A Guide to Architectural Terms & Styles

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Bryan Van Sweden, Pennsylvania Historical and Museum Commission

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A Guide to Architectural Terms & Styles

  1. 1. Sticks & Stones:A Guide to Architectural Terms & Styles Bryan Van Sweden Pennsylvania Historical and Museum Commission
  2. 2. CLASSICAL
  3. 3. Pediment Classical Cornice Details Dentil moldings and capitals
  4. 4. Classical OrdersDoric Ionic Corinthian
  5. 5. Cornice Details ReturnFrieze
  6. 6. Portico Pedimented Portico
  7. 7. MEDIEVAL
  8. 8. RENAISSANCE
  9. 9. Stone Trim and Details Rustication Decorative quoins
  10. 10. MODERN
  11. 11. Periods in American Architecture • Early American Period Original settlement through 1860 • Victorian Period 1840 - 1900 • Early 20th Century 1900 - 1945 • Postwar Period (Mid-Century) 1945 - 1975
  12. 12. Early American PeriodLocally Handmade Materials
  13. 13. Victorian Period Factory-MilledBuilding Products
  14. 14. 20th CenturyModern Manufactured Building Products
  15. 15. Gable Roof Shapes Cross GableHipped Pent roof
  16. 16. Roof ShapesMansard Gambrel
  17. 17. Roof Pitch: Steep
  18. 18. Roof Pitch: Shallow
  19. 19. SteppedBalustrade Parapets Crenellated or castellated
  20. 20. Gable Parapets
  21. 21. Linked or ParapetChimneys
  22. 22. DormersWall dormers
  23. 23. Cupolas andBelvederes
  24. 24. Tile Roof MaterialsShakes or Shingles Slate Standing Seam
  25. 25. RoofDetails: PedimentBrackets
  26. 26. Roof DetailsExposed rafter tailsBargeboard or Vergeboard
  27. 27. QuoinsStone ConstructionRubble stone or field stone Coursed stone
  28. 28. Smooth-faced or Cut Stone or Ashlar dressed stone Random ashlarRough-faced or quarry-faced
  29. 29. Log Construction
  30. 30. Timber Frame Construction
  31. 31. Timber Frame Construction: Trusses
  32. 32. Half-TimberConstruction
  33. 33. Flemish BondBrick Piers
  34. 34. Corbeling Decorative Brick
  35. 35. Cast Iron
  36. 36. ConcreteCast Stone
  37. 37. Concrete Frame
  38. 38. PorchesWraparound Balcony Porch Types Arcade
  39. 39. Porch Posts ChamferedTurned
  40. 40. Bay Window Oriel Window Tower Turret
  41. 41. Board-and-batten Wall FinishesClapboardStucco Wood Shingles
  42. 42. Syrian archesSegmental arches Arches
  43. 43. Tudor Arch Pointed Arches
  44. 44. 12/12 1/1 Sash Types 6/62/2
  45. 45. Window Types Storefront Windows CasementChicago Style WindowsWindows Palladian Window
  46. 46. Doors and Transoms Casement Windows
  47. 47. Early American PeriodGermanVernacular Hans Herr House (1719) Ephrata Cloister (1732)
  48. 48. Early American Period German VernacularKeim HomesteadBerks County Golden Plough Tavern, York
  49. 49. Early American Period German VernacularCookes House, York Newberry Twp York County
  50. 50. Cliveden, Germantown Early American Period GeorgianCarpenters Hall,Philadelphia Mt. Pleasant, Fairmount Park, Philadelphia
  51. 51. ElizabethtownLancaster County Early American Period Georgian Upper Allen Township Cumberland Co
  52. 52. Bath, Northampton County Early American Period Federal Marietta, Lancaster CountyFort Hunter, Dauphin County
  53. 53. Early American Period Federal
  54. 54. Early American PeriodGreek RevivalFounder’s Hall, Girard College Philadelphia
  55. 55. Early AmericanPeriodGreek Revival ScrantonDingmans FerryPike County Ridgway Elk County
  56. 56. Early American HarrisburgPeriodGreek RevivalDelaware Water Gap Turbotville, Northumberland Co
  57. 57. Victorian Period York SpringsGothic Revival St. John’s Episcopal Norristown Franklin Easton
  58. 58. York Springs, Adams County Victorian Period Gothic RevivalMacungie, Lehigh County Landisville, Easton Lancaster County
  59. 59. Lancaster New Hope, Bucks County Victorian Period Romanesque Revival Broad Street Market, Harrisburg
  60. 60. YorkVictorian PeriodItalianate Lancaster Ridgway, Elk County
  61. 61. Victorian Period ItalianateHarrisburgDowntown Mechanicsburg
  62. 62. Victorian Period Second EmpireWilliamsport
  63. 63. Victorian Period Queen Anne New CastleCoopersburg, Lehigh County Tunkhannock, Wyoming County
  64. 64. Lancaster Victorian Period Chateauesque Easton Grey Towers, Milford
  65. 65. Victorian Period Shingle Style Ashcombe Estate Grantham Cumberland CountyElizabethtownLancaster County
  66. 66. Early 20th CenturyBeaux Arts Memorial Hall Fairmount Park Philadelphia
  67. 67. Early 20th Century Renaissance Revival Westmoreland County CourthouseLafayette BuildingButler Lancaster
  68. 68. Early 20th Century Thaddeus Stevens Italian Renaissance College of Technology Lancaster RevivalHershey
  69. 69. Early 20th Century Colonial RevivalYork Harrisburg Hershey
  70. 70. Elizabethtown Early 20th Century Colonial RevivalMcKean County Courthouse
  71. 71. Early 20th CenturyLate GothicRevival Heinz Chapel PittsburghBryn Athyn CathedralMontgomery County
  72. 72. Early 20th CenturyLate Gothic Revival Harrisburg YorkLansford, Carbon Co
  73. 73. Early 20th Century Carnegie Library, Swissvale Allegheny CountyCollegiate GothicRoth Hall, Thiel CollegeGreenville, Mercer County North Scranton Junior High School
  74. 74. Early 20th Century Tudor Revival Edgewood Allegheny Co EastonEmlentonVenango Co Grove City Creamery
  75. 75. Newville Cumberland CountyEarly 20th CenturyCraftsman Style BungalowPSU Mont Alto, Franklin County Camp Hill, Cumberland County
  76. 76. Early 20th Century Craftsman Style ShippensburgCumberland County Elizabethtown Lancaster County
  77. 77. Early 20th Century Art Deco WCAU, Philadelphia (1931)
  78. 78. Early 20th CenturyArt Deco Easton Harrisburg Hellertown, Northampton County
  79. 79. Early 20th Century International Style New Cumberland Cumberland County WilliamsportMiller Elementary SchoolMansfield, Tioga County
  80. 80. Postwar Period Exaggerated Modern Wildwood, NJHarrisburg
  81. 81. Handy Reference Books

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