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Mr. Herwin Hamid : National Education Issues [N3] Smart Indonesia - Indonesia

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Presentation at 1st Princess Maha Chakri Award (PMCA) Forum

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Mr. Herwin Hamid : National Education Issues [N3] Smart Indonesia - Indonesia

  1. 1. Ministry of Education, Republic of Indonesia 1st Princess Maha Chakri Award Forum National Education Issues in Indonesia
  2. 2. Knowledge Worker New Management, New Strategy, Leaders of Change, Knowledge -Based
  3. 3. Technology Trigger Change Interactive learning will become a trigger fundamental changes to the role of the teacher
  4. 4. Teacher Faced Unique Situation Teacher must educate the children of the 21st century, while the teacher is a 20th-century generation so it needs a strategy to change old habits of teachers to educate children of the 21st century.
  5. 5. Teaching Pattern From 3Rs (Reading, Writing, Aritmatic) Plus 4C (Creativity, Critical Thinking, Communication, Collaboration)
  6. 6. A person who is in front is giving the example, in the middle is giving the support, and in the back is giving the power
  7. 7. 21st Century Learninng Skills
  8. 8. 21st century learning skills initiatives : • Standard and assessment • Curriculum and instruction • Professional development • Learning environment Support Systems • Key Subjects • Life and Career skills • Learning and innovation skills • Information, Media, and Technology skills Skills outcomes
  9. 9. Learning and Innovation skill • Creative and innovative • Critical thinking • Communication and collaboration Information, Communication and Technology • Information Literate • Communication Literate • Technology Literate Carrier and Life • Initiative and independent • Social and cultural skills • Productive and accountable • Responsible and leadership skill Sumber: 21st Century Skills, Education, Competitiveness. Partnership for 21st Century, 2008 21st CENTURY COMPETENCE FRAMEWORK Knowledge is not enough [ core subjects] without -Critical creative -Character [responsible, tolerant, productive and adaptive skill) And ICT literate Partnership: industry 9
  10. 10. Skills outcomes Key Subjects and 21st Century Themes Learning and innovation skils Information, Media and Technology Skills Life and Career Skills • 3 Rs • 21st century themes • creativity • critical thinking • communication • collaboration • create, evaluate, and effectively utilize information, media, and technology • thinking skills • content knowledge • social and emotional competencies
  11. 11. Standard and Assessment Curriculum and Instruction Professional Development Learning Development
  12. 12. Teaches 21st century skills discretely in the context of key subjects and 21st century interdisciplinary themes Focuses on providing opportunities for applying 21st century skills across content areas and for a competency-based approach to learning Enables innovative learning methods that integrate the use of supportive technologies, inquiry- and problem-based approaches and higher order thinking skills Encourages the integration of community resources beyond school walls
  13. 13. 21st Century Curriculum and Instructional Innovation BEST PRACTICES IN INDONESIA
  14. 14. 100 Years Independence"Bonus Demografi" Bonus Demography in Indonesia 2045 Productive age Human Resources competence Not competence Burden asset In-tangible asset Transformation through Education -Curriculum - Teachers -Facilities -Funding -Maintaining 8National EducationStandard
  15. 15. Sumber: Archipelago Economy: Unleashing Indonesia’s Potential (McKinsey Global Institute, 2012) ....Indonesia’s economy has enormous promise... .... Indonesia’s recent impressive economic performance is not widely understood .... Perlu dipersiapkan social engineering Perlu peningkatan akses, kualitas dan relevansi pendidikan
  16. 16. Managementand Leadership AcademicandCulture environmentinSchool Readiness: -Physical -Emotional -Intelectual - Spiritual Framework Curriculum Development Students Teaching-learning process competence graduate Curriculum (Standards: graduates, curriculum, content, process, assessment) Personal: faithful, religious, noble A success learner* A confidence individual A responsible citizen Effective contributors to civilization * life-long education Needs: -Individual -Community, Country, World -civilization appropriateness: -Material -Approach -Assessment Books (Students and Teachers) Teachers’ competency Psychology Pedagogic Socio-eco-cultural
  17. 17. Curriculum 2013 DOMAIN OF COMPETENCIES APPROACH CONTENT KNOWLEDGE Attitudes Skills Thematic Integrated Context-based Character building students centered-learning Scientific approach Authentic assessment
  18. 18. Curriculum able to create Indonesian citizen that : Productive, Creative, Innovative, Affective Through strengthening integrated Attitudes, Skills, and Knowledge Productive Creative Innovative Affective Curriculum 2013 Development Themes (Law 20/2003) Attitudes KnowledgeSkills
  19. 19. TEACHING AS A PROFESSION: TEACHER EDUCATION AND PREPARATION
  20. 20. INDONESIAN TEACHERS AT A GLANCE Level/ Status Supervisor Elementary SILN Special Ed. Senior High Vocational Junior High Kindergarten Total PNS 27,946 903,481 21 11,223 161,018 91,709 370,059 51,336 1,616,793 <=SMA 95,584 1 398 7,358 3,503 27,928 8,206 143,358 D1 1,150 - 52 153 70 8,376 448 10,335 D2 79,020 - 568 226 81 4,811 4,393 90,093 D3 2,061 - 40 2,817 1,689 10,387 69 17,186 D4/S1 17,953 703,071 6 9,371 129,914 75,238 288,921 37,236 1,260,127 S2 9,891 22,527 14 790 20,431 11,089 29,493 982 95,217 S3 102 68 - 4 119 39 143 2 477 Bukan PNS - 533,400 69 10,573 108,015 137,607 295,747 220,622 1,306,033 <=SMA 80,523 57 2,301 48,642 60,377 73,526 100,812 366,238 D1 - 1,539 - 45 541 603 2,360 4,089 9,177 D2 - 33,049 - 363 561 413 2,616 19,408 56,410 D3 - 4,752 - 125 2,726 3,766 6,591 1,892 19,852 D4/S1 - 410,271 11 7,646 52,780 69,376 206,371 93,689 840,144 S2 - 3,252 1 92 2,751 3,059 4,259 729 14,143 S3 - 14 - 1 14 13 24 3 69 Total Guru 27,946 1,436,881 90 21,796 269,033 229,316 665,806 271,958 2,922,826 <=SMA - 176,107 58 2,699 56,000 63,880 101,454 109,018 509,216 D1 - 2,689 - 97 694 673 10,736 4,537 19,426 D2 - 112,069 - 931 787 494 7,427 23,801 145,509 D3 - 6,813 - 165 5,543 5,455 16,978 1,961 36,915 D4/S1 17,953 1,113,342 17 17,017 182,694 144,614 495,292 130,925 2,101,854 S2 9,891 25,779 15 882 23,182 14,148 33,752 1,711 109,360 S3 102 82 - 5 133 52 167 5 546 1
  21. 21. INDONESIAN TEACHERS AT A GLANCE Students :Teacher Ratio Level Ministerial RegulationNo. 41/2007 Elementary 1:28 Nasional 1 : 17 11 13 13 14 14 14 14 14 15 15 15 15 15 16 16 17 17 17 17 17 17 17 17 17 18 18 18 19 22 22 22 39 75 Aceh Kalimantan Selatan Kalimantan Tengah Jawa Timur DI Yogyakarta Sulawesi Tengah Nusa Tenggara Barat Sulawesi Barat Sumatera Barat Sulawesi Tenggara Bengkulu Jambi Sulawesi Selatan Sulawesi Utara Riau Jawa Tengah Lampung Gorontalo Sumatera Utara Kalimantan Barat Maluku Sumatera Selatan Bali Kalimantan Timur Kepulauan Bangka Belitung Kepulauan Riau Nusa Tenggara Timur Maluku Utara DKI Jakarta Jawa Barat Banten Papua Barat Papua ELEMENTARY SCHOOL LEVEL Classroom Teacher Physical Education Teacher Local Content Teacher Existing Oversupply Existing Undersupply All Teachers PermanentsTeachers
  22. 22. Background • Current and future teachers must prepare ready-to use students whom: - independent - capacity to cooperate as members of society; - able to use information technology; - able to exploit and develop various learning resources 22 • UNESCO education policy in the 21st century with The Four Pillars of Education: - Learning to Know - Learning to Do - Learning to Live Together, and - Learning to Be
  23. 23. Characteristics of a profession 23 1) having a special expertise; 2) constituting a personal life-call and devotion; 3) having theories that are universally applicable; 4) devoting to the interests of society; 5) having autonomy in carrying out its work; 6) having its own code of conduct; 7) having a clear client; 8) having an organization/Professional association, 9) having a relationship with other organizations, and 10) there is a formal period of preparation and a requirement for continous growth and development
  24. 24. number of Teacher: 2.922.826 Teachers in Indonesia Government Regulations of Teacher:  The Law No. 20, 2003 (National Education System)  The Law No. 14, 2005 (Teacher and Lecture)  The Gov. Regulation No. 74, 2008 (Teacher)  The Regulation of The Minister of National Education No. 19, 2005 (National Standart of Education)  The Regulation of The Minister of Administrative and Bureaucratic Reform No. 16, 2009 (Functional Teachers Positions and Credit Scores)  etc
  25. 25. Bachelor S1/D4 Education Bachelor S1/D4 Non-education Professional Teacher Education (PPG) (in LPTK) Educator’s CertificateAcademic Education Teacher Candidate 25 Professional Education Teacher
  26. 26. Teacher candidate CPNS Teacher (80 %) Full time Civil Servant Teacher (100 %) Novice Teacher/IIIa Induction Program (1 -2 Year) pre-service training (Pra- Jabatan) Recruitment Process of Teacher for CPNS 26 Development of Teacher Profession e.g.: Incentive and welfare, Teacher Competency Test, CPD, Apreciation and Protection; career development; etc Professional Teacher
  27. 27. 4
  28. 28. FUTURE CHALLENGES ON TEACHER RECRUITMENT5  Providing dedicated, qualified, well trained, and wellfare teachers in the front line, remote, borders, and under develop areas.  Decentralization of teachers management to the local government  Distribution of teachers among different geographical ares  Mobilition of teachers between district, provinces, and countries  The changes of curriculum development from time to time.
  29. 29. THE WORKS IN PROGRESS6  Review existing regulations and documents on teachers’ recruitment in private and public sectors.  Making new regulations on teachers’ recruitment in private and public sectors.  Strengthen cooperation between MoNE and other ministries which related to teachers’ recruitment, such as Ministry of Higher Education, Ministry of Religious Affairs and Ministry of Domestic Affairs.  Build a strong linkage among MoNE, Province, and Districts Office on teachers’ data including data on existing teacher, expected teachers and ideal number of teachers in each area of responsibility.
  30. 30. Thank You

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