (large molecule).
– http://www.cools...
• Activity! Semi-Solid
• Diapers contain polyacrylic acid, a super-
absorbent polymer (large molecule).
– http://www.cools...
• Activity! Semi-Solid
• Diapers contain polyacrylic acid, a super-
absorbent polymer (large molecule).
– http://www.cools...
• Activity! Semi-Solid
• Diapers contain polyacrylic acid, a super-
absorbent polymer (large molecule).
– http://www.cools...
• Activity! Semi-Solid
• Diapers contain polyacrylic acid, a super-
absorbent polymer (large molecule).
– http://www.cools...
• Semi-solid. While similar to a solid in some
respects (it can support its own weight and
hold its shape), it also shares...
 Liquid (l) Has definite volume but not
shape.
Copyright © 2010 Ryan P. Murphy
 Gas (g) No definite shape or volume.
Copyright © 2010 Ryan P. Murphy
 Gas (g) No definite shape or volume.
Copyright © 2010 Ryan P. Murphy
• Activity / video link (Extremely Optional)
– http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=p440QWpHui8
– Assign three students to each ...
• Activity / video link (Extremely Optional)
– http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=p440QWpHui8
– Assign three students to each ...
• Based on the video, which is a solid,
liquid, and gas.
• Based on the video, which is a solid,
liquid, and gas.
• Based on the video, which is a solid,
liquid, and gas.
• Based on the video, which is a solid,
liquid, and gas.
• Based on the video, which is a solid,
liquid, and gas.
• Based on the video, which is a solid,
liquid, and gas.
• Based on the video, which is a solid,
liquid, and gas.
• Based on the video, which is a solid,
liquid, and gas.
• Based on the video, which is a solid,
liquid, and gas.
• Based on the video, which is a solid,
liquid, and gas.
• Based on the video, which is a solid,
liquid, and gas.
• Activity / video link (Extremely Optional)
– http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=p440QWpHui8
– Assign three students to each ...
• Activity / video link (Extremely Optional)
– http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=p440QWpHui8
– Assign three students to each ...
• Activity / video link (Extremely Optional)
– http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=p440QWpHui8
– Assign three students to each ...
• Activity / video link (Extremely Optional)
– http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=p440QWpHui8
– Assign three students to each ...
• Activity / video link (Extremely Optional)
– http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=p440QWpHui8
– Assign three students to each ...
• Activity / video link (Extremely Optional)
– http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=p440QWpHui8
– Assign three students to each ...
• Activity / video link (Extremely Optional)
– http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=p440QWpHui8
– Assign three students to each ...
• Video Link! (Optional) TMBG
– http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=btGu9FWSPtc
• Diffusion: Random movement of
molecules.
– From high to low concentrations.
Copyright © 2010 Ryan P. Murphy
• Diffusion: Random movement of
molecules.
– From high to low concentrations.
Copyright © 2010 Ryan P. Murphy
• Why do substances always flow from high
concentrations to low concentrations?
Copyright © 2010 Ryan P. Murphy
• Answer! Kinetic movement of molecules causes
particles to move to open areas.
Copyright © 2010 Ryan P. Murphy
Copyright © 2010 Ryan P. Murphy
• Heat Diffusion through a room.
• Activity! Making the room smell good.
– Teacher to stand in one place and release
some spray.
– Raise your hand when you...
• Answer: The Molecules are trying to reach
equilibrium.
Copyright © 2010 Ryan P. Murphy
• What is the fourth state of matter?
 Plasma (p) Ionized gas that emits
electrons.
Copyright © 2010 Ryan P. Murphy
• 99.9% of normal matter is Plasma.
• 99.9% of normal matter is Plasma. STARS
• 99.9% of normal matter is Plasma. STARS
– So that .1% is the (s),(l),(g) that we are made of.
• BEC’s
• A Bose–Einstein condensate (BEC) is a state of
matter formed by a system of bosons confined in an
external potential and...
• A Bose–Einstein condensate (BEC) is a state of
matter formed by a system of bosons confined in an
external potential and...
First predicted by Satyendra Nath Bose who
wrote paper and sent to Albert Einstein
First predicted by Satyendra Nath Bose who
wrote paper and sent to Albert Einstein
First predicted by Satyendra Nath Bose who
wrote paper and sent to Albert Einstein
First predicted by Satyendra Nath Bose who
wrote paper and sent to Albert Einstein
First predicted by Satyendra Nath Bose who
wrote paper and sent to Albert Einstein
Tc = is the critical temperature,
n = is the particle density,
m =is the mass per boson,
h = is the reduced Planck constan...
Tc = is the critical temperature,
n = is the particle density,
m =is the mass per boson,
h = is the reduced Planck constan...
Copyright © 2010 Ryan P. Murphy
“WHAT!”
• Plasma is super excited gas of moving
electrons.
Copyright © 2010 Ryan P. Murphy
• Plasma is super excited gas of moving
electrons.
Copyright © 2010 Ryan P. Murphy
Learn More / Simplified at:
http://www....
• Bose-Einstein condensate (Optional)
– http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=nAGPAb4ob
s8
• Bose-Einstein condensate (Optional)
– http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=nAGPAb4ob
s8
• Which one is which? – Connect the name
to the state of matter.
• BEC Plasma Gas Liquid Solid
Copyright © 2010 Ryan P. Mu...
• Which one is which? – Connect the name
to the state of matter.
• BEC Plasma Gas Liquid Solid
Copyright © 2010 Ryan P. Mu...
• Which one is which? – Connect the name
to the state of matter.
• BEC Plasma Gas Liquid Solid
Copyright © 2010 Ryan P. Mu...
• Which one is which? – Connect the name
to the state of matter.
• BEC Plasma Gas Liquid Solid
Copyright © 2010 Ryan P. Mu...
• Which one is which? – Connect the name
to the state of matter.
• BEC Plasma Gas Liquid Solid
Copyright © 2010 Ryan P. Mu...
• Which one is which? – Connect the name
to the state of matter.
• BEC Plasma Gas Liquid Solid
Copyright © 2010 Ryan P. Mu...
• Which one is which? – Connect the name
to the state of matter.
• BEC Plasma Gas Liquid Solid
Copyright © 2010 Ryan P. Mu...
• Which one is which? – Connect the name
to the state of matter.
• BEC Plasma Gas Liquid Solid
Copyright © 2010 Ryan P. Mu...
• Which one is which? – Connect the name
to the state of matter.
• BEC Plasma Gas Liquid Solid
Copyright © 2010 Ryan P. Mu...
• Which one is which? – Connect the name
to the state of matter.
• BEC Plasma Gas Liquid Solid
Copyright © 2010 Ryan P. Mu...
• Which one is which? – Connect the name
to the state of matter.
• BEC Plasma Gas Liquid Solid
Copyright © 2010 Ryan P. Mu...
• Video – Molecular motion of water / liquid.
– Focus on how the molecules are moving as a
liquid (Start) and solid (End o...
Mystery box #1
Mystery Box #2
Mystery Box #3
Mystery Box #2
Mystery Box #3
Mystery Box #3
Which is a solid,
which is a liquid,
and which is a gas?
• Matter can exist in several different forms
based on pressure, temperature and volume.
• Activity! Matter and Phase Change Simulator.
– http://phet.colorado.edu/en/simulation/states-of-
matter
• Video Link! (Optional) Khan Academy,
• States of Matter (Advanced)
– http://www.khanacademy.org/video/states-of-
matter?...
• Video Short! The three states of matter.
– A good review before the quiz.
– http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=s-
KvoVzukHo
• Activity Sheet Available: States of Matter
and Phase Change.
• Quiz 1-10 Solid, Liquid, Gas, Plasma
Copyright © 2010 Ryan P. Murphy
• Bonus – Name the movie and the
character.
• Answers to the Quiz Wiz 1-10 States of Matter
on a molecular level.
• Bonus – Name the movie and the
character.
• Bonus – Name the movie and character.
• Legally Blonde “Elle Woods” (2001)
starring Reese Witherspoon and Luke
Wilson.
• Be prepared to have more questions than
answers for the next 100 slides.
• You should be on page 2 of your bundle.
• You should be on page 2 of your bundle.
• Everything from galaxies to mountains to
molecules is made from small particles that make
up the atom.
Copyright © 2010 ...
• Everything from galaxies to mountains to
molecules is made from small particles that make
up the atom.
– An atom has a p...
• Everything from galaxies to mountains to
molecules is made from small particles that make
up the atom.
– An atom has a p...
• Everything from galaxies to mountains to
molecules is made from small particles that make
up the atom.
– An atom has a p...
• Everything from galaxies to mountains to
molecules is made from small particles that make
up the atom.
– An atom has a p...
• Everything from galaxies to mountains to
molecules is made from small particles that make
up the atom.
– An atom has a p...
• As you have just heard, everything from galaxies to
mountains to molecules is made from quarks and
leptons (Electrons). ...
• As you have just heard, everything from galaxies to
mountains to molecules is made from quarks and
leptons (Electrons). ...
• As you have just heard, everything from galaxies to
mountains to molecules is made from quarks and
leptons (Electrons). ...
• As you have just heard, everything from galaxies to
mountains to molecules is made from quarks and
leptons (Electrons). ...
• As you have just heard, everything from galaxies to
mountains to molecules is made from quarks and
leptons (Electrons). ...
• As you have just heard, everything from galaxies to
mountains to molecules is made from quarks and
leptons (Electrons). ...
• As you have just heard, everything from galaxies to
mountains to molecules is made from quarks and
leptons (Electrons). ...
• As you have just heard, everything from galaxies to
mountains to molecules is made from quarks and
leptons (Electrons). ...
• As you have just heard, everything from galaxies to
mountains to molecules is made from quarks and
leptons (Electrons). ...
• Scientists have observed antimatter
particles for brief seconds.
• Scientists have observed antimatter
particles for brief seconds.
– The search is on to find out where they all
are, if t...
• Scientists have observed antimatter
particles for brief seconds.
– The search is on to find out where they all
are, if t...
• Scientists have observed antimatter
particles for brief seconds.
– The search is on to find out where they all
are, if t...
• Scientists have observed antimatter
particles for brief seconds.
– The search is on to find out where they all
are, if t...
• Video Link HD (Optional) The Universe, Big
Bang, and Antimatter -24 minutes
– Sorry for the advertisements.
– http://www...
• Matter – “It’s everything around us, from
the air we breathe to the chair we are
sitting on.” “We are made of matter.”
• Matter – “It’s everything around us, from
the air we breathe to the chair we are
sitting on.” “We are made of matter.”
• Matter – “It’s everything around us, from
the air we breathe to the chair we are
sitting on.” “We are made of matter.”
• Matter – “It’s everything around us, from
the air we breathe to the chair we are
sitting on.” “We are made of matter.”
C...
• “The matter that we see everyday is made
up of very small particles called atoms.”
Copyright © 2010 Ryan P. Murphy
• “However, Atoms only make up 5% of the
Universe” “The other 95% is made of…”
Copyright © 2010 Ryan P. Murphy
• “Something else.” “It is dark and…”
Copyright © 2010 Ryan P. Murphy
• “Ahh…….”
Copyright © 2010 Ryan P. Murphy
Copyright © 2010 Ryan P. Murphy
Copyright © 2010 Ryan P. Murphy
Dark Matter is a theory.
A theory is a scientifically
acceptable general principle
or body of principles offered
to explai...
• Most of the matter in the universe is not
atoms found on planets or stars.
• Dark Matter and Dark Energy are believed to
make up most of the matter in the Universe.
• Dark Matter and Dark Energy are believed to
make up most of the matter in the Universe.
Less than 5% of the Universe is ...
“It’s called Dark Matter
and Dark Energy, not
because it’s evil, but
because we still don’t
know a lot about it.”
• Dark Matter – A hypothetical form of
matter that makes up a large percentage
of the universe; it’s invisible.
– (Does no...
• Cosmic Web: A network of filaments of dark
matter, believed by many astronomers to
form the basis of the universe
Copyright © 2010 Ryan P. Murphy
Copyright © 2010 Ryan P. Murphy
“We are still in the
dark when it comes
to fully
understanding these
forms of Matter.”
• Video Link! (Optional) Hank explains Dark
Matter
– http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=VL6ZNHiqP9A
• Dark Energy – A hypothetical form of
energy that permeates space and exerts a
negative pressure, which would have
gravit...
• Dark Energy – A hypothetical form of
energy that permeates space and exerts a
negative pressure, which would have
gravit...
• Video Link! (Optional) Hank explains Dark
Energy.
– http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=ATwVApurIQ4
• Science knows how much Dark Energy
there is because we know how it affects
the Universe's expansion.
• Science knows how much Dark Energy
there is because we know how it affects
the Universe's expansion.
– Other than that, ...
• Science knows how much Dark Energy
there is because we know how it affects
the Universe's expansion.
– Other than that, ...
• To describe Dark Matter in easy form for
you.
• To describe Dark Matter in easy form for
you.
– Dark Matter
• To describe Dark Matter in easy form for
you.
– Dark Matter
• 25% of the Universe
• To describe Dark Matter in easy form for
you.
– Dark Matter
• 25% of the Universe
• Does not absorb or emit light
• To describe Dark Matter in easy form for
you.
– Dark Matter
• 25% of the Universe
• Does not absorb or emit light
• Not ...
• To describe Dark Matter in easy form for
you.
– Dark Matter
• 25% of the Universe
• Does not absorb or emit light
• Not ...
• To describe Dark Matter in easy form for
you.
– Dark Matter
• 25% of the Universe
• Does not absorb or emit light
• Not ...
• MACHOs
• (MAssive Compact Halo Objects): Objects
ranging in size from small stars to super
massive black holes. MACHOS a...
• MACHOs
• (MAssive Compact Halo Objects): Objects
ranging in size from small stars to super
massive black holes.
– MACHOS...
• MACHOs
• (MAssive Compact Halo Objects): Objects
ranging in size from small stars to super
massive black holes.
– MACHOS...
• WIMPs
• (Weakly Interacting Massive Particles):
– Subatomic particles which are not made up of
ordinary matter.
– They a...
• WIMPs
• (Weakly Interacting Massive Particles):
– Subatomic particles which are not made up of
ordinary matter.
– They a...
• WIMPs
• (Weakly Interacting Massive Particles):
– Subatomic particles which are not made up of
ordinary matter.
– They a...
• WIMPs
• (Weakly Interacting Massive Particles):
– Subatomic particles which are not made up of
ordinary matter.
– They a...
• WIMPs
• (Weakly Interacting Massive Particles):
– Subatomic particles which are not made up of
ordinary matter.
– They a...
• To describe Dark Matter and Dark Energy
in easy form for you.
• To describe Dark Matter and Dark Energy
in easy form for you.
– Dark Matter : Helped to form Galaxies (draws
matter toge...
• To describe Dark Matter and Dark Energy
in easy form for you.
– Dark Matter : Helped to form Galaxies (draws
matter toge...
• To describe Dark Matter and Dark Energy
in easy form for you.
– Dark Matter : Helped to form Galaxies (draws
matter toge...
• To describe Dark Matter and Dark Energy
in easy form for you.
– Dark Matter : Helped to form Galaxies (draws
matter toge...
• Dark Matter – A hypothetical form of
matter that is believed to make up a large
percent of the universe; it is invisible...
• Dark Matter – A hypothetical form of
matter that is believed to make up a large
percent of the universe; it is invisible...
• Video – Dark Matter
• http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=nJN2X3
NrQAE
• Dark Matter explain by Michio Kaku: Video
Link (Optional)
• http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=e4nnpg
4N35o&feature=related
• String Theory:
• String Theory:
• “The theory of everything”
• String Theory:
• “The theory of everything”
– A theory that sub atomic particles are actually
one dimensional strings.
• String Theory:
• “The theory of everything”
• String Theory:
• “The theory of everything”
– A theory that sub atomic particles are actually
one dimensional strings.
• String Theory:
• “The theory of everything”
– A theory that sub atomic particles are actually
one dimensional strings.
• String Theory:
• “The theory of everything”
– A theory that sub atomic particles are actually
one dimensional strings.
• String Theory:
• “The theory of everything”
– A theory that sub atomic particles are actually
one dimensional strings.
• String Theory:
• “The theory of everything”
– A theory that sub atomic particles are actually
one dimensional strings.
• String Theory:
• “The theory of everything”
– A theory that sub atomic particles are actually
one dimensional strings.
• String Theory:
• “The theory of everything”
– A theory that sub atomic particles are actually
one dimensional strings.
• String Theory:
• “The theory of everything”
– A theory that sub atomic particles are actually
one dimensional strings.
• String Theory:
• “The theory of everything”
– A theory that sub atomic particles are actually
one dimensional strings.
• String Theory:
• “The theory of everything”
– A theory that sub atomic particles are actually
one dimensional strings.
• String Theory:
• “The theory of everything”
– A theory that sub atomic particles are actually
one dimensional strings.
• String Theory:
• “The theory of everything”
– A theory that sub atomic particles are actually
one dimensional strings.
• String Theory:
• “The theory of everything”
– A theory that sub atomic particles are actually
one dimensional strings.
• String Theory:
• “The theory of everything”
– A theory that sub atomic particles are actually
one dimensional strings.
• String Theory:
• “The theory of everything”
– A theory that sub atomic particles are actually
one dimensional strings.
• String Theory:
• “The theory of everything”
– A theory that sub atomic particles are actually
one dimensional strings.
• String Theory:
• “The theory of everything”
– A theory that sub atomic particles are actually
one dimensional strings.
• String Theory:
• “The theory of everything”
– A theory that sub atomic particles are actually
one dimensional strings.
• String Theory:
• “The theory of everything”
– A theory that sub atomic particles are actually
one dimensional strings.
• String Theory:
• “The theory of everything”
– A theory that sub atomic particles are actually
one dimensional strings.
• String Theory:
• “The theory of everything”
– A theory that sub atomic particles are actually
one dimensional strings.
• String Theory:
• “The theory of everything”
– A theory that sub atomic particles are actually
one dimensional strings.
• String Theory:
• “The theory of everything”
– A theory that sub atomic particles are actually
one dimensional strings.
• String Theory:
• “The theory of everything”
– A theory that sub atomic particles are actually
one dimensional strings.
• String Theory:
• “The theory of everything”
– A theory that sub atomic particles are actually
one dimensional strings.
• String Theory:
• “The theory of everything”
– A theory that sub atomic particles are actually
one dimensional strings.
• String Theory:
• “The theory of everything”
– A theory that sub atomic particles are actually
one dimensional strings.
• String Theory:
• “The theory of everything”
– A theory that sub atomic particles are actually
one dimensional strings.
• String Theory:
• “The theory of everything”
– A theory that sub atomic particles are actually
one dimensional strings.
S...
“Thank
goodness that
part is over.”
“My brain
hurts.”
• Activity Sheet Available: States of Matter
and Phase Change.
• Mini-Experiment (Start)
Copyright © 2010 Ryan P. Murphy
• Mini-Experiment (Start)
– Please hold the Hershey Kiss in your hand.
– Please do not squish the kiss.
– Please don’t ask...
• Mini-Experiment (Start)
– Please hold the Hershey Kiss in your hand.
– Please do not squish the kiss.
– Please don’t ask...
• Mini-Experiment (Start)
– Please hold the Hershey Kiss in your hand.
– Please do not squish the kiss.
– Please don’t ask...
• Mini-Experiment (Start)
– Please hold the Hershey Kiss in your hand.
– Please do not squish the kiss.
– Please don’t ask...
 Physical Change
 Changes form solid > liquid> gas> plasma
 Doesn’t change identity
Copyright © 2010 Ryan P. Murphy
 Physical Change
 Changes form: solid > liquid> gas> plasma
 Doesn’t change identity
Copyright © 2010 Ryan P. Murphy
 Physical Change
 Changes form: solid > liquid> gas> plasma
 Doesn’t change identity
Copyright © 2010 Ryan P. Murphy
 Physical Change
 Changes form: solid > liquid> gas> plasma
 Doesn’t change identity
Copyright © 2010 Ryan P. Murphy
 Physical Change
 Changes form: solid > liquid> gas> plasma
 Doesn’t change identity
Copyright © 2010 Ryan P. Murphy
 Physical Change
 Changes form: solid > liquid> gas> plasma
 Doesn’t change identity
Copyright © 2010 Ryan P. Murphy
 Physical Change
 Changes form: solid > liquid> gas> plasma
 Doesn’t change identity
Copyright © 2010 Ryan P. Murphy
• Physical phase change
– Freezing - Liquid to a solid.
– Melting - Solid to a liquid.
– Sublimation- - Solid to a gas
(no...
• Physical phase change
– Freezing - Liquid to a solid.
– Melting - Solid to a liquid.
– Sublimation- - Solid to a gas
(no...
• Physical phase change
– Freezing - Liquid to a solid.
– Melting - Solid to a liquid.
– Sublimation- - Solid to a gas
(no...
• Physical phase change
– Freezing - Liquid to a solid.
– Melting - Solid to a liquid.
– Sublimation- - Solid to a gas
(no...
• Physical phase change
– Freezing - Liquid to a solid.
– Melting - Solid to a liquid.
– Sublimation- - Solid to a gas
(no...
• Physical phase change
– Freezing - Liquid to a solid.
– Melting - Solid to a liquid.
– Sublimation- - Solid to a gas
(no...
• Physical phase change
– Freezing - Liquid to a solid.
– Melting - Solid to a liquid.
– Sublimation- - Solid to a gas
(no...
• Physical phase change
– Freezing - Liquid to a solid.
– Melting - Solid to a liquid.
– Sublimation- - Solid to a gas
(no...
• Physical phase change
– Freezing - Liquid to a solid.
– Melting - Solid to a liquid.
– Sublimation- - Solid to a gas
(no...
• Physical phase change
– Freezing - Liquid to a solid.
– Melting - Solid to a liquid.
– Sublimation- - Solid to a gas
(no...
• Physical phase change
– Freezing - Liquid to a solid.
– Melting - Solid to a liquid.
– Sublimation- - Solid to a gas
(no...
• Physical phase change
– Freezing - Liquid to a solid.
– Melting - Solid to a liquid.
– Sublimation- - Solid to a gas
(no...
• Physical phase change
– Freezing - Liquid to a solid.
– Melting - Solid to a liquid.
– Sublimation- - Solid to a gas
(no...
• Physical phase change
– Freezing - Liquid to a solid.
– Melting - Solid to a liquid.
– Sublimation- - Solid to a gas
(no...
• Physical phase change
– Freezing - Liquid to a solid.
– Melting - Solid to a liquid.
– Sublimation- - Solid to a gas
(no...
• Physical phase change
– Freezing - Liquid to a solid.
– Melting - Solid to a liquid.
– Sublimation- - Solid to a gas
(no...
• Physical phase change
– Freezing - Liquid to a solid.
– Melting - Solid to a liquid.
– Sublimation- - Solid to a gas
(no...
• Physical phase change
– Freezing - Liquid to a solid.
– Melting - Solid to a liquid.
– Sublimation- - Solid to a gas
(no...
• Physical phase change
– Freezing - Liquid to a solid.
– Melting - Solid to a liquid.
– Sublimation- - Solid to a gas
(no...
• Physical phase change
– Freezing - Liquid to a solid.
– Melting - Solid to a liquid.
– Sublimation- - Solid to a gas
(no...
• Please sketch the following into your
science journal (Half Page needed).
Copyright © 2010 Ryan P. Murphy
Copyright © 2010 Ryan P. Murphy
Copyright © 2010 Ryan P. Murphy
Copyright © 2010 Ryan P. Murphy
Copyright © 2010 Ryan P. Murphy
Copyright © 2010 Ryan P. Murphy
Copyright © 2010 Ryan P. Murphy
Copyright © 2010 Ryan P. Murphy
Copyright © 2010 Ryan P. Murphy
Copyright © 2010 Ryan P. Murphy
Copyright © 2010 Ryan P. Murphy
Copyright © 2010 Ryan P. Murphy
Copyright © 2010 Ryan P. Murphy
Copyright © 2010 Ryan P. Murphy
Copyright © 2010 Ryan P. Murphy
Copyright © 2010 Ryan P. Murphy
Copyright © 2010 Ryan P. Murphy
Copyright © 2010 Ryan P. Murphy
Copyright © 2010 Ryan P. Murphy
Copyright © 2010 Ryan P. Murphy
Copyright © 2010 Ryan P. Murphy
Copyright © 2010 Ryan P. Murphy
• Activity Sheet Available: States of Matter
and Phase Change.
• Mini-Experiment (End)
– What happened to the kiss?
– Draw the after picture.
– What was added to cause the phase change?...
• Mini-Experiment (End)
– What happened to the kiss?
– Draw the after picture.
– What was added to cause the phase change?...
• Mini-Experiment (End)
– What happened to the kiss?
– Draw the after picture.
– What was added to cause the phase change?...
• Mini-Experiment (End)
– What happened to the kiss?
– Draw the after picture.
– What was added to cause the phase change?...
• A physical change / reaction can also
occur with with nucleation sites.
Copyright © 2010 Ryan P. Murphy
• Nucleation site: A place that acts as a
nucleus for (starting), in a process of
formation such as crystals, or bubbles.
...
• Activity! I’m going to give you a tablet with
many nucleation sites on it. Drop into the
aqueous solution and record obs...
• Diet Coke and Mentos is a physical
reaction not a chemical reaction.
–Occurs because of nucleation sites.
Copyright © 20...
• Video: Nucleation Sites.
• http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=9vk4_2x
boOE
Copyright © 2010 Ryan P. Murphy
• Acetone and Styrofoam: The difference
between melting and dissolving.
– Safety Goggles and Gloves Required.
– Learn more...
• Demonstration: What happened to the cup
when placed on water?
• Demonstration: What happened to the cup
when placed on water?
“Dude, that
was wicked
boring.”
• Demonstration: Melting vs. Dissolving
– http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=h9Jx8NRkWTo
• Precautions: Uses Acetone, requires...
• Dissolving: To become incorporated into a
liquid so as to form a solution.
• Melting: To be changed from a solid to
a li...
• Dissolving: To become incorporated into a
liquid so as to form a solution.
• Melting: To be changed from a solid to
a li...
• Dissolving: To become incorporated into a
liquid so as to form a solution.
• Melting: To be changed from a solid to
a li...
• Dissolving: To become incorporated into a
liquid so as to form a solution.
• Melting: To be changed from a solid to
a li...
• Dissolving: To become incorporated into a
liquid so as to form a solution.
• Melting: To be changed from a solid to
a li...
• Dissolving: To become incorporated into a
liquid so as to form a solution.
• Melting: To be changed from a solid to
a li...
• Dissolving: To become incorporated into a
liquid so as to form a solution.
• Melting: To be changed from a solid to
a li...
• Demonstration: Melting vs. Dissolving
• Who wants to read the answer aloud to the class?
• When the acetone was poured i...
• Demonstration: Melting vs. Dissolving
• Who wants to read the answer aloud to the class?
• When the acetone was poured i...
• Demonstration: Melting vs. Dissolving
• Who wants to read the answer aloud to the class?
• When the acetone was poured i...
• Demonstration: Melting vs. Dissolving
• Who wants to read the answer aloud to the class?
• When the acetone was poured i...
• Demonstration: Melting vs. Dissolving
• Who wants to read the answer aloud to the class?
• When the acetone was poured i...
• Demonstration: Melting vs. Dissolving
• Who wants to read the answer aloud to the class?
• When the acetone was poured i...
• Demonstration: Melting vs. Dissolving
• Who wants to read the answer aloud to the class?
• When the acetone was poured i...
• Demonstration: Melting vs. Dissolving
• Who wants to read the answer aloud to the class?
• When the acetone was poured i...
• Demonstration: Melting vs. Dissolving
• Who wants to read the answer aloud to the class?
• When the acetone was poured i...
• Activity – Temperature and phase change
– Using digital thermometers and water.
– Record temperature of water every minu...
• Activity Sheet Available: States of Matter
and Phase Change.
– State of Matter Lab
• Please sketch the following graph in your
journal.
100
90
80
70
60
50
40
30
20
10
0
-10
1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 11 12 13 14...
• Please sketch the following graph in your
journal.
100
90
80
70
60
50
40
30
20
10
0
-10
1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 11 12 13 14...
• Please sketch the following graph in your
journal.
100
90
80
70
60
50
40
30
20
10
0
-10
1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 11 12 13 14...
• Please sketch the following graph in your
journal.
100
90
80
70
60
50
40
30
20
10
0
-10
1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 11 12 13 14...
• Please sketch the following graph in your
journal.
100
90
80
70
60
50
40
30
20
10
0
-10
1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 11 12 13 14...
• Activity – Temperature and phase change
– Using digital thermometers and water.
– Record temperature of ice water every
...
• Activity Sheet Available: States of Matter
and Phase Change.
• Questions / Analysis of graph.
– Please label the states of matter as they
occur on your graph (based on observations
an...
• Questions / Analysis of graph.
– Please label the states of matter as they
occur on your graph (based on observations
an...
• Questions / Analysis of graph.
– Please label the states of matter as they
occur on your graph (based on observations
an...
• Questions / Analysis of graph.
– Please label the states of matter as they
occur on your graph (based on observations
an...
• Questions / Analysis of graph.
– Please label the states of matter as they
occur on your graph (based on observations
an...
• Possible answer based on the energy added
to the water.
100
90
80
70
60
50
40
30
20
10
0
-10
1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 11 12 ...
• Possible answer based on the energy added
to the water.
100
90
80
70
60
50
40
30
20
10
0
-10
1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 11 12 ...
• Possible answer based on the energy added
to the water.
100
90
80
70
60
50
40
30
20
10
0
-10
1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 11 12 ...
• Possible answer based on the energy added
to the water.
100
90
80
70
60
50
40
30
20
10
0
-10
1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 11 12 ...
• Possible answer based on the energy added
to the water.
100
90
80
70
60
50
40
30
20
10
0
-10
1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 11 12 ...
• Answer to the activity.
– Did your graph look the same as this?
Heat added
Temperature(oC)
0
100
Melting
Ice
Water
Water...
• Questions / Analysis of graph.
– What happened at 100 degrees Celsius?
Copyright © 2010 Ryan P. Murphy
• Questions / Analysis of graph.
– What happened at 100 degrees Celsius?
– The water began to boil turning from a liquid
t...
• Questions / Analysis of graph.
– What trends to you see in the data?
Copyright © 2010 Ryan P. Murphy
• Questions / Analysis of graph.
– What trends to you see in the data?
– The graph looks like a staircase. There are
perio...
 When energy is added – Move up a step.
 When energy is removed – Go down a step.
Heat added
Temperature(oC)
0
100
Melti...
 When energy is added – Move up a step.
 When energy is removed – Go down a step.
Heat added
Temperature(oC)
0
100
Melti...
 When energy is added – Move up a step.
 When energy is removed – Go down a step.
Heat added
Temperature(oC)
0
100
Melti...
 When energy is added – Move up a step.
 When energy is removed – Go down a step.
Heat added
Temperature(oC)
0
100
Melti...
 When energy is added – Move up a step.
 When energy is removed – Go down a step.
Heat added
Temperature(oC)
0
100
Melti...
• You may see this diagram on a state test.
– When energy is added – move up a step.
– When energy is removed – go down a ...
–That's why water doesn't get hotter as it is
boiling. The temperature remains constant
until the phase change is complete...
–That's why water doesn't get hotter as it is
boiling. The temperature remains constant
until the phase change is complete...
• However, during the phase change, the
temperature stays the same even though the
heat energy changes.
–That's why water ...
• However, during the phase change, the
temperature stays the same even though the
heat energy changes.
–This energy is go...
• However, during the phase change, the
temperature stays the same even though the
heat energy changes.
–This energy is go...
• However, during the phase change, the
temperature stays the same even though the
heat energy changes.
–This energy is go...
 Latent Heat: The energy absorbed or
released when a substance changes its
physical state.
Heat added
Temperature(oC)
0
1...
 Latent Heat: The energy absorbed or
released when a substance changes its
physical state.
Heat added
Temperature(oC)
0
1...
States of Matter and Phase Change, Physical Science Lesson PowerPoint
States of Matter and Phase Change, Physical Science Lesson PowerPoint
States of Matter and Phase Change, Physical Science Lesson PowerPoint
States of Matter and Phase Change, Physical Science Lesson PowerPoint
States of Matter and Phase Change, Physical Science Lesson PowerPoint
States of Matter and Phase Change, Physical Science Lesson PowerPoint
States of Matter and Phase Change, Physical Science Lesson PowerPoint
States of Matter and Phase Change, Physical Science Lesson PowerPoint
States of Matter and Phase Change, Physical Science Lesson PowerPoint
States of Matter and Phase Change, Physical Science Lesson PowerPoint
States of Matter and Phase Change, Physical Science Lesson PowerPoint
States of Matter and Phase Change, Physical Science Lesson PowerPoint
States of Matter and Phase Change, Physical Science Lesson PowerPoint
States of Matter and Phase Change, Physical Science Lesson PowerPoint
States of Matter and Phase Change, Physical Science Lesson PowerPoint
States of Matter and Phase Change, Physical Science Lesson PowerPoint
States of Matter and Phase Change, Physical Science Lesson PowerPoint
States of Matter and Phase Change, Physical Science Lesson PowerPoint
States of Matter and Phase Change, Physical Science Lesson PowerPoint
States of Matter and Phase Change, Physical Science Lesson PowerPoint
States of Matter and Phase Change, Physical Science Lesson PowerPoint
States of Matter and Phase Change, Physical Science Lesson PowerPoint
States of Matter and Phase Change, Physical Science Lesson PowerPoint
States of Matter and Phase Change, Physical Science Lesson PowerPoint
States of Matter and Phase Change, Physical Science Lesson PowerPoint
States of Matter and Phase Change, Physical Science Lesson PowerPoint
States of Matter and Phase Change, Physical Science Lesson PowerPoint
States of Matter and Phase Change, Physical Science Lesson PowerPoint
States of Matter and Phase Change, Physical Science Lesson PowerPoint
States of Matter and Phase Change, Physical Science Lesson PowerPoint
States of Matter and Phase Change, Physical Science Lesson PowerPoint
States of Matter and Phase Change, Physical Science Lesson PowerPoint
States of Matter and Phase Change, Physical Science Lesson PowerPoint
States of Matter and Phase Change, Physical Science Lesson PowerPoint
States of Matter and Phase Change, Physical Science Lesson PowerPoint
States of Matter and Phase Change, Physical Science Lesson PowerPoint
States of Matter and Phase Change, Physical Science Lesson PowerPoint
States of Matter and Phase Change, Physical Science Lesson PowerPoint
States of Matter and Phase Change, Physical Science Lesson PowerPoint
States of Matter and Phase Change, Physical Science Lesson PowerPoint
States of Matter and Phase Change, Physical Science Lesson PowerPoint
States of Matter and Phase Change, Physical Science Lesson PowerPoint
States of Matter and Phase Change, Physical Science Lesson PowerPoint
States of Matter and Phase Change, Physical Science Lesson PowerPoint
States of Matter and Phase Change, Physical Science Lesson PowerPoint
States of Matter and Phase Change, Physical Science Lesson PowerPoint
States of Matter and Phase Change, Physical Science Lesson PowerPoint
States of Matter and Phase Change, Physical Science Lesson PowerPoint
States of Matter and Phase Change, Physical Science Lesson PowerPoint
States of Matter and Phase Change, Physical Science Lesson PowerPoint
States of Matter and Phase Change, Physical Science Lesson PowerPoint
States of Matter and Phase Change, Physical Science Lesson PowerPoint
States of Matter and Phase Change, Physical Science Lesson PowerPoint
States of Matter and Phase Change, Physical Science Lesson PowerPoint
States of Matter and Phase Change, Physical Science Lesson PowerPoint
States of Matter and Phase Change, Physical Science Lesson PowerPoint
States of Matter and Phase Change, Physical Science Lesson PowerPoint
States of Matter and Phase Change, Physical Science Lesson PowerPoint
States of Matter and Phase Change, Physical Science Lesson PowerPoint
States of Matter and Phase Change, Physical Science Lesson PowerPoint
States of Matter and Phase Change, Physical Science Lesson PowerPoint
States of Matter and Phase Change, Physical Science Lesson PowerPoint
States of Matter and Phase Change, Physical Science Lesson PowerPoint
States of Matter and Phase Change, Physical Science Lesson PowerPoint
States of Matter and Phase Change, Physical Science Lesson PowerPoint
States of Matter and Phase Change, Physical Science Lesson PowerPoint
States of Matter and Phase Change, Physical Science Lesson PowerPoint
States of Matter and Phase Change, Physical Science Lesson PowerPoint
States of Matter and Phase Change, Physical Science Lesson PowerPoint
States of Matter and Phase Change, Physical Science Lesson PowerPoint
States of Matter and Phase Change, Physical Science Lesson PowerPoint
States of Matter and Phase Change, Physical Science Lesson PowerPoint
States of Matter and Phase Change, Physical Science Lesson PowerPoint
States of Matter and Phase Change, Physical Science Lesson PowerPoint
States of Matter and Phase Change, Physical Science Lesson PowerPoint
States of Matter and Phase Change, Physical Science Lesson PowerPoint
States of Matter and Phase Change, Physical Science Lesson PowerPoint
States of Matter and Phase Change, Physical Science Lesson PowerPoint
States of Matter and Phase Change, Physical Science Lesson PowerPoint
States of Matter and Phase Change, Physical Science Lesson PowerPoint
States of Matter and Phase Change, Physical Science Lesson PowerPoint
States of Matter and Phase Change, Physical Science Lesson PowerPoint
States of Matter and Phase Change, Physical Science Lesson PowerPoint
States of Matter and Phase Change, Physical Science Lesson PowerPoint
States of Matter and Phase Change, Physical Science Lesson PowerPoint
States of Matter and Phase Change, Physical Science Lesson PowerPoint
States of Matter and Phase Change, Physical Science Lesson PowerPoint
States of Matter and Phase Change, Physical Science Lesson PowerPoint
States of Matter and Phase Change, Physical Science Lesson PowerPoint
States of Matter and Phase Change, Physical Science Lesson PowerPoint
States of Matter and Phase Change, Physical Science Lesson PowerPoint
States of Matter and Phase Change, Physical Science Lesson PowerPoint
States of Matter and Phase Change, Physical Science Lesson PowerPoint
States of Matter and Phase Change, Physical Science Lesson PowerPoint
States of Matter and Phase Change, Physical Science Lesson PowerPoint
States of Matter and Phase Change, Physical Science Lesson PowerPoint
States of Matter and Phase Change, Physical Science Lesson PowerPoint
States of Matter and Phase Change, Physical Science Lesson PowerPoint
States of Matter and Phase Change, Physical Science Lesson PowerPoint
States of Matter and Phase Change, Physical Science Lesson PowerPoint
States of Matter and Phase Change, Physical Science Lesson PowerPoint
States of Matter and Phase Change, Physical Science Lesson PowerPoint
States of Matter and Phase Change, Physical Science Lesson PowerPoint
States of Matter and Phase Change, Physical Science Lesson PowerPoint
States of Matter and Phase Change, Physical Science Lesson PowerPoint
States of Matter and Phase Change, Physical Science Lesson PowerPoint
States of Matter and Phase Change, Physical Science Lesson PowerPoint
States of Matter and Phase Change, Physical Science Lesson PowerPoint
States of Matter and Phase Change, Physical Science Lesson PowerPoint
States of Matter and Phase Change, Physical Science Lesson PowerPoint
States of Matter and Phase Change, Physical Science Lesson PowerPoint
States of Matter and Phase Change, Physical Science Lesson PowerPoint
States of Matter and Phase Change, Physical Science Lesson PowerPoint
States of Matter and Phase Change, Physical Science Lesson PowerPoint
States of Matter and Phase Change, Physical Science Lesson PowerPoint
States of Matter and Phase Change, Physical Science Lesson PowerPoint
States of Matter and Phase Change, Physical Science Lesson PowerPoint
States of Matter and Phase Change, Physical Science Lesson PowerPoint
States of Matter and Phase Change, Physical Science Lesson PowerPoint
States of Matter and Phase Change, Physical Science Lesson PowerPoint
States of Matter and Phase Change, Physical Science Lesson PowerPoint
States of Matter and Phase Change, Physical Science Lesson PowerPoint
States of Matter and Phase Change, Physical Science Lesson PowerPoint
States of Matter and Phase Change, Physical Science Lesson PowerPoint
States of Matter and Phase Change, Physical Science Lesson PowerPoint
States of Matter and Phase Change, Physical Science Lesson PowerPoint
States of Matter and Phase Change, Physical Science Lesson PowerPoint
States of Matter and Phase Change, Physical Science Lesson PowerPoint
States of Matter and Phase Change, Physical Science Lesson PowerPoint
States of Matter and Phase Change, Physical Science Lesson PowerPoint
States of Matter and Phase Change, Physical Science Lesson PowerPoint
States of Matter and Phase Change, Physical Science Lesson PowerPoint
States of Matter and Phase Change, Physical Science Lesson PowerPoint
States of Matter and Phase Change, Physical Science Lesson PowerPoint
States of Matter and Phase Change, Physical Science Lesson PowerPoint
States of Matter and Phase Change, Physical Science Lesson PowerPoint
States of Matter and Phase Change, Physical Science Lesson PowerPoint
States of Matter and Phase Change, Physical Science Lesson PowerPoint
States of Matter and Phase Change, Physical Science Lesson PowerPoint
States of Matter and Phase Change, Physical Science Lesson PowerPoint
States of Matter and Phase Change, Physical Science Lesson PowerPoint
States of Matter and Phase Change, Physical Science Lesson PowerPoint
States of Matter and Phase Change, Physical Science Lesson PowerPoint
States of Matter and Phase Change, Physical Science Lesson PowerPoint
States of Matter and Phase Change, Physical Science Lesson PowerPoint
States of Matter and Phase Change, Physical Science Lesson PowerPoint
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States of Matter and Phase Change, Physical Science Lesson PowerPoint
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States of Matter and Phase Change, Physical Science Lesson PowerPoint
States of Matter and Phase Change, Physical Science Lesson PowerPoint
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States of Matter and Phase Change, Physical Science Lesson PowerPoint
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States of Matter and Phase Change, Physical Science Lesson PowerPoint
States of Matter and Phase Change, Physical Science Lesson PowerPoint
States of Matter and Phase Change, Physical Science Lesson PowerPoint
States of Matter and Phase Change, Physical Science Lesson PowerPoint
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This PowerPoint is one small part of the Matter, Energy, and the Environment Unit from www.sciencepowerpoint.com. This unit consists of a five part 3,500+ slide PowerPoint roadmap, 12 page bundled homework package, modified homework, detailed answer keys, 20 pages of unit notes for students who may require assistance, follow along worksheets, and many review games. The homework and lesson notes chronologically follow the PowerPoint slideshow. The answer keys and unit notes are great for support professionals. The activities and discussion questions in the slideshow are meaningful. The PowerPoint includes built-in instructions, visuals, and review questions. Also included are critical class notes (color coded red), project ideas, video links, and review games. This unit also includes four PowerPoint review games (110+ slides each with Answers), 38+ video links, lab handouts, activity sheets, rubrics, materials list, templates, guides, and much more. Also included is a 190 slide first day of school PowerPoint presentation.
Areas of Focus: Matter, Dark Matter, Elements and Compounds, States of Matter, Solids, Liquids, Gases, Plasma, Law Conservation of Matter, Physical Change, Chemical Change, Gas Laws, Charles Law, Avogadro's Law, Ideal Gas Law, Pascal's Law, Archimedes Principle, Buoyancy, Seven Forms of Energy, Nuclear Energy, Electromagnet Spectrum, Waves / Wavelengths, Light (Visible Light), Refraction, Diffraction, Lens, Convex / Concave, Radiation, Electricity, Lightning, Static Electricity, Magnetism, Coulomb's Law, Conductors, Insulators, Semi-conductors, AC and DC current, Amps, Watts, Resistance, Magnetism, Faraday's Law, Compass, Relativity, Einstein, and E=MC2, Energy, First Law of Thermodynamics, Second Law of Thermodynamics-Third Law of Thermodynamics, Industrial Processes, Environmental Studies, The 4 R's, Sustainability, Human Population Growth, Carrying Capacity, Green Design, Renewable Forms of Energy (The 11th Hour)

This unit aligns with the Next Generation Science Standards and with Common Core Standards for ELA and Literacy for Science and Technical Subjects. See preview for more information
If you have any questions please feel free to contact me. Thanks again and best wishes. Sincerely, Ryan Murphy M.Ed www.sciencepowerpoint@gmail.com
Teaching Duration = 4+ Weeks

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States of Matter and Phase Change, Physical Science Lesson PowerPoint

  1. 1. • Which one is which? – Connect the name to the state of matter. • BEC Plasma Gas Liquid Solid Copyright © 2010 Ryan P. Murphy
  2. 2. • RED SLIDE: These are notes that are very important and should be recorded in your science journal. Copyright © 2010 Ryan P. Murphy
  3. 3. -Nice neat notes that are legible and use indentations when appropriate. -Example of indent. -Skip a line between topics -Don’t skip pages -Make visuals clear and well drawn. Please label. Ice Melting Water Boiling Vapor GasT E M P Heat Added 
  4. 4. • RED SLIDE: These are notes that are very important and should be recorded in your science journal. • BLACK SLIDE: Pay attention, follow directions, complete projects as described and answer required questions neatly. Copyright © 2010 Ryan P. Murphy
  5. 5. • http://sciencepowerpoint.comWebsite Link:
  6. 6. Matter, Energy, and the Environment Unit Copyright © 2010 Ryan P. Murphy
  7. 7.  First Area of Focus: Matter
  8. 8.  Matter : Anything that has mass and takes up space. Copyright © 2010 Ryan P. Murphy
  9. 9.  Matter : Anything that has mass and takes up space. Copyright © 2010 Ryan P. Murphy
  10. 10.  Element: A substance that is made entirely from one type of atom. Copyright © 2010 Ryan P. Murphy
  11. 11.  Compound: Made up of two or more elements bonded together. Copyright © 2010 Ryan P. Murphy
  12. 12. Homogeneous: Composed of elements that are all the same.
  13. 13. Heterogeneous / Inhomogeneous: Composed of two or more different types of elements.
  14. 14. • Which picture below best represents a homogeneous mixture, and which represents a heterogeneous mixture?
  15. 15. • Which picture below best represents a homogeneous mixture, and which represents a heterogeneous mixture?
  16. 16. • Which picture below best represents a homogeneous mixture, and which represents a heterogeneous mixture?
  17. 17. • Which picture below best represents a homogeneous mixture, and which represents a heterogeneous mixture?
  18. 18. • Which picture below best represents a homogeneous mixture, and which represents a heterogeneous mixture?
  19. 19. • Which picture below best represents a homogeneous mixture, and which represents a heterogeneous mixture?
  20. 20. • Which picture below best represents a homogeneous mixture, and which represents a heterogeneous mixture?
  21. 21. • Which picture below best represents a homogeneous mixture, and which represents a heterogeneous mixture?
  22. 22. • Which picture below best represents a homogeneous mixture, and which represents a heterogeneous mixture?
  23. 23. • Which picture below best represents a homogeneous mixture, and which represents a heterogeneous mixture? Learn More about mixtures: http://www.elmhurst.edu/~chm/vchembook/106Amixture.html
  24. 24.  Law Conservation of Matter  - Copyright © 2010 Ryan P. Murphy
  25. 25.  In any physical or chemical change, matter is neither created nor destroyed Copyright © 2010 Ryan P. Murphy
  26. 26.  In any physical or chemical change, matter is neither created nor destroyed  Matter can be changed from one form to another. Copyright © 2010 Ryan P. Murphy
  27. 27.  In any physical or chemical change, matter is neither created nor destroyed  Matter can be changed from one form to another. Copyright © 2010 Ryan P. Murphy
  28. 28.  In any physical or chemical change, matter is neither created nor destroyed  Matter can be changed from one form to another. Copyright © 2010 Ryan P. Murphy
  29. 29.  In any physical or chemical change, matter is neither created nor destroyed  Matter can be changed from one form to another. Copyright © 2010 Ryan P. Murphy
  30. 30.  In any physical or chemical change, matter is neither created nor destroyed  Matter can be changed from one form to another. Copyright © 2010 Ryan P. Murphy
  31. 31.  In any physical or chemical change, matter is neither created nor destroyed  Matter can be changed from one form to another. Copyright © 2010 Ryan P. Murphy
  32. 32.  In any physical or chemical change, matter is neither created nor destroyed  Matter can be changed from one form to another. Copyright © 2010 Ryan P. Murphy
  33. 33.  In any physical or chemical change, matter is neither created nor destroyed  Matter can be changed from one form to another. Copyright © 2010 Ryan P. Murphy
  34. 34. Big Bang All Matter
  35. 35. Big Bang All Matter Particles join together
  36. 36. Big Bang All Matter Particles join together Gravity attracts particles, forms stars, planets Galaxies
  37. 37. Big Bang All Matter Particles join together Gravity attracts particles, forms stars, planets Galaxies Sun releases particles, photons through nuclear processes
  38. 38. Big Bang All Matter Particles join together Gravity attracts particles, forms stars, planets Galaxies Sun releases particles, photons through nuclear processes Plants harness Photons to make sugars with available molecules on Earth from formation
  39. 39. Big Bang All Matter Particles join together Gravity attracts particles, forms stars, planets Galaxies Sun releases particles, photons through nuclear processes Plants harness Photons to make sugars with available molecules on Earth from formation
  40. 40. Big Bang All Matter Particles join together Gravity attracts particles, forms stars, planets Galaxies Sun releases particles, photons through nuclear processes Plants harness Photons to make sugars with available molecules on Earth from formation Matter from the formation of the planets, sometime after the big bang.
  41. 41. Big Bang All Matter Particles join together Gravity attracts particles, forms stars, planets Galaxies Sun releases particles, photons through nuclear processes Plants harness Photons to make sugars with available molecules on Earth from formation Matter from the formation of the planets, sometime after the big bang.
  42. 42. Big Bang All Matter Particles join together Gravity attracts particles, forms stars, planets Galaxies Sun releases particles, photons through nuclear processes Plants harness Photons to make sugars with available molecules on Earth from formation Matter from the formation of the planets, sometime after the big bang.
  43. 43. Big Bang All Matter Particles join together Gravity attracts particles, forms stars, planets Galaxies Sun releases particles, photons through nuclear processes Plants harness Photons to make sugars with available molecules on Earth from formation Matter from the formation of the planets, sometime after the big bang.
  44. 44. • Available Worksheet: Law Conservation of Mass.
  45. 45. • Available Worksheet: Law Conservation of Mass.
  46. 46. • Activity! Law Conservation of Mass – Secure a birthday candle to a Petri-Dish and weigh all. – Light candle on a scale and record the weight of the candle every minute for 10 minutes. • Light fan can speed combustion / results. – Spreadsheet on next page. – Lab questions to be answered at end. Copyright © 2010 Ryan P. Murphy
  47. 47. • Record the Following Spreadsheet into your Journal. Time Weight of Candle at Start (grams) Start 5 10 15 20 25 30 35 40 45 50  Please graph results in a line graph. Copyright © 2010 Ryan P. Murphy
  48. 48. grams grams grams grams grams Copyright © 2010 Ryan P. Murphy
  49. 49. 5 grams 4 grams 3 grams 2 grams 1 gram Copyright © 2010 Ryan P. Murphy -Simulated data if not conducting demonstration
  50. 50. • Questions! Copyright © 2010 Ryan P. Murphy
  51. 51. • Questions! – Why did the candle decrease in mass? Copyright © 2010 Ryan P. Murphy
  52. 52. • Questions! – Why did the candle decrease in mass? – Did the flame destroy matter (candle) or just change its form? Copyright © 2010 Ryan P. Murphy
  53. 53. • Questions! – Why did the candle decrease in mass? – Did the flame destroy matter (candle) or just change its form? – From what form did the candle change? Copyright © 2010 Ryan P. Murphy
  54. 54. • Questions! – Why did the candle decrease in mass? – Did the flame destroy matter (candle) or just change its form? – From what form did the candle change? Copyright © 2010 Ryan P. Murphy
  55. 55. • Answers to Questions! Copyright © 2010 Ryan P. Murphy
  56. 56. • Answers to Questions! – Why did the candle decrease in mass? Copyright © 2010 Ryan P. Murphy
  57. 57. • Questions! – Why did the candle decrease in mass? – Answer! Because the candle which was a solid turned into a gas during combustion. The gas was not collected to be measured. Copyright © 2010 Ryan P. Murphy
  58. 58. • Questions! – Did the flame destroy matter (candle) or just change its form? Copyright © 2010 Ryan P. Murphy
  59. 59. • Questions! – Did the flame destroy matter (candle) or just change its form? – Answer! No, Matter cannot be created or destroyed but changed from one form to another.
  60. 60. • Questions! – From what form did the candle change? Copyright © 2010 Ryan P. Murphy
  61. 61. • Questions! – From what form did the candle change? – Answer! The candle changed from a solid to a liquid (melting) and into a gas (evaporation). Copyright © 2010 Ryan P. Murphy
  62. 62. • Demonstration of Law Conservation of Matter. – Weigh Alka-Seltzer and water solution tablet in grams _____ – Weigh 100 ml of water in grams ______ – Pour water into large zip-lock bag. • Predict the mass if we add Alka-Seltzer to the water bag and immediately seal the bag. • Predict the mass if we add Alka-Seltzer to the water bag and don’t seal the bag. Copyright © 2010 Ryan P. Murphy
  63. 63. • Demonstration of Law Conservation of Matter. – Weigh Alka-Seltzer and water solution tablet in grams _____ – Weigh 100 ml of water in grams ______ – Pour water into large zip-lock bag. • Predict the mass if we add Alka-Seltzer to the water bag and immediately seal the bag. • Predict the mass if we add Alka-Seltzer to the water bag and don’t seal the bag. Copyright © 2010 Ryan P. Murphy
  64. 64. • Demonstration of Law Conservation of Matter. – Weigh Alka-Seltzer and water solution tablet in grams _____ – Weigh 100 ml of water in grams ______ – Pour water into large zip-lock bag. • Predict the mass if we add Alka-Seltzer to the water bag and immediately seal the bag. • Predict the mass if we add Alka-Seltzer to the water bag and don’t seal the bag. Copyright © 2010 Ryan P. Murphy
  65. 65. • Demonstration of Law Conservation of Matter. – Weigh Alka-Seltzer and water solution tablet in grams _____ – Weigh 100 ml of water in grams ______ – Pour water into sandwich size Zip-Lock bag. • Predict the mass if we add Alka-Seltzer to the water bag and immediately seal the bag. • Predict the mass if we add Alka-Seltzer to the water bag and don’t seal the bag. Copyright © 2010 Ryan P. Murphy
  66. 66. • Demonstration of Law Conservation of Matter. – Weigh Alka-Seltzer and water solution tablet in grams _____ – Weigh 100 ml of water in grams ______ – Pour water into sandwich size Zip-Lock bag. • Predict the mass if we add Alka-Seltzer to the water bag and immediately seal the bag. • Predict the mass if we add Alka-Seltzer to the water bag and don’t seal the bag. Copyright © 2010 Ryan P. Murphy
  67. 67. • Demonstration of Law Conservation of Matter. – Weigh Alka-Seltzer and water solution tablet in grams _____ – Weigh 100 ml of water in grams ______ – Pour water into sandwich size Zip-Lock bag. • Predict the mass if we add Alka-Seltzer to the water bag and immediately seal the bag. • Predict the mass if we add Alka-Seltzer to the water bag and don’t seal the bag. Copyright © 2010 Ryan P. Murphy
  68. 68. • Demonstration of Law Conservation of Matter. – Weight of water _____? – Weight of Alka-Seltzer _____? – Weight together in sealed bag _____? – Weight together in unsealed bag _____? Copyright © 2010 Ryan P. Murphy
  69. 69. • Demonstration of Law Conservation of Matter Questions. – What happened when the two mixed? – Why was the weight of the water and tablet combined in the sealed bag the same as them separate? – Why did unsealing the bag decrease the weight of the two together. Copyright © 2010 Ryan P. Murphy
  70. 70. • Demonstration of Law Conservation of Matter Questions. – What happened when the two mixed? – Why was the weight of the water and tablet combined in the sealed bag the same as them separate? – Why did unsealing the bag decrease the weight of the two together. Copyright © 2010 Ryan P. Murphy
  71. 71. • Demonstration of Law Conservation of Matter Questions. – What happened when the two mixed? – Why was the weight of the water and tablet combined in the sealed bag the same as them separate? – Why did unsealing the bag decrease the weight of the two together. Copyright © 2010 Ryan P. Murphy
  72. 72. • Demonstration of Law Conservation of Matter Questions. – What happened when the two mixed? – Why was the weight of the water and tablet combined in the sealed bag the same as them separate? – Why did unsealing the bag decrease the weight of the two together? Copyright © 2010 Ryan P. Murphy
  73. 73. • Demonstration of Law Conservation of Matter Questions. Copyright © 2010 Ryan P. Murphy
  74. 74. • Demonstration of Law Conservation of Matter Questions. – What happened when the two mixed? Copyright © 2010 Ryan P. Murphy
  75. 75. • Demonstration of Law Conservation of Matter Questions. – What happened when the two mixed? – Answer! The Alka-Seltzer reacted with the water and released a gas (carbon dioxide). Copyright © 2010 Ryan P. Murphy
  76. 76. • Demonstration of Law Conservation of Matter Questions. Copyright © 2010 Ryan P. Murphy
  77. 77. • Demonstration of Law Conservation of Matter Questions. – Why was the weight of the water and tablet combined in the sealed bag the same as them separate? Copyright © 2010 Ryan P. Murphy
  78. 78. • Demonstration of Law Conservation of Matter Questions. – Why was the weight of the water and tablet combined in the sealed bag the same as them separate? – Answer! Law Conservation of Matter. No gas was allowed to escape. Copyright © 2010 Ryan P. Murphy
  79. 79. • Demonstration of Law Conservation of Matter Questions. Copyright © 2010 Ryan P. Murphy
  80. 80. • Demonstration of Law Conservation of Matter Questions. – Why did unsealing the bag decrease the weight of the two together? Copyright © 2010 Ryan P. Murphy
  81. 81. • Demonstration of Law Conservation of Matter Questions. – Why did unsealing the bag decrease the weight of the two together? – Answer! The carbon dioxide gas was allowed to escape into the air which wasn’t recorded mass. Copyright © 2010 Ryan P. Murphy
  82. 82. • Demonstration of Law Conservation of Matter Questions. – Why did unsealing the bag decrease the weight of the two together? – Answer! The carbon dioxide gas was allowed to escape into the air which wasn’t recorded mass. – Optional Class Quiz found at • http://home.utah.edu/~u0577548 /Conservation%20of%20Matter/s um_of_parts_quiz.html Copyright © 2010 Ryan P. Murphy
  83. 83.  Kinetic Molecular Theory:  The molecules are in constant motion.  This motion is different for the 3 states of matter. Copyright © 2010 Ryan P. Murphy
  84. 84.  Kinetic Molecular Theory:  The molecules are in constant motion.  This motion is different for the 3 states of matter. Copyright © 2010 Ryan P. Murphy
  85. 85.  Kinetic Molecular Theory:  The molecules are in constant motion.  This motion is different for the 3 states of matter. Copyright © 2010 Ryan P. Murphy
  86. 86.  Kinetic Molecular Theory:  The molecules are in constant motion.  This motion is different for the 3 states of matter. Copyright © 2010 Ryan P. Murphy What are the states of matter?
  87. 87.  Kinetic Molecular Theory:  The molecules are in constant motion.  This motion is different for the 3 states of matter. Copyright © 2010 Ryan P. Murphy
  88. 88.  Kinetic Molecular Theory:  The molecules are in constant motion.  This motion is different for the 3 states of matter. Copyright © 2010 Ryan P. Murphy
  89. 89.  Kinetic Molecular Theory:  The molecules are in constant motion.  This motion is different for the 3 states of matter. Copyright © 2010 Ryan P. Murphy
  90. 90.  Kinetic Molecular Theory:  The molecules are in constant motion.  This motion is different for the 3 states of matter. Copyright © 2010 Ryan P. Murphy
  91. 91.  Kinetic Molecular Theory:  The molecules are in constant motion.  This motion is different for the 3 states of matter. Copyright © 2010 Ryan P. Murphy
  92. 92.  Kinetic Molecular Theory:  The molecules are in constant motion.  This motion is different for the 3 states of matter. Copyright © 2010 Ryan P. Murphy
  93. 93.  Kinetic Molecular Theory:  The molecules are in constant motion.  This motion is different for the 3 states of matter. Copyright © 2010 Ryan P. Murphy
  94. 94.  Kinetic Molecular Theory:  The molecules are in constant motion.  This motion is different for the 3 states of matter. Copyright © 2010 Ryan P. Murphy
  95. 95.  Kinetic Molecular Theory:  The molecules are in constant motion.  This motion is different for the 3 states of matter. Copyright © 2010 Ryan P. Murphy
  96. 96.  Kinetic Molecular Theory:  The molecules are in constant motion.  This motion is different for the 3 states of matter. Copyright © 2010 Ryan P. Murphy
  97. 97.  Kinetic Molecular Theory:  The molecules are in constant motion.  This motion is different for the 3 states of matter. Copyright © 2010 Ryan P. Murphy
  98. 98.  Kinetic Molecular Theory:  The molecules are in constant motion.  This motion is different for the 3 states of matter. Copyright © 2010 Ryan P. Murphy
  99. 99.  Kinetic Molecular Theory:  The molecules are in constant motion.  This motion is different for the 3 states of matter. Copyright © 2010 Ryan P. Murphy
  100. 100.  Kinetic Molecular Theory:  The molecules are in constant motion.  This motion is different for the 3 states of matter. Copyright © 2010 Ryan P. Murphy
  101. 101.  Kinetic Molecular Theory:  The molecules are in constant motion.  This motion is different for the 3 states of matter. Copyright © 2010 Ryan P. Murphy
  102. 102.  Kinetic Molecular Theory:  The molecules are in constant motion.  This motion is different for the 3 states of matter. Copyright © 2010 Ryan P. Murphy
  103. 103.  Kinetic Molecular Theory:  The molecules are in constant motion.  This motion is different for the 3 states of matter. Copyright © 2010 Ryan P. Murphy Kinetic Molecular Theory. Learn More: http://www.chm.davidson.edu/vce/kineticmolecularth eory/basicconcepts.
  104. 104. • Activity! State your Matter – Teacher to give each group of students a solid block (Maybe ice), glass of water, and balloon filled with gas.
  105. 105. • Activity! State your Matter – Teacher to give each group of students a solid block (Maybe ice), glass of water, and balloon filled with gas.
  106. 106. • Activity! State your Matter – Teacher to give each group of students a solid block (Maybe ice), glass of water, and balloon filled with gas.
  107. 107. • Activity! State your Matter – Teacher to give each group of students a solid block (Maybe ice), glass of water, and balloon filled with gas.
  108. 108. • Activity Sheet Available: States of Matter and Phase Change.
  109. 109. • Activity Sheet Available: States of Matter and Phase Change.
  110. 110. • Activity! Describing Solid-Liquid-Gas – Please fill out the following spreadsheet and then collect data. – Find it or write (?) Solid Liquid Gas Volume L*W*H Shape Mass Copyright © 2010 Ryan P. Murphy
  111. 111. • Activity! Describing Solid-Liquid-Gas – Possible Answers! Solid Liquid Gas Volume Easy to find – in ml or cm3 Easy to find. Use graduated cylinder – ml Difficult to find in a classroom . Shape Many different forms. Easy to mold. Takes shape of the container. No Shape  Mass Generally Heavy / Weigh in grams Easy to find. Generally Heavy / Weigh in grams. Lighter in mass / Harder to weigh in a classroom  Copyright © 2010 Ryan P. Murphy
  112. 112. • Activity! Describing Solid-Liquid-Gas – Possible Answers! Solid Liquid Gas Volume Easy to find – in ml or cm3 Easy to find. Use graduated cylinder – ml Difficult to find in a classroom . Shape Many different forms. Easy to mold. Takes shape of the container. No Shape  Mass Generally Heavy / Weigh in grams Easy to find. Generally Heavy / Weigh in grams. Lighter in mass / Harder to weigh in a classroom  Copyright © 2010 Ryan P. Murphy
  113. 113. • Activity! Describing Solid-Liquid-Gas – Possible Answers! Solid Liquid Gas Volume Easy to find – in ml or cm3 Easy to find. Use graduated cylinder – ml Difficult to find in a classroom . Shape Many different forms. Easy to mold. Takes shape of the container. No Shape  Mass Generally Heavy / Weigh in grams Easy to find. Generally Heavy / Weigh in grams. Lighter in mass / Harder to weigh in a classroom  Copyright © 2010 Ryan P. Murphy
  114. 114. • Activity! Describing Solid-Liquid-Gas – Possible Answers! Solid Liquid Gas Volume Easy to find – in ml or cm3 Easy to find. Use graduated cylinder – ml Difficult to find in a classroom . Shape Many different forms. Easy to mold. Takes shape of the container. No Shape  Mass Generally Heavy / Weigh in grams Easy to find. Generally Heavy / Weigh in grams. Lighter in mass / Harder to weigh in a classroom  Copyright © 2010 Ryan P. Murphy
  115. 115. • Activity! Describing Solid-Liquid-Gas – Possible Answers! Solid Liquid Gas Volume Easy to find – in ml or cm3 Easy to find. Use graduated cylinder – ml Difficult to find in a classroom . Shape Many different forms. Easy to mold. Takes shape of the container. No Shape  Mass Generally Heavy / Weigh in grams Easy to find. Generally Heavy / Weigh in grams. Lighter in mass / Harder to weigh in a classroom  Copyright © 2010 Ryan P. Murphy
  116. 116. • Activity! Describing Solid-Liquid-Gas – Possible Answers! Solid Liquid Gas Volume Easy to find – in ml or cm3 Easy to find. Use graduated cylinder – ml Difficult to find in a classroom . Shape Many different forms. Easy to mold. Takes shape of the container. No Shape  Mass Generally Heavy / Weigh in grams Easy to find. Generally Heavy / Weigh in grams. Lighter in mass / Harder to weigh in a classroom  Copyright © 2010 Ryan P. Murphy
  117. 117. • Activity! Describing Solid-Liquid-Gas – Possible Answers! Solid Liquid Gas Volume Easy to find – in ml or cm3 Easy to find. Use graduated cylinder – ml Difficult to find in a classroom . Shape Many different forms. Easy to mold. Takes shape of the container. No Shape  Mass Generally Heavy / Weigh in grams Easy to find. Generally Heavy / Weigh in grams. Lighter in mass / Harder to weigh in a classroom  Copyright © 2010 Ryan P. Murphy
  118. 118. • Activity! Describing Solid-Liquid-Gas – Possible Answers! Solid Liquid Gas Volume Easy to find – in ml or cm3 Easy to find. Use graduated cylinder – ml Difficult to find in a classroom . Shape Many different forms. Easy to mold. Takes shape of the container. No Shape  Mass Generally Heavy / Weigh in grams Easy to find. Generally Heavy / Weigh in grams. Lighter in mass / Harder to weigh in a classroom  Copyright © 2010 Ryan P. Murphy
  119. 119. • Activity! Describing Solid-Liquid-Gas – Possible Answers! Solid Liquid Gas Volume Easy to find – in ml or cm3 Easy to find. Use graduated cylinder – ml Difficult to find in a classroom . Shape Many different forms. Easy to mold. Takes shape of the container. No Shape  Mass Generally Heavy / Weigh in grams Easy to find. Generally Heavy / Weigh in grams. Lighter in mass / Harder to weigh in a classroom  Copyright © 2010 Ryan P. Murphy
  120. 120. • Activity! Describing Solid-Liquid-Gas – Possible Answers! Solid Liquid Gas Volume Easy to find – in ml or cm3 Easy to find. Use graduated cylinder – ml Difficult to find in a classroom . Shape Many different forms. Easy to mold. Takes shape of the container. No Shape  Mass Generally Heavy / Weigh in grams Easy to find. Generally Heavy / Weigh in grams. Lighter in mass / Harder to weigh in a classroom  Copyright © 2010 Ryan P. Murphy
  121. 121. • Activity! Describing Solid-Liquid-Gas – Possible Answers! Solid Liquid Gas Volume Easy to find – in ml or cm3 Easy to find. Use graduated cylinder – ml Difficult to find in a classroom . Shape Many different forms. Easy to mold. Takes shape of the container. No Shape  Mass Generally Heavy / Weigh in grams Easy to find. Generally Heavy / Weigh in grams. Lighter in mass / Harder to weigh in a classroom  Copyright © 2010 Ryan P. Murphy
  122. 122. • Activity! Describing Solid-Liquid-Gas – Possible Answers! Solid Liquid Gas Volume Easy to find – in ml or cm3 Easy to find. Use graduated cylinder – ml Difficult to find in a classroom . Shape Many different forms. Easy to mold. Takes shape of the container. No Shape  Mass Generally Heavy / Weigh in grams Easy to find. Generally Heavy / Weigh in grams. Lighter in mass / Harder to weigh in a classroom  Copyright © 2010 Ryan P. Murphy
  123. 123. • Activity! Describing Solid-Liquid-Gas – Possible Answers! Solid Liquid Gas Volume Easy to find – in ml or cm3 Easy to find. Use graduated cylinder – ml Difficult to find in a classroom . Shape Many different forms. Easy to mold. Takes shape of the container. No Shape  Mass Generally Heavy / Weigh in grams Easy to find. Generally Heavy / Weigh in grams. Lighter in mass / Harder to weigh in a classroom  Copyright © 2010 Ryan P. Murphy
  124. 124. • Activity! Describing Solid-Liquid-Gas – Possible Answers! Solid Liquid Gas Volume Easy to find – in ml or cm3 Easy to find. Use graduated cylinder – ml Difficult to find in a classroom . Shape Many different forms. Easy to mold. Takes shape of the container. No Shape  Mass Generally Heavy / Weigh in grams Easy to find. Generally Heavy / Weigh in grams. Lighter in mass / Harder to weigh in a classroom  Copyright © 2010 Ryan P. Murphy
  125. 125. • Activity! Describing Solid-Liquid-Gas – Possible Answers! Solid Liquid Gas Volume Easy to find – in ml or cm3 Easy to find. Use graduated cylinder – ml Difficult to find in a classroom . PV=nRT Shape Many different forms. Easy to mold. Takes shape of the container. No Shape  Mass Generally Heavy / Weigh in grams Easy to find. Generally Heavy / Weigh in grams. Lighter in mass / Harder to weigh in a classroom  Copyright © 2010 Ryan P. Murphy
  126. 126. • Activity! Describing Solid-Liquid-Gas – Possible Answers! Solid Liquid Gas Volume Easy to find – in ml or cm3 Easy to find. Use graduated cylinder – ml Difficult to find in a classroom  . Shape Many different forms. Easy to mold. Takes shape of the container. No Shape  Mass Generally Heavy / Weigh in grams Easy to find. Generally Heavy / Weigh in grams. Lighter in mass / Harder to weigh in a classroom  Copyright © 2010 Ryan P. Murphy
  127. 127. • Activity! Describing Solid-Liquid-Gas – Possible Answers! Solid Liquid Gas Volume Easy to find – in ml or cm3 Easy to find. Use graduated cylinder – ml Difficult to find in a classroom . Shape Many different forms. Easy to mold. Takes shape of the container. No Shape  Mass Generally Heavy / Weigh in grams Easy to find. Generally Heavy / Weigh in grams. Lighter in mass / Harder to weigh in a classroom  Copyright © 2010 Ryan P. Murphy
  128. 128. • Activity! Describing Solid-Liquid-Gas – Possible Answers! Solid Liquid Gas Volume Easy to find – in ml or cm3 Easy to find. Use graduated cylinder – ml Difficult to find in a classroom . Shape Many different forms. Easy to mold. Takes shape of the container. No Shape  Mass Generally Heavy / Weigh in grams Easy to find. Generally Heavy / Weigh in grams. Lighter in mass / Harder to weigh in a classroom  Copyright © 2010 Ryan P. Murphy
  129. 129. • Activity! Describing Solid-Liquid-Gas – Possible Answers! Solid Liquid Gas Volume Easy to find – in ml or cm3 Easy to find. Use graduated cylinder – ml Difficult to find in a classroom . Shape Many different forms. Easy to mold. Takes shape of the container. No Shape  Mass Generally Heavy / Weigh in grams Easy to find. Generally Heavy / Weigh in grams. Lighter in mass / Harder to weigh than solid and liquids. Copyright © 2010 Ryan P. Murphy
  130. 130. • Activity! State your Matter – Teacher to give each group of students a solid block (Maybe ice), glass of water, and balloon filled with gas.
  131. 131. • Activity! State your Matter – Teacher to give each group of students a solid block (Maybe ice), glass of water, and balloon filled with gas.
  132. 132. • Activity! State your Matter – Teacher to give each group of students a solid block (Maybe ice), glass of water, and balloon filled with gas.
  133. 133. • Activity! State your Matter – Teacher to give each group of students a solid block (Maybe ice), glass of water, and balloon filled with gas.
  134. 134. • Activity! State your Matter – Teacher to give each group of students a solid block (Maybe ice), glass of water, and balloon filled with gas.
  135. 135. • Activity! State your Matter – Teacher to give each group of students a solid block (Maybe ice), glass of water, and balloon filled with gas.
  136. 136. • Activity! State your Matter – Teacher to give each group of students a solid block (Maybe ice), glass of water, and balloon filled with gas.
  137. 137. • Activity! State your Matter – Teacher to give each group of students a solid block (Maybe ice), glass of water, and balloon filled with gas.
  138. 138. • Activity! State your Matter – Teacher to give each group of students a solid block (Maybe ice), glass of water, and balloon filled with gas.
  139. 139. • Activity! State your Matter – Teacher to give each group of students a solid block (Maybe ice), glass of water, and balloon filled with gas.
  140. 140. • Activity! State your Matter – Teacher to give each group of students a solid block (Maybe ice), glass of water, and balloon filled with gas.
  141. 141.  States of Matter  -  -  -  - Copyright © 2010 Ryan P. Murphy
  142. 142.  Solid (s) has a definite shape and volume. Copyright © 2010 Ryan P. Murphy
  143. 143. Molecules form a crystal lattice.
  144. 144. Molecules form a crystal lattice.
  145. 145. • Activity! Semi-Solid • Diapers contain polyacrylic acid, a super- absorbent polymer (large molecule). – http://www.coolscience.org/CoolScience/KidScie ntists/babydiaper.htm (Learn More) – This molecule is hydophilic (water loving)
  146. 146. • Activity! Semi-Solid • Diapers contain polyacrylic acid, a super- absorbent polymer (large molecule). – http://www.coolscience.org/CoolScience/KidScie ntists/babydiaper.htm (Learn More) – This molecule is hydophilic (water loving)
  147. 147. • Activity! Semi-Solid • Diapers contain polyacrylic acid, a super- absorbent polymer (large molecule). – http://www.coolscience.org/CoolScience/KidScie ntists/babydiaper.htm (Learn More) – This molecule is hydophilic (water loving)
  148. 148. • Activity! Semi-Solid • Diapers contain polyacrylic acid, a super- absorbent polymer (large molecule). – http://www.coolscience.org/CoolScience/KidScie ntists/babydiaper.htm (Learn More) – This molecule is hydophilic (water loving)
  149. 149. • Activity! Semi-Solid • Diapers contain polyacrylic acid, a super- absorbent polymer (large molecule). – http://www.coolscience.org/CoolScience/KidScie ntists/babydiaper.htm (Learn More) – This molecule is hydophilic (water loving)
  150. 150. • Activity! Semi-Solid • Diapers contain polyacrylic acid, a super- absorbent polymer (large molecule). – http://www.coolscience.org/CoolScience/KidScie ntists/babydiaper.htm (Learn More) – This molecule is hydophilic (water loving)
  151. 151. • Semi-solid. While similar to a solid in some respects (it can support its own weight and hold its shape), it also shares some properties of liquids, such as shape conformity to something applying pressure to it, or the ability to flow under pressure.
  152. 152.  Liquid (l) Has definite volume but not shape. Copyright © 2010 Ryan P. Murphy
  153. 153.  Gas (g) No definite shape or volume. Copyright © 2010 Ryan P. Murphy
  154. 154.  Gas (g) No definite shape or volume. Copyright © 2010 Ryan P. Murphy
  155. 155. • Activity / video link (Extremely Optional) – http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=p440QWpHui8 – Assign three students to each hold a poster with the three states of matter. (Solid, Liquid, Gas) • When Zebra is dancing and singing fast person with gas poster must wave it around quickly. • When zebra is dancing normal wave the liquid poster at a normal speed. • When zebra is dancing slowly wave the solid poster extremely slow.
  156. 156. • Activity / video link (Extremely Optional) – http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=p440QWpHui8 – Assign three students to each hold a poster with the three states of matter. (Solid, Liquid, Gas) • When Zebra is dancing at a fast pace the person with gas poster must wave it around quickly / dance. • When zebra is dancing normal wave the liquid poster at a normal speed / slower dance. • When zebra is dancing slowly wave the solid poster extremely slow / slow dance.
  157. 157. • Based on the video, which is a solid, liquid, and gas.
  158. 158. • Based on the video, which is a solid, liquid, and gas.
  159. 159. • Based on the video, which is a solid, liquid, and gas.
  160. 160. • Based on the video, which is a solid, liquid, and gas.
  161. 161. • Based on the video, which is a solid, liquid, and gas.
  162. 162. • Based on the video, which is a solid, liquid, and gas.
  163. 163. • Based on the video, which is a solid, liquid, and gas.
  164. 164. • Based on the video, which is a solid, liquid, and gas.
  165. 165. • Based on the video, which is a solid, liquid, and gas.
  166. 166. • Based on the video, which is a solid, liquid, and gas.
  167. 167. • Based on the video, which is a solid, liquid, and gas.
  168. 168. • Activity / video link (Extremely Optional) – http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=p440QWpHui8 – Assign three students to each hold a poster with the three states of matter. (Solid, Liquid, Gas) • When Zebra is dancing and singing fast person with gas poster must wave it around quickly. • When zebra is dancing normal wave the liquid poster at a normal speed. • When zebra is dancing slowly wave the solid poster extremely slow.
  169. 169. • Activity / video link (Extremely Optional) – http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=p440QWpHui8 – Assign three students to each hold a poster with the three states of matter. (Solid, Liquid, Gas) • When Zebra is dancing and singing fast person with gas poster must wave it around quickly. • When zebra