MINISTRY- 3RD POINT: in order to create an efficient, economical and safe rail-based transport system
The Chairman of the Commission is Syed Hamid Albar 1st duty: to ensure that they are road worthy and have valid licenses 2nd duty: to ensure that they are fit
-History shows that mankind has continuously discovered new methods of transportation : boat,ship -Disadvantages: requires a large investment of capital, inflexible-routes and timings cannot be adjusted to individual requirements, unsuitable and uneconomical for short distances
Government and Development of Rail Transport in Malaysia
Development of Rail
Transport in Malaysia
NUR FARAH WAHEDA BINTI MAT REJAB 1321968
RAHAH BINTI ZAMANI 1321288
NURULL SYAHIRA BINTI KAMARUZAMAN 1328372
NIDAA UL HANI BINTI MOHD GHAZALI 1129586
1. To identify who operates the rail transport in Malaysia.
2. To know the history behind the development of rail transportation.
3. To evaluate the reasons on the development of rail transportation.
4. To find out the government spending on railway.
5. To compare the livability ranking of rail transport in Malaysia with other
global cities and to show the ability of Malaysia to compete with other
nation country in development of rail transport in Malaysia.
6. To discuss the duty of vicegerent (government) based on Islamic
perspective in providing an ease of transportation to the citizens.
Rail transport in Malaysia comprises heavy rail including:
Express rail link
Light rapid transit
1.To identify who operates the rail transport
RAPID KL SABAH STATE
LINK SDN. BHD.
Ministry of Transportation
Established since 1956
Handles road transport, civil aviation, land, mineral, and communications
Land Division - Main function: Formulate policies, undertake research and plan and
coordinate developmental aspects of rail-based transport
Plan and establish a convenient rail-based transport system which will encourage the use of
Railway Assets Corporation (RAC)
A Federal Statutory Body under Ministry of Transport Malaysia
Established under the Railways Act 1991
Execute the development of and redevelop the railway infrastructures
Finance railway infrastructure development using sources gathered from various activities
such as rental, lease and government allocation
Land Public Transport Commission (spad)
3 June 2010
A Malaysian statutory body that regulate and
enforce rules concerning land-based public
and freight transport in Malaysia
Carried out enforcement powers with other enforcement
agencies such as the Royal Malaysian Police and the
Road Transport Department.
Duties of SPAD enforcement officers:
inspection of public transport and freight vehicles
inspection of drivers, conductors and co-drivers
inspection of travel tickets and the clamping down on
touting and soliciting
KERETAPI TANAH MELAYU BERHAD (KTMB)
Owned by Malaysian government through a vehicle called Finance Ministry Incorporated
In conjunction with the establishment of RAC, Keretapi Tanah Melayu (KTM), which exists
since 1894 was disband and officially known as Keretapi Tanah Melayu Berhad (KTMB)
Owns 2262 km out of the total 2418km of tracks in Malaysia
Main intercity passenger train operator
Operates KTM intercity passenger trains on both main lines
and Bukit Mertajam-Butterworth branch
Fully owned by Finance Ministry Incorporated
Acronym for Rangkaian Pengangkutan Intergrasi Deras
A service brand used by Prasarana Malaysia subsidiaries companies to
refer to the public transportation services dedicated for Kuala
Lumpur and Klang Valley area
Operate public transports in KL and other parts of the country
Comprises of 3 lines, the Kelana Jaya Line, the Ampang/Sri Petaling Line,
and the Monorail line
SABAH STATE RAILWAY
o The only state department in Malaysia to operate a railway service and the only rail transport
system operating on the island of Borneo
o Was formerly known as North Borneo Railway
o Railway consists of a single 134km line from
Tanjung Aru, near Kota Kinabalu, to the town
EXPRESS RAIL LINK SDN. BHD
o A joint venture company between YTL Corporation Bhd., Lembaga Tabung Haji and Trisilco
Equity Sdn. Bhd
o A standard gauge and electrified airport rail link in Malaysia that connects the Kuala Lumpur
International Airport(KLIA) with the Kuala Lumpur Sentral (KL Sentral)
o The line is utilized by two different train services; KLIA Ekspres and KLIA Transit
RAILWAY STATION AT PAPAR, SABAH
RAILWAY STATION AT BEAUFORT, SABAH
2.To know the history behind the
development of rail transportation.
• The first railway
track in Malaysia
was built from
Taiping to Port
Weld (known as
• Introduction of
• The completion of
Besar, Perlis to
• Gemas toTumpat
• The North-South
• The construction
of the Burmese
• Destruction of the
tracks and coach-
stock were sent
THE EARLIER DEVELOPMENTOF
1885 ~Taiping to Port Weld
1913 ~ Padang Besar to Singapore
1930 ~ Gemas toTumpat to HatYai
• At the end ofWWII,
rebuilding the rail
• The British implemented
the Malayan Railway
• The Federated Malay
State Railways became
the Malayan Railway
• MRA became KTM
Berhad (Railways Act
• KTM Berhad began
operations as a private
operations) but is still
owned by the
• Malaysia’s first
system was introduced
• The government
attempt to privatize
• Fail due to financial crisis
MALAYSIA RAIL MAP
Malaysia rail transport
are manage by KTM Berhad
except in Sabah
(managed by Sabah State Railway)
• LRT first full
14 April 2002
• A new 57 km
express rail line
Sentral to KLIA
• The 8.6 km
• Malaysia’s first
Facts about KTM KOMUTER:
~started operation on 3 August 1995
~Weekdays 259 trips
KLANGVALLEY RAIL MAP
(A) Sentul – Port Klang
(B) Rawang – Seremban
(C) Ampang – SentulTimur
(D) Sri Petaling – SentulTimur
(E) Kelana Jaya –Terminal Putra
(F) KL Sentral –Titiwangsa
1) KTMTg Pagar station
move to Woodlands,
Singapore on 1 July 2011
2) Major decisions reached
by Prime Minister Datuk Seri
NajibTun Razak and his
Singapore counterpart Lee
3) A Malaysia-Singapore
joint company (M-S Pte Ltd)
was established to develop
the lands vacated by KTMB.
4)The company will be set up by
Malaysia's Khazanah Nasional
Berhad and Singapore
government's investment arm,
Temasek Holdings Limited, with
each holding 60% and 40% equity
5)The developed KTMB
lands could in turn be
swapped, on the basis of
equivalent value for pieces
of land in Marina South and
KTMTG PAGAR RAIL MAP
~Nature Society (Singapore) (NSS) has submitted a proposal,
The Green Corridor: A Proposal to Keep the Railway Lands as a
Continuous Green Corridor, to the Singapore government on
21 October 2010.
~NSS proposes to retain the current KTM Railway Land as a
Green Corridor after the train operations cease.
-for a clean and green transport route
-to preserve history
3.To evaluate the reasons on the
development of rail transportation.
Provides cargo services that are safe and
Highly accessible from seaports and Inland
Container Depot (ICD) as well as urban and
A cost – effective way to move goods
Cargo is moved either in open or covered
Established in 1984
- door to door delivery of parcels and
- station to station delivery of parcels and
- transportation of motorcycles
- flowers and perishables delivery
- special projects
KTM project for East Coast Economic
Region (ECER) by PETRONAS
Petronas owns a railway line which links its oil
refinery complex and the nearby town of Kerteh,
Terengganu, with the petrochemical complex in
Gebeng, Kuantan and Kuantan Port near Kuantan,
The line is mainly used to transport petroleum
products, but has recently been opened up for
general freight transport, with operation being
conducted by KTM.
KTM on 12
Ipoh to KL
A 3 hours ETS
in June 2015
In the future it
will be linking
Perlis to KL
Transforming Malaysia into regional logistics hub for
ASEAN and Southern gateway to the overland
logistics rapid freight system for China and Europe.
4.To find out the government spending
2015 AND THE
1. Malaysia – Singapore issue
2. Redevelopment, confusion and
1) Previous budget allocation
2009 2010 2011
The Mass RapidTransit
(MRT) in KlangValley will be
implemented in the
beginning of 2011 with an
investment accounted for
RM 40 billion
RM35 billion will be expended
on projects to enhance the
capacity of existing rail
services, to build new rail
tracks, to increase the number
of buses as well as to provide
better infrastructure facilities in
order to further improve the
efficiency of public
Provide a 50% discount on
fares for long-distance
services of KTMB for
students aged 13
A complimentary 1Malaysia
students card can be
obtained from KTMB and
was commenced from 1 Jan
Provision for rail facilities –
RM 899 million
2012 2013 2014
project (RM 98.4
Providing ‘park-and-ride’ -
RM62 million for KTM, ERL
Constructing the Ipoh to
Padang Besar double-
tracking project, Gemas to
Johor Bahru as well as
upgrading rail tracks across
the country, with RM2.9
Refurbishment of KTM
Komuter RM28 million, to
improve service reliability
discounts for all
Malaysians for those
has the monthly
income RM 3000 and
below and who travel
by KTM Komuter.
2) 2015 and the upcoming projects
a) East Coast railway line upgrade (Gemas to Tumpat) – RM 150 millions
To upgrade the east coast line from Gemas to Mentakab, Jerantut to Sungai Yu and between Gua
Musang and Tumpat with total up for 620km.
The RM150 million is to kick- start the rehabilitation project. There will be more allocations on
a yearly basis. However, for KTMB to be an efficient rail operator, the whole east coast line
needs to be upgraded as soon as possible to avoid accidents and derailments.
The government is spending around RM16 billion to improve the west coast line from
Seremban-Gemas and Ipoh-Padang Besar with the electrified double-tracking project.
For the east coast line, there are currently no plans to electrify or double-track that stretch.
b) Second MRT line (Selayang to Putrajaya) – RM 23 billion
The 56km MRT Line 2 was the second biggest infrastructure project
The project is expected to take five years to complete; preparation work, land
acquisition and moving utilities.
c) Third MRT line
The final circular line is still in the planning stage. Its orbital route around the city
centre will integrate with the rest of the rail network and alleviate pressure in key
areas of the city.
d) LRT 3 Project (link Bandar Utama to Shah Alam and Klang)–RM 9b
The route, 36km, proposed to SPAD by Prasarana will begin at the Bandar Utama MRT
station currently in construction and trace the North Klang Valley Expressway (NKVE) to
an interchange station with the Kelana Jaya Line in the vicinity of Glenmarie also under
construction as part of a line extension.
Estimation of one station is around RM 50 millions to RM 60 million.
It is expected to start at the beginning of the second half of 2015 and will be fully
operated on 2020.
e) High-Speed Rail (HSR)
For the KL-SG High Speed Rail, the major project on 2020, the high speed rail is
expected to cost RM43 billion (US$12 billion).
The rail is likely to be 330km long while the speed of the high speed rail is at
The eight stops will be on HSR between Kuala Lumpur and Singapore.
According to Tan Sri Syed Hamid (2015), the chairman of Malaysia’s Land Public
Transport Commission (SPAD), Malaysia will be the high income nation on that
time which is 2020.
With a 2020 target closing in, however, the timeline will be challenging.
Mr Tomohiro Kobayashi, a director in the office of project coordination at the
railway bureau of Japan's Ministry of Land, Infrastructure, Transport and Tourism,
noted that the Tokaido Shinkansen, the country's first HSR line, took nearly five
years to construct.
According to Mr. Kobayashi (2014), it will be very tough to meet this (2020)
deadline. Given the time for designing and other processes, the actual construction
should be started within this year.
Singapore Prime Minister Lee Hsien Loong said a 2020 timeline to build a high-
speed rail link between the city-state and Malaysia was unrealistic, adding that the
two countries hoped to reach an agreement by year-end on when the trains would
start running (up to May 5th).
3) Redevelopment, confusion and cancellation issue
The alignment of the second Mass Rapid Transit line 2 (MRT2) has caused confusion
among the officials and industry executives in the construction and transportation sector.
According to the master plan, it was supposed to
start in Sungai Buloh, where the MRT depot is
being built, and end in Putrajaya.
The Sungai Buloh depot and station is regarded
as probably the largest in South-East Asia and is
designed at a cost to have the capacity and support
the convergence of two MRT lines.
MALAYSIA STEEL WORKS (KL) BERHAD - Iskandar Intra-City Rail
The RM1bn intra-city rail line for Iskandar Malaysia in Johor as proposed by Malaysia
Steel Works (Masteel) since 2009 may not be receiving the blessing from the Transport
Ministry and Minister of Finance.
It will build and operate a 100km intra-city commuter CRN system in Iskandar
Malaysia to Woodlands, Singapore. It will use Keretapi Tanah Melayu‟s (KTM)
existing railway track and land reserves. There will be up to 21 commuter stations in the
Iskandar Malaysia region.
The source said that the proposal was NOT approved by the Transport Ministry and
Minister of Finance as the government wants to focus on the high-speed rail system
linking Kuala Lumpur and Singapore, which will likely have a stop in Iskandar
Malaysia and the Rapid Transit System from Johor Bharu to Woodlands.
Redevelopment of RM 2 billion on Kerteh-Kuantan Rail Link
The 72km single-track railway line was built in the 1990s with funding from Petronas.
The line, managed by Keretapi Tanah Melayu Bhd, ceased operations more than a year
It stopped operating due to the sub-standard railway infrastructure and was also not safe.
The Kuantan-Kerteh railway link has been identified for redevelopment to include
This will be a private finance initiative and there are several companies which have
indicated their interest.
The source said the existing single track will be upgraded to double tracking with modern
railway electro-mechanical system, including electrification, to serve passengers.
5.To compare the livability ranking of rail
transport in Malaysia with other global cities
and to show the ability of Malaysia to compete
with other nation country in development of rail
transport in Malaysia.
• Compare the liveability ranking of rail transport in Malaysia with other
• Show the ability of Malaysia to compete with other nation in
development of rail transport in Malaysia.
Comparison of rail transport between Malaysia and China
Electric train service
Many choice of
schedule compared to
Increase productivity because
worker can work long
High speed rail China
300km/h and 200-
Many choice of schedule and
connecting every major
cities in China
China experience broad growth in
Name of rail transport
Benefit choice of scedule
Benefits to workers
Productivity occurs to companies
are less than china because it takes
long time to reach at the
Need to be improve
the speed to save time
for travellers to travel
Less air pollution
Productivity occurs when
companies find themselves with
a couple hours train ride of tens
of millions of potential customers
Increase in tourism
-time saving for
Less air pollution and
Benefits to tourism industry
Ability of Malaysia to compete with other nation
country in development of rail transport
From ETS Malaysian government had launch the high speed
rail(HSR) project which connecting Malaysia and Singapore
The primary objective for the construction of the HSR is to
reduce the travel time between Kuala Lumpur and
Singapore to 90 minutes by strengthening the link between
two of Southeast Asia’s most vibrant and fast-growing
It is also for business purpose because it links to 7 main
cities in Malaysia
With this development of rail
transportation , Malaysia must be able
to compete on a regional and global
stage and become a high income nation
Lastly ,this requires redoubling our
effort to attract investment, drive
productivity and innovation.
6.To discuss the duty of vicegerent (government)
based on Islamic perspective in providing an ease
of transportation to the citizens.
Surah Al-Baqarah (30):
“And [mention, O Muhammad], when your Lord said to the angels, "Indeed, I
will make upon the earth a vicegerent." They said, "Will You place upon it one
that causes corruption therein and sheds blood, while we declare Your praise
and sanctify You?" Allah said, "Indeed, I know that which you do not know”
• Vicegerent: improve the world for and on behalf of Allah, to rule people, to
apply the orders and injunctions of Allah among people, animals and
• Government through Ministry of Transportation acts as a vicegerent
• Responsible to create an efficient and effective transportation system
Surah An-Nahl (8):
“And [He created] the horses, mules and donkeys for you to ride and
[as] adornment. And He creates that which you do not know”
• Mankind had no idea that in the future things other than animals could be used
• One of the new method of transportation: rail-based transport system
• Ministry of Transportation established a convenient rail-based transport system
the safest form of transport
a quick and more regular form of transport as it helps in the transportation of people with
speed and certainty
facilitate long distance travel and transport of bulky goods which are not easily transported
through motor vehicles.
• In conclusion, the rail transportations such as MRT, LRT, KTMB and ERL have been the
most widely chosen by the people to commute either to workplace, school and home.
• As by year increases, the budget also has been increased and its mainly to upgrade the
1) from single tracking to double tracking
2) to electrify the train
3) to increase the train frequency and speed
4) to fix the rail.
• Other than that, it is a good initiative and effort done by our government in order to
improve our rail transportation that is to implement huge project of HSR estimated to be
operated by 2020.
• From this project, the diplomacy bonding between countries can be strengthen and
more upcoming projects could be done together.