Maya civilization

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This presentation talk about the Mayan Civilization.
The Mayan civilization was developed in the region of Mesoamerica, including the southwest of Mexico, Guatemala and Belize, and the west of El Salvador and Honduras.

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Maya civilization

  1. 1. The Mayan civilization wasdeveloped in the region ofMesoamerica, includingthe southwest ofMexico, Guatemala andBelize, and the west of ElSalvador and Honduras.
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  3. 3. Preclassic Period ( II b.C. – IV a.C.). Also called Formative Period, because is considered that in this period was developed great cultures. Developed others activities as the metallurgy, the ceramic and the elaboration of textiles.
  4. 4. Classic Period (IV a.C. – X a.C.) In this period the Mayans reached their maximum developed. The construction of large cities and the occupation in Guatemala and Honduras. The soil exhaustion forced them to seek new lands for Arable farming.
  5. 5. Postclassic Period ( X a.C. – XIV a.C.) Is characterized for the formation of big empires with politics expansionist, so they dedicated to conquering others towns. After the Spanish arrived this culture disappeared mysteriously.
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  7. 7. Nobility They were priests, warriors, bureaucrats and businessmen. He exercised power. It belonged to her only by birth.Artisans Elaborated the objects used by the nobility.Farmers They lived around of the cities and taxed a third of what they produced.Slave Prisoners of war who were sold to do work or to be sacrificed in rituals.
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  9. 9.  The base of their economic were the corn, cotton and cocoa. There were no coins for trade only barter. In ocation used the cacao as such. The maritime transport was very important in the development of trade.
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  11. 11.  The Mayans had many gods, and each god represents a natural phenomenon. Between the most important Mayan gods are:• Hunab• Kukulkán• Chaak• Kinch Ahau• Ah Puch• Ex Chuah
  12. 12.  They made ​sacrifices in honor of their gods. Initially they made sacrifice with animal but later with humans. The mayans had a holy book, the Popol Vuh where tell about the origen of the world, the history of the gods and the Quiché towns.
  13. 13.  The ball game were practice for the Zapotecas, Toltecs, Aztecs and Mayans. The ball game was of ritual character. The Mayans were those who practiced it more. All the cities had once court, Each city had their rules, but the only difference that had was the numbers of players and the form of dress up.
  14. 14.  The game consisted in pass a ball of rubber for a rings that was located in the highest on the walls of the stadium. For example in Chinchén Itzá was played for two teams formatted for seven players included the captain. Something people think when finished the game the capitain of the loser team was sacrificed. Also during the game the players cant use their hands and feet, only the hips, knees, elbows, shoulders and ankles.
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  18. 18.  The architecture was of aspect religious, so the cities represented ceremonial centers. Between the most important was located in Copan, Piedras Negras, Tikal, Palenque and Chichen Itza. All the cities had two types of edifications: the Temple and the Palace. The Temple was rectangular and was built on others pyramids. The Palace was the dwellings of the priests and officials.
  19. 19.  The Mayan sculpture is very varied: gods in different aptitude and forms, busts, masks, and tables. The tools that used the sculptor was a chisel fabricated of basalt or diorite. His principal material was the limestone similar to the marble. Also used the clay and the wood to carve and shape heads.
  20. 20.  It was very rich and varied from cups and plates, to objects of worship. The objects were painted with geometric forms and also representation of animals. Sometime the decoration include texts, picture of the emperor and supernatural beings.
  21. 21.  The Mayan music was made in group. The instruments of percussion was very important. In this time not existed instruments of rope. The Mayan music was based in two types of instruments: Wind: whistles, flutes and snails. Percussion: turtle shells, xylophone,
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  23. 23.  The most important contribution the Mayan mathematicians was the creation of the number zero. The zero was represented with a shell. Also was used the point to represent the numbers 1 to 4 and finally the rays that had a value of 5.
  24. 24.  Describing the positions of the Sun, Moon and Mars. Known phases of the moon, the lunar year duration and setting of the solar year. They built observatories. Prediction of eclipses: August 11, 1999, total solar eclipse. Discovery of the equinoxes and solstices.
  25. 25.  Determined the causes of diseases were able to describe them, classify them according to their symptoms, cure and even prevent them. They were skillful dentists, they made prosthesis of Jade and turquoise.

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