Carbon Reduction Strategies for Fossil-fuel Engines

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Michael Garvin
President of Renewable Energy Network for Aggregated and Intregrative Systems (RENAIS)
Advisor to the University of Iowa Executive MBA program

RENAIS LLC assists in identifying emerging "disruptive technologies" in the transportation and energy sectors. The company links research/development with investment and the stable equipment with market demand by setting production on a domestic and international platform. The company is currently involved in alternative fuel cars/trucks, thermal fuel cells and high efficiency alternative fuel generator sets.

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Carbon Reduction Strategies for Fossil-fuel Engines

  1. 1. The Greatest Global Challenge Since World War II
  2. 2. Good Intentions Can Have Little Impact without Incumbent and Technology Support
  3. 3. Hospital Incinerators
  4. 4. Dr. Janine C. Jagger is the Becton Dickinson Professor of Research of Internal Medicine and Infectious Diseases at the University of Virginia. She is also the founder and director of the International Health Care Worker Safety Center at UVa. She pioneered a voluntary data-sharing network of U.S. healthcare facilities, the Exposure Prevention Information Network, or EPINet. She was awarded a MacArthur fellowship in recognition of this groundbreaking work.
  5. 5. Food production depends on stable climate
  6. 6. The book Collapse illustrates the many great civilizations that generated their own demise.
  7. 7. *How much carbon dioxide is produced by burning gasoline and diesel fuel? *About 19.64 pounds of carbon dioxide (CO2) are produced from burning a gallon of gasoline that does not contain ethanol. *About 22.38 pounds of CO2 are produced by burning a gallon of diesel fuel. *It is estimated that U.S. gasoline and diesel fuel consumption for transportation in 2012 resulted in the emission of about 1,089 and 422 million metric tons of CO2 respectively, for a total of 1,511 million metric tons of CO2. This total was equivalent to 83% of total CO2 emissions by the U.S. transportation sector and 29% of total U.S. energy-related CO2 emissions.
  8. 8. Equivalent of the carbon release of 346,000 WWII era atomic bombs exploding EVERY day.
  9. 9. My Global Network is identifying the technologies that will seamlessly either reduce air emissions or replace high air emission energy generation and transportation technologies: *Incumbent enhancement models and technologies *Complete carbon-free models and technologies
  10. 10. The Road to a Carbon Free Global Economy: *Led by China, U.S., India and Europe *2013-2020 Seven Years of Enhanced Incumbent technologies *Hydrogen hybrid *Fuel additives *Natural gas replacing coal and diesel *Propane
  11. 11. Carbon-free Economy (Hydrogen Economy) 2020 and beyond *Stabilized wind, solar and ocean energy systems *Energy storage is the critical element *Dispatchable base load energy production *Microgrid instead of mega grids - Haiti *FERC Order 755 Energy Storage *Thermal fuel cells *Waste to energy systems
  12. 12. Governments and corporations make decisions on technology based on the perceived value of that technology. With carbon-based technology, the best way to have alternative energy systems take hold is to have carbon energy increase in cost. Yet the transitional period usually means that economic prosperity is negatively impacted. What we are doing is using “enhanced incumbent” strategies to allow carbon-based technologies to live out their last days in relative prosperity while reducing their impact on the environment. We allow for a smooth transition to carbon-free technologies.
  13. 13. The Plan is Seven Years (2013-2020) of Enhanced Incumbent technologies •Hydrogen hybrid •Fuel additives •Natural gas replacing coal and diesel •Propane For Transportation and Energy
  14. 14. Carbon-free Economy (Hydrogen Economy) 2020 and beyond *Stabilized wind, solar and ocean energy systems *Energy storage is the critical element *Dispatchable base load energy production *Microgrid instead of mega grids - Haiti *FERC Order 755 Energy Storage *Thermal fuel cells *Waste to energy systems
  15. 15. A Look at the Hydrogen Economy
  16. 16. Electric cars supported by solar and battery charging stations
  17. 17. FERC will require new pricing for energy purchased from independent power producers such as wind and solar installation IF those farms incorporate energy storage as a Frequency Response energy storage component so that the energy can become “base load” dispatched and NOT intermittent. We are monitoring the publishing of the first pricing schedules for independent energy producers that incorporate Frequency Response Modulation (energy storage and dispatch).
  18. 18. Cell phone towers use 3-5 kilowatts of energy. Cell phone companies pay extremely large amounts to have electricity lines and poles established to remote sites to provide power to the towers. Energy companies would rather not have to service cell towers so an off- grid solution is needed that allows solar or wind to feed energy into storage equipment.
  19. 19. Transportation -Solar and storage electric vehicle charging -Vessels and tugs -Rail locomotive and yard dogs
  20. 20. Questions?
  21. 21. Michael Garvin President RENAIS LLC michael@reanis.org (515) 321-7000 Skype: Michael.garvin3

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