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Transportation & Logistics Industry in Turkey

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Brief information about the Turkish Transportation & Logistics Industry including road, rail, maritime and air transportation, main institutions and companies

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Transportation & Logistics Industry in Turkey

  1. 1. Foreign Market Consulting Ltd. Sti. Istanbul September, 2014 Transportation and Logistics Industry in Turkey Foreign Market Consulting Ltd. Şti. • Dede Yusuf Sok. No:11, 34453 Büyükdere Sarıyer İstanbul - Turkey Tel: +90-212-3638 052 • Fax: +90-212-3638 517 • www.fmconsulting.com • info@fmconsulting.com
  2. 2. Contents © 2014 Foreign Market Consulting Ltd. Sti. A Overview Page 03 B Road Transportation Page 05 C Rail Transportation Page 11 D Maritime Transportation and Shipbuilding Industry Page 16 E Air Transportation Page 21 F Main Institutions & Companies Page 26 G Market Outlook Page 28
  3. 3. 3 • Turkey's geographical location between the East and the West creates opportunities for transportation activities and logistics projects. • Compliance with the EU standards will support the development of logistic networks, infrastructure, vehicles and environmental standards. • More than 143 thousand companies and 890 thousand employees active in the T&L industry. (Source: Social Security Institution, 2014) A. Overview Introduction
  4. 4. 4 A. Overview Modes of Transport Source: Turkish Statistical Institute, 2014 Sea 55% Road 35% Air 8% Rail 1% Other 1% Exports by Mode of Transport, 2013 Sea 55% Road 16% Air 13% Rail 1% Other 15% Imports by Mode of Transport , 2013
  5. 5. 5 Village Roads, 323 043 Provincial Roads - Other, 30 844 State Highways - Divided Roads, 18 524 State Highways - Other, 12 817 Motorways, 2 127 Provincial Roads - Divided Roads, 1 311 Road Lengths, km, 2013 B. Road Transportation Road Lengths *Divided Road: A highway composed of a separator that distinctly divides the traffic in one direction of the same highway from the traffic of other direction. Source: Turkish Statistical Institute, General Directorate of Highways, General Directorate for Local Authorities, 2014
  6. 6. 6 B. Road Transportation Freight and Passenger Transportation Freight and Passenger Transportation and the Circulation on the State Roads, Provincial Roads and Motorways (Mn) Vehicle-km Ton-km Passenger-km Total State road Provincial road Motorway Total State road Provincial road Motorway Total State road Provincial road Motorway 2011 85 495 62 276 7 512 15 707 203 072 147 631 8 548 46 893 242 265 167 851 19 779 54 635 2012 93 989 64 661 12 949 16 379 216 123 151 722 15 650 48 751 258 874 172 226 29 725 56 923 2013 99 431 67 915 13 551 17 965 224 048 156 609 16 358 51 081 268 178 178 045 31 139 58 994 Vehicle-km: Unit measure of vehicle traffic corresponding to the conveyance of a vehicle over a distance of one kilometer. Ton-km: Unit measure of goods traffic corresponding to the conveyance of goods over a distance of one kilometer. Passenger-km: Unit measure of passenger traffic corresponding to the conveyance of a passenger over a distance of one kilometer. Source: Turkish Statistical Institute and General Directorate of Highways, 2014
  7. 7. 7 B. Road Transportation E Roads in Turkey Source: General Directorate of Highways, 2014
  8. 8. 8 B. Road Transportation The Northern Marmara Motorway and the Yavuz Sultan Selim Bridge Source: http://3kopru.com • Executed by IC Ictas – Astaldi Consortium for a period of 10 years 2 months and 20 days and then will be transferred to the Ministry of Transportation • 8 lane highway and 2 lane railway on the bridge • The widest suspension bridge in the world with a width of 59 m and the longest spanning one that has a rail system on it, with a main span of 1,408 m • The suspension bridge with the highest tower of the world, with a height of more than 322 m • Construction commencing in 2013 and aimed to be completed in 2015 • Northern Marmara Motorway of nearly 115 km length, 19 junctions and linking roads • Investment volume of TRY 4.5 bn
  9. 9. 9 • Constructed by Nurol-Ozaltin-Makyol-Astaldi-Yuksel-Gocay group. • Suspension bridge with a length of 3 km • Construction started in 2013 and will end in 2020. • The travel time btw. Istanbul and Izmir will decrease to 3.5-4 hours, down from 8-10 hours. • 384 km highway and 43 km connection roads, 427 km in total • Investment volume: TRY 10 bn B. Road Transportation Gebze-Orhangazi-Izmir Highway Source: www.otoyolas.com.tr
  10. 10. 10 B. Road Transportation Istanbul Strait Road Crossing Project Source: www.avrasyatuneli.com • Between Kazlicesme and Goztepe along a 14.6 km route including a 5.4 km twin- deck tunnel that will cross the Bosphorus beneath the seabed. • By the partnership of Yapi Merkezi from Turkey and SK E&C from Korea. • Construction began in 2011 and will last 55 months. • Investment volume: USD 1.3 bn
  11. 11. 11 C. Rail Transportation Length of Railways and Volume of Rail Transportation Length of Railways, Train, Passenger, Freight Transportation and Ton Kilometer Year Length of railways (Km) Number of passengers, Thousand Freight amount (Tons, Thousand) Train-kilometer, Thousand Passenger-kilometer, Thousand Ton-kilometer, Thousand 2011 9 642 85 752 25 421 40 332 5 882 000 11 677 000 2012 9 642 70 284 25 666 35 332 4 598 000 11 670 000 2013 9 718 46 441 26 597 28 945 3 775 000 11 177 000 Train-kilometer: Unit measure of distance representing the movement of a train over one kilometer. Passenger-kilometer: Unit measure of passenger traffic corresponding to the conveyance of a passenger over a distance of one kilometer. Ton-kilometer: Unit measure of operating performance which corresponds to the hauling of one tonne of goods over a routed distance of one kilometer. Source: Turkish Statistical Institute and Turkish State Railways, 2014
  12. 12. 12 C. Rail Transportation TCDD 2023 Vision Source: Turkish State Railways, 2012
  13. 13. 13 • Logistics centers, aimed to develop combined transportation integrated with other modes of transport, started to be established throughout Turkey. C. Rail Transportation Logistics Centers Green: Active; Red: Under construction; Blue: At the project and expropriation phase Source: Turkish State Railways, 2014
  14. 14. 14 C. Rail Transportation Marmaray Source: www.marmaray.com • Planned to connect European and Asian rail network via a tunnel under the Bosporus. • Provides an uninterrupted passenger and freight transportation across the Istanbul Strait. • Started in 2004 and came into operation in 2013. • 76.3 km total length, with 1.4 km immersed tube tunnel. • Capacity of 75,000 passengers per hour per direction.
  15. 15. 15 • Constructed on the basis of the Georgian-Azerbaijani-Turkish inter-state agreement. • Length of new line: 73 km (Turkish side) + 29 km (Georgian side) = 102 km • The existing lines in Azerbaijan and Georgia to be rehabilitated: 503 km. • To be completed in late 2014. • Construction cost in the Turkish section is USD 220 mn. C. Rail Transportation Kars-Tbilisi-Baku Railway Source: Republic of Azerbaijan Ministry of Transport
  16. 16. 16 • 385 mn tons of cargo was handled in Turkish ports in 2013. D. Maritime Transportation and Shipbuilding Freight Handling in Ports Source: Ministry of Transport, Maritime Affairs and Communications, 2014 Liquid Bulk Cargo, 122.6, 31.8% Solid Bulk Cargo, 103.7, 26.9% Container, 84.7, 22.0% General Cargo, 66.1, 17.2% Cargo Carried in Vehicles, 8, 2.1% Freight Handling in Ports As Per Type (Mn tons, Percentage, 2013)
  17. 17. 17 Bulk Carriers , 4,511,037, 49% Liquid/Gas Tankers , 1,876,860, 20% Dry Cargo Vessels (General cargo) , 1,744,129, 19% Containers , 951,800, 10% Service Ships , 67,576, 1% Passenger Ships , 51,580, 1% Other, 16,007, 0% Mercantile Navy By Type (DWT), 2013 Dry Cargo Vessels (General cargo) , 473, 25% Passenger Ships , 259, 13% Fishing Vessels , 222, 12% Liquid/Gas Tankers , 213, 11% Sea Vehicles , 178, 9% Boats and Yachts for Sports and Entertainme nt , 168, 9% Towing Boats , 120, 6% Bulk Carriers , 109, 6% Service Ships , 95, 5% Containers , 72, 4% Mercantile Navy By Type (Number of Ships), 2013 D. Maritime Transportation and Shipbuilding Mercantile Navy (Ships bigger than 150 GT) • Turkish mercantile navy is composed of 1,909 ships bigger than 150 GT with a total size of 9.2 mn DWT in 2013. Source: Ministry of Transport, Maritime Affairs and Communications, 2014
  18. 18. 18 • 72 shipyards, the majority is in three cities: Istanbul (26), Yalova (22), Izmir (21). • 3.6 mn DWT/year project capacity in active shipyards. • 49 shipyards are at the investment phase, the majority (17) of them is in Yalova. • Turkey is a net exporter of marine vessels: USD 1.1. bn of exports and 900 mn of imports. • 22 thousand people are employed in shipyards. • Turkey ranks 6th in world new ships orderbook with 66 ships, following China, S. Korea, Japan, Vietnam and Philippines. • 210 ships (up from 99 in 2003), corresponding to 750,000 LDT (up from 193,000 in 2003), were recycled in 2013. D. Maritime Transportation and Shipbuilding Shipyards Source: Ministry of Transport, Maritime Affairs and Communications, 2014
  19. 19. 19 D. Maritime Transportation and Shipbuilding Main Ports Main Port Regions in Turkey PORT REGION TOTAL HANDLING (Mn Tons, Jan.-Sep. 2013) Share % KOCAELI 46.2 16% BOTAS(CEYHAN) 42.2 15% AMBARLI 31.1 11% ALIAGA 29.5 10% MERSIN 24.4 8% ISKENDERUN 24.1 8% TEKIRDAG 12.4 4% GEMLIK 9.2 3% IZMIR 8.6 3% KARADENIZ EREGLI 7.9 3% KARABIGA 7.4 3% SAMSUN 6.3 2% ANTALYA 5.9 2% ZONGULDAK 4.6 2% TUZLA 4.2 1% BANDIRMA 3.8 1% ISTANBUL 3.6 1% GULLUK 3.5 1% CANAKKALE 3.3 1% TRABZON 2.3 1% OTHER 9 3% TOPLAM 289.8 100% Source: Ministry of Transport, Maritime Affairs and Communications, Directorate General of Merchant Marine, 2013
  20. 20. 20 • Candarli Port: Will be the largest container port of Turkey and 10th largest one in Europe, construction started in 2011. The capacity will be 12 mn TEU/year. • Filyos Port: Will be a port complex with combined transportation. The capacity will be 25 mn tons/year. • Mersin Container Port: Will be used as a base for transportations to East Mediterranean, Middle East and Central Asia. The capacity will be 12 mn TEU/year. D. Maritime Transportation and Shipbuilding New Port Projects Source: Ministry of Transport, Maritime Affairs and Communications, 2013
  21. 21. 21 E. Air Transportation Aircraft, Passenger and Freight Traffic at the Airports Air Traffic 2009 2010 2011 2012 2013 CAGR 2009-2013 % Passenger Traffic 86,001,343 103,53,513 118,292,000 131,029,516 149,995,868 15% Aircraft Traffic (incl. overflight) 1,066,053 1,213,125 1,335,185 1,376,486 1,504,973 9% Freight Traffic (tons) 1,726,345 2,021,076 2,249,473 2,249,133 2,595,317 11% Source: General Directorate of State Airports Authority, 2014
  22. 22. 22 E. Air Transportation Number of Operators, Aircrafts and Airports 2012 2013 2013/2012 Change Number of airline operators 15 13 -13.3% Number of airtaxi operators 55 53 -3.6% Number of aircrafts of airline operators 370 385 4.1% Number of aircrafts of airtaxi operators 198 214 8.1% Seat capacity of aircrafts 65,208 66,639 2.2% Air cargo capacity (tons) 1,264,513 1,639,130 29.6% Number of airports (Total) 49 52 6.1% •Number of airports (Domestic & international lines) 23 26 13.0% •Number of airports (Domestic lines) 26 26 0.0% Source: Directorate General of Civil Aviation, 2013
  23. 23. 23 E. Air Transportation Main Airports Istanbul Ataturk, 23% Istanbul Sabiha Gokcen, 16% Ankara Esenboga, 12% Izmir Adnan Menderes, 10% Antalya, 7% Adana, 5% Other, 27% Airports' Shares in Passenger Traffic (Domestic Lines), 2013 Istanbul Ataturk, 47% Antalya, 29% Istanbul Sabiha Gokcen, 9% Mugla Dalaman, 4% Izmir Adnan Menderes, 3% Mugla Milas- Bodrum, 3% Ankara Esenboga, 2% Other, 3% Airports' Shares in Passenger Traffic (International Lines), 2013 Source: The Union of Chambers and Commodity Exchanges of Turkey and General Directorate of State Airports Authority, 2014
  24. 24. 24 • Will be the largest airport in the world • Limak-Kolin-Cengiz-Mapa- Kalyon group won the tender with a proposal of EUR 22.2 bn • Total investment volume will be EUR 10.2 bn • Construction will finish in 2018 • Passenger capacity: 150 mn • 76.5 mn sqm area E. Air Transportation Third Airport in Istanbul Source: www.megaprojeleristanbul.com, 2014 Source: Radikal newspaper, Oct. 29, 2012
  25. 25. 25 E. Air Transportation Airlines Source: The Union of Chambers and Commodity Exchanges of Turkey, 2014 Turkish Airlines, 52.6% Pegasus, 26.9% Onur, 8.2% Atlas Jet, 6.2% Sun Express, 5.5% Other, 0.6% Market Shares in Passenger Traffic (Domestic Lines) , 2013 Turkish Airlines, 63.5% Pegasus, 14.7% Sun Express, 7.8% Onur, 4.0% Atlas Jet, 3.2% Freebird, 3.0% Corendon, 2.5% Tailwind, 1.4% Market Shares in Passenger Traffic (International Lines) , 2013
  26. 26. 26 F. Main Institutions & Companies Public Institutions MINISTRY OF TRANSPORT, MARITIME AND COMMUNICATIONS www.ubak.gov.tr MARITIME General Directorate of Merchant Marine (DTGM) General Directorate of Sea and Inland Waters (DIDGM) General Directorate of Shipyards and Coastal Structures (TKYGM) Directorate General of Coastal Safety (KEGM) General Directorate of Infrastructure Investments (AYGM) RAILWAY Turkish State Railways (TCDD) Turkish Locomotive and Engine Industry Inc (TULOMSAS) Turkish Railway Machines Industry Inc (TUDEMSAS) Turkish Wagon Industry Inc (TUVESAS) General Directorate of Infrastructure Investments (AYGM) ROAD Directorate General of Highways (KGM) Directorate General of Highway Regulation (KDGM) Directorate General of Dangerous Goods and Combined Transportation (TMKT) AVIATION Directorate General of State Airports Authority (DHMI) Directorate General of Civil Aviation (SHGM) General Directorate of Infrastructure Investments (AYGM)
  27. 27. 27 F. Main Institutions & Companies Main Transportation and Logistics Companies Company Name Net Sales (TRY mn, 2013)* Turkish Airlines 18,776.8 Pegasus Hava Tasimaciligi 2,404.1 Borusan Lojistik 1,026.3 Netlog Lojistik 960.1 Ekol Lojistik 919.8 Ceva Lojistik 756.5 Omsan Lojistik 637.9 Horoz Lojistik 626.4 Taha Kargo 572.5 Fasdat Gida Dagitim 552.6 *EUR 1 = TRY 2.528 in 2013 Source: Capital Magazine, August 2014
  28. 28. 28 • Air transportation: 450 mn passengers/year capacity in airports. • Maritime transportation: 50 mn DWT Turkish owned merchant navy, among the top 10 countries in the world. • Road transportation: 37,000 km divided roads, 8000 km of which is motorways. • Rail transportation: 13,000 km new railway construction (3,500 km high speed railways, 8,500 km speed railways, 1,000 km conventional railways), to reach 25,000 km railways in total. G. Market Outlook 2023 Targets Source: Ministry of Transport, Maritime Affairs and Communications, 2013
  29. 29. Confidentiality Foreign Market Consulting Ltd Sti handles all data and information confidentially and also asks all information to be handled confidentially, especially regarding the sources used. Liability FMConsulting receives information and data from third parties and presents the gathered data to its customers. Thus, FMConsulting does not take any responsibility for the accuracy of any declaration or precision of any gathered data. Foreign Market Consulting Ltd. Şti. • Dede Yusuf Sok. No:11, 34453 Büyükdere Sarıyer İstanbul - Turkey Tel: +90-212-3638 052 • Fax: +90-212-3638 517 • www.fmconsulting.info • info@fmconsulting.com

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