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El finançament del transport públic a Itàlia

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Sr. Emanuele Proia
Codirector de ASSTRA

Published in: Government & Nonprofit
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El finançament del transport públic a Itàlia

  1. 1. ITALIAN PUBLIC TRANSPORT FUNDING General manager ASSTRA – Emanuele Proia Mollet del Vallès, 8th June 2016 1
  2. 2. PT AT A GLANCE (2014) about 1,013 companies about 50,000 vehicles 5.3 billion passengers (Boardings) 110,000 employees Source: ASSTRA, Conto Nazionale Trasporti 2013-2014 2
  3. 3. Motorisation Number of passenger cars per 1000 inhabitants Country 1990 2012 2013 Change 1990/2013 Change 2012/2013 France 476 504 505 6% 0% Germany 461 539 543 18% 1% Italy 483 621 608 26% -2% Spain 309 476 474 53% 0% United Kingdom 361 464 468 30% 1% EU-28 343 488 491 43% 1% Source: EU – transport in figure – statistical pocket book 2015 pag 47 In Italy, the private car has an important impact on the mobility. Italy is the third country with the highest motorisation levels globally, following Luxembourg and the United States. 3
  4. 4. Modal split of Passenger Transport (pkm as %; 2013) 83,9% 84,4% 79,7% 79,6% 84,6% 81,7% 5,4% 5,7% 13,2% 13,0% 5,6% 9,2% 1,6% 1,6% 0,9% 1,4% 1,6% 1,7% 9,1% 8,4% 6,3% 6,0% 8,2% 7,4% Francia Germania Italia Spagna Regno Unito EU-28 Auto privata Bus Metro e tram Ferrovie Total Public Transport 15,6 Total Public Transport 21,4 Total Public Transport 21,3 Total Public Transport 15,4 Total Public Transport 19,3 Source: EU – transport in figure – statistical pocket book 2015 pag 47 Total Public Transport 16,1 France Germany Spain United Kingdom Italy Passenger car Metro and Tram Railway Despite the high motorisation level Italy has, together with Spain, the higher total public transport share, accounting for around 21,3%. 4
  5. 5. Average age of buses Source France: UTP –Le Parc des Vehicules – Edition 2014 pag. 5 Germany: elaboration on ANFIA data. In Germany over 60% of the fleet are 9 years old Italy: ASSTRA elaboration on CED data (Ministery of Transport) Spain: elaboration on OBSERVATORIO MOVILIDAD METROPOLITANA data· Informe 2013 pag 38 United Kingdom: elaboration on UK Government data- Department of transport – Transport statistics Great Britain Annual bus statistics pag 2 Evolution of average age of buses (2002-2014; years) In Italy, the average age of buses is approximately 12 years. A comparison with some large European countries shows that there is a big gap. Countries 2014 France 7,9 Germany 6,9 Italy 12,2 Spain 8 United Kingdom 7,7 5
  6. 6. Buses Fleet Buses by level emission (2014; %) EURO III 27% EURO IV 6% EURO VI 1% ELETRIC 1% EURO V 24% EURO II 25% EURO I 3% EURO 0 5% Buses pre Euro III 33% Source : ASSTRA elaboration on CED data 6
  7. 7. Funding stream The Italian case State National Fund Public compensation Fuel taxes Regions PT Operators Regional taxes Municipalities Directly generated resources Public service contract AdvertisingParkingLocal taxes Fares Vehicle rental Agencies Capital funding Fiscal system State Regions Directly generated resources Operating funding Public compensation Tax concessions 7
  8. 8. Others Funding for Operating costs In 2013 a new source funding was established for operating expenses: National Fund Transportation Excise on diesel Excise on gasoline National Fund Transportation Financing sources Legislative framework Budgetary Plan2013 Public Transport Fund Art.21, c. 3, L. n. 98/2011 e art. 30, c.3, D.L. 201/2011 Budgetary Plan 2008 Art.1, c. 296, L. n. 244/2007 – excise on diesel Art.1, c. 298, L. n. 244/2007 – excise on diesel Law n.549/1995 Art.3, c. 12, L. n. 549/1995 – excise on gasoline Before 2013 From 2013 8
  9. 9. Funding for Operating costs National Transportation Fund (resources in milion) € 4.929,25 € 4.918,62 € 4.925,25 € 4.850,78 2013 2014 2015 2016 9
  10. 10. Funding for Operating costs: Criteria for Regional Allocation of National Transportation Fund 90% 30% 60% 10% 10% Gradual reduction of services in excess and increase in quality and quantity of high-demand services Gradual increase of ratio fare revenue operating costs Definition of appropriate employment level Resources according historical percentages Resources subjected to the achievement of the objectives From the year 2015 the percentage distributed on the basis of the achievement of the objectives is increased, every two years, by two percentage points, resulting in a reduction of the quota originally foreseen the extent of 90% of the fund (Art. 2 DPCM 11 marzo 2013). 10
  11. 11. 2013 2014 4,929 (72.6%) 4,925 (72.5%) 1,862 (27.4%) 1,848 (27.2%) Additional resources FNT 6,773 Million € 6,791 Million € Funding for Operating costs 11
  12. 12. Directly generated resources Fares 114 114 115 118 121 123 127 128 137 148 164 167 100 103 111 111 115 117 115 117 117 122 124 132 136 109 113 113 117 119 119 122 123 130 136 148 151 90 100 110 120 130 140 150 160 170 180 2002 2003 2004 2005 2006 2007 2008 2009 2010 2011 2012 2013 2014 Biglietto a tempo Abbonamento mensile Tariffa media Urban Fare Trends ( 2002- February 2014 ; Index 2002=100) The reduction of public transfers was followed from a general trend of the regions and local authorities to revise and increase in ticket prices Single ticket Annual pass Average [Source: ASSTRA elaboration] 12
  13. 13. SINGLE TICKET (Fares - October 2015, €) 2,7 3,1 2,8 2,7 1,8 1,8 1,5 2,15 1,5 3,2 1,5 1,5 1,5 1,5 Berlino Amburgo Colonia Monaco Parigi Lione Madrid Barcellona Valencia Londra Roma Milano Napoli Torino GERMANY AVERAGE 2,8€ FRANCE AVERAGE 1,8€ SPAIN AVERAGE 1,7€ ITALY AVERAGE 1,5€ UNITED KINGDOM 3,2€ Berlin Hamburg Cologne Munich Paris Lion Madrid Barcelona Valencia London Rome Milan Naples Turin Source: ASSTRA data processing on PT operator websites In any case the Italian fares are the lowest in Europe 13
  14. 14. MONTHLY PASS (Fares - October 2015, €) Source: ASSTRA data processing on PT operator websites 79,5 84 90,2 51,6 70 60,4 54,60 52,75 45,00 173,0 35 35 42 38 Berlino Amburgo Colonia Monaco Parigi Lione Madrid Barcellona Valencia Londra Roma Milano Napoli Torino GERMANY AVERAGE 76,9€ FRANCE AVERAGE 68,3€ SPAIN AVERAGE 52,7€ UNITED KINGDOM 173,0€ ITALY AVERAGE 36,6€ Berlin Hamburg Cologne Munich Paris Lion Madrid Barcelona Valencia London Rome Milan Naples Turin 14
  15. 15. ANNUAL PASS (Fares – October 2015, €) 740 489 728 690 546 1.801 250 330 294 310 Berlino Monaco Parigi Lione Madrid Londra Roma Milano Napoli Torino GERMANY AVERAGE 668,8€ FRANCE AVERAGE 721,6€ SPAIN 546€ UNITED KINGDOM 1.801€ ITALY AVERAGE 283,5€ Berlin Munich Paris Lion Madrid London Rome Milan Naples Turin Source: ASSTRA data processing on PT operator websites 15
  16. 16. 2.314 1.210 278 352 790 398 300 1997-2001 2002-2006 2007-2011 2012-2016 2017-2022 Capital investment for renew public transport fleet (1997-2022; Milion, €) Source : ASSTRA elaboration In the last years, in Italy, the LPT sector has witnessed an overall decline in resources for investment for renew fleet, moreover, between 2012-2016, the resources was cut of about 700 milion € and used by the regions to the achievement of fiscal targets. 16
  17. 17. Capital investment for Public Transport infrastructures In the last Economic and Finance Document (2016) resources are been allocated for various metropolitan and tranway infrastructures •Interconnection Rebaudengo – Turin railway link •Turin underground •Milan – Monza Underground M5 •Milan Line M4 Lorenteggio Linate •Rome Underground Line C •Naples – Line 6 •Naples - Line 1 •Circumetna (Catania) •Palermo •Tramway of Florence •Light rail/Underground Bologna TOTAL COST: 12.141 € MILLION TOTAL RESOURCES: 10.374 € MILLION % COVERAGE : 85% PERIOD WORKS: 2016-2020 17
  18. 18. A plan for renew buses fleet 11,5 10,5 9,9 9,3 8,6 8,0 7,6 7,1 12,2 12,5 11,7 12,4 13,1 13,6 12,7 13,2 13,8 6 7 8 9 10 11 12 13 14 15 2014 2015 2016 2017 2018 2019 2020 2021 2022 Averageage Goal scenario Trend scenario European average age Source: ASSTRA elaboration on CED (MIT) data Trend scenario. Number stable fleet over the years; resources already allocated with actual resources and they expense for 50% for the renewal of the bus fleet. Goal scenario. For each year occur 4,200 registrations and contextual scrapping; the financial sources needed for the plan are approximately 9.2 billion euro (60% public co-financing). Goal scenario (8-year plan) Total investment:920 million euro per year; 4,200 buses per year to buy Total public resources: 552 million per year Trend scenario (8-year plan) Investments allocated with actual resources 18
  19. 19. News in the Public transport sector Standard Cost System ante standard cost Operating resources Capital resources Compensation by service contract Compensation for capital investment System post standard cost Operating resources Capital resources Standard cost = operating cost + capital cost + suitable cost The Italian Ministry of Transport will use a formula for determining standard costs and allocate resources (operating and capital) according to them. 19
  20. 20. News in the Public transport sector Standard Cost Model Regression Model Bus services Railway services Model for industrial processes Underground services Tramway services The standard costs don’t apply to the following public transport services: trolleybuses, cable car, funicular, waterborne transport; for regional rail service infrastructure costs are excluded. 20
  21. 21. News in the Public transport sector Art.23 Decreto Madia - National Transportation Fund 10% 15% 20% 25% 30%10% 15% 20% 20% 20% 80% 70% 60% 55% 50% FIRST YEAR SECOND YEAR THIRD YEAR FOURTH YEAR FIFTH YEAR AND OVER Resources according historical percentages Resources according Standard costs Resources according increase fare revenues According with the new law (art.23 Decreto Madia) the rules for the allocation of National Fund resources will change. 21
  22. 22. News in the Public transport sector Funding System Funding Architecture in 2016 STATE REGIONS • It prepares program to allocate resources to the regions; • It Approves regional investment plans; • It provides funding to the regions; • It defines the criteria for allocating among the regions. OPERATORS BUS MANUFACTURER • They define regional renewal plans and level of co-financing; • They give resources to the companies / provinces / municipalities. They buy transport fleet after public competition STATE REGIONS BUS MANUFACTURER CENTRAL MARKET Art. 1 c.866 Legge di stabilità 2016 Funding architecture from 2017 MUNICIPALITIES OPERATORS OPERATORS MUNICIPALITIES 22
  23. 23. THANK YOU FOR YOUR ATTENTION proia@asstra.it 23

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