Phonetics

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Phonetics

  1. 1. Phonetics<br />
  2. 2. 'Phonetics' is the study of pronunciation. <br /> Phonetics is the study of vocal sounds. Communication between the individuals is the basis for civilized growth of the community and speech dominates human communication.<br />Phonetics<br />
  3. 3. The tongue, the lips, the vocal cords, the palate (the roof of the mouth, the windpipe and the teeth are the main organs of speech<br />Organs of Speech<br />
  4. 4.
  5. 5. A vowel is a voiced sound in forming which the issues in a continuous stream through the pharynx and the mouth, there being no obstruction and no narrowing such as would cause audible friction.<br />Vowels<br />
  6. 6. There are totally 20 vowels in the English language, of these 12 are pure vowels and 8 are Diphthongs. <br />Vowels can be classified into two types <br />1. short vowels - /æ/ /ɒ/ /ʌ/ /ʊ/ /e/ /ɪ/ /ə/<br />2. long vowels - /i:/ /u:/ /ɔ:/ /ɑ:/ /ɜ:/<br />How many vowels are there in English lanuage?<br />
  7. 7. Vowels in whose production the point of articulation does not change are called pure vowels. <br />Pure Vowels<br />
  8. 8. Vowels in whose production the point of articulation glides from one point to another are called diphthongs.<br />Diphthongs can be classify into three types :<br />/i/ ending diphthongs - /eɪ/ / aɪ/ /ɔɪ/<br />/u/ ending diphthongs - /əʊ/ /aʊ/<br />/ə/ ending diphthongs - /ɪə/ /eə/ /ʊə/<br />Diphthongs<br />
  9. 9. The non-vowel sounds in whose production there is an audible friction or modification at some place in the mouth due to obstruction are called consonants.<br />There are 24 consonants in English language which includes the gliding consonants or semi – vowels /w/ and /j/ <br />Consonants<br />
  10. 10. Consonants are classified into six types:<br />Plosive - /p/ /b/ /t / /d/ / k/ /g/ /tʃ/ /dʒ/<br />Fricative - /f/ /v/ / θ / / ð/ /s/ /z/ /ʃ/ /ʒ/ /h/ Nasal - /m/ /n/ /ŋ/<br />Lateral - /l/<br />Affricative(semi-vowels) - /j/ /w/<br />Trill - /r/ <br />Consonants<br />
  11. 11. The consonants in whose production the air is pushed out of the lungs with considerable force are called strong consonants. <br /> /f/ /θ/ /s/ /ʃ/ /p/ /t/ /k/ /tʃ/<br />Strong Consonants<br />
  12. 12. The consonants in whose production the air is pushed out by the lungs with little force are called weak consonants.<br />/v/ /z/ /b/ /d/ /g/ /ð/ /ʒ/ /dʒ/<br />Weak Consonants<br />

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