PA SHPO's Goals and Guidance for Post-WWII Resources


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Cheryl Nagle, Pennsylvania Historical and Museum Commission

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PA SHPO's Goals and Guidance for Post-WWII Resources

  1. 1. Embracing the 20th Century:PA SHPO’s Goals and Guidance for Post WWII Resources Bureau for Historic Preservation
  2. 2. Pennsylvania’s Historic Suburbs 19th Century Railroad & Horsecar SuburbsLate 19th and Early 20th Century Streetcar Suburbs Early and Mid 20th Century Automobile Suburbs Postwar Suburbs 1945-1965 Modern Suburbs 1965-1975+
  3. 3. “Plans for Downtown Renaissance” ca 1950 – Model of downtown Pittsburgh showing proposals for Point State Park, the Manchester and Point Bridges, Gateway Center, the ALCOA Building and Crosstown Boulevard Courtesy of Paul Slantis Photograph Collection, Historic Pittsburgh Image Collection
  4. 4. Lancaster, PA 1910 The issues involved in addressing urban renewal projects are hardly new. The underlying challenge is to approach the task with an open mind, checking one’s assumptions at the door as it were, and acquiring a strong base of knowledge of pertinent source material. The widespread prejudices against urban renewal and much of the legacy of the second half of the 20th century generally must be set aside in order to assess the real significance of such initiatives. Our cities and towns changed dramatically during the postwar era, and we can ill afford to dismiss those transformations out of hand. Richard Longstreth The Difficult Legacy of Urban RenewalLancaster, PA 1971
  5. 5. Great cities are not great because of individual buildings. They’re great because of the way things fit together. Edmund BaconExecutive Director of the Philadelphia City Planning CommissionThe city welcomed tomorrow because yesterday was hard and unlovely. Thetown took pleasure in the swing of the headache ball and the crash of the falling brick. Pittsburgh, after all the grim years, was proud and self- confident. Pittsburgh Mayor David Lawrence
  6. 6. Thousands of people who were formerly the victims of scurrilous, profit-greedy landlords, that provided dwellings of the most dilapidated sub-standard grade, many being potential fire traps and breeding places for diseases, now live, laugh, and are happier with a new lease on life in the clean, modern, and healthful surroundings of the Raymond Rosen Projects. Philadelphia Tribune, 1955 The slums of Philadelphia are no accident. They are planned slums… the unregulated tenement manipulators in their mad scramble for profits use the Negro as a pawn and use the middle class whitefamilies as suckers, making them pay at both ends. Philadelphia Tribune, 1935
  7. 7. Olivetti Underwood Typewriter FactoryLower Paxton Twp, Dauphin County,Louis Kahn, 1970
  8. 8. Tarentum Bridge, 1949
  9. 9. Modern Suburbs 1970-1980
  10. 10. Modern Suburbs Is it a resource?
  11. 11. Pittsburgh area 1970 population 2,401,362. developed land 212,200 acres1990 Population 2,094,447Developed land 249,100 acres
  12. 12. Questions?