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Freight Railways in Brazil

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Folder exploring the main challenges faced by Brazilian freight/cargo railroads in 2012. Content produced by Newsday Consultoria for ANTF, Brazil's freight train association.

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Freight Railways in Brazil

  1. 1. Rails Transport Brazil into the Future The success of 15 years of concessions proves the importance of rail freight for the economic development of the country
  2. 2. Railway production increased 111.7%, more than twice the growth of Brazil’s GDP 3,053 1997 1998 1999 2000 2001 2002 2003 2004 2005 2006 2007 2008 2009 2010 2011 2012 412 386 538 617 766 668 1,089 1,958 3,114 2,221 2,597 4,173 2,499 4,596 2,941 162 113 45 56 58 56 35 8 44 72 140 225 123 112 574 499 583 673 824 724 1,124 1,966 3,158 2,293 2,737 4,398 143 4,739 1,748 5,300 2,622 Investments in Existing Networks Granted to Private Initiative (Million Brazilian reais) Notes: 1) The year of 1997 contains all of the investments of the year 1996, 2) Other values are current Sources: Ministry of Transportation, DNIT and ANTF Associates Government Investments Concessionaire Investments First Two Quarters 2012 Projection Investments Production The train concessionaires have already invested 30.3 billion Brazilian reais in the modernization of Brazilian cargo railways 15anos 2 3 Railway Production (Billion TKU) Notes: 1) TKU - Useful Ton Transported per Kilometer, 2) CAGR - Compound Annual Growth Rate Sources: ANTF and ANTF Associates General Freight Iron Ore and Coal 278.5 290.5 1997 1998 1999 2000 2001 2002 2003 2004 2005 2006 2007 2008 2009 2010 2011 2012 110.2 109.8 106.7 118.2 121.7 125.3 136.1 155.1 165.1 183.6 207.5 206.7 185.2 213.5 227.1 27.0 31.7 32.2 35.7 40.2 42.5 44.4 47.4 56.1 48.6 49.9 63.9 58.3 64.9 63.4 137.2 141.5 138.9 153.9 161.8 167.7 181.5 202.5 221.2 232.3 257.4 270.7 243.4 111.7% CAGR 1997-2011 5.5 % First Two Quarters 2012 Projection 141.6 320.0 B razil’s economic growth depends on integrated transport logistics, ensuring the vitality of the internal market and the competitiveness of Brazilian products in overseas markets. Given the geographic and economic characteristics of the country, the railways are essential in this challenge due to their proven efficiency in transporting large cargo volumes through long distances. The sector’s denationalization process, begun in 1996, strongly revitalized rail freight in the country which had been almost scrapped. In 16 years of concession, the private sector has invested nearly 30.3 billion Brazilian reais in the recovery of the railway network, adoption of new technologies, personnel training, operations safety, and the acquisition and refurbishment of locomotives and wagons. Brazilian railway production increased 111.7% over the past 15 years, an increase twice as large as that of the GDP during the same period (54%). In general cargo, production measured in TKU (Useful Ton Transported per Kilometer) grew 140.5%, while the transport of iron ore and coal rose by 104.9%. The evolution of railway production was reflected by a greater variety of traditional and nontraditional cargoes. Agribusiness, for example, increased its participation in rail transportation by 277.2%. Additionally, the number of containers moved by trains grew more than 82 times in the 1997-2011 period. More Production and More Diversity
  3. 3. EnvironmentSafety The environmental advantages of rail transportation are even greater with the reduction of fuel consumption The accident rate was reduced by 81.6% in the past fifteen years 15anos 4 5 The Number of Jobs Increases The use of new technologies and innovative materials decreased fuel consumption on railways by 21.9%, from 1999 to 2011. This result further reinforces the benefits of railways, considered to be safer, more cost-efficient and less polluting than other modes of transportation. Some locomotives, actually, already use biodiesel as fuel. Railways are Environmentally Friendly 1997 1998 1999 2000 2001 2002 2003 2004 2005 2006 2007 2008 2009 2010 2011 2012 Sources: ANTF and ANTF Associates 75.5 69.3 64.9 53.1 39.4 35.5 33.6 30.4 32.9 14.7 14.4 14.6 15.6 14.2 13.9 -81.6% 16.01 Accident Rate (Accidents per million train-kilometers) First Two Quarters Sources: ANTF and ANTF Associates Energy Efficiency Rating (Liters of diesel per thousand TKU) 1999 2000 2001 2002 2003 2004 2005 2006 2007 2008 2009 2010 2011 2012 4.24 4.29 5.31 4.41 4.27 5.12 5.08 5.04 4.90 4.79 4.62 4.55 4.15 4.10 -21.9% Projection The fleet of locomotives and wagons grows and renews itself each year, stimulating the entire railway equipment industry There was a significant reduction in the accident rate, which fell 81.6% between 1997 and 2012, from 75.5 to 13.9 accidents per million train-kilometers. This positive result was a direct reflection of the massive investments made by the train concessionaires in safety campaigns, technology, personnel training, and maintenance systems. The values obtained in recent years come closer to the international parameter of 8 to 13 accidents per million train-kilometers. Employment has more than doubled in the past fifteen years Direct and Indirect Jobs in the Existing Network 1997 1998 1999 2000 2001 2002 2003 2004 2005 2006 2007 2008 2009 2010 2011 2012 16,662 14,375 20,352 20,482 20,190 20,215 21,085 27,659 30,227 30,508 33,254 37,720 36,788 38,595 41,455 180.9% 46,797 44,000 Sources: ANTF and ANTF Associates First Two Quarters 2012 Projection = 1,000 locomotives = 10,000 wagons 1997 1,154 43,816 3,045 100,924 2011 5,000 140,000 2020 (Estimated approx.) Sources: ANTT and ANTF Associates In 1997 there were 1,154 locomotives and 43,816 wagons in operation. These figures rose to 3,045 locomotives and 100,924 wagons in 2011. That is, the fleet of locomotives and wagons in activity in the network, granted by concession, increased 131.2% and will increase even more: by 2020, the railway freight concessionaires intend to put more than 2,000 locomotives and 40,000 wagons on the tracks. A Larger and More ModernFleet The provision of direct and indirect jobs from freight railway increased 180.9%. In 2012, the industry employed 46,797 workers, more than twice the total of 16,662 jobs recorded in 1997. This is without mentioning the growing demand for labor in the national rail equipment industry.
  4. 4. TLSA - Transnordestina Logística EFVM - Estrada de Ferro Vitória a Minas (Vale) EFC - Estrada de Ferro Carajás (Vale) FCA - Ferrovia Centro - Atlântica ALL - América Latina Logística Malha Norte ALL - América Latina Logística Malha Oeste ALL - América Latina Logística Malha Sul FTC - Ferrovia Tereza Cristina FNS - Ferrovia Norte-Sul Tramo Norte da Ferrovia Norte-Sul (Vale) ALL - América Latina Logística Malha Paulista MRS Logística EXISTING RAILWAYS RAILWAYS UNDER CONSTRUCTION RAILWAY PROJECTS RAILWAY STUDIES EFA - Estrada de Ferro do Amapá EFT - Estrada de Ferro Trombetas Ferroeste - Estrada de Ferro Paraná Oeste EF Jari - Estrada de Ferro Jari FNT - Ferrovia Nova Transnordestina FIOL - Ferrovia de Integração Oeste-Leste FICO - Ferrovia de Integração Centro-Oeste Ferroanel - Ferroanel Metropolitano de São Paulo CONCESSIONAIRES MEMBERS OF ANTF CONCESSIONAIRES N0N-MEMBERS OF ANTF PAC’S MAIN PROJECTS Port of Itaqui Port of Pecém Port of Suape Port of Salvador Port of Vitória Port of Rio de Janeiro Port of Itaguaí Port of Santos Port of Paranaguá Port of Rio Grande Port of Manaus Port of Santarém Port of Porto Velho Port of Marabá Lucas R. Verde Uruaçu Port of Ilhéus Belo Horizonte Maracaju Panorama Estrela D’Oeste Açailândia Port of Vila do Conde Mafra Corinto 12 8 4 5 7 9 10 11 6 2 3 1 Ferroanel SP – North Stretch Ferroanel SP – South Stretch Access to the Port of Santos Lucas do Rio Verde - Uruaçu Uruaçu – Corinto - Campos Rio de Janeiro - Campos - Vitória Stretches Being Studied / Reviewed PAC in Execution Current Network Belo Horizonte – Salvador Salvador - Recife Estrela d’Oeste – Panorama - Maracaju Maracaju – Mafra São Paulo – Mafra - Rio Grande Açailândia – Vila do Conde 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 11 12 Source: Ministry of Transportation Federal Government Program of Investments in Logistics r Santos Rio Grande da Serra Estudantes Suzano Mooca Brás Luz Perus Jundiaí Eng. Manoel Feio Rod. Pres Dutra North Ferroanel (project) CPTM line shared with MRS Rodoanel MRS network Existing stations Rodoanel (project) Parque Estadual da Cantareira Ferroanel Ferroanel (SP) Source: MRS Ferrovia Nova Transnordestina Objective: To connect the ports of Suape (PE) and Pecém (CE) to the North-South Railway Total length: 1,728 km Start of construction: 2006 Expected completion: 2014 Source: 4th Balance of PAC 2 Ferrovia de Integração Centro-Oeste (FICO) Objective: To connect the Central North region to the main ports of the country through the North-South Railway Total length: 1,638 km Start of construction: 2013 Expected completion: 2017 Source: Valec Objective: To connect Bahia to the main centers of the country through the North-South Railway Total length: 1,022 km Start of construction: 2012 Expected completion: 2015 Source: 4th Balance of PAC 2 Ferrovia de Integração Oeste-Leste (FIOL) Objective: To be the backbone of the Brazilian railway system, connecting all of the country Total length: 2,255 km Start of construction: 1996 Expected completion: 2014 Source: 4th Balance of PAC 2 Ferrovia Norte-Sul (FNS) RR AP PA AM RO MT AC MA PI CE RN PB PE AL SE TO DF GO MG RJ SP PR SC RS MS ES BA Porto de Porto Alegre Porto de Laguna Porto de Imbituba Porto de Itajaí Porto dos Navegantes Porto de Parananguá Porto Itapoá Porto de São Francisco do Sul Porto de Santos Porto de Angra dos Reis Porto de Guaíba Porto de Itaguaí Porto do Rio de Janeiro Porto de Vitória Porto de Ubu Porto de Salvador Porto de Aratu Porto de Aracaju Porto de Maceió Porto de Suape Porto de Cabedelo Porto de Natal Porto de Mucuripe Porto de Pecém Porto de Itaqui Porto do Rio Grande Porto de Santarém Porto de Trombetas Porto de Munguba Porto de Santana MACEIÓ RECIFE MANAUS BOA VISTA CURITIBA FLORIANÓPOLIS PORTO ALEGRE CAMPO GRANDE CUIABÁ SÃO LUIS TERESINA FORTALEZA NATAL JOÃO PESSOA ARACAJU SALVADOR MACAPÁ BELÉM RIO DE JANEIRO VITÓRIA BELO HORIZONTE SÃO PAULO BRASÍLIA GOIÂNIA RIO BRANCO PORTO VELHO                                                                                       Rio Grande Bagé Lagoa dospatos Santana do Livramento Uruguaiana Santa Rosa Santo Ângelo SantiagoSão Borja Passo Fundo Garibaldi Criciúma Forquilhinha Siderópolis Urussanga Esplanada Lages Tubarão Imbituba Mafra Araquari Herval D’Oeste Foz do Iguaçu Cianorte Maringá Londrina Harmonia Ponta Grossa Eng. Bley  Rio Branco do Sul Cajati Apiái Ourinhos Rancharia Bauru Tupã Itirapina Rubião Junior Iperó Porto Ferreira Varginha Brisamar Visconde de Itaboraí Macaé Bom Jardim de Minas Barra do Piraí Divinópolis Barreiro Garças de Minas Passos         Juiz de ForaPoços de Caldas Jeceaba M. Bu nier Recreio Três Rios Cachoeiro de Itaperirim Viana Andaime Fábrica Ouro Branco Sarzedo Governador Valadares Ibiá Patrocínio Colômbia Uberaba Uberlândia Araguari Pirapora Montes Claros Pires do Rio Ponta Porã Porto Murtinho Maracaju Indu Brasil Presidente Epitácio Panorama Três Lagoas Água Clara Inocência Chapadão do Sul Baús Estrela d’Oeste Alto Taquari Alto Araguaia Uruaçú Figueirópolis PALMAS São Francisco Senhor do BonfimCampo Formoso Juazeiro Porto Real do Colégio União dos Palmares Propiá Salgueiro Trindade Crato Sousa Missão Velha Eliseu Martins Patos do Piauí Piquet Carneiro Crateús Sobral Itabaína Macau Aguiarnópolis Estreito Guaraí Araguaína Colina Santa Inês Barcarena Altos Coroatá Açailândia Balsas Carajás Oriximiná Juruti Marabá  Serra do Navio  Corumbá Ladário Miranda Santa Maria Esteio Corvo Cacequí Cruz Alta Guarujá Campinas Jundiaí Paulínia Boa Vista Nova Lorena Jacareí  Araraquara  Mairinque   São José do Rio Preto Rondonópolis Vilhena Ribeirão CascalheiraLucas do Rio Verde Sorriso            Aracruz Chapecó Miguel d Oeste Dionísio Cerqueira Ipiranga      Brumado da Bahia Tanhaçú Ilhéus Iaçú Barreiras Luis Eduardo Ibotirama       Anápolis Senador Canedo         Alegrete Guaíra    Santos                         Sabará Muriaé  Campos do Goitacazaes  Ponte Nova Lafaiete Bandeira Unaí  Corinto Sete Lagoas Cruzeiro do Sul             Pelotas Rocas Sales Guarapuava  Apucarana     Itiquira  Cascavel 15anos 6 7 freight railways in brazil
  5. 5. 15anos 8 9 A S S O C I A T E S AméricaLatinaLogística(ALL) ALL is the largest railway logistics operator based in Latin America and acts in the states of São Paulo, Paraná, Santa Catarina, Rio Grande do Sul, Mato Grosso, and Mato Grosso do Sul, in addition to Argentina, totaling 21,300 km in railways. In Brazil, the 11,699 km long network is interwoven with the primary ports and transports steel products, iron ore, fuel, consumer goods, fertilizers, pulp, and paper, among other cargoes. FerroviaTerezaCristina(FTC) As the concessionaire that manages the railway south of Santa Catarina, this company’s main transport is coal from the Criciúma region to the Jorge Lacerda Thermoelectric Complex, in Capivari de Baixo. The 164 km network also includes the Port of Imbituba (SC), where cargoes of industrialized products arrive to supply both domestic and foreign markets. FerroviaCentro-Atlântica(FCA) As the main rail connection between the Northeast, Southeast and Midwest, FCA offers efficient and integrated solutions to its clients, transporting grain, sugar, limestone, cement, fertilizers, steel, and petrochemicals. Seeking to add competitiveness to its customers, FCA has more than 8,000 km of rail network integrated to high performance terminals and to the Port Complex of Tubarão through EFVM. FerroviaNorte-Sul(FNS) This railway covers Brazil from North to South, hence its name in Portuguese. It is integrated to the Port of São Luís, through the Carajás Railway, and to high performance terminals, serving as a logistical solution for the country’s new agricultural frontier, as well as for transportation of fuels, ores and fertilizers. Located in the region of influence of the states of Mato Grosso, Tocantins, Maranhão, and Piauí, FNS is committed to the efficiency and growth of its customers and partners.
  6. 6. 15anos 10 A S S O C I A T E S 11 MRSLogística MRS connects the states of Rio de Janeiro, Minas Gerais and São Paulo, serving a region that concentrates roughly 55% of the Brazilian GDP. The 1,674 km long network reaches the ports of Rio de Janeiro, Itaguaí and Santos, the latter the most important in Latin America. MRS focuses on integrated logistics and the transportation of general cargo such as ore, finished steel products, cement, bauxite, green coke, agricultural products, and containers. TransnordestinaLogísticaS.A.(TLSA) With a strong presence in the Northeast region of the country, TLSA connects the states of Maranhão, Piauí, Ceará, Rio Grande do Norte, Paraíba, Pernambuco, and Alagoas. Its mesh is about 4,207 km long. In partnership with the Federal Government and support from local state governments, TLSA is building the Nova Transnordestina Railway with 1,728 km of extension to integrate the new agricultural frontier in the cerrado region to the ports of Pecém (CE) and Suape (PE). EstradadeFerroVitóriaaMinas(EFVM) EFVM handles about 40% of all rail freight in the country, especially commodities like iron ore, grain, coal, and steel products. The concessionaire also offers passenger transportation, serving more than 1 million people per year between Vitória (ES) and Belo Horizonte (MG). With 905 km of extension, it is considered the most modern and productive Brazilian railway. EstradadeFerroCarajás(EFC) Part of the complex logistics of Vale, EFC unites the interior of Pará with the Port Terminal of Ponta da Madeira in São Luís (MA), the main port in the Northeast of Brazil. With a length of 892 km, the railway moves Vale’s ore production in Carajás (PA) and transports general cargo for third parties, such as fuel, pig iron and grains, especially soybeans and corn. EFC also offers a regular passenger service connecting the states of Pará and Maranhão.
  7. 7. twitter.com/antf www.facebook.com/antfwww.antf.org.brW Associação Nacional dosTransportadores Ferroviários Setor de Autarquias Sul − Quadra 01 − Bloco J − Edifício CNT,Torre A, Sala 605 − CEP 70070-010, Brasília (DF) Phone [55] [61] 3226-5434 The National Association of Rail Carriers (ANTF) brings together the private concessionaires of rail freight transportation in Brazil, created in 1996 with the sector’s denationalization process. Together, member companies operate 28,366 km of railways (94% of existing networks), through which about 25% of all national cargo flows. ANTF’s mission is to develop and improve the rail freight transportation system granted to the private sector. The organization serves as a benchmark in the industry, helping to integrate and consolidate the freight railways as a modern, efficient and essential industry for the development of the country.

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