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Science Is Notes


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Science Is Notes

  1. 1. Science Is… Unit 1: An Introduction To Physical Science Part 1 NOTES (Text: Prologue)
  2. 2. What?! <ul><li>What do people do when they cannot explain something? </li></ul><ul><li>What do people do when they do not understand something? </li></ul><ul><li>Actions usually fall into 3 categories: </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Science (Physical Data, How?) </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Arts (Emotions) </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Religion (Spiritual, Why?) </li></ul></ul>
  3. 3. What is SCIENCE? <ul><li>The orderly search for answers to our questions about the world we live in. </li></ul><ul><li>How do scientists “orderly search for answers to problems and questions”? </li></ul><ul><li>The questioning is called </li></ul><ul><li>SCIENTIFIC INQUIRY. </li></ul><ul><li>The steps of problem solving are called </li></ul><ul><li>the SCIENTIFIC METHOD. </li></ul>
  4. 4. How do scientists work? <ul><li>Questioning/ Inquiry </li></ul><ul><li>Experimentation </li></ul><ul><li>Trial & Error </li></ul>
  5. 5. SCIENCE: What is the difference between Pure & Applied Science? <ul><li>Pure Science </li></ul><ul><ul><li>motivated by curiosity </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Example: PHYSICS </li></ul></ul><ul><li>Applied Science </li></ul><ul><ul><li>designed to answer specific questions </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Example: ENGINEERING </li></ul></ul>
  6. 6. Pseudoscience <ul><li>“ pseudo-” </li></ul><ul><ul><li>is a prefix that means “false” </li></ul></ul><ul><li>Pseudoscience is a “false science”. </li></ul><ul><li>Pseudoscience: </li></ul><ul><ul><li>makes predictions </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>cannot support hypotheses BASED ON DATA. </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>cannot draw valid conclusions BASED ON DATA. </li></ul></ul><ul><li>Examples: </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Astrology </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Some fetal gender predictors </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Palm Reading </li></ul></ul>
  7. 7. Science Skills <ul><li>Analysis </li></ul><ul><li>Communication </li></ul><ul><li>Evaluation </li></ul><ul><li>Experimentation </li></ul><ul><li>Inference </li></ul><ul><li>Mathematics </li></ul><ul><li>Observation </li></ul><ul><li>Organization </li></ul><ul><li>Problem Solving </li></ul><ul><li>Research </li></ul><ul><li>Scientific Measurement </li></ul>
  8. 8. Scientists must be: <ul><li>Accurate </li></ul><ul><li>Clear </li></ul><ul><li>Cooperative </li></ul><ul><li>Curious </li></ul><ul><li>Expressive </li></ul><ul><li>Objective </li></ul><ul><li>Open to discussion </li></ul><ul><li>Productive </li></ul>
  9. 9. Science & Math <ul><li>Science can be described and analyzed mathematically. </li></ul><ul><li>Math allows scientists to compare measurable data. </li></ul>
  10. 10. PHYSICAL SCIENCE <ul><li>PHYSICS- </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Motion </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Force </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Energy </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Matter </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Heat </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Sound </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Light </li></ul></ul><ul><li>CHEMISTRY- </li></ul><ul><ul><li>What is matter composed of? </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>How do molecules combine to form materials around us? </li></ul></ul>
  11. 11. <ul><li>To understanding living things, you must understand chemistry. </li></ul><ul><li>You must understand physics to understand chemistry. </li></ul>
  12. 12. Science GONE BAD <ul><li>Salem Witch Trials </li></ul><ul><li>Blood Letting </li></ul><ul><li>Many other Past Medical Treatments </li></ul>
  13. 13. SCIENCE & TECHNOLOGY <ul><li>What technology do we use everyday? </li></ul><ul><li>What do we use technology for in Science? </li></ul><ul><li>Why do we have technology? </li></ul>
  14. 14. Good or Bad? <ul><li>What are our general feelings about technology? </li></ul><ul><li>What are the advantages? </li></ul><ul><li>What are the disadvantages? </li></ul>
  15. 15. Risk Assessment <ul><li>What risks are there in scientific improvements? </li></ul><ul><li>When do the benefits outweigh the risk? </li></ul><ul><li>Who decides now? Who should decide? </li></ul><ul><li>What are ETHICS? </li></ul>
  16. 16. What is a THEORY? <ul><li>Scientific Theory: </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Group of verified hypotheses about certain aspects of the natural world. </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Theories may change as scientists learn more about the topic. </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Examples: </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>The Theory of Evolution </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>The Theory of the Big Bang </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>The Theory of Plate Tectonics </li></ul></ul></ul>
  17. 17. What is a LAW? <ul><li>Scientific Law or Principle: </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Something that has been tested over and over again and has not been contradicted. </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Examples: </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>The Law of Gravity </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Newton’s Laws </li></ul></ul></ul>
  18. 18. Fact & Speculation <ul><li>Scientists rarely say that information is factual. </li></ul><ul><li>Fact - BASED ON DATA </li></ul><ul><li>a generally close agreement among competent observers studying the same thing. </li></ul><ul><li>A fact can be “disproved” if experimental data shows otherwise. </li></ul><ul><li>Speculation - a statement that cannot be tested to be correct and/ or incorrect. </li></ul><ul><li>Can you make a speculation? </li></ul><ul><li>“ Intelligent life exists on another planet somewhere else in the universe” </li></ul>
  19. 19. Acceptable Information <ul><li>You cannot test everything. Sometimes you just have to take someone’s word for something. </li></ul><ul><li>What information is “acceptable”? </li></ul>
  20. 20. Criteria for determining if information is “acceptable” <ul><li>Comes from a RELIABLE source. </li></ul><ul><li>Is TESTABLE. </li></ul><ul><li>Is NOT funded or conducted by a stakeholder. </li></ul>
  21. 21. QUESTIONS?
  22. 22. What QUESTIONS will we answer this year?