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Cyber	
  Security	
  Awareness:	
  In	
  
Perspec5ve	
  of	
  Bangladesh	
  
By-­‐	
  
Md.	
  Shaqul	
  Hasan	
  
	
  
Hasan[at]aitlbd[dot]com	
  
Internet	
  in	
  Bangladesh	
  
•  More	
  then	
  40	
  millions	
  internet	
  user	
  
•  Using	
  70Gbps+	
  of	
  internet	
  traffic	
  
•  Internet	
  user	
  growth	
  rate	
  is	
  very	
  high	
  
•  Broadband	
  penetraDon	
  is	
  increasing	
  
•  But	
  maximum	
  user	
  has	
  no	
  idea	
  about	
  Cyber	
  
Security	
  System.	
  
2	
  bdNOG2	
  
 
	
  
	
  
REAL	
  TIME	
  CYBER	
  ATTACK	
  	
  STATISTICS	
  
Presence	
  of	
  Bangladesh	
  in	
  global	
  
cyber	
  aIack	
  map	
  
4	
  bdNOG2	
  
Presence	
  of	
  Bangladesh	
  in	
  global	
  
cyber	
  aIack	
  map	
  
5	
  bdNOG2	
  
Presence	
  of	
  Bangladesh	
  in	
  global	
  
cyber	
  aIack	
  map	
  
6	
  bdNOG2	
  
Presence	
  of	
  Bangladesh	
  in	
  global	
  
cyber	
  aIack	
  map	
  
7	
  bdNOG2	
  
Cyber	
  Crime	
  In	
  Bangladesh	
  
•  By	
  Social	
  Media	
  
•  By	
  Mobile	
  Phone	
  
•  By	
  Computer	
  
 
	
  
	
  
	
  	
  	
  	
  	
  	
  	
  Social	
  Media	
  In	
  Bangladesh	
  
Social	
  media	
  security	
  vulnerabili5es:	
  
	
  
•  Social	
  media	
  site	
  facebook	
  is	
  no	
  1	
  browsed	
  web	
  by	
  country’s	
  
internet	
  user	
  
•  Most	
  user	
  are	
  not	
  concern	
  about	
  security	
  
•  Maximum	
  social	
  media	
  user	
  are	
  teenager	
  
•  Social	
  media	
  Users	
  are	
  more	
  focused	
  on	
  “	
  More	
  friends,	
  more	
  
popular”	
  
•  Social	
  media	
  enables	
  the	
  spread	
  of	
  unreliable	
  and	
  false	
  
informaDon.	
  
•  Some	
  internet	
  users	
  are	
  using	
  internet	
  only	
  for	
  staying	
  in	
  social	
  
media.	
  
•  InteracDon	
  with	
  strangers	
  in	
  social	
  media	
  is	
  very	
  high…!!!	
  	
  
10	
  bdNOG2	
  
Social	
  media	
  security	
  threats:	
  
	
  
•  Profile	
  visitor	
  plug-­‐in	
  
•  Dislike	
  buWon	
  	
  
•  hacking	
  
•  Trojans	
  
•  Malicious	
  web	
  
•  Clickjacking	
  
11	
  bdNOG2	
  
Social	
  media	
  risk	
  mi5ga5on:	
  
	
  
•  Use	
  two-­‐factor	
  authen5ca5on	
  whenever	
  possible	
  
•  Do	
  not	
  add	
  strangers	
  to	
  your	
  friends	
  list	
  	
  
•  Always	
  check	
  the	
  URL	
  of	
  a	
  page	
  status	
  before	
  
opening	
  it	
  
•  avoid	
  unnecessary	
  applica5ons	
  of	
  social	
  media	
  
•  Keep	
  your	
  browser	
  up	
  to	
  date	
  because	
  an	
  out-­‐dated	
  
browser	
  is	
  good	
  vic5m	
  
•  Awareness	
  &	
  training	
  for	
  new	
  user.	
  
	
  
12	
  bdNOG2	
  
 
	
  
	
  
Mobile	
  Phone	
  in	
  Bangladesh	
  
Mobile	
  Phone	
  Security	
  Vulnerabili5es	
  
•  Mobile	
  Money	
  transfer	
  increasing	
  day	
  by	
  day	
  
•  Online	
  banking	
  is	
  Popular	
  	
  
•  Rapid	
  growing	
  Social	
  media	
  user	
  via	
  mobile	
  
•  Smartphone	
  user	
  growing	
  rapidly	
  
•  But	
  they	
  are	
  in	
  dark	
  about	
  cyber	
  security	
  
14	
  bdNOG2	
  
Phone	
  Security	
  Threats	
  
•  Missed	
  call	
  or	
  call	
  from	
  unknown	
  number	
  
•  Sms/call	
  from	
  special	
  number	
  
•  Voice	
  phishing	
  or	
  vishing	
  
•  Common	
  operaDng	
  systems	
  
•  Apps	
  without	
  security	
  check	
  
•  LoWery	
  winner	
  scam	
  
15	
  bdNOG2	
  
Phone	
  threat	
  mi5ga5on	
  
•  When	
  choosing	
  a	
  mobile	
  phone	
  	
  consider	
  its	
  security	
  
features.	
  
•  Maintain	
  physical	
  control	
  of	
  the	
  device,	
  especially	
  in	
  
public	
  or	
  semi-­‐public	
  places.	
  	
  
•  Disable	
  interfaces	
  that	
  are	
  not	
  currently	
  in	
  use,	
  such	
  
as	
  Bluetooth,	
  infrared,	
  or	
  	
  Wifi	
  .	
  
•  Do	
  not	
  follow	
  links	
  sent	
  in	
  suspicious	
  	
  email	
  or	
  text	
  
messages	
  or	
  suspicious	
  call.	
  
•  Limit	
  exposure	
  of	
  your	
  	
  mobile	
  	
  phone	
  number	
  
•  Be	
  choosy	
  when	
  selecDng	
  and	
  installing	
  new	
  apps.	
  
16	
  bdNOG2	
  
 
	
  
	
  
Computer	
  in	
  Bangladesh	
  	
  
Local	
  infec5on	
  rate	
  
18	
  bdNOG2	
  
Top	
  10	
  Local	
  infec5on	
  country	
  list	
  
19	
  bdNOG2	
  
World	
  top	
  	
  10	
  Infected	
  country	
  
20	
  bdNOG2	
  
Internet	
  user	
  	
  Vulnerabili5es	
  
21	
  bdNOG2	
  
Computer	
  Security	
  Vulnerabili5es	
  
•  Very	
  High	
  rate	
  of	
  local	
  pc	
  infecDon	
  
•  Huge	
  number	
  of	
  user	
  are	
  not	
  aware	
  about	
  cyber	
  
security	
  
•  large	
  	
  shared	
  broadband	
  network	
  
•  Huge	
  Pirated	
  sobware	
  user	
  
•  Very	
  few	
  user	
  used	
  anDvirus	
  	
  
•  Large	
  number	
  of	
  free	
  sobware	
  or	
  apps	
  are	
  used	
  
•  Large	
  NATed	
  	
  IP	
  network	
  
•  Weak	
  password	
  pracDce	
  
•  Huge	
  peer-­‐to-­‐peer	
  network	
  user	
  
22	
  bdNOG2	
  
Computer	
  Security	
  Threat	
  
•  Virus	
  
•  Spyware	
  
•  Adware	
  
•  Malware	
  
•  Phishing	
  
•  Trojan	
  
•  Web	
  hijacking	
  
•  Hacking	
  
•  Keylogger	
  	
  
	
  
23	
  bdNOG2	
  
How	
  to	
  Mi5gate	
  
•  Properly	
  configure	
  and	
  patch	
  opera5ng	
  systems,	
  browsers,	
  
and	
  other	
  soUware	
  .	
  
•  Use	
  and	
  regularly	
  update	
  of	
  firewalls,	
  an5-­‐virus,	
  and	
  an5-­‐
spyware	
  .	
  
•  Use	
  of	
  strong	
  passwords	
  and	
  never	
  share	
  passwords.	
  
•  Think	
  before	
  you	
  click.	
  	
  
•  Do	
  not	
  open	
  email	
  or	
  related	
  aIachments	
  from	
  un-­‐trusted	
  
sources.	
  
•  Protect	
  access	
  creden5als	
  from	
  outsider.	
  
•  Follow	
  your	
  organiza5on's	
  cyber	
  security	
  policies,	
  and	
  report	
  
viola5on	
  issues	
  when	
  they	
  occur	
  to	
  concern	
  authority	
  .	
  
24	
  bdNOG2	
  
Thank	
  You	
  
25	
  bdNOG2	
  

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Cyber security Awareness: In perspective of Bangladesh

  • 1. Cyber  Security  Awareness:  In   Perspec5ve  of  Bangladesh   By-­‐   Md.  Shaqul  Hasan     Hasan[at]aitlbd[dot]com  
  • 2. Internet  in  Bangladesh   •  More  then  40  millions  internet  user   •  Using  70Gbps+  of  internet  traffic   •  Internet  user  growth  rate  is  very  high   •  Broadband  penetraDon  is  increasing   •  But  maximum  user  has  no  idea  about  Cyber   Security  System.   2  bdNOG2  
  • 3.       REAL  TIME  CYBER  ATTACK    STATISTICS  
  • 4. Presence  of  Bangladesh  in  global   cyber  aIack  map   4  bdNOG2  
  • 5. Presence  of  Bangladesh  in  global   cyber  aIack  map   5  bdNOG2  
  • 6. Presence  of  Bangladesh  in  global   cyber  aIack  map   6  bdNOG2  
  • 7. Presence  of  Bangladesh  in  global   cyber  aIack  map   7  bdNOG2  
  • 8. Cyber  Crime  In  Bangladesh   •  By  Social  Media   •  By  Mobile  Phone   •  By  Computer  
  • 9.                    Social  Media  In  Bangladesh  
  • 10. Social  media  security  vulnerabili5es:     •  Social  media  site  facebook  is  no  1  browsed  web  by  country’s   internet  user   •  Most  user  are  not  concern  about  security   •  Maximum  social  media  user  are  teenager   •  Social  media  Users  are  more  focused  on  “  More  friends,  more   popular”   •  Social  media  enables  the  spread  of  unreliable  and  false   informaDon.   •  Some  internet  users  are  using  internet  only  for  staying  in  social   media.   •  InteracDon  with  strangers  in  social  media  is  very  high…!!!     10  bdNOG2  
  • 11. Social  media  security  threats:     •  Profile  visitor  plug-­‐in   •  Dislike  buWon     •  hacking   •  Trojans   •  Malicious  web   •  Clickjacking   11  bdNOG2  
  • 12. Social  media  risk  mi5ga5on:     •  Use  two-­‐factor  authen5ca5on  whenever  possible   •  Do  not  add  strangers  to  your  friends  list     •  Always  check  the  URL  of  a  page  status  before   opening  it   •  avoid  unnecessary  applica5ons  of  social  media   •  Keep  your  browser  up  to  date  because  an  out-­‐dated   browser  is  good  vic5m   •  Awareness  &  training  for  new  user.     12  bdNOG2  
  • 13.       Mobile  Phone  in  Bangladesh  
  • 14. Mobile  Phone  Security  Vulnerabili5es   •  Mobile  Money  transfer  increasing  day  by  day   •  Online  banking  is  Popular     •  Rapid  growing  Social  media  user  via  mobile   •  Smartphone  user  growing  rapidly   •  But  they  are  in  dark  about  cyber  security   14  bdNOG2  
  • 15. Phone  Security  Threats   •  Missed  call  or  call  from  unknown  number   •  Sms/call  from  special  number   •  Voice  phishing  or  vishing   •  Common  operaDng  systems   •  Apps  without  security  check   •  LoWery  winner  scam   15  bdNOG2  
  • 16. Phone  threat  mi5ga5on   •  When  choosing  a  mobile  phone    consider  its  security   features.   •  Maintain  physical  control  of  the  device,  especially  in   public  or  semi-­‐public  places.     •  Disable  interfaces  that  are  not  currently  in  use,  such   as  Bluetooth,  infrared,  or    Wifi  .   •  Do  not  follow  links  sent  in  suspicious    email  or  text   messages  or  suspicious  call.   •  Limit  exposure  of  your    mobile    phone  number   •  Be  choosy  when  selecDng  and  installing  new  apps.   16  bdNOG2  
  • 17.       Computer  in  Bangladesh    
  • 18. Local  infec5on  rate   18  bdNOG2  
  • 19. Top  10  Local  infec5on  country  list   19  bdNOG2  
  • 20. World  top    10  Infected  country   20  bdNOG2  
  • 21. Internet  user    Vulnerabili5es   21  bdNOG2  
  • 22. Computer  Security  Vulnerabili5es   •  Very  High  rate  of  local  pc  infecDon   •  Huge  number  of  user  are  not  aware  about  cyber   security   •  large    shared  broadband  network   •  Huge  Pirated  sobware  user   •  Very  few  user  used  anDvirus     •  Large  number  of  free  sobware  or  apps  are  used   •  Large  NATed    IP  network   •  Weak  password  pracDce   •  Huge  peer-­‐to-­‐peer  network  user   22  bdNOG2  
  • 23. Computer  Security  Threat   •  Virus   •  Spyware   •  Adware   •  Malware   •  Phishing   •  Trojan   •  Web  hijacking   •  Hacking   •  Keylogger       23  bdNOG2  
  • 24. How  to  Mi5gate   •  Properly  configure  and  patch  opera5ng  systems,  browsers,   and  other  soUware  .   •  Use  and  regularly  update  of  firewalls,  an5-­‐virus,  and  an5-­‐ spyware  .   •  Use  of  strong  passwords  and  never  share  passwords.   •  Think  before  you  click.     •  Do  not  open  email  or  related  aIachments  from  un-­‐trusted   sources.   •  Protect  access  creden5als  from  outsider.   •  Follow  your  organiza5on's  cyber  security  policies,  and  report   viola5on  issues  when  they  occur  to  concern  authority  .   24  bdNOG2  
  • 25. Thank  You   25  bdNOG2