Ww1(This affected the movement in the sense that citizens were upset at society due to the war. There was a lot of emotional rage occurring.)
Sculptures and wood cuts lithographs
Started as german:whose artists of the time period had branched from Fauves and Post Impressionists.Talk about reaction towards impressionism. Expressionism used those onto what they viewed the world.Impressionists = objective <not personal commenting on social activity, Expressionists = subjetive < talk about personal feeling
Such images of death and suffering could be because of lost family members.
Very famous, many have probably seenFear of deathSymbolic because it captures a state of mind and emotions rather than observable realityIn 1892 he wrote in his diary, "walking along a path with two friends - the sun was setting - suddenly the sky turned blood red... I stood there trembling with anxiety - I sensed an infinite scream passing through nature."
By definition: expressionism is signifying the use of distortion and exaggeration by the expressionist to exemplify an event. Late 19th and early 20th century This was the time right around World War One.
Focused on schools of emotive and interpretive art. Expressionism art didn‟t only focus on painting Played a large role in cinema, theatre, literature and dance
Most related to Germany in 1910 Started as German Expressionism Was a reaction to Impressionism, can also be noted as “Post-Impressionism” Impressionists tried to recreate an impression of the objective world. Expressionism dealt with artists own personality, feelings and emotions.
Expressionists had no desire to capture what they saw, but rather their emotional response to it. More active, and subjective type of art.
FIRST signs of expressionism was in the Fauvism movement – 1905. The general characteristics could also be seen in Van Gogh at first. Started to use pure colors. Agitated brush marks. Distortion of shapes. Expressionism developed with three main groups groups; Die Brucke (The Bridge), Der Blaue Reiter (The Blue Rider) and Die Neue Sachlichkeit (“the New Objectivity). Later Discussed.
Emotions and feelings Vivid and un-naturalistic colors Dynamic and distorted forms Exaggeration of form which adds to the emotional effect
One of the earliest artists. 12 December 1863 – 23 January 1944 Norwegian Pioneer in the expressionist movement in modern painting. Inspires present day artists Father was Christian Munch whose wife died when Edvard was only five years old. This had a big impact on his expression of emotion.
Strong sense of emotion Most pieces: orange-red bright colors. Used against black to bring more contrast from colors. Often depict image of death or suffering.
Did many woodcuts, lithographs, and etchings. This is important because he‟s bringing new tools into the art world. Brings in a more graphic style.
Means: The Bridge. Symbolizes the link, or bridge, they would form with art of the future. Founded in Dresden, Germany in 1905 by a group of young architecture students who had interest in art. First cohesive group of German artists to concentrate on expressionist styles
This group combined traditional German art with African, Post-Impressionist and Fauvist styles. Consisted of paintings, woodcuts, sculptures, and even lithographic prints. Attempted to express emotional feeling through distortion, exageration, color, and line. A Group of Artists: Otto Mueller, Kirchner, Heckel, Schmidt-Rottluff
Ernst Ludwig Kirchner (1880-1938)Background born on May 6, 1880 in Aschaffenburg. Studied at a technical college until he saw Albrecht Dürers original woodblocks, which made him decide to become a painter. Founder of „Die Bruke‟ and considered the leader of the group as well
Means “The Blue Rider” Believed that colors and shapes were a way of mimicking music and sound Focused on creating color combinations that would purify the soul
Born in Moscow in 1866 Fascinated by colors in nature Studied music, law and economics before deciding to become a painter Went to art school in Munich, Germany Started The Blue Rider movement with Franz Marc
Moved back to Russia once World War I started Moved back to Germany after the war to teach at the Bauhaus In 1933 when the Nazis came to power he moved to France He continued to make art until his death in 1944
Born 1880 Cofounded Der Blaue Reiter Began using abstract animal forms in his art Died at the age of 36 in World War I
Founded in Germany 1920‟s – 1930‟s After math of World War One Founded by George Grosz and Otto Dix Realistic Style combined with a cynical and socially critical stance. German meaning is “a new reality” Movement focused on the post-war life.
Focused some on faces and majorly on architecture. Cityscapes were often created, involving streets and busy intersections with large buildings. Many say that this created a new mental relation with the objects.
Born 1891 Participated in the first DADA art fair German expressionist Sketched and painted for the entirety of his life Focused a lot on the war
Beckmann differed from normal expressionism: emotional realism.
Christ and the Woman Taken in Adultery (1917) Max Beckman