Inventing Argument Chapter 9 College Comp II
Arguing Crisis <ul><li>Arguing crisis means that we are arguing “What are we going to do?” </li></ul><ul><li>A crisis is a...
Arguing Crisis Cont.  <ul><li>Argument in a real world play a vital role. </li></ul><ul><li>Publics crises almost always l...
Arguing Crisis Cont.  <ul><li>One of the main issues is that any one crisis can prompt any number of possible responses.  ...
Arguing Crisis Cont. <ul><li>Those individuals who are apt at argument and insightful will see beyond the most common poss...
Arguing Crisis Cont.  <ul><li>The best and often most valuable solution is the one that is most manageable, ethical, pract...
Arguing Crisis Cont.  <ul><li>Two layers of a crisis: </li></ul><ul><ul><li>The actual crisis </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>T...
Arguing Crisis Cont.  <ul><li>Starting Places: </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Local college or national newspaper; school budgets, ...
Arguing Crisis Cont.  <ul><li>Analyzing the Situation </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Use questions to probe </li></ul></ul><ul><ul>...
Arguing Crisis Cont.  <ul><li>Entering Argument </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Find out what the circulating opinions are about the...
Arguing Crisis Cont.  <ul><li>Inventing a Thesis </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Go through the Hegelian process to find your thesis...
Arguing Crisis Cont.  <ul><li>Inventing Support: </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Authorities </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Testimony </...
Arguing Crisis Cont.  <ul><li>Arrangement </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Description of the crisis </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Descr...
Arguing Crisis Cont. <ul><ul><li>Begin with an introduction that introduces the crisis </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>End with...
Arguing Crisis Cont.  <ul><li>SIMPLY BECAUSE SOMETHING IS YOUR OPINION DOES NOT MAKE IT A GOOD ARGUMENT.  </li></ul><ul><l...
Arguing Crisis Cont.  <ul><li>Audience and Voice </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Informality </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Formality </...
Arguing Crisis Cont.  <ul><li>Revision </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Personal review </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Peer review </li><...
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Inventing argument chap 9

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Inventing argument chap 9

  1. 1. Inventing Argument Chapter 9 College Comp II
  2. 2. Arguing Crisis <ul><li>Arguing crisis means that we are arguing “What are we going to do?” </li></ul><ul><li>A crisis is a crucial or decisive situation in which things are about to change with potentially severe or intense consequences. </li></ul>
  3. 3. Arguing Crisis Cont. <ul><li>Argument in a real world play a vital role. </li></ul><ul><li>Publics crises almost always lead to a persuasive argument. </li></ul><ul><li>They loom in nearly every situation, including social, intuitional, professional, or political. </li></ul>
  4. 4. Arguing Crisis Cont. <ul><li>One of the main issues is that any one crisis can prompt any number of possible responses. </li></ul><ul><li>However, most arguments about a crisis can be dwindled down to two possible solutions, and then the arguing of A or B. The problem is that this will blur other possibilities. </li></ul>
  5. 5. Arguing Crisis Cont. <ul><li>Those individuals who are apt at argument and insightful will see beyond the most common possibilities to other options. </li></ul><ul><li>The writer must look beyond the common possibilities to see the hidden ones that lie behind a wall of common practices, traditional perspectives, or a perceived either/or choice. </li></ul>
  6. 6. Arguing Crisis Cont. <ul><li>The best and often most valuable solution is the one that is most manageable, ethical, practical, economical, and far-reaching. </li></ul><ul><li>One must also take into account the hidden implications, blurred boundaries, and potential consequences. </li></ul>
  7. 7. Arguing Crisis Cont. <ul><li>Two layers of a crisis: </li></ul><ul><ul><li>The actual crisis </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>The solution to the crisis </li></ul></ul><ul><li>Writers must first convenience the readers that a crisis/problem exist. </li></ul><ul><li>Writers must also find issues that affect more than one person and an audience would be interested in learning about. </li></ul>
  8. 8. Arguing Crisis Cont. <ul><li>Starting Places: </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Local college or national newspaper; school budgets, city government, labor, transportation, etc. </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Town or neighborhood </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>College campus </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>School-sponsored documents </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Political talk show </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Prompts </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Academic major </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Bouncing ideas off a group of peers </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Reading from the chapter </li></ul></ul>
  9. 9. Arguing Crisis Cont. <ul><li>Analyzing the Situation </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Use questions to probe </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>What makes the situation a crisis? </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>What are the possible outcomes? </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Who or what caused the crisis? </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>When might it climax? </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>What can be done to resolve the crisis? </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>How did the situation evolve into a crisis? </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>What can be done to resolve the crisis? </li></ul></ul></ul>
  10. 10. Arguing Crisis Cont. <ul><li>Entering Argument </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Find out what the circulating opinions are about the crisis. </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Build a bridge so that doubtful or even hostile readers will consider a claim. </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Using the library, find periodicals or Internet sources that discussion the crisis. </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Do research at the local paper if it is a local issue. </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Use arguments that are related to yours to understand the values and claims being made. </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Make sure not to stop exploring ideas and thinking when you feel you have a solution or possibility—keep digging deeper. </li></ul></ul>
  11. 11. Arguing Crisis Cont. <ul><li>Inventing a Thesis </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Go through the Hegelian process to find your thesis </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Thesis </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Antithesis </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>synthesis </li></ul></ul></ul>
  12. 12. Arguing Crisis Cont. <ul><li>Inventing Support: </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Authorities </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Testimony </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Appeals to logic </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Appeals to value </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>What analogies can I make? </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>What personal situations can I use? </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>What logical appeals are necessary for my argument? </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>What appeals to value can I make? </li></ul></ul></ul>
  13. 13. Arguing Crisis Cont. <ul><li>Arrangement </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Description of the crisis </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Description of life without the crisis </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Evidence or appeals about the crisis </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Counterarguments </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Description of the solution </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Support for the solution </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Counterarguments of other solutions </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Concession about other solutions </li></ul></ul>
  14. 14. Arguing Crisis Cont. <ul><ul><li>Begin with an introduction that introduces the crisis </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>End with either rephrasing the main points or giving a final solution. </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Give counterarguments, concessions, and/or qualifiers within the body of the paper. </li></ul></ul>
  15. 15. Arguing Crisis Cont. <ul><li>SIMPLY BECAUSE SOMETHING IS YOUR OPINION DOES NOT MAKE IT A GOOD ARGUMENT. </li></ul><ul><li>Do not be narrow minded that your opinion is the only one or always the best one. </li></ul>
  16. 16. Arguing Crisis Cont. <ul><li>Audience and Voice </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Informality </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Formality </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Accusation </li></ul></ul>
  17. 17. Arguing Crisis Cont. <ul><li>Revision </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Personal review </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Peer review </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Instructor review </li></ul></ul>

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