NCHRP Project 08-77A Model for Identifying and Evaluating the Historic   Significance of Post-World War II Housing
NCHRP Project 08-772
Project Team Emily Pettis, Mead & Hunt Amy Squitieri, Mead & Hunt Patti Kuhn, Louis Berger Group Debra McClane, Louis ...
Project Panel                NCHRP Staff and Panel
Project Goal5     Develop a model for identification (survey) and evaluation of      post-World War II residences     St...
Overall Project Components National historic context and model context outline Survey and evaluation methodology Testin...
7    National Historic Context
Literature review8     Articles     Published sources       Government publications       Advertisements       Plan b...
National Historic Context9        Transportation trends        Government programs and policies        Social, economic...
National Historic Context10        Planning and development        Postwar building materials and construction technique...
National Historic Context11      Architecture, site, and landscape, including the popular       architectural forms and s...
Model Context Outline12      Model Context Outline provides guidance for developing       project-specific regional or lo...
13     Survey and Evaluation Methodology
Survey and Evaluation Methodology14      Intended to guide state and       federal agencies needing to       identify and...
Survey and Evaluation Methodology15      Project preparation      Identification      Historic context development     ...
Survey Methodology16      Survey of planned subdivisions and unplanned       neighborhoods        Survey and documentati...
Survey Methodology17      Selective survey of individual properties        Based on integrity, character-defining featur...
Survey Methodology18      Selective survey of Minimal Traditional Homes        Retain massing        Retain original si...
Survey Methodology19      Selective survey of Ranch Homes        Retain original exterior materials, or replacement-in-k...
Evaluation Methodology20      Guidance for applying National Register Criteria to individual       properties and histori...
Evaluation Methodology21
Demonstration Areas Criteria for selection included:   Distribution of postwar housing   Proximity to major transportat...
Primary Demonstration Area:23     Arlington County, Virginia
Test of Survey and Evaluation Methodology24      Primary Demonstration Area: Arlington County, Virginia      Proximity to...
Development of Model Context     Arlington, Virginia25
Areas Selected for Field Test/Survey     Arlington, Virginia26     Nauck                                     Virginia Heig...
Survey and Evaluation of Selected Areas     Arlington, Virginia27      Windshield Survey of Selected Area      Confirmed...
Survey Results     Arlington, Virginia28     NAUCK     Total resources: 299     No. within Study Period : 140 (47%)     No...
Survey Results     Arlington, Virginia29     VIRGINIA HEIGHTS     Total resources: 79     Number within Study Period: 78 (...
Survey Results     Arlington, Virginia30     EAST FALLS CHURCH     Total Resources: 117     Number within Study Period: 95...
Selection of Resources     Arlington, Virginia31
Selection of Resources     Arlington, Virginia32
Selection of Resources     Arlington, Virginia33
Selection of Resources     Arlington, Virginia34
Selection of Resources     Arlington, Virginia35
Selection of Resources     Arlington, Virginia36
Selection of Resources     Arlington, Virginia37
Survey Findings and Recommendations     Arlington, Virginia38                                        Nauck     No individu...
Survey Findings and Recommendations     Arlington, Virginia39      Virginia Heights          One individually eligible r...
Results of Field Test     Arlington, Virginia40      Methodology            Refined survey methodology            Prove...
Additional Demonstration Areas41     Madison, Wisconsin, and Arlington, Texas
Additional Demonstration Area – Madison, Wisconsin42      Three distinct neighborhoods        1940s - 1950s development ...
Additional Demonstration Area – Arlington, Texas43      Two residential developments        Platted in 1963 and 1965    ...
Results of Additional Demonstration Area Testing44      Historic contexts are necessary to understand and evaluate the   ...
45     Benefits and Dissemination
Benefits – National context46      Allows for understanding of postwar development      Provides national framework     ...
Benefits – Methodology47       Nationally applicable       Opportunity for greater consistency       Streamline the sur...
Final Report48      NCHRP Report 723      Publication anticipated in August 2012      www.trb.org      Upcoming webinars
Questions?49
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Identifying and Evaluating Historic Significance of Post-WWII Housing

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Identifying and Evaluating Historic Significance of Post-WWII Housing

  1. 1. NCHRP Project 08-77A Model for Identifying and Evaluating the Historic Significance of Post-World War II Housing
  2. 2. NCHRP Project 08-772
  3. 3. Project Team Emily Pettis, Mead & Hunt Amy Squitieri, Mead & Hunt Patti Kuhn, Louis Berger Group Debra McClane, Louis Berger Group
  4. 4. Project Panel NCHRP Staff and Panel
  5. 5. Project Goal5  Develop a model for identification (survey) and evaluation of post-World War II residences  Streamline the identification of postwar residences  Provide greater consistency among state agencies in National Register eligibility evaluations under Section 106
  6. 6. Overall Project Components National historic context and model context outline Survey and evaluation methodology Testing and refinement of survey and evaluation methodology
  7. 7. 7 National Historic Context
  8. 8. Literature review8  Articles  Published sources  Government publications  Advertisements  Plan books  Magazines  Theses and dissertations  Survey reports, historic contexts, case studies  National Register Nominations and Multiple Property Documents
  9. 9. National Historic Context9  Transportation trends  Government programs and policies  Social, economic, and cultural trends WHS Image ID: 1873 WHS Image ID: 8406
  10. 10. National Historic Context10  Planning and development  Postwar building materials and construction techniques Westport, Wisconsin (WHS Image ID: 66696) 1955 Parade of Homes Madison, Wisconsin (WHS Image ID: 4717)
  11. 11. National Historic Context11  Architecture, site, and landscape, including the popular architectural forms and styles
  12. 12. Model Context Outline12  Model Context Outline provides guidance for developing project-specific regional or local contexts  Mirrors themes identified in the national context  Tested in Arlington County, Virginia, primary demonstration area
  13. 13. 13 Survey and Evaluation Methodology
  14. 14. Survey and Evaluation Methodology14  Intended to guide state and federal agencies needing to identify and evaluate individual properties, neighborhoods, and subdivisions  Provides streamlined and efficient survey and evaluation process  Allows for consistent results across geographic areas
  15. 15. Survey and Evaluation Methodology15  Project preparation  Identification  Historic context development  Evaluation  Documentation
  16. 16. Survey Methodology16  Survey of planned subdivisions and unplanned neighborhoods  Survey and documentation of similar properties as a group  Classifying resources within the grouping  Guidelines for data collection
  17. 17. Survey Methodology17  Selective survey of individual properties  Based on integrity, character-defining features, and architectural elements  Criteria for popular postwar architectural forms and styles • Minimal Traditional • Revival • Cape Cod • Storybook • Transitional Ranch • Spanish Colonial Revival • Ranch • Asiatic • Split-level and Split-foyer • Contemporary • Colonial Revival and Georgian • Prefabricated
  18. 18. Survey Methodology18  Selective survey of Minimal Traditional Homes  Retain massing  Retain original siding materials  Retain original windows and doors  Retain original roofline
  19. 19. Survey Methodology19  Selective survey of Ranch Homes  Retain original exterior materials, or replacement-in-kind  Retain massing, roofline, and eave overhang  Retain a minimum of three architectural elements, which include prominent chimneys, accent siding materials, expanses of windows, planters, wrought-iron details, patios, and applied stylistic features
  20. 20. Evaluation Methodology20  Guidance for applying National Register Criteria to individual properties and historic districts  Illustrated with listed and eligible examples  Discussion of integrity and alterations
  21. 21. Evaluation Methodology21
  22. 22. Demonstration Areas Criteria for selection included:  Distribution of postwar housing  Proximity to major transportation corridors  Housing variations  Cooperation of state and local jurisdictions  Available reference material Arlington County, Virginia  Social, ethnic, and economic diversity Madison, Wisconsin of neighborhoods Arlington, Texas
  23. 23. Primary Demonstration Area:23 Arlington County, Virginia
  24. 24. Test of Survey and Evaluation Methodology24 Primary Demonstration Area: Arlington County, Virginia  Proximity to major urban center/transportation routes  Existing survey data  Known concentration of postwar development
  25. 25. Development of Model Context Arlington, Virginia25
  26. 26. Areas Selected for Field Test/Survey Arlington, Virginia26 Nauck Virginia Heights East Falls Church
  27. 27. Survey and Evaluation of Selected Areas Arlington, Virginia27  Windshield Survey of Selected Area  Confirmed Which Resources Fell Within Study Period  Applied Survey Methodology to Determine Resources that Qualified for Individual Survey  Documented Individual Resources and Evaluated for Individual Eligibility  Evaluated the Survey Area as Potential Historic District
  28. 28. Survey Results Arlington, Virginia28 NAUCK Total resources: 299 No. within Study Period : 140 (47%) No. Qualified for Survey: 11 (8%)
  29. 29. Survey Results Arlington, Virginia29 VIRGINIA HEIGHTS Total resources: 79 Number within Study Period: 78 (99%) Number qualified for Survey: 12 (15%)
  30. 30. Survey Results Arlington, Virginia30 EAST FALLS CHURCH Total Resources: 117 Number within Study Period: 95 (81%) Number qualified for Survey: 25 (26%)
  31. 31. Selection of Resources Arlington, Virginia31
  32. 32. Selection of Resources Arlington, Virginia32
  33. 33. Selection of Resources Arlington, Virginia33
  34. 34. Selection of Resources Arlington, Virginia34
  35. 35. Selection of Resources Arlington, Virginia35
  36. 36. Selection of Resources Arlington, Virginia36
  37. 37. Selection of Resources Arlington, Virginia37
  38. 38. Survey Findings and Recommendations Arlington, Virginia38 Nauck No individual resources eligible – Not a significant postwar historic district East Falls Church No individual resources eligible – Not a significant postwar historic district
  39. 39. Survey Findings and Recommendations Arlington, Virginia39  Virginia Heights  One individually eligible resource (Lustron)  Area eligible as historic district (Criteria A and C)
  40. 40. Results of Field Test Arlington, Virginia40  Methodology  Refined survey methodology  Proved utility of selective survey  Streamlined documentation efforts  Streamlined historic context development  Evaluation  Proved utility of evaluation methodology  SHPO requested additional information on resources NOT surveyed
  41. 41. Additional Demonstration Areas41 Madison, Wisconsin, and Arlington, Texas
  42. 42. Additional Demonstration Area – Madison, Wisconsin42  Three distinct neighborhoods  1940s - 1950s development  1950s - 1960s development  Isolated rural development
  43. 43. Additional Demonstration Area – Arlington, Texas43  Two residential developments  Platted in 1963 and 1965  Development occurred into 1970s
  44. 44. Results of Additional Demonstration Area Testing44  Historic contexts are necessary to understand and evaluate the significance of individual homes and neighborhoods  The model context outline is a good starting point for developing an appropriate context
  45. 45. 45 Benefits and Dissemination
  46. 46. Benefits – National context46  Allows for understanding of postwar development  Provides national framework  Serves as a guide for development of local contexts
  47. 47. Benefits – Methodology47  Nationally applicable  Opportunity for greater consistency  Streamline the survey and evaluation process
  48. 48. Final Report48  NCHRP Report 723  Publication anticipated in August 2012  www.trb.org  Upcoming webinars
  49. 49. Questions?49

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