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Smart Grid Concept: Key challenges for research

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Manel Sanmarti
IREC - Catalonia Institute for Energy Research

WORKSHOP: “DEFINING SMART GRIDS: CONDITIONS FOR SUCCESSFUL IMPLEMENTATION”
SESSION 2: SMART GRIDS CHALLENGES: THE VISION OF TECHNOLOGICAL CENTRES
Barcelona, 9th February 2017
Organised by TR@NSENER Consortium.
TR@NSENER - European cooperation Network on Energy Transition in Electricity

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Smart Grid Concept: Key challenges for research

  1. 1. European cooperation Network on Energy Transition in Electricity Manel Sanmarti IREC - Catalonia Institute for Energy Research SESSION 2: SMART GRIDS CHALLENGES: THE VISION OF TECHNOLOGICAL CENTRES WORKSHOP “DEFINING SMART GRIDS: CONDITIONS FOR SUCCESSFUL IMPLEMENTATION” Barcelona, 9th February 2017
  2. 2. • What it stands for? • “Smart grid” concept generally are used to bring utility electricity delivery systems into the 21st century, using computer-based remote control and automation. (DOE-USA) • "Smart Grid" is today used as a marketing term, rather than a technical definition. The general understanding is modernizing the electric grid. The Smart Grid comprises everything related to the electric system in between any point of generation and any point of consumption. Through the addition of Smart Grid technologies the grid becomes more flexible, interactive and is able to provide real time feedback. (International Electrotechnical Commission IEC) • A “Smart Grid” is an evolved grid system that manages electricity demand in a sustainable, reliable and economic manner, built on advanced infrastructure and tuned to facilitate the integration of all involved. (ABB)
  3. 3. • Keywords from such definitions: • Remote control and automation. • Comprises everything from generation to consumption. • The grid becomes • more flexible, • interactive • Advanced management of the grid • sustainable, reliable and economic manner, • built on advanced infrastructure • DER integration Smart Grid Tech & Aut MarketData
  4. 4. • New electrical grid paradigm Conventional Grid Smart Grid
  5. 5. Integration Management ControllabilityObservability Flexibility
  6. 6. Integration Flexibility Controllability Observability Management DATA Technology Market Prosumer, Aggregator EMS/DMS EV/V2X, ESS, DER, USERS Coms,New Actuators Privacy, Cyber- security ESS, DER, EV, SMeter Coms, New Sensors DR, DSO-TSO, Aggregator State Estimation Forecasting State Estimation ESS, V2X, 2ndL Bat O&M Software, Comm’s, IoT Mkt Int., Regulation
  7. 7. • New actuators - Interconnection Switch The development of actuators allowing automatic and secure connection and disconnection of µgrids.
  8. 8. • New active devices - Ultracapacitors Short term storage with rapid exchange of active/reactive power for power smoothing: mitigation of flicker effects mitigation using ultracapacitors using only local measurements. PCC VSC load pv wind VSC ultracapacitorsSmoothed power Flicker VSC
  9. 9. • Aggregator AGGREG ATOR PROSU MERS The development of a market trader will allow the participation of prosumers in flexibility markets Modified flex. control set point
  10. 10. • Vehicle to everything – V2X Load / Household PV Generator Wind Generator EV V2M [W] t [W] t [W] t Microgrid management € tDaily market prices Measurements SOC Grid Operator Side Weather forecast V2G V2H V2L V2X Testing V2H @ IREC smart lab To exploit the treatment of EV batteries further than only energize the car. Allowing the EV to be treated as dynamic ENERGY STORAGE
  11. 11. • Cyber-Security More devices are communicating and even more will be in the future as expected due to the development of the Internet of Things. Cyber-threats may lead to critical outages or malfunction of the smartgrid. EMS2nd Life battery Normal operation EMS seen operation under attack Real operation under attack
  12. 12. • Flexible Buildings and grid integration Load match and grid integration indexes for buildings. One of the most important features that LMGI indicators may grasp is the flexibility of a buildings and their capability to interact with energy networks..
  13. 13. • Flexible Buildings and grid integration Load match and grid integration indexes for buildings. One of the most important features that LMGI indicators may grasp is the flexibility of a buildings and their capability to interact with energy networks..
  14. 14. Contact: Manel Sanmartí (msanmarti@irec.cat)

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