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Smart Grid

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Presentation to Tampa (Florida) Energy Efficiency Task Force - Fall 2009

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Smart Grid

  1. 1. SmartGrid/SmartMeter Tampa Energy Task Force September 22, 2009
  2. 2. What is “SmartGrid”? <ul><li>At the Customer Level </li></ul><ul><li>At the Distribution Grid Level </li></ul><ul><li>At the Transmission Grid Level </li></ul><ul><li>Note: video/animation </li></ul><ul><li>http://silverspringnetworks.com/resources/collateral_flash_demo-eng.html </li></ul>
  3. 3. SmartGrid Applications <ul><li>PowerMeter </li></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>JEA (Jacksonville, FL) </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Others in TX, WI, MO, CA, Canada, Germany, etc. </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><li>SmartHome (smart-chips) </li></ul><ul><li>EMS - Energy Management Systems </li></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Note: video </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><li>http://www.google.org/powermeter/smarterpower.html </li></ul>
  4. 4. SmartMeter Deployment <ul><li>Italy/ENEL – 27 million; completed 2005 </li></ul><ul><li>Canada/Ontario – 800,000 by 2007 </li></ul><ul><li>Austin, TX – 165,000 by spring 2009 </li></ul><ul><li>Progress Energy - $200 million SmartGrid buildout (FL, NC) </li></ul><ul><li>Lakeland Electric - $20 million SmartGrid </li></ul><ul><li>FPL - $200 million SmartGrid initiative (Miami, FL; EnergySmartMiami) </li></ul><ul><ul><li>http://www.energysmartmiami.com/ </li></ul></ul>
  5. 5. SmartGrid – Customer Level <ul><li>Meters can be read automatically </li></ul><ul><li>Time-of-day/Time-of-use meters </li></ul><ul><li>Meters can communicate with customers </li></ul><ul><li>Utility control of customers’ load </li></ul><ul><li>Customer control of loads </li></ul>
  6. 6. SmartGrid - Distribution Grid Level <ul><li>Distribution system automation </li></ul><ul><li>Selective load control </li></ul><ul><li>“Islanding” of micro-grids </li></ul><ul><li>Strategic management </li></ul>
  7. 7. SmartGrid – Transmission Grid Level <ul><li>FACTs (Flexible AC Transmission Systems) </li></ul><ul><li>Distributed and autonomous control </li></ul>
  8. 8. Smart Grid Infrastructure <ul><li>Key Characteristics </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Scalable </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Secure </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Strategic </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Simple </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Standard </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Can be implemented in phases </li></ul></ul>
  9. 9. Scalable <ul><li>338 million meters throughout US </li></ul><ul><li>IT/data processing implications </li></ul><ul><ul><li>15-minute sampling </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>30 billion daily reading </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>300 – 600 gigabytes of daily data </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>90 terabytes of annual data </li></ul></ul></ul>
  10. 10. Secure <ul><li>NERC – North American Electric Reliability Corporation </li></ul><ul><li>FERC – Federal Energy Regulatory Commission </li></ul><ul><li>IP-Sec (internet protocol security) </li></ul><ul><li>Mesh network (fault-tolerant; allows for continuous connection around broken path) </li></ul>
  11. 11. Strategic <ul><li>Phased deployment </li></ul><ul><ul><li>C&I (commercial and industrial) </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Residential renewable (e.g., solar PV) </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Demand-response (energy efficiency) networks </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Value-added applications (home energy mgmt) </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Budget considerations </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Financial feasibility </li></ul></ul>
  12. 12. Simple <ul><li>Standards-based infrastructure </li></ul><ul><li>Minimal training </li></ul><ul><li>Remote upgrading </li></ul><ul><li>“Future-proof” </li></ul>
  13. 13. Standard <ul><li>“True” open standards </li></ul><ul><li>IP-based solutions </li></ul><ul><li>Public wireless networks </li></ul><ul><li>IPv6 (next generation internet protocol; Ave Maria University, Naples, FL) </li></ul><ul><li>Zigbee vs. Z-Wave (competing smart-chip technologies) </li></ul>
  14. 14. Benefits <ul><li>Reliability </li></ul><ul><li>Security </li></ul><ul><li>Economic </li></ul><ul><li>Environmental </li></ul>
  15. 15. Resources <ul><li>Florida Energy Systems Consortium Summit September 28-30 (USF, Tampa) </li></ul><ul><ul><li>http://www.floridaenergy.ufl.edu/?p=1203 </li></ul></ul><ul><li>US Department of Energy - SmartGrid </li></ul><ul><ul><li>http://www.oe.energy.gov/SmartGridIntroduction.htm </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>http://www.oe.energy.gov/DocumentsandMedia/DOE_SG_Book_Single_Pages(1).pdf </li></ul></ul><ul><li>SmartGrid Stimulus Funds </li></ul><ul><ul><li>http://earth2tech.com/2009/08/31/smart-grid-stimulus-funds-demo-projects-partners-emerge/ </li></ul></ul>
  16. 16. Contacts <ul><li>Dena Gross Leavengood ( Task Force Member ) </li></ul><ul><ul><li>[email_address] </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>813-220-8425 </li></ul></ul><ul><li>Paul Messerschmidt (Energy Consultant) </li></ul><ul><ul><li>http://cleanenergycouncil.biz/ </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>[email_address] </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>813-334-8682 </li></ul></ul>

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