Romanticism and realism

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Sculpture

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Romanticism and realism

  1. 1. SCULPTURE AND PAINTING IN THE 19TH CENTURY:ROMANTICISM AND REALISM
  2. 2. ROMANTICISM-It developed in the first decades ofthe 19th century, not only in art, butalso in literature and music.-New aesthetics, whose main valueswere freedom, individualism,feelings and nationalism- Opposed to rationalism,proportions and universalism ofAntiquity and New Classicism.- Admiration for the Middle Ages.-- Favorite themes: wild nature,exotic places, the unknown, folkloreand traditions. The Charging Chasseur, Théodore Géricault
  3. 3. SCULPTURE Romantic sculptors focused on expressing feelings and movement and there was a preference for patriotic themes.THE MARSEILLAISE, PARIS TRIUMPHAL ARCH, NAPOLEON AWAKENING IMMORTALITYFRANÇOIS RUDE FRANÇOIS RUDE
  4. 4. PAINTINGMain features: movement, colour and light (bright colours with loose brush-strokes andfull of light paintings) and wild natural landscapes. -FRANCE: THÉDORORE GÉRICAULT AND EUGÈNE DELACROIX -GERMANY: CASPAR DAVID FRIEDRICH MAIN PAINTERS - UNITED KINGDOM: JOSEPH WILLIAM TURNER -SPAIN: VALERIANO BÉCQUER, PÉREZ VILLAAMIL AND MARIANO FORTUNY
  5. 5. EUGÈNE DELACROIXStrongly influenced by Rubens, especially onhis compositions and the use of colours The women of Algiers Massacre at Chios
  6. 6. Death of Sardanapalus
  7. 7. Liberty Leading the People
  8. 8. THÉODORE GÉRICAULT The raft of the Medusa
  9. 9. The Derby of Epsom
  10. 10. CASPAR DAVID FRIEDRICH Wanderer above the Sea of Fog Chalk Cliffs on Rügen
  11. 11. Monk on the seashore
  12. 12. The Abbey in the Oakwood
  13. 13. The Sea of Ice
  14. 14. JOSEPH WILLIAM TURNER Rain, Steam and Speed
  15. 15. The Fighting Temeraire tugged to her last berth to be broken up
  16. 16. The shipwreck of the Minotaur
  17. 17. The Burning of the Houses of the Lords and Commons
  18. 18. PÉREZ VILLAAMIL VALERIANO BÉCQUER Dance Cathedral
  19. 19. MARIANO FORTUNY The Odalisque Askari
  20. 20. REALISM-2nd half of the 19th century: reaction against Romanticism- Artists wanted to reflect and describe reality: ordinary life, problems derived from industrialization,portraits, landscapes…SCULPTURE CONSTANTINE MEUNIER THE SOWER THE DOCK WORKER THE MOWER
  21. 21. MONUMENT TO LABOUR, BRUSSELS
  22. 22. PAINTING JEAN FRANÇOIS MILLET He painted peasants´ life The gleaners The sower The Angelus
  23. 23. GUSTAVE COURBETHis paintings were polemic andscandalous sometimes, due to his cruderealism. Self-portrait The fox in the snow
  24. 24. A burial at Ornans
  25. 25. The artist´s studio
  26. 26. The origin of the world The sleepers
  27. 27. HONORÉ DAUMIERHis paintings had an important socialcontent and his prints were verycritical The washerwoman The third-wagon class
  28. 28. The lawyers The lawyer
  29. 29. Caricatures
  30. 30. Drawings of the life of Don Quixote
  31. 31. BARBIZON SCHOOLGroup of painters who showed great interest on landscapesCAMILLE COROT The bridge at Mantes The bridge at Narni
  32. 32. THÉODORE ROUSSEAU Barbizon landscape Hoarfrost

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