Evaluation• A value judgment about a person, place, event, thing• Supported by clear standards and specific evidence• Persuades others to accept your judgment• Standards = criteria for the evaluation• Evidence = description, statistics, testimony, examples, personal experience
Techniques for Evaluating• Assess the rhetorical situation.• State an overall claim about the subject.• Give basic information—who, what, when, where, why.• Clarify the criteria.• State a judgment for each criteria, both positive and negative.• Support each judgment with evidence.
Key Features of Evaluation• A concise description of the subject.• Clearly defined criteria.• A knowledgeable discussion of thesubject.• A balanced and fair assessment.• Well-supported reasons.
Types of Evaluations• Evaluating Commercial Products or Services Toyota Prius – Shakespeare Ugly Stick – Verizon Wireless• Evaluating Works of Art- The Flower Carrier by Diego Rivera• Evaluating Performances – The Lord of the Rings trilogy• Compare and Contrast two topics – Toyota Prius vs. Honda Civic Hybrid
Guidelines for Writing an Evaluation• Choose something to evaluate.• Consider the rhetorical situation. – Purpose – Audience – Stance – Media/ Design
Guidelines Continued• Generate ideas and text.• – Explore what you already know.• – Find at least three sources that evaluate your topic (See External Links).• – Identify criteria.• – Use evidence, such as description, statistics, expert opinion, testimony, examples, and personal experience to evaluate the criteria.• – Make judgments about the criteria and about the topic overall.• – Anticipate other opinions.• – Identify and support your reasons.
Shaping Your Evaluation• Pick a genre: – Analysis by Criteria Introduction Criterion #1/Judgment + Evidence Criterion #2/Judgment +Evidence Criterion #3/Judgment + Evidence Conclusion
Shaping Your Evaluation• Pick a genre: – Block Comparison and Contrast Introduction Topic #1 Criteria and Judgments + Evidence Topic #2 Criteria and Judgments + Evidence Conclusion
Shaping Your Evaluation• Pick a genre: – Alternating Comparison and Contrast Introduction Criterion #1/Judgment + Evidence Topic #1 Topic #2 Criterion #2/Judgment + Evidence Topic #1 Topic #2 Conclusion
Shaping the Evaluation• Catchy Title• Introduction—provides background information, description, overall claim or thesis.• Conclusion—reviews the strengths and weaknesses of the topic, makes the overall claim, or advises the reader.
Citing Sources• Mention sources in the text.• List sources at the end under References.• Follow the APA format on the APA tutorial or in the text.• NOTE: At least three outside sources are required.
Example of References ReferencesMeer, J. (1987, July). Date rape: Familiar strangers. Psychology Today . Retrieved from www.phychologytoday/daterape/ meer. (Use double-spacing and hanging indent)
Example of Internal Citation“This is a direct quote” (Meer, 1987, p.32).This is a paraphrase (Meer, 1987).(Use the author’s last name or the shortened version of the title; use a comma and p. for one page, pp. for more than one. The end punctuation goes after the citation.)
Revising• Before posting your paper: – Gain some distance and objectivity. – Look at the Guidelines for Revision.• Post the paper in Writing Partner’s Group.• After completing the group forum: – Read the suggestions from other group members. – Make the necessary changes. – Send the second draft to the instructor.