Speaking of Historic Preservation... Concepts, Terms, and Options

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Cory Kegerise, Pennsylvania Historical and Museum Commission

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Speaking of Historic Preservation... Concepts, Terms, and Options

  1. 1. Speaking of Historic Preservation…Concepts, Terms, and Options Cory R. Kegerise Community Preservation Coordinator, Eastern Pennsylvania May 23, 2012
  2. 2. •13 county region in EasternPennsylvania•Planning and training for localgovernments•Advise community organizations andindividuals on preservation issues•Help HARBs and Historical Commissionswith policies, ordinances, and trainingCory R. KegeriseGraeme Park859 County Line Rd.Horsham, PA 19044ckegerise@pa.gov(215) 219-3824 Speaking of Historic Preservation: Concepts, Terms, and Options
  3. 3. Speaking of Historic Preservation:Concepts, Terms, and Options
  4. 4. Pennsylvania Historical and Museum Commission www.phmc.state.pa.us Speaking of Historic Preservation: Concepts, Terms, and Options
  5. 5. • Programs, definitions, and terms• How historic preservation happens in Pennsylvania• The roles of the various “players”• Benefits, incentives, and limitations• The opportunities and options for municipalities and community groups• What’s next for Hatboro? Speaking of Historic Preservation: Concepts, Terms, and Options
  6. 6. The Major Players Federal State Local State HistoricNational Park Service Elected Body Preservation Office (PHMC) Advisory Council Planning Commission Other State Agencies Historic Architectural Review Board? Historical Commission? Community Groups Speaking of Historic Preservation: Concepts, Terms, and Options
  7. 7. The Major Programs Federal State LocalNational Register of Keystone Grants Historic Districts Act Historic PlacesRehabilitation Tax Municipalities Planning Historical Markers Credits CodeSection 106 Review Community Programs Main Street/Elm Street Survey Project Review Speaking of Historic Preservation: Concepts, Terms, and Options
  8. 8. The Big PictureThe National Historic Preservation Act of 1966 – Established the nationwide framework for Federal, State, and local government historic preservation programs – Created the National Register of Historic Places – Requires Federal agencies to consider the effects of their projects on historic resources – Created State Historic Preservation Officers Speaking of Historic Preservation: Concepts, Terms, and Options
  9. 9. The Big PictureThe Pennsylvania History Code – Established the Pennsylvania Historical and Museum Commission – Designated the Bureau for Historic Preservation as the State Historic Preservation Office – Requires State agencies to consider the effects of their projects on historic resources, with limitations Speaking of Historic Preservation: Concepts, Terms, and Options
  10. 10. The Big PictureThe Historic Districts Act of 1961 – Enables municipalities to designate areas of historical significance as “historic districts” and regulate how properties within those districts are altered – Requires PHMC certification of the boundaries of districts – Allows for appointment of Historic Architectural Review Board Speaking of Historic Preservation: Concepts, Terms, and Options
  11. 11. The Big PictureThe Municipalities Planning Code – Enables municipalities to create special zoning overlays for historic properties and enact certain benefits and restrictions on those properties Speaking of Historic Preservation: Concepts, Terms, and Options
  12. 12. The Big PictureWhat is the National Register of Historic Places? The National Register of Historic Places is the official list of the Nations historic places worthy of preservation. Authorized by the National Historic Preservation Act of 1966, the National Park Services National Register of Historic Places is part of a national program to coordinate and support public and private efforts to identify, evaluate, and protect Americas historic and archeological resources. Speaking of Historic Preservation: Concepts, Terms, and Options
  13. 13. The Big PictureWhat is the National Register of Historic Places? – Maintained by the National Park Service – Administered by the SHPOs (in Pennsylvania it’s PHMC) – Includes properties of national, state, and local significance – Does NOT place any requirements or restrictions on private property owners Speaking of Historic Preservation: Concepts, Terms, and Options
  14. 14. Some BasicsWhat is a historic resource?The National Register of HistoricPlaces defines 5 broad categories:•Buildings•Sites•Structures•Objects•Districts Speaking of Historic Preservation: Concepts, Terms, and Options
  15. 15. Some BasicsWhat makes something “historic” as opposed to “old”?• SIGNIFICANCE in American history, architecture, archaeology,engineering, and culture at the National, State or local level•INTEGRITY – Do the physical remains reflect the significance ofthe property? Speaking of Historic Preservation: Concepts, Terms, and Options
  16. 16. Some BasicsWhat makes something “historic” as opposed to “old”?• SIGNIFICANCE in American history, architecture, archaeology,engineering, and culture at the National, State or local level•INTEGRITY – Do the physical remains reflect the significance ofthe property? Speaking of Historic Preservation: Concepts, Terms, and Options
  17. 17. Some BasicsHow old is old enough to be historically significant?•Rule of thumb is 50 years old or older•Some exceptions for properties that are less than 50 years old Speaking of Historic Preservation: Concepts, Terms, and Options
  18. 18. Some BasicsDefining Historical Significance•National Register of Historic Places program provides mostwidely used definitions and criteria•Evaluation of significance involves applying objective criteria tothe specific facts of a property and then putting those facts incontext Speaking of Historic Preservation: Concepts, Terms, and Options
  19. 19. Some BasicsDefining Historical Significance…continued•National Register of Historic Places uses four criteria:A: association with events that have made a significant contribution to thebroad patterns of our history; orB: association with the lives of significant persons in or past; orC: embodiment of the distinctive characteristics of a type, period, or method ofconstruction, or that represent the work of a master, or that possess high artisticvalues, or that represent a significant and distinguishable entity whose componentsmay lack individual distinction; orD: that have yielded or may be likely to yield, information important in history orprehistory. Speaking of Historic Preservation: Concepts, Terms, and Options
  20. 20. Some BasicsUnderstanding Integrity•Integrity is the ability of a property to physically convey itssignificance•National Register of Historic Places defines seven aspects ofintegrity: • Location • Design • Setting • Materials • Workmanship • Feeling • Association Speaking of Historic Preservation: Concepts, Terms, and Options
  21. 21. Some Basics• Why list a property or district on the National Register? – Recognition and pride – Consideration of effects of Federal and State projects on listed properties – Preliminary qualification for Federal Rehabilitation Investment Tax Credits – Prerequisite/bonus points for some grants Speaking of Historic Preservation: Concepts, Terms, and Options
  22. 22. Some BasicsWhat is the process for listing a property in the National Register? 1. Complete a Pennsylvania Historic Resource Survey Form (HRSF) 2. PHMC Staff review the HRSF and determine eligibility for listing 3. Complete the National Register nomination form and submit to PHMC for review and comment 4. State Historic Preservation Board reviews nomination; if favorable, submit form to National Park Service 5. NPS accepts/lists property or rejects nomination Speaking of Historic Preservation: Concepts, Terms, and Options
  23. 23. Some BasicsWhat is the Historic Districts Act? – State law that allows municipalities to designate areas of historical significance as “historic districts” and regulate how properties within those districts are altered – Allows for the appointment of a Historic Architectural Review Board to review alterations to properties and make recommendations to elected body (Council) – Requirements may be as limited as delaying/restricting demolition to review of all exterior changes – Scope of the ordinance should be developed in response to particular goals/needs of the district and related to planning goals – May not be sufficient to solve all of the issues on its own Speaking of Historic Preservation: Concepts, Terms, and Options
  24. 24. Some BasicsWhat is the Municipalities Planning Code? – State law that defines how municipalities conduct planning and zoning activities – Includes a provision for the use of zoning for historic preservation purposes – Must useful for single properties, landscapes, or for addressing the size, scale, massing of new construction or major additions to historic buildings. Speaking of Historic Preservation: Concepts, Terms, and Options
  25. 25. IMPORTANT POINTS• The National Register does NOT require or prevent individual property owners from doing anything to their property, unless: – They are using Federal or State permits, licenses, or funding for a project – They are receiving a Federal Rehabilitation Tax Credit• Only local ordinances or zoning can restrict the actions of private property owners, within certain parameters Speaking of Historic Preservation: Concepts, Terms, and Options
  26. 26. IncentivesFederal Rehabilitation Investment Tax Credits – Available to properties that are individually listed in or contributing to a National Register listed historic district – Only for INCOME PRODUCING properties (not private residences) – Tax CREDIT equal to 20% of total rehabilitation (not new construction) costs – Credit is applied against Federal income taxes Speaking of Historic Preservation: Concepts, Terms, and Options
  27. 27. IncentivesGrants – Grant options change based on budgets, but are generally much more limited now than in the past – Usually only available to non-profits or local governments – Some grants are for “bricks and mortar” projects, while others may be for survey and planning – Generally, should not be the primary motivation for pursuing National Register listing or local designation Speaking of Historic Preservation: Concepts, Terms, and Options
  28. 28. IncentivesZoning and Non-Monetary Incentives – Greater variety of options available to municipalities based on local needs – Can be used to encourage adaptive use of historic properties, promote variety of uses, or sensitive infill/new construction – Some examples might include: • Density bonuses for residential projects • Relief from parking requirements • Special exceptions /conditional uses • Fee waivers • Design assistance Speaking of Historic Preservation: Concepts, Terms, and Options
  29. 29. The BenefitsWhy municipalities take a historic preservation-friendlyapproach to planning and economic development:•Community Pride•Distinction and “sense of place”•Environmental Sustainability•Economic value • Historic preservation creates and sustains local jobs • Increased economic competitiveness and attractiveness • Predictability and stability of the built environment • Stabilization/increase in property values • 3-36% increase in property values in locally designated districts Speaking of Historic Preservation: Concepts, Terms, and Options
  30. 30. Where to Start?All efforts to protect and enhance historic properties beginswith survey–Good information is key to good decision-making–Lack of information and sound policies = reactionaryIntegrate historic preservation principles into existingprogramsEnsure that historic preservation is part of comprehensiveplanning and zoning process Speaking of Historic Preservation: Concepts, Terms, and Options
  31. 31. Where to Start?Types of historic resource surveys– Reconnaissance (windshield)– Intensive– ComprehensiveThe level of survey depends on various factors:– Purpose– Time– Money– People Speaking of Historic Preservation: Concepts, Terms, and Options
  32. 32. Survey in PennsylvaniaPHMC/Bureau for Historic Preservation Survey Program– PHMC/BHP maintains the official inventory of historic properties in Pennsylvania– The state inventory is used by local, state, and federal agencies, consultants, planners, researchers, etc.– Permanent record retention and public access– Established process/framework– Records are generated through a variety of methods and are constantly updated Speaking of Historic Preservation: Concepts, Terms, and Options
  33. 33. Survey in PennsylvaniaPHMC/Bureau for Historic Preservation Survey Program– Online database called Cultural Resources Geographic Information System (CRGIS)http://crgis.state.pa.us Speaking of Historic Preservation: Concepts, Terms, and Options
  34. 34. Speaking of Historic Preservation:Concepts, Terms, and Options
  35. 35. Speaking of Historic Preservation:Concepts, Terms, and Options

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