Narrowing Your Topic
Think about your message… <ul><li>In your paper… </li></ul><ul><li>WHAT are you going to  </li></ul><ul><li>SAY about your...
Narrowing Strategy 1: Aspect <ul><li>Focus on a particular ASPECT of the topic: </li></ul><ul><li>Not: Free trade   X </li...
Narrowing Strategy 2: Time <ul><li>Focus on your topic during a particular TIME PERIOD </li></ul><ul><li>Free Trade  </li>...
Narrowing Strategy 3: Type <ul><li>Focus on a specific TYPE or CLASS of people, institutions, or other things as they rela...
Narrowing Strategy 4: Place <ul><li>Focus on a particular PLACE </li></ul><ul><li>Free trade  </li></ul><ul><li>with  Turk...
A Review of Narrowing Strategies: <ul><li>Narrow your topic by focusing on: </li></ul><ul><li>Aspect </li></ul><ul><li>Tim...
<ul><li>to put it another way… </li></ul>
Start with your topic
Narrow it down by adding a sub-topic
Think of other ways to narrow it down, like time…
or place…
More ways to narrow it down <ul><li>Add more sub-topics and related topics </li></ul><ul><li>How your topic affects a part...
Your narrowed topic is where all of these aspects overlap.
FOR EXAMPLE…
Topic: women’s daily lives
… middle- and upper-class
… in the early- to mid-19 th  century
We may add a place here, TURKEY In the early to mid 19 th century Middle class women’s daily lives in Turkey
Brainstorming
Brainstorming What is it? Why do we need it ? <ul><li>A  gathering  of ideas from your brain onto paper.  Remember rain dr...
Brainstorming Technique Number One Freewriting What is it?  “ Free Writing” is like pouring all of your thoughts onto pape...
Brainstorming Technique Number One Rules for  Freewriting <ul><li>Don’t take your pen off the page; keep writing for the e...
Number One Freewriting When is it helpful? When you have NO ideas about a topic When you have TOO MANY ideas about a topic...
Example of Free Writing Topic: Describe the most beautiful place you’ve seen. I remember climbing to the top of the mount ...
Mapping <ul><li>“ Mapping,” sometimes called “semantic/ idea mapping” or “webbing,” is another way to organize your ideas....
My future family Raise healthy, happy children Stay close to my husband Make them a priority education work Eventually get...
Brainstorming Technique Number  Three Listing  While making a list, we write single words, phrases or short sentences rela...
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getting ready to write

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15.09.2010

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getting ready to write

  1. 2. Narrowing Your Topic
  2. 3. Think about your message… <ul><li>In your paper… </li></ul><ul><li>WHAT are you going to </li></ul><ul><li>SAY about your topic? </li></ul><ul><li>or </li></ul><ul><li>What QUESTIONS are you going to ANSWER about your topic? </li></ul>
  3. 4. Narrowing Strategy 1: Aspect <ul><li>Focus on a particular ASPECT of the topic: </li></ul><ul><li>Not: Free trade X </li></ul><ul><li>But: Environmental result of free trade √ </li></ul>Cultural Ethical Environmental Historical Political Free Trade
  4. 5. Narrowing Strategy 2: Time <ul><li>Focus on your topic during a particular TIME PERIOD </li></ul><ul><li>Free Trade </li></ul><ul><li>between </li></ul><ul><li>1990 and 2000 </li></ul>
  5. 6. Narrowing Strategy 3: Type <ul><li>Focus on a specific TYPE or CLASS of people, institutions, or other things as they relate to your topic </li></ul><ul><li>Free trade in tourism industry </li></ul>Labor Intellectual Property Goods Services Tourism Industry Clothing Industry IT Industry Capital
  6. 7. Narrowing Strategy 4: Place <ul><li>Focus on a particular PLACE </li></ul><ul><li>Free trade </li></ul><ul><li>with Turkey </li></ul>
  7. 8. A Review of Narrowing Strategies: <ul><li>Narrow your topic by focusing on: </li></ul><ul><li>Aspect </li></ul><ul><li>Time </li></ul><ul><li>Type </li></ul><ul><li>Place </li></ul><ul><li>A combination of two or more of the above </li></ul>
  8. 9. <ul><li>to put it another way… </li></ul>
  9. 10. Start with your topic
  10. 11. Narrow it down by adding a sub-topic
  11. 12. Think of other ways to narrow it down, like time…
  12. 13. or place…
  13. 14. More ways to narrow it down <ul><li>Add more sub-topics and related topics </li></ul><ul><li>How your topic affects a particular group or sub-group </li></ul><ul><li>A n unusual or new point of view </li></ul>
  14. 15. Your narrowed topic is where all of these aspects overlap.
  15. 16. FOR EXAMPLE…
  16. 17. Topic: women’s daily lives
  17. 18. … middle- and upper-class
  18. 19. … in the early- to mid-19 th century
  19. 20. We may add a place here, TURKEY In the early to mid 19 th century Middle class women’s daily lives in Turkey
  20. 21. Brainstorming
  21. 22. Brainstorming What is it? Why do we need it ? <ul><li>A gathering of ideas from your brain onto paper. Remember rain drops in your book. </li></ul><ul><li>The variety of ideas and the use of your imagination assist you in producing a lot of material with which to work. </li></ul><ul><li>It’s the best way to collect your thoughts. </li></ul><ul><li>It’s helpful for organization. </li></ul><ul><li>It ensures only quality ideas are used in the paragraph . </li></ul>
  22. 23. Brainstorming Technique Number One Freewriting What is it? “ Free Writing” is like pouring all of your thoughts onto paper. Think about the topic. Then write, write, write. Whatever comes into your brain – even if it doesn’t have to do with the topic. After you write, circle the major supporting ideas about the topic you want to write.
  23. 24. Brainstorming Technique Number One Rules for Freewriting <ul><li>Don’t take your pen off the page; keep writing for the entire time. </li></ul><ul><li>If you don’t know what to write, write “I don’t know what to write” until you do. </li></ul><ul><li>Don’t try to sort “good” and “bad” ideas. </li></ul><ul><li>Don’t worry about spelling and grammar. </li></ul><ul><li>Write for maximum 5 minutes. </li></ul><ul><li>Don’t write too long. </li></ul>
  24. 25. Number One Freewriting When is it helpful? When you have NO ideas about a topic When you have TOO MANY ideas about a topic Brainstorming Technique Maybe I could say this or maybe I could say that… hmmm ??????
  25. 26. Example of Free Writing Topic: Describe the most beautiful place you’ve seen. I remember climbing to the top of the mount Ağrı in autumn, the leaves of the trees in Recep Yazıcıoğlu Park , leaving me breathless with its color. I remember children running and playing happily. People are walking with their dogs. There is a big pool inside the park. And what about Didim. ahaa Blue crystal sea in Didim. Long beaches colored like a gold. I love deserted and quiet beaches far away from the city’s noise. Hmmm, I like living. Thats all.
  26. 27. Mapping <ul><li>“ Mapping,” sometimes called “semantic/ idea mapping” or “webbing,” is another way to organize your ideas. </li></ul><ul><li>Start with your topic in the center, and branch out from there with related ideas. </li></ul><ul><li>Use words and phrases, not complete sentences. </li></ul>Number Two
  27. 28. My future family Raise healthy, happy children Stay close to my husband Make them a priority education work Eventually get a PhD Never stop learning Instill a love of education in my children Learn to love whatever work I am doing Use the skills I have learned in as many ways as possible Stay at home while raising children
  28. 29. Brainstorming Technique Number Three Listing While making a list, we write single words, phrases or short sentences related to our topic. The idea here is to write down as many ideas as possible in a short time and our goal is to find a specific focus for our topic. To do this, we make a list of every idea about the topic that comes into our mind. Then, we revise our list and group similar ideas together and cross out the items that are not related to our topic. <ul><li>Global Warming </li></ul><ul><li>Toxic fumes </li></ul><ul><li>SUVs/Cars </li></ul><ul><li>Extinction </li></ul><ul><li>Belief/Disbelief </li></ul><ul><li>Kyoto Agreement </li></ul><ul><li>Belief/Disbelief </li></ul><ul><li>Scientists disagree </li></ul><ul><li>Average American </li></ul><ul><li>China/USA </li></ul><ul><li>Normal occurrence or abnormal event? </li></ul>

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