Smart power grid


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Smart power grid

  1. 1. SMART POWER GRID<br />Where energy is clean,<br />abundant, reliable, safe &secure<br />
  2. 2. Introduction<br />“The Smart Grid is a vision of a better electricity delivery infrastructure. Smart Grid implementations dramatically increase the quantity, quality, and use of data available from advanced sensing, computing, and communications hardware and software”<br />9/12/2010<br />2<br />
  3. 3. NEED OF SMART POWER GRID<br /><ul><li>Increasing population and energy demand.
  4. 4. Exhausting non- renewable energy resources.
  5. 5. Non- reliability of traditional power supply & Domino Effect .
  6. 6. Negative effect of emissions from present power generators on environment.</li></ul>9/12/2010<br />3<br />
  7. 7. 9/12/2010<br />4<br />
  8. 8. POWER DEMA ND TRIANGLE<br />System Performance<br />Policy Support<br />Asset Management<br />Smart Grid Positioning<br />Infrastructure Optimization<br />Technology<br />exploitation<br />Network Capability<br />9/12/2010<br />5<br />
  9. 9. PRESENT SCENARIO<br />9/12/2010<br />6<br />
  10. 10. Today’s Grid Network<br />• Fragmented, Isolated system<br />Lack of standards<br />• Security and system management sometimes underestimated<br />• Integration of systems is difficult<br />• Vendors selling proprietary systems<br />9/12/2010<br />7<br />
  11. 11. And The Future …<br />9/12/2010<br />8<br />
  12. 12. Tomorrow’s Power Grid <br />•Requirements driven <br />•Interoperability–The ability to “plug and work "devices and software <br />•Open Architecture & Privatization<br />–Non-proprietary infrastructure means no vendor lock-in<br /> –Because vendors compete, innovations will result<br />•Based on Industry<br />-Accepted Standards<br />–Encourages confident infrastructure investment <br />–Reduces risk of obsolescence<br />9/12/2010<br />9<br />
  13. 13. GOALS OF SMART GRID<br />Optimize grid use.<br />Improve grid efficiency and security.<br /><br />Better align demand with supply constraints and grid congestion.<br /><br />Enable distributed generation (especially from renewable sources).<br /> Empower customers to manage their consumption and take advantage of pricing and supply options.<br />9/12/2010<br />10<br />
  14. 14. Smart Grids: The Vision<br />• Flexible: Fulfilling customers’ needs whilst responding<br />to the changes and challenges ahead;<br />• Accessible: Granting connection access to all network<br />users, particularly for RES and high efficiency local<br />generation with zero or low carbon emissions;<br />• Reliable: Assuring and improving security and quality of supply, consistent with the demands of the digital age;<br />• Economic: Providing best value through innovation,<br />efficient energy management and ‘level playing field;<br />9/12/2010<br />11<br />
  15. 15. 9/12/2010<br />12<br />
  16. 16. MAJOR COMPONENTS...<br />* Flexible AC Transmission System(FACTS)<br /><ul><li>Advanced Controlled Methods
  17. 17. Communication system
  18. 18. High performance IT infrastructure
  19. 19. Sensor and fault anticipators
  20. 20. Demand Response Unit</li></ul>9/12/2010<br />13<br />
  21. 21. Functioning Of Smart grid<br />* Be able to heal itself<br />* Motivate consumers to actively participate in operation of the grid.<br />* Resist attack<br />* Provide higher quality power that will save money wasted from outages <br />* Accommodate all generation and storage options<br />* Enable electricity markets to flourish <br />* Run more efficiently <br />9/12/2010<br />14<br />
  22. 22. Emphasis on Distributed Grid<br />DG technology consists of modular and renewable-energy generators . <br />It uses a few large-scale generating stations located far from load centres<br />DG systems employ numerous, but small plants and can provide power onsite with little reliance on the distribution and transmission grid. <br />DG technologies yield power in capacities that range from 30-15000 KWs<br />9/12/2010<br />15<br />
  23. 23. DISTRIBUTED GRID NETWORK<br />9/12/2010<br />16<br />
  24. 24. Customer benefits<br /><ul><li>Ensures reliability & quality of energy supply.
  25. 25. Offers efficiency gains for on-site applications.
  26. 26. Enables savings on electricity.
  27. 27. Provides a stand-alone power option.
  28. 28. Provides customers a choice in satisfying their particular energy needs. </li></ul>9/12/2010<br />17<br />
  29. 29. National benefits<br /><ul><li>Reduces greenhouse gas emissions.
  30. 30. Responds to increasing energy demands.
  31. 31. Responds to pollutant emission concerns.
  32. 32. Provides low-cost, reliable energy essential to maintain competitiveness in the world market.
  33. 33. Creates numerous job opportunities.</li></ul>9/12/2010<br />18<br />
  34. 34. Advantages Of HVDC & FACTS<br />1> Avoids technical problems in the power system<br />> Increase transmission capacity & system stability very efficiently.<br />3> Reduce transmission losses by optimization of power flow<br />4> long distance transmission is healthier<br />5> Environment friendly<br />9/12/2010<br />19<br />
  35. 35. Problems of Indian Power Grid <br />* Poorly planned Distributed network <br />* Over loading of system components<br />* Lack of reactive power support & regulation services<br />* Low metering efficiency & bill collection<br />* Power theft<br />9/12/2010<br />20<br />
  36. 36. Prospects of Smart Grid in India<br />Smart grid implementation across India could reduce transmission and distribution losses by up to 30%.<br />Reduces 95MtCO2, which amount to energy savings and carbon costs of 8.6bn Euro.<br /> Minimize the need for increased generation capacity<br />Greater utilization of renewable and decentralized sources of energy generation.<br />9/12/2010<br />21<br />
  38. 38. THANK YOU<br />S.V.SANTOSH KUMAR<br />Regd No-0711013054<br />Sec-”A”<br />Electrical engg<br />7th semester<br />9/12/2010<br />23<br />
  39. 39. Any Queries<br />9/12/2010<br />24<br />