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Tackling the cyber security threat (2016 - v1.0)


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Every day new businesses create their presence online. The internet can be the best way of marketing a product or service and generate new leads and income. But the risks are immense. Every day, hackers compromise websites and get hold of confidential data. When this happens, this can mean the end of your business. What can you do to prevent this from happening?

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Tackling the cyber security threat (2016 - v1.0)

  1. 1. Rui Miguel FeioSharing knowledge with the world TACKLING THE CYBER SECURITY THREAT Business Accelerator Event (2016)
  2. 2. Rui Miguel FeioSharing knowledge with the world RUI MIGUEL FEIO • Working with computers since 9 years old, back in 1984 • Worked for Citibank, IBM, Xerox • Worked with many Blue Chip companies around the world • Specialises in Cyber Security • Experience in different systems(Mainframe, Linux, Windows, Unix,…) • Works with RSM Partners as a Senior Technical Lead • Gives lectures and presentations all over the world Key facts: CYBER SECURITY CONSULTANT
  3. 3. Rui Miguel FeioSharing knowledge with the world The ”online world” is worth trillions of British Pounds and it’s being targeted by the criminal world. But How Safe is It? Almost every business requires an online presence today Online Presence 20 % 30 % 25 % 40 % 30 % Contact people / institutions Customers Online Education Social Media Collaboration E-commerce Institutions Increase Revenue Security Business Goals World Wide Markets New Ideas Internet Search YOUR BUSINESS ONLINE
  4. 4. Rui Miguel FeioSharing knowledge with the world ONLINE SECURITY THREATS Risks Virus X-Site Scripting Spoofing Denial-of-Service attack is a cyber-attack where the perpetrator seeks to make a machine or network resource unavailable to its intended users. Malicious Software is a computer program designed to infiltrate and damage computers without the users consent. It’s the general term covering all the different types of threats to your computer such as viruses, spyware, worms, trojans, rootkits and so on. Virus is a program or piece of code that is loaded onto your computer without your knowledge and runs against your wishes. Phishing is the attempt to obtain sensitive information such as usernames, passwords, and confidential data, often for malicious reasons, by masquerading as a trustworthy entity in an electronic communication. Ransomware is a type of malicious software designed to block access to a computer system until a sum of money is paid. Cross-site Scripting (XSS) refers to client- side code injection attack wherein an attacker can execute malicious scripts into a legitimate website or web application. Spoofing is the act of falsifying the origin of an internet communication in order to mislead the recipient. It's widely used to create bogus emails or web pages in order to steal money, passwords or banking credentials.
  5. 5. Rui Miguel FeioSharing knowledge with the world The data breach cost per record is in average of $154 (USD) world wide. In the UK, the average cost per record is of $159 (USD) / £128 (GBP). $154 COST PER RECORD The most targeted sector by attackers was the Healthcare, followed by Education, Financial, Services, Life Science, Retail, Communications, Industrial, Energy and Technology. HEALTH TARGETED SECTOR The global average number of breached records was 23,834. In the UK, the average number was of 22,759 breached records. 23,834 RECORDS BREACHED Globally, malicious or criminal attacks accounted for 48% of the root cause of the data breach, followed by 27% for system glitch and 25% for human error. In the UK these numbers were 51%, 24%, and 25% respectively. 48% ROOT CAUSE 2016 RESEARCH * Benchmark research sponsored by IBM Independently conducted by Ponemon Institute LLC June 2016
  6. 6. Rui Miguel FeioSharing knowledge with the world 01 HACKERS The term hacker is used in popular media to describe someone who attempts to break into computer systems. Typically, this kind of hacker would be a proficient programmer or engineer with sufficient technical knowledge to understand the weak points in a security system. 02 CRIMINAL ORGS Criminal activities carried out by criminal organisations by means of computers or the Internet. 03 HACKTIVISTS Hacktivist is a person who gains unauthorised access to computer files or networks in order to further social or political ends. 04 NATION STATES The Nation State actor has a 'Licence to Hack'. They work for a government to disrupt or compromise target governments, organisations or individuals to gain access to valuable data or intelligence, and can create incidents that have international significance. 05 CYBER TERRORISTS A cyber-terrorist is a criminal who uses computer technology and the Internet, especially to cause fear and disruption. Some cyber- terrorists spread computer viruses, and others threaten people, organisations and nations electronically. ‘ACTORS’ OF THE ONLINE THREATS
  7. 7. Rui Miguel FeioSharing knowledge with the world INTERNET OF THINGS IoT Manufacturers of the IoT devies are under pressure to release new gadgets with new functionalities to an ever more demanding customer. However, security is not greatly taken in consideration which creates security risks to individuals, organisations and governments. Security Risk There are currently 6.4 billion IoT devices connected to the internet. It’s estimated that by 2020, there will be 20 to 50 billion IoT devices connected to the internet. Internet of Things
  8. 8. Rui Miguel FeioSharing knowledge with the world MOBILITY • Mobile devices are moving targets • Most mobile devices are easy to hack and compromise • Mobile devices may contain private and business data • Hackers ‘love’ mobile devices • If compromised, they can become entry points to your home or business IT network The Downside • Being able to access data and do business wherever you are is a major advantage and a requirement in the modern world. Mobility is Good • Old devices • Operating system not up-to-date • Apps can leak and collect personal data • Connected to ‘dubious’ free WiFi spots • Devices not protected with access credentials Risks and Threats
  9. 9. Rui Miguel FeioSharing knowledge with the world THE DARK WEB Dark Web Accessible only through special browsers like TOR, that are designed for anonymity. Website addresses are not in clear text (e.g. http://3g2upl4pq6kufc4m.onion) You can get access to drugs, weapons, illegal information, hacking tools, hackers, criminals, credit cards details, private confidential data, login credentials, etc. Internet The visible internet that we see when we browse. E.g. Google, Facebook, BBC, company websites, etc.
  10. 10. Rui Miguel FeioSharing knowledge with the world BE PROACTIVEBE AWAREBE MINDFUL THREE Bs TO BE SECUREDThese are the 3 Bs to help you be secured in the cyber world. Be mindful of what you do; always question if you should click on a link, on an option, if you should open a document, the source of the document or email. Be aware of the security risks; keep informed, ask questions. Don’t put yourself and your business at risk. Be proactive. Don’t wait until your systems are compromised. Keep them up-to-date with the latest versions of the operating system, and software. Apply the security fixes. Have a firewall and an anti-virus and keep them updated. Ask for professional, experienced help. In the long run this can save you a lot of money!! WHAT TO DO
  11. 11. Rui Miguel FeioSharing knowledge with the world CONTACTS UK +44 (0)7570 911459 t f g l ADDRESS EMAIL SOCIAL MEDIA