Modal Verbs
Certainty: MUST <ul><li>Affirmative in the present: </li></ul><ul><li>“ John has lived in England all his life,  </li></ul...
Certainty: CAN´T <ul><li>“ You CAN’T be tired you’ve been sleeping for 12 hours” </li></ul><ul><li>“ You CAN’T HAVE seen m...
Possiblity: may,might,could. <ul><li>I’m not sure….. </li></ul><ul><li>“ This summer I  may  (might/could) (not)  go  to E...
Possibility in the past <ul><li>May, might, could+HAVE+ PARTICIPLE </li></ul><ul><li>“  He may have gone out somewhere” </...
Obligation: MUST vs HAVE TO  in the present <ul><li>Must:  Personal Obligation/Obligation that comes from the speaker. </l...
Must  ≠Mustn’t <ul><li>Mustn’t= Prohibition  </li></ul><ul><li>  Danger </li></ul><ul><li>“ You mustn’t touch electrical a...
To negate sth personal:Needn’t <ul><li>“ You needn’t wash the dishes I’ll do it later” </li></ul><ul><li>( no es necesario...
HAVE TO <ul><li>Have to : Legal Obligation /Obligation that comes from a 3rd person. </li></ul><ul><li>“ Every citizen  ha...
Don’t have to (lack of legal Obligation) <ul><li>No es obligatorio. </li></ul><ul><li>“ In Spain you  don’t have to  have ...
Obligation in the future & past <ul><li>Future: </li></ul><ul><li>“ I’ll have to go to the dentist” </li></ul><ul><li>Past...
Advice   <ul><li>Should </li></ul><ul><li>Ought to </li></ul><ul><li>‘ d better </li></ul><ul><li>“ You  should / ought to...
Ability:  Could  vs  Was/were able to <ul><li>In the past: </li></ul><ul><li>“ When he was five he  could  speak 3 languag...
Present, future & perfect tenses. <ul><li>Puedo: I can = I am able to  </li></ul><ul><li>Podré: I will be able to  </li></...
Permission <ul><li>Informal  Can I  …….. ? </li></ul><ul><li>       May  I  …….? </li></ul><ul><li>Formal  Could  I…….? <...
Be supposed to/Had better <ul><li>Be supposed to is  used to talk about what you should do because of a rule or because it...
Permission:  be allowed to   <ul><li>To express permission it is possible to use  can, may  (more formal) or  be allowed t...
<ul><li>May is  not possible in the past.  Could  and  be allowed to  are possible for general permission. </li></ul><ul><...
<ul><li>Could is  not used when referring to a particular situation in the past. Only  be allowed to is  possible. </li></...
Let  and   make + Inf sin to To be allowed to <ul><li>Let is  used to express permission and  is  not normally used in the...
Make  is  used to express obligation. <ul><li>“ The teacher made her do some extra homework.” </li></ul><ul><li>In the pas...
Upcoming SlideShare
Loading in …5
×

Verbos modales

4,460 views

Published on

0 Comments
0 Likes
Statistics
Notes
  • Be the first to comment

  • Be the first to like this

No Downloads
Views
Total views
4,460
On SlideShare
0
From Embeds
0
Number of Embeds
2,850
Actions
Shares
0
Downloads
0
Comments
0
Likes
0
Embeds 0
No embeds

No notes for slide

Verbos modales

  1. 1. Modal Verbs
  2. 2. Certainty: MUST <ul><li>Affirmative in the present: </li></ul><ul><li>“ John has lived in England all his life, </li></ul><ul><li>He MUST speak english really well” </li></ul><ul><li>Affirmative in the past: </li></ul><ul><li>He MUST HAVE gone. (estoy seguro de que él se ha marchado) </li></ul>
  3. 3. Certainty: CAN´T <ul><li>“ You CAN’T be tired you’ve been sleeping for 12 hours” </li></ul><ul><li>“ You CAN’T HAVE seen my sister she lives in Madrid” </li></ul><ul><li>(es imposible que…) </li></ul>
  4. 4. Possiblity: may,might,could. <ul><li>I’m not sure….. </li></ul><ul><li>“ This summer I may (might/could) (not) go to England” </li></ul><ul><li>“ It´s 2 o’clock he may (might/could) (not) have arriv ed home. Let’s phone him” </li></ul>
  5. 5. Possibility in the past <ul><li>May, might, could+HAVE+ PARTICIPLE </li></ul><ul><li>“ He may have gone out somewhere” </li></ul>
  6. 6. Obligation: MUST vs HAVE TO in the present <ul><li>Must: Personal Obligation/Obligation that comes from the speaker. </li></ul><ul><li>“ I must go to the dentist” </li></ul><ul><li>“ You must do your homework for every monday” </li></ul>
  7. 7. Must ≠Mustn’t <ul><li>Mustn’t= Prohibition </li></ul><ul><li> Danger </li></ul><ul><li>“ You mustn’t touch electrical appliances with wet hands” </li></ul>
  8. 8. To negate sth personal:Needn’t <ul><li>“ You needn’t wash the dishes I’ll do it later” </li></ul><ul><li>( no es necesario) </li></ul><ul><li>“ You needn’t ask me if you want to use the phone” </li></ul>
  9. 9. HAVE TO <ul><li>Have to : Legal Obligation /Obligation that comes from a 3rd person. </li></ul><ul><li>“ Every citizen has to pay taxes” </li></ul><ul><li> (es obligatorio) </li></ul>
  10. 10. Don’t have to (lack of legal Obligation) <ul><li>No es obligatorio. </li></ul><ul><li>“ In Spain you don’t have to have a licence to own a cat” </li></ul>
  11. 11. Obligation in the future & past <ul><li>Future: </li></ul><ul><li>“ I’ll have to go to the dentist” </li></ul><ul><li>Past: </li></ul><ul><li>“ I had to go to the dentist” </li></ul>
  12. 12. Advice <ul><li>Should </li></ul><ul><li>Ought to </li></ul><ul><li>‘ d better </li></ul><ul><li>“ You should / ought to / ‘d better visit your grandparents more often” </li></ul>
  13. 13. Ability: Could vs Was/were able to <ul><li>In the past: </li></ul><ul><li>“ When he was five he could speak 3 languages” </li></ul><ul><li>(General Ability) </li></ul><ul><li>“ I didn’t have the keys but I was able to enter the house” </li></ul><ul><li>(Particular ability= manage to) </li></ul>
  14. 14. Present, future & perfect tenses. <ul><li>Puedo: I can = I am able to </li></ul><ul><li>Podré: I will be able to </li></ul><ul><li>He podido: I have been able to </li></ul>
  15. 15. Permission <ul><li>Informal Can I …….. ? </li></ul><ul><li>  May I …….? </li></ul><ul><li>Formal Could I…….? </li></ul><ul><li> I wonder if I could….? </li></ul><ul><li>… .leave early today </li></ul>
  16. 16. Be supposed to/Had better <ul><li>Be supposed to is used to talk about what you should do because of a rule or because it is expected. </li></ul><ul><li>“ Come on, it's 10 O’clock. You're supposed to be in bed!” </li></ul><ul><li>Had better + infinitive without to is used to talk about what you should do because you think it's a good idea. </li></ul><ul><li>“ You'd better ask your dad before you borrow the car.” </li></ul>
  17. 17. Permission: be allowed to <ul><li>To express permission it is possible to use can, may (more formal) or be allowed to. In the negative these express lack of permission, or prohibition. </li></ul><ul><li>“ You can order another drink but you can't have any more chips. </li></ul><ul><li>“ We aren't allowed to wear trainers to school. </li></ul>
  18. 18. <ul><li>May is not possible in the past. Could and be allowed to are possible for general permission. </li></ul><ul><li>“ In my last job we had flexitime so we could arrive more or less when we wanted to. </li></ul>
  19. 19. <ul><li>Could is not used when referring to a particular situation in the past. Only be allowed to is possible. </li></ul><ul><li>“ I was allowed to stay up late last night.” </li></ul>
  20. 20. Let and make + Inf sin to To be allowed to <ul><li>Let is used to express permission and is not normally used in the passive. </li></ul><ul><li>“ My dad never lets me watch that programme.” </li></ul><ul><li>Be allowed to is used instead. </li></ul><ul><li>“ I wasn't allowed to go to the party alone.” </li></ul>
  21. 21. Make is used to express obligation. <ul><li>“ The teacher made her do some extra homework.” </li></ul><ul><li>In the passive, make is followed by the infinitive with to. </li></ul><ul><li>“ He was made to pay for the window he had broken.” </li></ul>

×