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Expressionism

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Expressionism

  1. 1.  By definition: expressionism is signifying the use of distortion and exaggeration by the expressionist to exemplify an event. Late 19th and early 20th century This was the time right around World War One.
  2. 2.  Focused on schools of emotive and interpretive art. Expressionism art didn‟t only focus on painting Played a large role in cinema, theatre, literature and dance
  3. 3.  Most related to Germany in 1910 Started as German Expressionism Was a reaction to Impressionism, can also be noted as “Post-Impressionism” Impressionists tried to recreate an impression of the objective world. Expressionism dealt with artists own personality, feelings and emotions.
  4. 4.  Expressionists had no desire to capture what they saw, but rather their emotional response to it. More active, and subjective type of art.
  5. 5.  FIRST signs of expressionism was in the Fauvism movement – 1905. The general characteristics could also be seen in Van Gogh at first. Started to use pure colors. Agitated brush marks. Distortion of shapes. Expressionism developed with three main groups groups; Die Brucke (The Bridge), Der Blaue Reiter (The Blue Rider) and Die Neue Sachlichkeit (“the New Objectivity). Later Discussed.
  6. 6.  Emotions and feelings Vivid and un-naturalistic colors Dynamic and distorted forms Exaggeration of form which adds to the emotional effect
  7. 7.  One of the earliest artists. 12 December 1863 – 23 January 1944 Norwegian Pioneer in the expressionist movement in modern painting. Inspires present day artists Father was Christian Munch whose wife died when Edvard was only five years old. This had a big impact on his expression of emotion.
  8. 8.  Strong sense of emotion Most pieces: orange-red bright colors. Used against black to bring more contrast from colors. Often depict image of death or suffering.
  9. 9.  Did many woodcuts, lithographs, and etchings. This is important because he‟s bringing new tools into the art world. Brings in a more graphic style.
  10. 10.  Means: The Bridge. Symbolizes the link, or bridge, they would form with art of the future. Founded in Dresden, Germany in 1905 by a group of young architecture students who had interest in art. First cohesive group of German artists to concentrate on expressionist styles
  11. 11.  This group combined traditional German art with African, Post-Impressionist and Fauvist styles. Consisted of paintings, woodcuts, sculptures, and even lithographic prints. Attempted to express emotional feeling through distortion, exageration, color, and line. A Group of Artists: Otto Mueller, Kirchner, Heckel, Schmidt-Rottluff
  12. 12. Ernst Ludwig Kirchner (1880-1938)Background born on May 6, 1880 in Aschaffenburg. Studied at a technical college until he saw Albrecht Dürers original woodblocks, which made him decide to become a painter. Founder of „Die Bruke‟ and considered the leader of the group as well
  13. 13. Style Flat Bold Colors Faces People
  14. 14. Ernst Ludwig Kirchner Street, Dresden 1908
  15. 15. Marcella (1909)Ernst Ludwig Kirchner
  16. 16. Street, Berlin (1913)Ernst Ludwig Kirchner
  17. 17. Self Portrait As a Solider (1915)Ernst Ludwig Kirchner
  18. 18. Emil nolde Part of Die Bruke
  19. 19. Still Life with Masks (1911) Emil Nolde
  20. 20. Prophet (1912) Emil Nolde
  21. 21.  Means “The Blue Rider” Believed that colors and shapes were a way of mimicking music and sound Focused on creating color combinations that would purify the soul
  22. 22.  Born in Moscow in 1866 Fascinated by colors in nature Studied music, law and economics before deciding to become a painter Went to art school in Munich, Germany Started The Blue Rider movement with Franz Marc
  23. 23.  Moved back to Russia once World War I started Moved back to Germany after the war to teach at the Bauhaus In 1933 when the Nazis came to power he moved to France He continued to make art until his death in 1944
  24. 24.  Born 1880 Cofounded Der Blaue Reiter Began using abstract animal forms in his art Died at the age of 36 in World War I
  25. 25.  Founded in Germany 1920‟s – 1930‟s After math of World War One Founded by George Grosz and Otto Dix Realistic Style combined with a cynical and socially critical stance. German meaning is “a new reality” Movement focused on the post-war life.
  26. 26.  Focused some on faces and majorly on architecture. Cityscapes were often created, involving streets and busy intersections with large buildings. Many say that this created a new mental relation with the objects.
  27. 27.  Born 1891 Participated in the first DADA art fair German expressionist Sketched and painted for the entirety of his life Focused a lot on the war
  28. 28.  Beckmann differed from normal expressionism: emotional realism.
  29. 29. Christ and the Woman Taken in Adultery (1917) Max Beckman
  30. 30. The Night, (1918–1919)Max Beckman

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