Railway transportation 2.1


Published on

Published in: Education
  • Be the first to comment

No Downloads
Total views
On SlideShare
From Embeds
Number of Embeds
Embeds 0
No embeds

No notes for slide
  • The numbers for subsidies comprise on-budget subsidies, annual public funding of infrastructure and exemptions from or reductions to fuel tax and VAT
  • - COMMUTERS: This term is normally used to describe passengers who use railway services to travel between their homes in the suburbs of a city and their places of employment in the city centre. Typically, such journeys cover distances of no more than 100 km. -MEDİUM-LONG DİSTANCE PASSENGERS: Generally used to denote passengers using rail to travel over distances of greater than 100 km, often between major cities.
  • Transport Corridors and Developments in the EU EU contries established Asia-Europe transport corridors in order to increase trade with Asian countries and to get more share from Asian markets.This transportation corridors effecting Turkey by the way of railway listed below: Pan-Europe 4. Corridor 4th corridor connected to Thessaloniki and Istanbul and the other side Constanta by the road of Berlin-Prague-Budapest is important that Turkey takes place as route country in the Pan-Europe transportation corridor. The project covers 3640 km by road, 4340 km of railways, 8 sea and river ports and 10 airports.
  • Transport Corridor Europe – Caucasus – Asia (TRACECA)) which is implemented by the European Union regulates Pan-European Transport Corridors. What is TRACECA? The technical assistance programme for the development of the transport corridor between Europe and Asia across the Black Sea, the countries of the South Caucasus, the Caspian Sea and the Central Asian countries – the TRACECA programme – was launched in May 1993 . Since then the EU has financed 62 technical assistance and 14 investments projects . TRACECA aims at supporting political and economic independence of the Republics by enhancing their capacity to access European and World markets through alternative transport routes, encouraging further regional co-operation among the partner countries and increasingly being a catalyst to attract the support of International Financial Institutions (IFIs) and private investors. The year of 2008 in the life of TRACECA is notable by such significant events as 15th Anniversary of the TRACECA Programme and 10th Anniversary of signing the “Basic Multilateral Agreement on International for Development of the “Europe-the Caucasus-Asia” Corridor”. On 16 June 2009 the Seventh Annual Meeting of the Intergovernmental Commission (IGC) TRACECA was held in the Kyrgyz Republic. Main issues of discussions were the state of play in 2008 of the Action Plan on Implementation of the IGC TRACECA Strategy on the Development of the Europe – the Caucasus – Asia Transport Corridor for the period up to 2015, the increase of the TRACECA corridor competitiveness and attraction of additional traffic flows, further prospects of the TRACECA development, and reforming the TRACECA structures in the context of the South-Eastern Axis development for the extension of the Trans-European Transport Networks to the neighbouring EU countries and the Central Asian countries. How does it work? The strategic framework of the Intergovernmental Commission (IGC) TRACECA comprises a number of pillars in order to achieve by 2015 the desired objective of delivering a sustainable, efficient and integrated multimodal transport system at both the EU and TRACECA levels: •      Assisting in the development of economic relations, trade and transport communications in Europe, Black Sea region and Asia •      Ensuring access to the world market of road, rail transport and commercial navigation •      Ensuring traffic security, cargo safety and environment protection •      Harmonisation of transport policy and legal structure in the field of transport •       Creation of equal conditions of competition for transport operations   Following the conclusions reached at the EU-Caspian region Transport Ministerial Conference on 14 November 2004 in Baku, 4 expert working groups have been created • aviation, • security in all modes of transport, • road and rail transport, • transport infrastructure At the occasion of the Second Ministerial Conference on transport Cooperation in May 2006, a fifth Working group on maritime transport has been created. Who are the TRACECA partners? In September 1998 , twelve countries (Armenia, Azerbaijan, Bulgaria, Georgia, Kazakhstan, Kyrgyzstan, Moldova, Romania, Tajikistan, Turkey, Uzbekistan, Ukraine) signed the “Basic Multilateral Agreement on International Transport for the Development of the Transport Corridor Europe-Caucasus-Asia” (MLA), including four supplementary technical annexes on rail and road transport, commercial maritime navigation, customs procedures and documentation during the International TRACECA Conference in Baku. At Issyk-Kul during the 7th Intergovernmental Conference the Islamic Republic of Iran was welcomed within TRACECA. Turkmenistan is a participating country in the Technical Assistance Programme without having signed the MLA. Kaynak:http://ec.europa.eu/europeaid/where/asia/regional-cooperation-central-asia/transport/traceca_en.htm
  • Demiryolu şebekesinin %21‟inde (2305 km) elektrikli, %24‟ünde (2665 km) sinyalli işletmecilik yapılmaktadır. Hatların %18,2‟sinde kurpların (viraj) yarı çapı 500 metreden küçüktür. Yarıçapı 1500 metreden küçük kurpların oranı %32‟dir. Toplam hatların %25‟inde eğim %10‟un üzerindedir. Hatların %11,7‟sinde çelik traversler döşeli durumdadır. Dolayısıyla demiryollarımız gelişmiş ülkelere göre son derece düşük bir standartta kalmıştır. 2010 yılı istatistiklerine göre, mevcut hatların %20,9‟u 21-30 yaş arasında, %18,4‟ü ise 30 ve üzeri yaş gibi çok yüksek bir yaş sınırının üstünde bakımsız kalmıştır. Mevcut tren trafiği altında yapılan yol bakım ve yenileme çalışmaları da son derece yetersizdir. Yakın tarihte yol bakım ekipleri, personel azaltma politikaları eşliğinde bilinçli olarak birbirleri ile yarıştırılarak teknik ölçütler dışında çalışmaya zorlanmışlardır.
  • Container loading and unloading and storage areas .
  • Promotion, public, privite partnership
  • O ngoing signalization process of the lines , 8092 Km (%67)
  • Approximately 10,000 km of high-speed railways and 4,000 km conventional line will be constructed. By this mean Total railway network of Turkey will be approximately 25.940 km.
  • But could not be reached clear information about it.
  • İslahiye Boarder Gate connect Turkey to Syria and through Iraq. Nusaybin Boarder Gate connect Turkey to again Syria and through Iraq. And Kapıköy Boarder Gate connect Turkey to Iran and beyond the countries of Iran.
  • grafikte İstanbul'da 1997 yılında, toplam araçlı yolculuklar içinde % 3,6 olan demiryolu ulaşımının payı Marmaray Projesinin ve Ulaşım Ana Planı'nda yer alan diğer raylı sistem projelerinin hizmete girmesi ile 2010 yılında % 27,7 oranına ulaşarak Paris ve Londra gibi dünya kentlerini geride bırakacaktır.
  • Economic efficiency is one of the important factors in the selection of a transportation system. Because transportation services and investments are seen as a means of public service and social politics in many countries, economic efficiency criteria aren’t taken into consideration in planning and pricing these services and as a result, such problems as waste of resources, insufficient funding for transportation services, the tortuosity in the selection of transportation services and negative externalities are encountered. İn this study the comparison of economic efficiency based on cost, in which the costing of construction, maintenance and operating of highway and railway which are two main transportation are included, was done.
  • Railway transportation 2.1

    2. 2. RAILWAY TRANSPORTThe rail road is basically a long hauler and slow mover of rawmaterials (coal, lumber and chemicals) and of low-valuedmanufactured products (food, paper and wood products) andprefers to move shipment sizes of at least a full wagon load(Ballou, 1999). According to Nash and Whiteing (1988), railtransportation services can be classified in four categories as(1)less than wagonload (services ranging from parcels conveyedby passenger train to grouped consignments conveyed by freighttrain), (2) wagonload (consignments which fill one or morewagons, but which are not large enough to justify provision of adedicated train), (3) trainload (dedicated block train running fromone terminal to another) and (4) intermodal. When the lastintermodal option about railways is considered, it is seen thatrailways’ use in increasing due to developments in differenttechnologies and infrastructure such as RO-LA systems .(Denktaş,G.2010)
    3. 3. RAILWAY TRANSPORTATION MACRO ENVIRONMENT Political & Legal Economical Social Technological Environmental MİCRO ENVIRONMENT Suppliers Customers Competitors Stakeholders
    4. 4. White Paper European Commission(EC.) has putted users requirements bases of strategies by accepted white book in September, 2001 and has developed 60 preventions with this approach The first prevention is regenerating the railways, seaways, inland waterways and establish a connection with each others and providing controlled growth in highway by this means EC aims to offset the whole transportation modes High quality and reliable services and providing concrete support for sustainable development aimed by EC. At the same time, EC. is planning to establish a close connection between growth of economy and transportation for decreasing the pressure on the environment. White Paper “European Transport Policy for 2010: Time to Decide”, 2001 European Commision.
    5. 5. White Paper EC. wants to make transportation policy with that 60 Preventions. Some of them related with raillway are specified below; Prevention of Congestions:EC. has developed 30 milion Euros budgeted(per year) Marco Polo Programme for intermodel transportation to integration of railways, seaways and inland waterways. Main Infrastructure Works:In the context of TEN-T Project, EC is foreseeing that efforts will be intensificated for high speed railways and airway connections and increase the share of railway cargo transportation .White Paper “European Transport Policy for 2010: Time to Decide”, 2001 European Commision.
    6. 6. White Paper A new additional policy document, identify the EU’s(Roadmap to a Single European Transport Area – Towards a competitive and resource efficient transport system) 40 enterprises for 2050, are participated at updated version of white paper 2011. Freight shipments over short and medium distances (below some 300 km)7 will to a considerable extent remain on trucks. It is therefore important, besides encouraging alternative transport solutions (rail, waterborne transport), to improve truck efficiency, via the development and the uptake of new engines and cleaner fuels, the use of intelligent transport systems and further measures to enhance market mechanisms. www.tobb.org.tr Türkiye Ulaştırma ve 2011 Lojistik Meclisi Sektör Raporu
    7. 7. White Paper %30 of highway cargo transportation aimed to shift railway and seaway transportation until 2030 and %50 of highway cargo transportation aimed to shift railway and seaway transportation until 2050. For the realization of this objective providing the necesseray infrastructure were decided by EC. EU. is in need of the best freight corridors for energy use and emission. EC. Emphasized required structural change for increase the share of railway transportation in long-medium distance cargo and passenger transportation. Also emphasized the prominent role of ports as logistics centers. Until 2050 aimed to connect all the major air and sea ports, railway network.www.tobb.org.tr Türkiye Ulaştırma ve 2011 Lojistik Meclisi Sektör Raporu VIDEO
    8. 8. DEREGULATION Deregulation is the removal or simplification ofgovernment rules and regulations that constrain theoperation of market forces. It is different from liberalization, where more playersenter in the market, but continues the regulation andguarantee of consumer rights and maximum and minimumprices. http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Deregulation
    9. 9. DEREGULATION IN UNITED STATES Privatization of US Railways The first round of policy change was the Railroad Revitalization and Regulatory Reform Act of 1976. Staggers Rail Act of 1980:this meant that railway companies were allowed to compete with each other, and set the transportation prices freely http://people.hofstra.edu/geotrans/eng/ch9en/appl9en/ch9a1en.html
    10. 10. DEREGULATION IN UNITED STATESConsequenses; The railroads immediately divested themselves of their unprofitable passenger business, and began to concentrate on their core freight activity The railroads began abandoning tracks. Operators increasingly focused on strategic long distance corridors linking major gateways and inland markets. Operating costs were reduced significantly by staff reductions . The post deregulation period has been marked by a significant development in mergers and acquisitions. From 56 Class I railroads in 1975 the number has been reduced to 7 in 2005, two of which are Canadian. Finally, the restrictions on intermodal ownership and operation has led to a revitalization of the general freight business with alliances with trucking companies to carry their long distance cargo. http://people.hofstra.edu/geotrans/eng/ch9en/appl9en/railperformance.html
    11. 11. DEREGULATION IN UNITED STATEShttp://people.hofstra.edu/geotrans/eng/ch9en/appl9en/railperformance.html
    12. 12. DEREGULATION IN UKPrivatization Process The process in Britain started with round negotiations within the government in the mid 1980’s In 1987,vertical separation was used.It was failure British Rail was privatised in 1994 but the failure of Railtrack led to the creation of Network Rail, a ‘not for profit’ company in 2002. The Labour Government has continued to privatise or part-privatise other parts of the UK public sector since came to power in 1997
    13. 13. DEREGULATION IN UKConsequences; privatization created markets and demand privatization broke down barriers to entry in industries and made them more contestable. Capping is an appropriate way to curtail the monopoly power of “natural monopolies”http://kouvola.lut.fi/files/download/Tutkimusraportti169_OP_B.pdf
    14. 14. DEREGULATION IN CHINA Labour productivity of the Chinese Rail system is relatively low. As Figure 8 shows, in 1990 the average train-km per staff of the Chinese rail network was 496, compared with the average of 2926 for Western European railways. As the economy grows and increasing demands are placed on the rail sector, certain specific problems are emerging Because of the fast-growing demand and capacity constraints, China Rail’s management attention has focused on maximising operational efficiencies RAILWAY REFORM IN CHINA PROMOTING COMPETITION, Summary and Recommendations of an OECD/DRC Seminar on Rail Reform in Beijing 28-29 January 2002
    15. 15. DEREGULATION IN CHINA In the mid-1990s, faced with a financial deficit in the rail sector, China experimented with certain reforms. In 1998, the Ministry of Railways piloted a “responsibility system” These reforms have been carried out by means of responsibility system Production quotas have been implemented on a per-worker basis, Reform of the labour, personnel and distribution systems The Ministry of Railways has speeded up its pace of shifting its administrative functions, Four railway bureaux have set up a separate legal entity to provide passenger transport services; Five major companies in railway engineering, railway construction, rolling stock manufacturing, telecommunications signalling, and civil engineering have been detached from the Ministry The Ministry of Railways has organised three large-scale campaigns to increase train speeds on trunk railway lines on April 1, 1997, October 1, 1998, and October 21, 2000 respectively.
    16. 16. DEREGULATION IN RUSSIA Russia went through wide-ranging deregulation (andconcomitant privatization) efforts in the late 1990sunder Boris Yeltsin, now partially reversed under VladimirPutin. The main thrust of deregulation has been theelectricity sector (see RAO UES), with railroads andcommunal utilities tied in second place.[citationneeded] Deregulation of the natural gas sector (Gazprom) isone of the more frequent demands placed upon Russia bythe United States and European Union.http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Deregulation#Russia
    17. 17. RECONSTRUCTING Reconstructing of Railway Sector and TCDDPrepared by the Ministry of Transport Railway Law on the grounds ofEU acquis aim reconstruction in railway services based on theprincipals of competition and becoming sector deregulated for gettinginto the market. DRAFT LAW OF DEREGULATION ON TURKISH RAILWAY TRANSPORTATION
    18. 18. ECONOMICAfrica:$508 million Latin America Caribbean : $3,227millionEast Asia & Pacific:$1,398 million Middle East & North Africa: $540 millionEurope & Central Asia:$1,023.4 million South Asia : $309 millionhttp://web.worldbank.org/WBSITE/EXTERNAL/TOPICS/EXTTRANSPORT/EXTRAILWAYS/0,,contentMD
    19. 19. ECONOMICEnergy efficiency Rail is on average 2 - 5 times more energy efficient than road, shipping and aviation Through approaches including eco-driving,use of new rolling stock, and operational measures, railways continue to improve http://www.etc-corporate.org/resources/uploads/railways&environment_facts&figures.pdf
    20. 20. ECONOMIC On the technical side, technical improvements have permitted roughly a 50% reduction in freight costs per tonne-km on the major freight systems, primarily through more intensive use of capacity and reduction in energy costs, coupled with far better use of information to control system quality and enhance pricing. The containerization revolution that started in the maritime area ended up as a major source of traffic for railways, especially in the US and Canada, though Russia, China and India have seen significant traffic increases in containers.
    21. 21. SOCIAL Noise emissions Noise is perceived as the most important environmental problem for people living close to railway lines İnfrastructure companies and railway operators are working at progressively reducing noise emissions from railhttp://www.etc-corporate.org/resources/uploads/railways&environment_facts&figures.pdf
    22. 22. SOCIAL Railway noise control possibilities Significant progress has been made in noise abatement over the past 50 years.The systematic study and research of the issue has lead to the introduction of disc-braked passenger vehicles,new freight wagons with K-blocks,or the construction of noise barriers along major lines. At the source:Rolling noise is caused by small irregulations on both wheel and the track in the contact area between the two. Between the source and neighbouring buildings:A possibility to reduce noise is to use noise barriers Near the neighbouring buildings:Noisy can be reduced in the immediate vicinity of the habitant on the building by using insulated windows. http://www.uic.org/etf/publication/publication-detail.php?code_pub=516
    23. 23. SOCIALNoise Barriers http://www.uic.org/etf/publication/publication-detail.php?code_pub=516
    24. 24. SOCIAL Railway noise reduction projects Railways have, in the last decade, developed sector funded or EC co-funded research and development projects to understand and mitigate railway noise from its source. Recent and ongoing important rail noise activities include: Silence,EU project 2005-2008 QCity, EU project 2005-2009 STAIRRS,EU project 2000-2003
    25. 25. SOCIALSilence Project(2005-2008):EU together with public and private partners Control of noise at the source, Noise emission, The human perception of noise, New technological solutions have been developed for quieter road and rail vehicles, rail infrastructure, road surface and vehicle-tyre-road interaction. A sound synthesis software has also been developed to optimise and simulate the noise reduction of a train or car pass-by. SILENCE provides a toolkit to reduce noise through traffic management and in-vehicle driver support systems http://www.silence-ip.org/site/#548
    26. 26. TECHNOLOGICALhttp://www.internationaltransportforum.org/Pub/pdf/10FP04.pdf
    27. 27. TECHNOLOGICAL The biggest technological impact on the rail industry are passenger rail innovations, especially High Speed Rail (HSR). Japan is the first country to develop HSR technology in 1963 with introduction of the Shinkansen Train. The principal benefits from, HSR are: time savings additional capacity reduced externalities from other modes generated traffic wider economic benefits
    28. 28. TECHNOLOGICALhttp://www.uic.org/IMG/pdf/20101219_d_high_speed_lines_in_the_world_maps.pdf
    29. 29. TECHNOLOGICALhttp://www.uic.org/IMG/pdf/20101219_d_high_speed_lines_in_the_world_maps.pdf
    30. 30. TECHNOLOGICALhttp://www.uic.org/IMG/pdf/20101219_d_high_speed_lines_in_the_world_maps.pdf
    31. 31. TECHNOLOGICALhttp://www.uic.org/IMG/pdf/20101219_d_high_speed_lines_in_the_world_maps.pdf
    32. 32. TECHNOLOGICALhttp://www.uic.org/IMG/pdf/20101219_d_high_speed_lines_in_the_world_maps.pdf
    33. 33. TECHNOLOGICALhttp://www.uic.org/IMG/pdf/20101219_d_high_speed_lines_in_the_world_maps.pdf
    34. 34. TECHNOLOGICALhttp://www.uic.org/IMG/pdf/20101219_d_high_speed_lines_in_the_world_maps.pdf
    35. 35. TECHNOLOGICALhttp://www.uic.org/IMG/pdf/20101219_d_high_speed_lines_in_the_world_maps.pdf
    36. 36. TECHNOLOGICALhttp://www.uic.org/IMG/pdf/20101219_d_high_speed_lines_in_the_world_maps.pdf
    37. 37. High-Speed Train(HST.)
    38. 38. HST.Ongoing the ConstructionBy constructing the appropriate high-speed railway,(250 km/h) traveltime between Ankara and Istanbul will come down to 3 hours.
    39. 39. HST. Ongoing the ConstructionTukey is building up HST Railway line in west-east direction. The projectaims to reduce the transit time from 11 hours to almost 2 hours.
    40. 40. HST-In Phase of Project ​Sivas-Erzincan High Speed Rail Project is a continuation of the Ankara- ​Sivas High Speed Railway Project route, has participated in theinvestment proramme of 2011
    41. 41. HST-In Phase of ProjectHigh-speed railway line is planned to link with Bursa by made 110km new railway. With the completion of the project, the travel timebetween Ankara and Bursa will be 2 hours and 15 minutes.
    42. 42. HST-In Phase of ProjectBetween Ankara-Afyon is planned 1,5 hours and Afyon-İzmir isplanned 2,5 hours and totally Ankara-İzmir is planned 3,5 hours.Preperations of Tender of the first step of HST project betweenAnkara-İzmir, (Polatlı- Afyon) is ongoing..
    43. 43. ENVIRONMENT External costs congestion, air pollution, climate change, accidents, noise, up- and down-stream processes(vehicle and fuel production and infrastructure provision), costs for nature and landscape or additional costs in urban areas. External costs are costs generated by transport users and not paid by them but by the society.UIC recommends internalisation of these external costs to allow transport users to take the right decisions and the polluter pays principle to optimise the transport sector. http://www.uic.org/spip.php?rubrique1588
    44. 44. ENVIRONMENThttp://www.uic.org/spip.php?article1799
    45. 45. ENVIRONMENThttp://www.uic.org/spip.php?article1799
    46. 46. ENVIRONMENTTotal external costs and transport subsidies found for EU-15,2007http://www.eea.europa.eu/data-and-maps/figures/total-external-costs-and-transport- subsidies-found-for-eu-15
    47. 47. ENVIRONMENT Advances in vehicle technology can reduce the environmental impact of freight transport in three ways: increasing vehicle carrying capacity, improving energy efficiency, reducing externalities.GREEN LOGISTICS Improving the environmental sustainability of logistics , © Alan McKinnon, Sharon Cullinane, Michael Browne and Anthony Whiteing, 2010
    48. 48. ENVIRONMENT Reducing Externalities Maximizing the use of electric traction, Continuing to invest in low-emission diesel locomotives where electric traction is not viable, Low sulphur fuel, Noise and vibration problems can be ameliorated through quieter engine technology, track lubrication, new braking systems and other improvementsGREEN LOGISTICS Improving the environmental sustainability of logistics , © Alan McKinnon, Sharon Cullinane, Michael Browne and Anthony Whiteing, 2010
    49. 49. ENVIRONMENT CO2 is the major greenhouse gas contributing to global warming and climate change. Travelling by rail is on average 3-10 times less CO2 intensive compared to road or air transport. Electric railways(Electricity Mix) could achieve zero CO2 emissions if the electricity production is sourced from renewable energy sources such as wind energy,hydro and the other renewables.
    50. 50. ENVIRONMENThttp://www.etc-corporate.org/resources/uploads/railways&environment_facts&figures.pdf
    51. 51. Suppliers Locomotive Producers Wagon Producers Rail and Infrastructure Material Producers Railway Vehicles Maintenance and Repair Operations Production and Distribution Services of Electricty
    52. 52. SUPPLIERS The track, signalling, and other infrastructure facilities are owned by Railtrack Maintenance, renewal and design works are divided among too many suppliers. These companies have been sold with contracts in place. Regular routine maintenance is the responsibility of the TOCs, The repair of rolling-stock is the work of ‘heavy maintenance suppliers’ There are workshops, some of which were sold into the private sector provide for major overhauls and refurbishment programmes. Network Rail is the government-created owner and operator of most of the rail infrastructure in Great Britain (England,Scotland and Wales). Network Rail owns the infrastructure, including the railway tracks, signals, tunnels,bridges, level crossings and most stations.
    53. 53. Suppliers in Turkey Public Instutions Company Name Field ActivityTürkiye Lokomotif ve Motor Sanayii (TULUMSAŞ) Procurment of Locomotive and WagonTürkiye Demiryolu Makinaları Sanayii(TUDEMSAŞ) Procurment of Railbus and WagonTürkiye Vagon Sanayii A.Ş. (TUVASAŞ) Procurment of Goods WagonAnkara Demiryol Fabrikası (ADF) Repairment of Railway Vehicles Private SectorØDemireller A.Ş.ØYavuzlar A.Ş,ØYücesan A.Ş,ØŞolpan Makina, Repairment of Railway VehiclesØMert Makina,ØRaylı Taşıtlar,ØHıztaşwww.tcdd.gov.tr (DPT 9.Kalkınma Planı)
    54. 54. CUSTOMERS The railway’s customers will be segmented into broad market or business groups, such as: Commuters :A person who regularly travels from one place to another, typically to work Medium-Long Distance Passengers Freight Customers Parcels and Express Freight Customers Commercial Property Lessors Others (e.g. advertisers using railway property)http://www.unescap.org/ttdw/Publications/TIS_pubs/pub_1872/marketing-chap6.pdf
    55. 55. CUSTOMERS Network Rails main customers are the separate and mostly private-sector train operating companies (TOCs), responsible for passengertransport, and freight operating companies (FOCs), who provide trainservices on the infrastructure that the companyowns and maintains.
    56. 56. Private Sector Wagons does not belong to TCDD belong the another pirvete individual or corporation operated in lines of TCDD. Freight of Carrieges with wagons does not belong TCDD charged by line occupation fee. Other fees are charged according the TCDD’s tariffsTÜRKİYECUMHURİYETİDEVLETDEMİRYOLLARI İŞLETMESIGENELMÜDÜRLÜĞÜ (TCDD) HATLARINDADİĞER ŞAHISLARA AİT VAGONLARIN İŞLETİLMESİNE DAİR YÖNERGE
    57. 57. COMPETITORShttp://www.deutschebahn.com/site/shared/en/file__attachements/publications
    58. 58. STAKEHOLDERS  Railways  Managers  Suppliers  Sub-suppliers  Political decision makers  Investors  Financial analysts
    59. 59. Comparasion With Other Modeshttp://log.logcluster.org/response/transport/LOG23TRANSPORTComparisonmatrixfortransportmodes_large.jpg
    60. 60. MARKET SHARE OF RAIL FREIGHT TRANSPORThttp://www.deutschebahn.com/site/shared/en/file__attachements/publications__broschures/c ompetition__report__2011.pdf
    61. 61. MARKET SHARE OF RAIL PASSENGER TRANSPORThttp://www.deutschebahn.com/site/shared/en/file__attachements/publications__broschures/competition__report__2011.pdf
    62. 62. RAILWAY TRANSPORTATION Rail is one common method of freight transportation. This is a cost-effective method, especially for carrying energy freights. Because this method has less speed and lower reliability, it costs much less than other methods. Compared to truck transportation, it can making freight more affordable. Transport bulkier and heavier commodities such as coal, chemicals, and petroleum in large volume to more distant areas
    63. 63. RAILWAY TRANSPORTATION Another advantage of railroads is that service providers can use existing infrastructures; in most countries, governments provide the infrastructure and therefore it needs less investment, However, in some countries, especially underdeveloped ones, not all of a region is covered by railways. As a result, there is less opportunity to use this mode to transport energy freight on a national scale.
    64. 64. Railway projects have beenmade and being made inTurkey and Europe1. Pan-Europen Corridors2. Traceca3. Current Situation in Turkey4. Viking5. Ten-t6. Marmaray7. Target 20238. Balo
    65. 65. Pan-European Corridorshttp://www.skyscrapercity.com
    66. 66. TRACECA
    67. 67. Current Situation EDİRNE ZONGULDAK SAMSUN İSTANBUL KARS Adapazarı ERZURUM BANDIRMA ANKARA ERZİNCAN BURSA ESKİŞEHİR SİVAS POLATLI AFYON ELAZIĞ TATVAN VANİZMİR KAYSERİ MALATYA KONYA DİYARBAKIR ADANA GAZİANTEP MERSİN 2012 : 12.000 km ( Konvansiyonel + Yüksek Hızlı ) Railway Network in Pre-Republic 4.136 km ANAHAT First Years of Republic of Turkey(1923-1950) 3.764 km ANAHAT (Yılda Ortalama 134 km) After 1951 / Until 2002 945 km ANAHAT (Yılda Ortalama 18 km) Since 2003 to 2011 ( include 2011 ) 1.136 km ANAHAT (Yılda Ortalama 135 km) Ongoing Constructions 2.047 km ANAHAT
    68. 68. Passenger/Cargo Transportation
    69. 69. Logistics Centers Logistics centers; is defined as the area where include different national and international operators and carriers, cargo distribution, storage and all the other services. In this centers railway, highway, seaway sometimes airway connections are provided. On the other side combined transport facilities, storage and transport services is supplied. What is in Logistics Center? Container loading and unloading and storage areas. Airside Customer office, parking area, articulated lorry parking area Banks, restaurants, hostels, maintenance-repair and washing plant, gas stations, warehouses Train organisations and shipping ways www.tcdd.gov.tr
    70. 70. Logistics Centers Samsun (Gelemen), Denizli (Kaklık), İzmit (Köseköy), Eskişehir (Hasanbey), Kayseri (Boğazköprü) first step of construction is completed Eskişehir (Hasanbey) ve Kayseri (Boğazköprü)’second step of construction will start. Erzurum (Palandöken) and Balıkesir (Gökköy)’ construction process will start. Working about other logistics centers are also ongoing.
    71. 71. Viking Project Viking Projet is a combinedtransportation Project. The shareholder og this projectare Lithuania, Byelorussia andUkraine. By this project 20’ containers, 40’containers, refrigerated containers,railway wagons, trailers, trucks,semi-trailers can be transported. www.tcdd.gov.tr
    72. 72. Viking ProjectFirst voyage of the project was in 2003. At the start operated one day aweek train, due to high demand added three additional times. Operating in Lithuina-Bylorussia-Ukrain rout Viking Train is tried to be connected with ferry which is operating in Ukraine-İliçevski/Derince for tranasshipping cargos from Port of Derince/Samsun to Turkish wagons.Thus, aiming to set up connection.Through Turkey to the Mediterranean, Europe, the Middle East and Central Asia The shortest way aimed for connection of Europe to Asia, Caucasus and Middle East by using TRACECA corridor. www.tcdd.gov.tr
    73. 73. What is TEN-Thttp://tentea.ec.europa.eu/en/ten-t_projects
    74. 74. What is TEN-T Transport infrastructures The TEN-T Components The ultimate policy objective of the TEN-T is the establishment of a single, multimodal network covering both traditional ground-based structures and equipment (including intelligent transport systems) to enable safe and efficient traffic. Increasingly, it also involves the deployment of innovative systems that not only promise benefits for transport but also have substantial potential for industrial innovation. The Trans-European Transport Network shall be established gradually by integrating land, sea and air transport infrastructure components, and by including the necessary technical installations, information and telecommunication systems to ensure smooth operation of the network and efficient traffic management. The transport infrastructure components are road, rail and inland waterway networks, motorways of the sea, seaports and inland waterway ports, airports and other interconnection points between modal networks. Intelligent transport systems include the traffic management systems for road, rail, air and waterborne transport as well as the positioning and navigation systems.http://tentea.ec.europa.eu/en/ten-t_projects
    75. 75. TEN-T Rail The EU’s rail network consists of both high-speed and conventional rail lines and their related infrastructures and facilities which enable rail and and other transport modes to be integrated. Rail projects aim to ultimately create a safe and high-quality infrastructure, by ensuring network continuity and interoperability.http://tentea.ec.europa.eu/en/ten-t_projects
    76. 76. TEN-T European Rail Traffic Management System (ERTMS) ERTMS is a harmonised command and control system recommended for the European railway network. ERTMS and its related projects aim at ensuring continuity and interoperability, bringing users a high-level of security and safety.http://tentea.ec.europa.eu/en/ten-t_projects
    77. 77. MARMARAYTurkeys age-old dream and the worlds most important project of theMarmaray project;•Continious railway transportation will be provieded between Gebze-Halkalı thus will be a fundamental solution to the problem of urbantraffic. Compliance with the European Unions high-speed rail networks, whichis an important step in the direction of the Marmaray, Ankara-Istanbul/ ​Kars-Tbilisi High Speed Train together with the implementation ofprojects, provide a fast, economical, seamless rail link from Europe toAsia, from west to east. www.tcdd.gov.tr
    81. 81. Target 2023 Modernization of Vehicle Fleet: Planned to be completed in 2019. TRACTIVE STOCKS WILL BE SUPPLIED 300 PCS Elektrical Mainline Lokomotive 144 PCS EMU – DMU Set 180 PCS High Speed Train Set TRACTIVE STOCKS WILL BE SUPPLIED •8.000 PCS Goods Wagon
    82. 82. Target 2023 New Line Constructions Approximately 10,000 km of high-speed railways and 4,000 km conventional line will be Approximately 10,000 km of high-speed İ railways and 4,000 km conventional line will be KARADEN Z constructed. By this mean Total railway network of Turkey will be approximately 25.940 constructed. By this mean Total railway network of Turkey will be approximately 25.940 km.. km EDİRNE BARTIN SAMSUN İSTANBUL Ereğli TRABZON Karasu Kartal KARS Halkalı Sapanca ADAPAZARI Gemlik BİLECİK ANKARA BALIKESİR BURSA ESKİŞEHİR SİVAS Sincan Yerköy ERZURUM ERZİNCAN Polatlı Hanlı Aliağa MANİSA ELAZIĞ UŞAK Turgutlu Boğazköprü İZMİR AFYON KAYSERİ DİYARBAKIR Torbalı MALATYA Kurtalan AYDIN KONYA MARDİN Cizre Ulukışla ŞANLIURFA Narlı Nusaybin Habur Güllük ADANA GAZİANTEP Karkamış KARAMAN Yenice Mürşitpınar ANTALYA Manavgat MERSİN Alanya HALEP MEVCUT YHT HATLARI MEVCUT KONVANSİYONEL HATLARDemiryolu Payı Hedefleri Mevcut Durum 2011- 2015 YHT HATLARIYolcu Taşımacılığı : %10 %2 2011- 2015 KONVANSİYONEL HATLAR 2016- 2023 YHT HATLARIYük Taşımacılığı: %15 %5 2016- 2023 KONVANSİYONEL HATLAR
    83. 83. BALO ProjectAim:To meet the business people and member of MTSO logisticsneeds and lowering the logistics costs.To gain the new and advantageous transport channels tobusiness people and exporters for growing the export marketshare of Turkey.Target:Establish the first Organized Industrial Zone Logistics Villageof Turkey in Manisa Organized Industrial Zone. Transport theexport cargos more economically and faster to Europe.
    84. 84. Places to Build Balo Project• Port of Tekirdağ• Port of Bandırma• Okçugöl Consolidation Center• Mustafakemalpasa Consolidation Center Cargo Collection Center• Eskisehir• Manisa,• İzmir,• Denizli• Ankara,• Konya,• Kayseri,• Gaziantep• Muratlı / Tekirdag Konsolidasyon Merkezi
    85. 85. WORKING STYLE OF BALO•Cargos will be taken from the exporter’s door with containersthan they will take away to consolidation centers inMustafakemalpaşa and Okçugöl by railway and highway,• It will be dedicated according to the destination in Europe andconstitute block train which has 17 wagons and carry 34 45”containers.•A special dock will be constructed in port of Bandırma and blocktrain will board the train ferry from this dock,•After get off the train ferry in port of Tekirdağ it will go abroadfrom Kapıkule Board Gate by using the Muratlı route.• Containers in block train which come to destination point aredelivered to (tren üstü alıcılar) and also to other consignees withinland transporter trucks•Goods are collected in abroad from senders for coming Turkeyare consolidated in Europen Logistics Village Associationmember’s Logistics centers. Than they tranport to Turkey againby block train and delivered the various final destinations.
    86. 86. BALO’s Train Destinations
    87. 87. Comparasion of 40” Seaand 45” Wagon Container
    88. 88. Comparasion of Balo’s RailwayTransportation Freight against Seaway and Highway Transportation Freigt T/T From Ankara Day BALO Sea Road Viyana 7 1,300 2,231 2,400 Nürnberg 8 1,375 2,236 2,700 Köln 9 1,400 1,941 2,800 Lyon 9 1,500 2,041 2,900 T/T From İzmir Day BALO Sea Road Viyana 5 1,100 1,640 2,350 Nürnberg 6 1,200 1,440 2,600 Köln 7 1,225 1,340 2,700 Lyon 7 1,390 1,610 2,800 Door to Door Freight Currency: Euro
    89. 89. Turkey–European Countries Our country has a railwayconnection with Republic of Serbia, Poland, Bulgaria, Romania, Czech Republic, Hungary, Slovakia, Macedonia, England, Spain, Greece, Sweden, Norway, Crotia, Slovenia, Germany, Austria, Luxembourg,Italy, Netherlands, Switzerland, Denmark, France, Belgium, Bosnia-Herzegovina. www.tcdd.gov.tr
    90. 90. İstanbul-Tahran-İslamabat Yük Kapasitesi : 500 ton Seyahat Süresi : 11 gün Freight train service discontinued in November 2011 but there are some news about this service it will begin again on July 15 But could not be reached clear information about it.www.tcdd.gov.tr
    91. 91. Türkiye-Suriye-Irak İslahiye Boarder Gate connect Turkey to Syria and through Iraq.Nusaybin Boarder Gate connect Turkey to again Syria and through Iraq. And Kapıköy Boarder Gate connect Turkey to Iran and beyond the countries of Iran. www.tcdd.gov.tr
    92. 92. Kars-Tiflis-Bakü
    93. 93. Hicaz Railway