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Captain Nick Walker on the Queen Elizabeth Class Aircraft Carriers

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This presentation was made by Captain Nick Walker of the Royal Navy on August 10, 2016 in Canberra Australia to a Williams Foundation seminar.

The Williams Foundation has held a seminar on new approaches to air-sea integration on August 10, 2016 in Canberra, Australia.

The Royal Australian Navy has had the ability to network and share situational awareness amongst the fleet for many years and the P-3s has been the only RAAF platform capable of being part of that network. The RAAF’s journey of networking its capability journey started more recently with the Hornet Upgrade Program and has accelerated with the introduction of capabilities like Wedgetail and Vigilaire. All of the RAAF’s fleet is now capable of linking into and contributing to an Air Layer of the Joint Battle management system.

With the advent of 5th Generation capabilities like the JSF and the new combat systems on the AWD as well as the design and development of the new combat systems for the Australia’s future frigates, Offshore Patrol vessels and Submarines, the ADF has a unique opportunity to influence and design in an unprecedented level of integration into the RAN’s and RAAF’s new platforms. That unprecedented level of integration should drive new thinking on the integration of air and sea power effects. The seminar is about examining the challenges and possibilities of the combat power in that future integrated force.

Air Force and Navy need to not only remediate existing deficiencies but take advantage of the transformative nature of fifth generation technology. The seminar aims to explore the art of the possible in future Air-Sea operations.

http://www.williamsfoundation.org.au/event-2230289

Published in: Government & Nonprofit

Captain Nick Walker on the Queen Elizabeth Class Aircraft Carriers

  1. 1. Protecting our nation’s interests OFFICIAL Queen Elizabeth Class Carriers Air Maritime Integration William’s Seminar, Canberra Wednesday 10 August 2016 Captain Nick Walker Royal Navy Naval Staff – Policy Carrier Strike and Aviation
  2. 2. Protecting our nation’s interests OFFICIAL Part 1 QEC Update
  3. 3. Protecting our nation’s interests OFFICIAL An integrated and sustainable joint capability, interoperable with NATO, that enables the projection of UK Carrier Strike and Littoral Manoeuvre power as well as delivering humanitarian assistance and defence diplomacy, enabling joint effect across the maritime, land and air environments at a time and place of political choosing. (CEPP CONEMP, Single Statement of User Need) Carrier Enabled Power Projection (CEPP)
  4. 4. Protecting our nation’s interests OFFICIAL QEC Capability AIR MANOEUVRE Support 2 Coy Assault RW Air Group Merlin Mk3/4 + CH4) AH-64 + WILDCAT Merlin Mk2 ASW Merlin Crowsnest CARRIER STRIKE F35B LII Merlin Crowsnest Merlin Mk2 ASW
  5. 5. Protecting our nation’s interests OFFICIAL Carrier Strike (Best Effort – CEPP CONEMP) Ship’s Coy ASW CS CS ASW CN CS ASW CN Magazine AccomC2 • Full C2 suite – UK, NATO, US • 72 Sorties per day • C733 Ships Company - 1600 bunks • 26+ kts • 7000+nm range • 45 Days Endurance • Role 2+ Medical 24 Lightning 9 Merlin 2 5 Crowsnest • Optimised Aviation Mission Planning • Assured through life bandwidth • Interoperability with other F35B nations
  6. 6. Protecting our nation’s interests OFFICIAL Interoperability National - CSG: JOINT UK-US SOI OTHER F35B NATIONS
  7. 7. Queen Elizabeth Crowsnest Radar system F35B Prince of Wales Operational Conversion Unit Land-based Capability Maritime & Land-based Full Capability - Land or Sea UK JCA Training – USMC @ Beaufort UK OCU @ Marham 2016 2017 2018 2019 2020 2021 2022 2023 2024 2025 2026 In Service Date Initial Operating Capability Full Operating Capability Dec 18 IOC(L) Feb 17 Flood-up Vessel Acceptance Ship builder to DE&S Mar 20 In Service Date Jul 18 LII MARHAM 2026 Full Operating Capability (Carrier Enabled Power projection) 2016 2017 2018 2019 2020 2021 2022 2023 2024 2025 2026 Sep 23 Initial Operating Capability (Carrier Enabled Power Projection) 2016 2017 2018 2019 2020 2021 2022 2023 2024 2025 2026 Lightning Flying Trials In Service Date DE&S to Royal Navy Vessel Acceptance Ship builder to DE&S Dec 20 Initial Operating Capability (Carrier Strike) Feb 23 Full Operating Capability (Carrier Strike) Carrier Enabled Power Projection Dec 20 IOC(M) Lightning Flying Trials
  8. 8. Protecting our nation’s interests OFFICIAL Part 2 The impact on the Royal Navy
  9. 9. Protecting our nation’s interests OFFICIAL “A Queen Elizabeth-class carrier, operating the most modern combat jets, will give the UK the ability to project military power over land as well as sea, from anywhere in the world. This capability will give the UK long term political flexibility to act without depending, at times of regional tension, on agreement from other countries to use of their bases for any mission we want to undertake.” “There is a strategic requirement for a carrier-strike capability.” (SDSR 10) We want to operate both carriers. Both carriers will be brought into service. They will be a very big addition to British power. (PM, SDSR 15)
  10. 10. Protecting our nation’s interests OFFICIAL Continuous Carrier Capability RN will introduce 2 Carriers into service to ensure “one carrier is always available, 100% of the time” ……which delivers……Continuous Carrier Capability ……which forms one of two RN Strategic Pillars: - Continuous At Sea Deterrent - Continuous Carrier Capability - enabling Carrier Strike and Continuous Amphibious Readiness • National Strategic assets. • Global and interconnected. • Forward deployed, at high enough readiness, and at enough scale. • They are maritime, not naval, forces, jointly enabled. • Strategic partnership and common strategic responsibility.
  11. 11. Protecting our nation’s interests OFFICIAL Maritime Capability & Joint Enablers Continuous Carrier Capability Continuous At Sea Deterrent Continuous Amphibious Readiness Royal Navy Proposition Soft Power Engagement / Influence / Humanitarian Hard Power Conflict Prevention / Warfighting Maritime Effect Flexible across the full spectrum Capability Properly Delivered Leading Europe through NATO: - Maritime Capability - Maritime C2 The Royal Navy - International by Design Serving today and tomorrow’s strategic security and prosperity requirements Delivering Effectively: - Exploiting Technology - Thinking Innovatively - Promoting Prosperity
  12. 12. Protecting our nation’s interests OFFICIAL Protect Enable Counter Air Counter Maritime ASuW ASW DCA OCA SEAD Air Manouevre Carrier Strike CAS AI Counter Land Deep Attack IW EW Command Demo Withdrawal Assault Raid ConnectSustain AAW Support Fusion UK Power Projection Project Sea Control (Defensive) Offensive Traditional RN focus (for many years ). RN’s future focus. Poise
  13. 13. Protecting our nation’s interests OFFICIAL CSG Force Elements and Enablers QEC T26 T45 FSS AO Merlin ASW Strat ISTAR Cyber Wildcat HMA CrowsnestF-35B SSN MPA MITL UAS Embarked Force
  14. 14. Protecting our nation’s interests OFFICIAL Part 3 The approach to carrier air power
  15. 15. Protecting our nation’s interests OFFICIAL When a sailor learns to fly, he remains a sailor, and the air for him is merely the roof of the sea. Sir Walter Raleigh, ‘War in the Air’ 1922.
  16. 16. Protecting our nation’s interests OFFICIAL Maritime Power (AJP 3.1) Military, political and economic power exerted through the use of the sea, and exercised by sea, air and land resource. The subliminal power of definitions Air Power (AJP 3.3) The ability to use air capabilities to influence the behaviour of actors and the course of events.
  17. 17. Protecting our nation’s interests OFFICIAL Air power is usually most influential when we integrate it with other environmental capabilities. This will make sure that we integrate air power into the joint campaign at the outset – not add it later as an afterthought. JDP 0-30 ‘UK Air and Space Doctrine’ 2013. Air power is inherently joint because although we operate in the air, we seek to create effects and exert influence primarily in other environmental domains.
  18. 18. Protecting our nation’s interests OFFICIAL 4th Gen / 5th Gen vs Next Gen Maritime and Air environments vs Information environment Interaction across environmental seams, driven by a ‘killweb’ Demands a more connected approach between F35B and the CSG Implications for C2 structures – mission orders vice a directive ATO Environmental boundaries become more transparent The subliminal power of terminology
  19. 19. Protecting our nation’s interests OFFICIAL Future UK Requirements Focus upon delivery of Next Gen capability: – What does it mean for skillsets and training? – Enhanced sensors; sharing of targeting information – interoperability with 4th Gen aircraft – Rapid re-programming – Exploitation of intrinsic ISR capability – Data-link capability to all environments • In the future, the ‘wingman’ of an F-35 might be a Type 45 Destroyer Target Located Target Data Shared Target Engaged
  20. 20. Protecting our nation’s interests OFFICIAL Programme update. Strategic direction for the Royal Navy. - Continuous Carrier Capability (CS) forcing integrated thinking - Management of the Air – Maritime seam - Complexity of information management and exploitation All the while retaining lethality and warfighting effectiveness Approach to carrier based air power. - Understanding the subtleties of definitions and terminology - Next gen integration - Information is environmentally agnostic. Does working in the ‘information environment’ render maritime and air concepts outdated? - Technology integration – platform and environmental - Cross-pollination of skill sets Thematic summary
  21. 21. Protecting our nation’s interests OFFICIAL Work together to accomplish more Motto of the UK Centre for Air Power Studies Concordia res parvae crescent
  22. 22. Protecting our nation’s interests OFFICIAL Queen Elizabeth Class Carriers Air Maritime Integration William’s Seminar, Canberra Wednesday 10 August 2016 Captain Nick Walker Royal Navy Naval Staff – Policy Carrier Strike and Aviation

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