The USMC and the Distributed Laydown


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These four slides provide an overview on the shift of the USMC over the next decade, a shift referred to by the Corps as the distributed laydown. The distributed laydown started as a real estate move FROM Okinawa TO Guam but it clear that under the press of events and with the emergence of partnering opportunities the DL has become something quite different. It is about re-shaping and re-configuring the USMC presence within an overall strategy for the joint force and enabling coalition capabilities as well.

The distributed laydown fits the geography of the Pacific and the evolving partnership dynamics in the region. The Pacific is vast; with many nations and many islands. The expeditionary quality of the USMC – which is evolving under the impact of new aviation and amphibious capabilities – is an excellent fit for the island quality of the region.

The USMC is building out four major areas to operate FROM (Japan, Guam, Hawaii and, on a rotational basis, Australia.) But as one member of the MARFORPAC staff put it: “We go from our basic locations TO a partner or area to train. We are mandated by the Congress to train our forces, and in practical terms in the Pacific, this means we move within the region to do so. And we are not training other nation’s forces; we train WITH other nation’s forces to shape congruent capabilities.”

The basic template around which USMC training activities operate is at the intersection of three key dynamics: the required training for the USMC unit; meeting select PACOM Theater campaign priorities; and the partner nation’s focus or desires for the mutually training exercise or opportunity.

In effect, the training emerges from the sweet spot of the intersection of a Venn diagram of three cross cutting alignment of interests.

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The USMC and the Distributed Laydown

  1. 1. Today’s USMC Pacific Presence   Before Rebalance Japan   Hawaii   West  Coast   III  Marine  Expedi-onary  Force  HQ   3rd  Marine  Division  HQ   1st  Marine  Aircra;  Wing  HQ   3rd  Marine  Logis-cs  Group  HQ   31ST  Marine  Expedi-onary  Unit   Opera-onal  Ground  Forces     Opera-onal  Logis-cs  Forces   Fixed  and  Rotary  Wing  Aircra;     (Approx  24,200  in  Mainland  Japan  and  Okinawa)   Marine  Corps  Forces,  Pacific  HQ   Opera-onal  Ground  Forces     Opera-onal  Logis-cs  Forces   Rotary  Wing  Aircra;     (Approx  6,100)   I  Marine  Expedi-onary  Force  HQ   1st  Marine  Division  HQ   3rd  Marine  Aircra;  Wing  HQ   1st  Marine  Logis-cs  Group  HQ   11th,  13th,  15th  Marine  Expedi-onary  Units   Opera-onal  Ground  Forces     Opera-onal  Logis-cs  Forces   Fixed  and  Rotary  Wing  Aircra;   (Approx  45,000  in  California  and  Arizona)  
  2. 2. Future USMC Pacific Presence After Rebalance III  Marine  Expedi-onary  Force  HQ   1st  Marine  Aircra;  Wing  HQ   3rd  Marine  Logis-cs  Group  HQ   31ST  Marine  Expedi-onary  Unit   Opera-onal  Ground  Forces     Opera-onal  Logis-cs  Forces   Fixed  and  Rotary  Wing  Aircra;     (Approx  15,000  in  Mainland  Japan  and  Okinawa)   Marine  Forces  Pacific  HQ   3rd  Marine  Division  HQ   Opera-onal  Ground  Forces     Opera-onal  Logis-cs  Forces   Rotary  Wing  Aircra;     (Approx  8,800)   Guam   Hawaii   West  Coast   Japan   Northwest  Australia   (Darwin  area)   3rd  Marine  Expedi-onary  Brigade  HQ   Opera-onal  Ground  Forces   Opera-onal  Logis-cs  Forces   Rotary  Wing  Aircra;   (Approx  4,700)   (Seasonal/Rota-onal  Presence)   Opera-onal  Ground  Forces     Opera-onal  Logis-cs  Forces   Rotary  Wing  Aircra;     (Approx  2,500)   I  Marine  Expedi-onary  Force  HQ   1st  Marine  Division  HQ   3rd  Marine  Aircra;  Wing  HQ   1st  Marine  Logis-cs  Group  HQ   11th,  13th,  15th  Marine  Expedi-onary  Units   Opera-onal  Ground  Forces     Opera-onal  Logis-cs  Forces   Fixed  and  Rotary  Wing  Aircra;   (Approx  43,000  in  California  and  Arizona)  
  3. 3. MARFORPAC  HIGHLIGHTS    More  than  100  exercises  in  support  of  CMC,  PACOM,  MFP  &  MEF  priori;es   70%  are  unit  level  training  events  maintaining  MEB,  MEU,  DIV,  MAW  &  MLG  readiness   Ac;ve  engagements  in  24+  of  36  PACOM  Countries   Rota;onal    presence  at  incep;on  in  Australia  and  Guam   Rou;ne  presence  in  Japan,  Korea,  Australia,  Philippines  &  Thailand   Focused  on  Partner  Na;on  Amphibious  development  in  Japan,  Korea,  Australia,  New  Zealand  &  India   Suppor;ng  Marine  Corps/Naval  Infantry  development  in  Malaysia,  Indonesia,  Thailand,  Philippines,  Maldives  &  Tonga     An;cipate  ~  35,000  Marines  deployed  in  support  of  PACOM  Theater  Security  Coopera;on  Ac;vi;es   Title  10  Training  Integrated  into  exercises/engagements   FY14  MARFORPAC  PACIFIC  ENGAGEMENTS  
  4. 4. US Government / PACOM Theater Priorities Areas of Partner Nation s’ Interests Maintaining Marine Corps unit readiness through realistic training Overlap areas are where we have common and mutually beneficial interests OUR  WORK:    ALIGNING  INTERESTS   We train WITH our partners to develop and maintain our readiness.