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James Heading Briefing to Williams Foundation Seminar on Joint Strike, August 23, 2018

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James Heading from Lockheed Martin presented an overview on the evolution of long range strike.

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James Heading Briefing to Williams Foundation Seminar on Joint Strike, August 23, 2018

  1. 1. © 2018 Lockheed Martin Corporation. All Rights Reserved. James Heading Thursday, 23rd August 2018 The Imperative for an Independent Deterrent: A Joint Strike Seminar LONG RANGE STRIKE
  2. 2. © 2018 Lockheed Martin Corporation. All Rights Reserved.Long Range Strike 2 Long Range Strike - Options Impact Problem Australia’s strategic defence framework (Source: 2018 Defence Industrial Capability Plan Table 1.1) (Source: 2018 Defence Industrial Capability Plan Chapter 2)
  3. 3. © 2018 Lockheed Martin Corporation. All Rights Reserved.Long Range Strike 3 The Long Range Strike Problem Why the need for Long Range Strike capabilities and deterrents? Ballistic and cruise missiles, with their relatively low operating costs, their potential to penetrate defence systems, and their value as a symbol of national power, will continue to be the offensive weapons of choice for many nations. As such, they are threats that must be carefully considered in future military planning and operations. (Source: 2016 Defence White Paper) (Source: Lockheed Martin, IAMD Familiarization Training for OA Analysts, Rev 11/12/14)
  4. 4. © 2018 Lockheed Martin Corporation. All Rights Reserved.Long Range Strike 4 The Long Range Strike Problem Speed: 1-10 kms-1 Range: • 300 km to 4000 km at 100 km altitude • Up to 10 000 km ballistic Timeframe: milliseconds to seconds Altitude: 30 km and above (Source: Lockheed Martin, IAMD Familiarization Training for OA Analysts, Rev 11/12/14)
  5. 5. © 2018 Lockheed Martin Corporation. All Rights Reserved.Long Range Strike 5
  6. 6. © 2018 Lockheed Martin Corporation. All Rights Reserved.Long Range Strike 6 30-100 km 1000 km 100-300 s 3-10 kms-1 Speed – up to 10x current Timeframe – seconds not minutes Altitude – 30-100 km not 10 km Energy – 100 kg @ 10 kms-1 = 5 GJ
  7. 7. © 2018 Lockheed Martin Corporation. All Rights Reserved.Long Range Strike 7 A Vignette A rogue nation ships a container of farm machinery to Mozambique. The container is trans-shipped to another country, say PNG. It is then trans-shipped to, say, Chile. The rogue nation has increasingly bellicose relations with a superpower friendly to Australia. Reluctant to directly confront the superpower, the nation decides to use asymmetric warfare against an ally. The earlier container transits 1000 km east of Sydney. The container actually has a conventional SRBM which is launched towards Sydney, with the target of Martin Place. Your response? Club K missile system (Source: www.ThinkDefence.co.uk)
  8. 8. © 2018 Lockheed Martin Corporation. All Rights Reserved.Long Range Strike 8 Joint Doctrine for Air and Space Operations – AJP-3.3 Attack Attack lies at the heart of air power’s capacity to create influence by changing behaviours or the course of events. Air attack is coercive in the broadest sense of the term as it creates tactical, operational and strategic effects through the threat, and use, of force. The Alliance uses air-attack capabilities to target adversaries through strategic attack, counter-surface force operations and information activities. Strategic Attack … offensive action against a target, whether military, political, economic, or other, that is specifically selected to achieve military strategic objectives. These attacks seek to weaken the adversary’s ability or will to engage in conflict or continue an action and as such, could be part of a campaign, major operation, or conducted independently… KEY ADVANTAGE OF AIR POWER The ability to strike directly at the heart of the adversary, disrupting critical leadership functions, war-sustaining resources and strategy, while avoiding the need to sequentially fight through layers of surface forces to get there. (Source: NATO Standard AJP-3.3, Allied Joint Doctrine for Air and Space Operations, Edition B Version 1, April 2016)
  9. 9. © 2018 Lockheed Martin Corporation. All Rights Reserved.Long Range Strike 9 Offensive Space Control • Deny, degrade, disrupt, destroy or deceive an adversary’s space capability or the space support provided by a third-party to the adversary at a time and place of own choosing through attacks on the segments, nodes and links of involved Space systems. • May be reversible or non-reversible and can be conducted in all domains. • Range from kinetic attack on space system ground segments to electronic attack against satellite uplink or downlink frequencies. • Space control operations can result in an immediate advantage in space capabilities and control of the space medium. (Source: NATO Standard AJP-3.3, Allied Joint Doctrine for Air and Space Operations, Edition B Version 1, April 2016)
  10. 10. © 2018 Lockheed Martin Corporation. All Rights Reserved.Long Range Strike 10 The Long Range Strike – Impact? • We are on the cusp of a revolution in long range strike driven largely by the proliferation of hypersonic weapons throughout our region. • We will need: • Cohesive, well-planned, joint doctrine and tactics, • Knowledgeable people, • Mature Partnerships, • Information/Intelligence, • Training in use of new capabilities. • Considered Investment in: • Research and Development • Demonstrable Capabilities

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