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English vowels and diphthongs

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Introduction to English vowels and diphthongs and their symbols in the International Phonetic Alphabet including typical spellings of each sound.

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English vowels and diphthongs

  1. 1. English Vowels & Diphthongs
  2. 2. definition of the problem part 1
  3. 3. vowel letters in the alphabet a e i o u (y)
  4. 4. vowel sounds in English æeɪɒʊəʌ ɑː ɜː iː ɔː uː (i) (u)
  5. 5. diphthongs in English eɪ əʊ aɪ aʊ ɔɪ ɪə eə ʊə
  6. 6. letters = 5 + 1 vowels & diphthongs = 20 + 2
  7. 7. definition of the problem part 2
  8. 8. 442 ad
  9. 9. 865 ad
  10. 10. 1066 ad
  11. 11. 1066-2012
  12. 12. Short Vowels
  13. 13. æ act trap bad
  14. 14. usual spellings of æ a - - - - - - - - add man catch plan black other spellings a*e have
  15. 15. e ten head any
  16. 16. usual spellings of e e ea egg bed help stress twelve - - - dead health sweat breast - - other spellings ue ie a guess guest friend any many
  17. 17. ɪ sit big live
  18. 18. usual spellings of ɪ i - - - - ui y ive - - build guilt rhythm live give it ill big disk swim king bridge other spellings
  19. 19. ɒ odd got want British English only
  20. 20. usual spellings of ɒ o - - - - wa au ou - - wash want what Australia Austria cough odd hot shock bomb chop other spellings
  21. 21. ʊ put book could
  22. 22. usual spellings of ʊ oo u cook foot good hook room wool - - - put bush push full pull - - - other spellings oul would could should -
  23. 23. ə we’ll study this sound next week
  24. 24. ʌ cut done blood
  25. 25. usual spellings of ʌ u - - - - o*e o ou oo - one come love front month son rough touch young blood flood up bus jump truck lunch other spellings
  26. 26. Long Vowels
  27. 27. ɑː car half heart
  28. 28. usual spellings of ɑː ar a arch part car farm - - - ask path glass last plant other spellings a*e al au ear uar chance dance half calm aunt laugh heart guard
  29. 29. ɜː bird word verb
  30. 30. usual spellings of ɜː ur ir er wor burn church curve fur hurt nurse bird dirt first girl skirt birth per nerve verb herb word work world worse - - - - other spellings ear earth learn search -
  31. 31. iː eat meet be
  32. 32. usual spellings of iː ea ee eat pea meat cheap leave pleased - - - see free meet screen other spellings e ie e*e ey i be me she field priest chief these scene key ski
  33. 33. ɔː saw north wore
  34. 34. usual spellings of ɔː or al our ore au corn force nor short call fall walk chalk four yours source more shore bored fault pause sauce war aw oor oa(r) ought war warmth warn law draw raw door floor broad board thought bought fought other spellings
  35. 35. uː two blue food
  36. 36. usual spellings of uː oo ew u*e ou too food moon smooth choose new few chew screw view rude tube you group wound o o*e ue ui do who whom lose move prove true glue blue fruit suit other spellings -
  37. 37. Diphthongs
  38. 38. eɪ day face wait
  39. 39. usual spellings of eɪ a*e ai ay - - age face plate save shaped aim fail chain paint praise way play spray eigh ea ey aigh - eight weigh weight break great they grey straight other spellings
  40. 40. əʊ boat know go British English only
  41. 41. usual spellings of əʊ o*e oa o ow nose vote home smoke whole boat road coast soap so old most both low show know throw bowl ew oe ough - sew toe though - other spellings -
  42. 42. aɪ my high five
  43. 43. usual spellings of aɪ i*e igh y i* file life five shine high night flight by fly try why find wild climb ie y*e i eigh die lie pie type style I hi height - other spellings -
  44. 44. aʊ now out down
  45. 45. usual spellings of aʊ ou ow out loud proud sound ground - - - now town crowd - - - other spellings ou*e house mouse bounce -
  46. 46. ɔɪ boy choice
  47. 47. usual spellings of ɔɪ oi oy oil coin noise choice point - - - boy toy joy - - - other spellings - -
  48. 48. ɪə here near beer British English only
  49. 49. usual spellings of ɪə ear eer ear near clear hear fear - - - beer deer steer - - - other spellings ere ier here fierce
  50. 50. eə wear care there British English only
  51. 51. usual spellings of eə air are air pair chair stairs - - - care share square - - other spellings ear ere eir bear wear swear there where their
  52. 52. ʊə poor sure jury British English only
  53. 53. usual spellings of ʊə ure - - - - oor our - - - poor tour cure pure sure other spellings
  54. 54. UCL phonetic games word to vowel symbol symbol to words
  55. 55. http://www.phon.ucl.ac.uk/home/johnm/flash/rpvkey.htm
  56. 56. http://www.phon.ucl.ac.uk/home/johnm/flash/symword1.htm
  57. 57. www.davidnicholson.it

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