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Privacy & Ownership of Data - Little Sister vs. Big Brother

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This talk focuses on the problems of managing privacy on the Internet. It continues by presenting an alternative to how information is managed, a method that not only helps protect privacy on the Internet, it also provides a mechanism to define and control ownership of information. This naturally leads to a method to define the value of information. The presentation ends with a short analysis on the security implications of this new architecture.

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Privacy & Ownership of Data - Little Sister vs. Big Brother

  1. 1. Privacy & Ownership of data Little Sister vs. Big Brother
  2. 2. Privacy
  3. 3. What is privacy? A fundamental human right:  The right to have confidential conversations.  The ability to select with whom we communicate.  Protection against unwarranted monitoring or searches.
  4. 4. Does privacy extend to the IoT? Who can communicate with devices around you, and about what? Do you want uninvited to know:  When you’re home?  If you’re in the shower?  What places you visit?  Your health status? Or be able to:  Control your vehicle?  Turn off your pacemaker?
  5. 5. Does privacy extend to Social Networks? Who can access your information? Do you want uninvited to know:  What you think?  What you like?  Who you know?  What you’ve done?  Spy on you? Or be able to:  Steal your ideas?  Utilize your confidential information?
  6. 6. E.U. privacy legislation (GDPR) Concerns any data:  Directly related to individuals  Indirectly related to individuals  (any level of indirection)  About any E.U. citizen (globally).  Global citizens (systems in E.U.) Based on consent & information.  Severe fines:  20 MEUR up to 4% of global turnover.
  7. 7. Ownership
  8. 8. Who owns the data? Who is the owner of data?  The person/entity generating (inventing) the data?  The person/entity storing (controlling) the data?  The person about whom the data relates to? Is it important?
  9. 9. Legislation Which law is applicable?  Copyright?  Trade secrets?  Intellectual Property?  Privacy? Enforcing ownership through legal means is difficult.
  10. 10. Ownership of things How is normal ownership enforced?  Protection behind lock & key.  Access only to trusted parties.  Monitoring.  Demonstration of ownership.
  11. 11. Ownership of data Why treat data differently? Local storage (decentralization) allows:  Protection behind lock & key.  Limiting access to trusted parties.  Monitoring access.  Demonstrating ownership.  Enforcing ownership of data. Added benefit:  Intrinsic value of data through access.
  12. 12. New paradigm – “WWW 3.0” Privacy & Ownership concerns raise awareness that existing architecture paradigms (centralization in the cloud) not suitable.  Centralized storage has become a risk.  Decentralized architecture better protect privacy & ownership.  Advances in standards and communication technologies eliminate need for centralized processing.
  13. 13. Security
  14. 14. Decentralization & security Decentralization has security implications:  More attack surfaces.  But value of each node is small.  Value/Effort ratio small.  Easier to protect.  Massive data breaches difficult.  You don’t put all your eggs into the same basket.  More resilient.  End-to-end encryption.
  15. 15. Anonymization vs. Strong Identities Anonymization:  Protects whistle blower or dissident (or criminal or terrorist)  Makes security decisions difficult. Strong identities (pseudonyms):  Protect information owners.  Allows selective responses. Both protect privacy, in different ways.
  16. 16. Peter Waher Founder of Little Sister®, a standards based distributed social network, based on the principles of privacy & information ownership, for organizations, individuals and machines. Peter also works on standardization for the IoT and the Smart City/Society. Author. Smart City Architect. Internet Philosopher. peterwaher@hotmail.com Twitter: PeterWaher LinkedIn: http://waher.se/

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