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Start with your topic
Narrow it down by adding a sub-topic
Think of other ways to narrow it down, like time…
or place…
More ways to narrow it down ,[object Object],[object Object],[object Object],[object Object],[object Object]
Your narrowed topic is where all of these aspects overlap.
FOR EXAMPLE…
Topic: women’s daily lives
… middle- and upper-class
… in the early- to mid-19 th  century
HOW WOULD IT LOOK IF YOU WANTED TO TALK ABOUT  MEN’S  DAILY LIVES? ,[object Object]
HOW WOULD IT LOOK IF YOU WANTED TO COMPARE WOMEN’S DAILY LIVES IN JAPAN AND ENGLAND? ,[object Object]
HOW WOULD IT LOOK IF YOU WANTED TO STUDY THE TOPIC BY READING NOVELS WRITTEN BY WOMEN IN THAT ERA? ,[object Object]

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Narrowing your topic