SlideShare a Scribd company logo

Management Accounting - Literature Review

P
pvhead123

A session presented to the Management Accounting Hons students at Stellenbosch University on the Literature Review process

1 of 38
Download to read offline
Library Training:
Literature Review
PeplerHead
FacultyLibrarian:EMS
peplerh@sun.ac.za
Outcomes
• What is a literature
review?
• Purpose of lit review
Basics
• Select a topic
• Search the literature
• Evaluate the literature
• Critique the literature
• Write the review
Steps
The
Basics
What is a literature review?
A literature review is a critical
evaluation, summary and explanation
of the complete and current state of
knowledge on a limited topic.
Product vs Process
Why do a literature review?
Gives historical background
Overview of the current context
Discusses relevant theories and concepts
Introduces relevant terminology and definitions
Demonstrates the depth of your knowledge and extends it
Provides supporting evidence for your research
How-to
literature
review

More Related Content

Similar to Management Accounting - Literature Review

REVIEW OF LITERATURE
REVIEW OF LITERATUREREVIEW OF LITERATURE
REVIEW OF LITERATUREKamaliKiruba
 
3. lecture 3 literature review & analytical framework development
3. lecture 3   literature review & analytical framework development3. lecture 3   literature review & analytical framework development
3. lecture 3 literature review & analytical framework developmentCông Nguyễn
 
Accounting Honours, Literature review 2020
Accounting Honours, Literature review 2020Accounting Honours, Literature review 2020
Accounting Honours, Literature review 2020pvhead123
 
Nzcom writing for the journal.pptx with sound
Nzcom writing for the journal.pptx with soundNzcom writing for the journal.pptx with sound
Nzcom writing for the journal.pptx with soundNZCollegeofMidwives
 
Literature review.pptx
Literature review.pptxLiterature review.pptx
Literature review.pptxNathanMoyo1
 
2_5337273635885287448.pdf
2_5337273635885287448.pdf2_5337273635885287448.pdf
2_5337273635885287448.pdfsajjadAbd2
 
Publishing and Disseminating your Research and Practice
Publishing and Disseminating your Research and PracticePublishing and Disseminating your Research and Practice
Publishing and Disseminating your Research and PracticeHelen Fallon
 
Publishing and Disseminating your Research and Practice
Publishing and Disseminating your Research and PracticePublishing and Disseminating your Research and Practice
Publishing and Disseminating your Research and PracticeHelen Fallon
 
HRM First Assignment and Guide on Article Review.pptx (1).pdf
HRM First Assignment and  Guide on Article Review.pptx (1).pdfHRM First Assignment and  Guide on Article Review.pptx (1).pdf
HRM First Assignment and Guide on Article Review.pptx (1).pdfAbdirehmanArab
 
Literature Review
Literature ReviewLiterature Review
Literature ReviewAinul Yaqin
 
The Literature Review Process
The Literature Review ProcessThe Literature Review Process
The Literature Review Processannielibrarian
 
The Literature Review Process
The Literature Review ProcessThe Literature Review Process
The Literature Review Processannielibrarian
 
Publishing sci paper
Publishing sci paperPublishing sci paper
Publishing sci paperBrian Ayugi
 
Literature Review in Legal Research
Literature Review in Legal ResearchLiterature Review in Legal Research
Literature Review in Legal ResearchPreeti Sikder
 
Research article structure
Research article structureResearch article structure
Research article structureAhmed Meri
 
Literature Review in Social Science
Literature Review in Social ScienceLiterature Review in Social Science
Literature Review in Social Sciencebikashtaly
 

Similar to Management Accounting - Literature Review (20)

محاضرة 3
محاضرة 3محاضرة 3
محاضرة 3
 
REVIEW OF LITERATURE
REVIEW OF LITERATUREREVIEW OF LITERATURE
REVIEW OF LITERATURE
 
3. lecture 3 literature review & analytical framework development
3. lecture 3   literature review & analytical framework development3. lecture 3   literature review & analytical framework development
3. lecture 3 literature review & analytical framework development
 
Accounting Honours, Literature review 2020
Accounting Honours, Literature review 2020Accounting Honours, Literature review 2020
Accounting Honours, Literature review 2020
 
Nzcom writing for the journal.pptx with sound
Nzcom writing for the journal.pptx with soundNzcom writing for the journal.pptx with sound
Nzcom writing for the journal.pptx with sound
 
Literature review.pptx
Literature review.pptxLiterature review.pptx
Literature review.pptx
 
2_5337273635885287448.pdf
2_5337273635885287448.pdf2_5337273635885287448.pdf
2_5337273635885287448.pdf
 
Publishing and Disseminating your Research and Practice
Publishing and Disseminating your Research and PracticePublishing and Disseminating your Research and Practice
Publishing and Disseminating your Research and Practice
 
Publishing and Disseminating your Research and Practice
Publishing and Disseminating your Research and PracticePublishing and Disseminating your Research and Practice
Publishing and Disseminating your Research and Practice
 
HRM First Assignment and Guide on Article Review.pptx (1).pdf
HRM First Assignment and  Guide on Article Review.pptx (1).pdfHRM First Assignment and  Guide on Article Review.pptx (1).pdf
HRM First Assignment and Guide on Article Review.pptx (1).pdf
 
32241.ppt
32241.ppt32241.ppt
32241.ppt
 
Literature Review
Literature ReviewLiterature Review
Literature Review
 
The Literature Review Process
The Literature Review ProcessThe Literature Review Process
The Literature Review Process
 
The Literature Review Process
The Literature Review ProcessThe Literature Review Process
The Literature Review Process
 
Module 02 Reviewing The Literature.pdf
Module 02 Reviewing The Literature.pdfModule 02 Reviewing The Literature.pdf
Module 02 Reviewing The Literature.pdf
 
Publishing sci paper
Publishing sci paperPublishing sci paper
Publishing sci paper
 
Literature Review in Legal Research
Literature Review in Legal ResearchLiterature Review in Legal Research
Literature Review in Legal Research
 
Research article structure
Research article structureResearch article structure
Research article structure
 
Literature review
Literature reviewLiterature review
Literature review
 
Literature Review in Social Science
Literature Review in Social ScienceLiterature Review in Social Science
Literature Review in Social Science
 

More from pvhead123

Effective Searching - Management Accoutning
Effective Searching - Management AccoutningEffective Searching - Management Accoutning
Effective Searching - Management Accoutningpvhead123
 
Management Accounting Trianing
Management Accounting TrianingManagement Accounting Trianing
Management Accounting Trianingpvhead123
 
Logistics Management 214 - Referencing & Plagiarism
Logistics Management 214 - Referencing & PlagiarismLogistics Management 214 - Referencing & Plagiarism
Logistics Management 214 - Referencing & Plagiarismpvhead123
 
Logistics Management 214 - Information Evaluation
Logistics Management 214 - Information EvaluationLogistics Management 214 - Information Evaluation
Logistics Management 214 - Information Evaluationpvhead123
 
Systematic Review
Systematic ReviewSystematic Review
Systematic Reviewpvhead123
 
Logistics Management 214 - Effective searching
Logistics Management 214 - Effective searchingLogistics Management 214 - Effective searching
Logistics Management 214 - Effective searchingpvhead123
 
Logistics Hons Training
Logistics Hons TrainingLogistics Hons Training
Logistics Hons Trainingpvhead123
 
Industrial Psychology - Referencing and Plagiarism
Industrial Psychology - Referencing and Plagiarism Industrial Psychology - Referencing and Plagiarism
Industrial Psychology - Referencing and Plagiarism pvhead123
 
Effective searching for EMS Professional Communication 144
Effective searching for EMS Professional Communication 144Effective searching for EMS Professional Communication 144
Effective searching for EMS Professional Communication 144pvhead123
 
Using Google & Google Scholar effectively
Using Google & Google Scholar effectively Using Google & Google Scholar effectively
Using Google & Google Scholar effectively pvhead123
 
Word for your thesis
Word for your thesis Word for your thesis
Word for your thesis pvhead123
 
Economics214 Library Training
Economics214 Library Training Economics214 Library Training
Economics214 Library Training pvhead123
 
Logistiek Honours Library Training
Logistiek Honours Library TrainingLogistiek Honours Library Training
Logistiek Honours Library Trainingpvhead123
 
Accounting Honours - Reading the literature
Accounting Honours - Reading the literatureAccounting Honours - Reading the literature
Accounting Honours - Reading the literaturepvhead123
 
Logistics Management 354 - Reading and Referencing
Logistics Management 354 - Reading and ReferencingLogistics Management 354 - Reading and Referencing
Logistics Management 354 - Reading and Referencingpvhead123
 
Logistics Management 354 - Effective Searching
Logistics Management 354 - Effective SearchingLogistics Management 354 - Effective Searching
Logistics Management 354 - Effective Searchingpvhead123
 
Management Accounting Hons Library Training
Management Accounting Hons Library Training Management Accounting Hons Library Training
Management Accounting Hons Library Training pvhead123
 
Hoe om Google & Google Scholar Effektief te gebruik
Hoe om Google & Google Scholar Effektief te gebruikHoe om Google & Google Scholar Effektief te gebruik
Hoe om Google & Google Scholar Effektief te gebruikpvhead123
 
Using Google & Goolge Scholar Effectively
Using Google & Goolge Scholar EffectivelyUsing Google & Goolge Scholar Effectively
Using Google & Goolge Scholar Effectivelypvhead123
 
Logistics Honours 2020
Logistics Honours 2020Logistics Honours 2020
Logistics Honours 2020pvhead123
 

More from pvhead123 (20)

Effective Searching - Management Accoutning
Effective Searching - Management AccoutningEffective Searching - Management Accoutning
Effective Searching - Management Accoutning
 
Management Accounting Trianing
Management Accounting TrianingManagement Accounting Trianing
Management Accounting Trianing
 
Logistics Management 214 - Referencing & Plagiarism
Logistics Management 214 - Referencing & PlagiarismLogistics Management 214 - Referencing & Plagiarism
Logistics Management 214 - Referencing & Plagiarism
 
Logistics Management 214 - Information Evaluation
Logistics Management 214 - Information EvaluationLogistics Management 214 - Information Evaluation
Logistics Management 214 - Information Evaluation
 
Systematic Review
Systematic ReviewSystematic Review
Systematic Review
 
Logistics Management 214 - Effective searching
Logistics Management 214 - Effective searchingLogistics Management 214 - Effective searching
Logistics Management 214 - Effective searching
 
Logistics Hons Training
Logistics Hons TrainingLogistics Hons Training
Logistics Hons Training
 
Industrial Psychology - Referencing and Plagiarism
Industrial Psychology - Referencing and Plagiarism Industrial Psychology - Referencing and Plagiarism
Industrial Psychology - Referencing and Plagiarism
 
Effective searching for EMS Professional Communication 144
Effective searching for EMS Professional Communication 144Effective searching for EMS Professional Communication 144
Effective searching for EMS Professional Communication 144
 
Using Google & Google Scholar effectively
Using Google & Google Scholar effectively Using Google & Google Scholar effectively
Using Google & Google Scholar effectively
 
Word for your thesis
Word for your thesis Word for your thesis
Word for your thesis
 
Economics214 Library Training
Economics214 Library Training Economics214 Library Training
Economics214 Library Training
 
Logistiek Honours Library Training
Logistiek Honours Library TrainingLogistiek Honours Library Training
Logistiek Honours Library Training
 
Accounting Honours - Reading the literature
Accounting Honours - Reading the literatureAccounting Honours - Reading the literature
Accounting Honours - Reading the literature
 
Logistics Management 354 - Reading and Referencing
Logistics Management 354 - Reading and ReferencingLogistics Management 354 - Reading and Referencing
Logistics Management 354 - Reading and Referencing
 
Logistics Management 354 - Effective Searching
Logistics Management 354 - Effective SearchingLogistics Management 354 - Effective Searching
Logistics Management 354 - Effective Searching
 
Management Accounting Hons Library Training
Management Accounting Hons Library Training Management Accounting Hons Library Training
Management Accounting Hons Library Training
 
Hoe om Google & Google Scholar Effektief te gebruik
Hoe om Google & Google Scholar Effektief te gebruikHoe om Google & Google Scholar Effektief te gebruik
Hoe om Google & Google Scholar Effektief te gebruik
 
Using Google & Goolge Scholar Effectively
Using Google & Goolge Scholar EffectivelyUsing Google & Goolge Scholar Effectively
Using Google & Goolge Scholar Effectively
 
Logistics Honours 2020
Logistics Honours 2020Logistics Honours 2020
Logistics Honours 2020
 

Recently uploaded

UniSC Moreton Bay Library self-guided tour
UniSC Moreton Bay Library self-guided tourUniSC Moreton Bay Library self-guided tour
UniSC Moreton Bay Library self-guided tourUSC_Library
 
BTKi in Treatment Of Chronic Lymphocytic Leukemia
BTKi in Treatment Of Chronic Lymphocytic LeukemiaBTKi in Treatment Of Chronic Lymphocytic Leukemia
BTKi in Treatment Of Chronic Lymphocytic LeukemiaFaheema Hasan
 
Intuition behind Monte Carlo Markov Chains
Intuition behind Monte Carlo Markov ChainsIntuition behind Monte Carlo Markov Chains
Intuition behind Monte Carlo Markov ChainsTushar Tank
 
2.15.24 The Birmingham Campaign and MLK.pptx
2.15.24 The Birmingham Campaign and MLK.pptx2.15.24 The Birmingham Campaign and MLK.pptx
2.15.24 The Birmingham Campaign and MLK.pptxMaryPotorti1
 
Overview of Databases and Data Modelling-1.pdf
Overview of Databases and Data Modelling-1.pdfOverview of Databases and Data Modelling-1.pdf
Overview of Databases and Data Modelling-1.pdfChristalin Nelson
 
UniSC Fraser Coast library self-guided tour
UniSC Fraser Coast library self-guided tourUniSC Fraser Coast library self-guided tour
UniSC Fraser Coast library self-guided tourUSC_Library
 
ICSE English Literature Class X Handwritten Notes
ICSE English Literature Class X Handwritten NotesICSE English Literature Class X Handwritten Notes
ICSE English Literature Class X Handwritten NotesGauri S
 
Barrow Motor Ability Test - TEST, MEASUREMENT AND EVALUATION IN PHYSICAL EDUC...
Barrow Motor Ability Test - TEST, MEASUREMENT AND EVALUATION IN PHYSICAL EDUC...Barrow Motor Ability Test - TEST, MEASUREMENT AND EVALUATION IN PHYSICAL EDUC...
Barrow Motor Ability Test - TEST, MEASUREMENT AND EVALUATION IN PHYSICAL EDUC...Rabiya Husain
 
2.15.24 Making Whiteness -- Baldwin.pptx
2.15.24 Making Whiteness -- Baldwin.pptx2.15.24 Making Whiteness -- Baldwin.pptx
2.15.24 Making Whiteness -- Baldwin.pptxMaryPotorti1
 
Grantseeking Solo- Securing Awards with Limited Staff PDF.pdf
Grantseeking Solo- Securing Awards with Limited Staff  PDF.pdfGrantseeking Solo- Securing Awards with Limited Staff  PDF.pdf
Grantseeking Solo- Securing Awards with Limited Staff PDF.pdfTechSoup
 
EDL 290F Week 1 - Meet Me at the Start Line.pdf
EDL 290F Week 1 - Meet Me at the Start Line.pdfEDL 290F Week 1 - Meet Me at the Start Line.pdf
EDL 290F Week 1 - Meet Me at the Start Line.pdfElizabeth Walsh
 
Andreas Schleicher - 20 Feb 2024 - How pop music, podcasts, and Tik Tok are i...
Andreas Schleicher - 20 Feb 2024 - How pop music, podcasts, and Tik Tok are i...Andreas Schleicher - 20 Feb 2024 - How pop music, podcasts, and Tik Tok are i...
Andreas Schleicher - 20 Feb 2024 - How pop music, podcasts, and Tik Tok are i...EduSkills OECD
 
Food Web SlideShare for Ecology Notes Quiz in Canvas
Food Web SlideShare for Ecology Notes Quiz in CanvasFood Web SlideShare for Ecology Notes Quiz in Canvas
Food Web SlideShare for Ecology Notes Quiz in CanvasAlexandraSwartzwelde
 
SOCIAL JUSTICE LESSON ON CATCH UP FRIDAY
SOCIAL JUSTICE LESSON ON CATCH UP FRIDAYSOCIAL JUSTICE LESSON ON CATCH UP FRIDAY
SOCIAL JUSTICE LESSON ON CATCH UP FRIDAYGloriaRamos83
 
Practical Research 1: Nature of Inquiry and Research.pptx
Practical Research 1: Nature of Inquiry and Research.pptxPractical Research 1: Nature of Inquiry and Research.pptx
Practical Research 1: Nature of Inquiry and Research.pptxKatherine Villaluna
 
Practical Research 1: Qualitative Research and Its Importance in Daily Life.pptx
Practical Research 1: Qualitative Research and Its Importance in Daily Life.pptxPractical Research 1: Qualitative Research and Its Importance in Daily Life.pptx
Practical Research 1: Qualitative Research and Its Importance in Daily Life.pptxKatherine Villaluna
 
CONCEPTS OF ENVIRONMENT & ECOSYSTEM.pptx
CONCEPTS OF ENVIRONMENT & ECOSYSTEM.pptxCONCEPTS OF ENVIRONMENT & ECOSYSTEM.pptx
CONCEPTS OF ENVIRONMENT & ECOSYSTEM.pptxAnupkumar Sharma
 

Recently uploaded (20)

UniSC Moreton Bay Library self-guided tour
UniSC Moreton Bay Library self-guided tourUniSC Moreton Bay Library self-guided tour
UniSC Moreton Bay Library self-guided tour
 
BTKi in Treatment Of Chronic Lymphocytic Leukemia
BTKi in Treatment Of Chronic Lymphocytic LeukemiaBTKi in Treatment Of Chronic Lymphocytic Leukemia
BTKi in Treatment Of Chronic Lymphocytic Leukemia
 
Intuition behind Monte Carlo Markov Chains
Intuition behind Monte Carlo Markov ChainsIntuition behind Monte Carlo Markov Chains
Intuition behind Monte Carlo Markov Chains
 
2.15.24 The Birmingham Campaign and MLK.pptx
2.15.24 The Birmingham Campaign and MLK.pptx2.15.24 The Birmingham Campaign and MLK.pptx
2.15.24 The Birmingham Campaign and MLK.pptx
 
Overview of Databases and Data Modelling-1.pdf
Overview of Databases and Data Modelling-1.pdfOverview of Databases and Data Modelling-1.pdf
Overview of Databases and Data Modelling-1.pdf
 
UniSC Fraser Coast library self-guided tour
UniSC Fraser Coast library self-guided tourUniSC Fraser Coast library self-guided tour
UniSC Fraser Coast library self-guided tour
 
ICSE English Literature Class X Handwritten Notes
ICSE English Literature Class X Handwritten NotesICSE English Literature Class X Handwritten Notes
ICSE English Literature Class X Handwritten Notes
 
Barrow Motor Ability Test - TEST, MEASUREMENT AND EVALUATION IN PHYSICAL EDUC...
Barrow Motor Ability Test - TEST, MEASUREMENT AND EVALUATION IN PHYSICAL EDUC...Barrow Motor Ability Test - TEST, MEASUREMENT AND EVALUATION IN PHYSICAL EDUC...
Barrow Motor Ability Test - TEST, MEASUREMENT AND EVALUATION IN PHYSICAL EDUC...
 
2.15.24 Making Whiteness -- Baldwin.pptx
2.15.24 Making Whiteness -- Baldwin.pptx2.15.24 Making Whiteness -- Baldwin.pptx
2.15.24 Making Whiteness -- Baldwin.pptx
 
Grantseeking Solo- Securing Awards with Limited Staff PDF.pdf
Grantseeking Solo- Securing Awards with Limited Staff  PDF.pdfGrantseeking Solo- Securing Awards with Limited Staff  PDF.pdf
Grantseeking Solo- Securing Awards with Limited Staff PDF.pdf
 
EDL 290F Week 1 - Meet Me at the Start Line.pdf
EDL 290F Week 1 - Meet Me at the Start Line.pdfEDL 290F Week 1 - Meet Me at the Start Line.pdf
EDL 290F Week 1 - Meet Me at the Start Line.pdf
 
Andreas Schleicher - 20 Feb 2024 - How pop music, podcasts, and Tik Tok are i...
Andreas Schleicher - 20 Feb 2024 - How pop music, podcasts, and Tik Tok are i...Andreas Schleicher - 20 Feb 2024 - How pop music, podcasts, and Tik Tok are i...
Andreas Schleicher - 20 Feb 2024 - How pop music, podcasts, and Tik Tok are i...
 
Food Web SlideShare for Ecology Notes Quiz in Canvas
Food Web SlideShare for Ecology Notes Quiz in CanvasFood Web SlideShare for Ecology Notes Quiz in Canvas
Food Web SlideShare for Ecology Notes Quiz in Canvas
 
SOCIAL JUSTICE LESSON ON CATCH UP FRIDAY
SOCIAL JUSTICE LESSON ON CATCH UP FRIDAYSOCIAL JUSTICE LESSON ON CATCH UP FRIDAY
SOCIAL JUSTICE LESSON ON CATCH UP FRIDAY
 
Time-Honored Wisdom: African Teachings for VUCA Leaders
Time-Honored Wisdom: African Teachings for VUCA LeadersTime-Honored Wisdom: African Teachings for VUCA Leaders
Time-Honored Wisdom: African Teachings for VUCA Leaders
 
Caldecott Medal Book Winners and Media Used
Caldecott Medal Book Winners and Media UsedCaldecott Medal Book Winners and Media Used
Caldecott Medal Book Winners and Media Used
 
Practical Research 1: Nature of Inquiry and Research.pptx
Practical Research 1: Nature of Inquiry and Research.pptxPractical Research 1: Nature of Inquiry and Research.pptx
Practical Research 1: Nature of Inquiry and Research.pptx
 
Practical Research 1: Qualitative Research and Its Importance in Daily Life.pptx
Practical Research 1: Qualitative Research and Its Importance in Daily Life.pptxPractical Research 1: Qualitative Research and Its Importance in Daily Life.pptx
Practical Research 1: Qualitative Research and Its Importance in Daily Life.pptx
 
CONCEPTS OF ENVIRONMENT & ECOSYSTEM.pptx
CONCEPTS OF ENVIRONMENT & ECOSYSTEM.pptxCONCEPTS OF ENVIRONMENT & ECOSYSTEM.pptx
CONCEPTS OF ENVIRONMENT & ECOSYSTEM.pptx
 
first section physiology laboratory.pptx
first section physiology laboratory.pptxfirst section physiology laboratory.pptx
first section physiology laboratory.pptx
 

Management Accounting - Literature Review

  • 2. Outcomes • What is a literature review? • Purpose of lit review Basics • Select a topic • Search the literature • Evaluate the literature • Critique the literature • Write the review Steps
  • 4. What is a literature review? A literature review is a critical evaluation, summary and explanation of the complete and current state of knowledge on a limited topic. Product vs Process
  • 5. Why do a literature review? Gives historical background Overview of the current context Discusses relevant theories and concepts Introduces relevant terminology and definitions Demonstrates the depth of your knowledge and extends it Provides supporting evidence for your research
  • 7. Steps of a literature review Select a topic Search the literature Evaluate the literature Critique the literature Write the review
  • 9. 1. Select a topic All research begins with curiosity Work with your supervisor / lecturer to help define your topic if you are not assigned one Luckily you already have one
  • 11. 2. Search the literature i. Finding the literature ◦ Search strategies ii. Manage your literature ◦ Inclusion / exclusion criteria ◦ Reference Managers ◦ Skimming
  • 12. Literature Synthesis table AUTHOR (S) (YEAR) TITLE PURPOSE OF THE STUDY METHOD SAMPLE FINDINGS THEMES SIMILARITIES UNIQUENESS DATA QUALITY Mather, C. and Greenberg, S., 2003. Market Liberalisation in Post-Apartheid South Africa: the Restructuring of Citrus Exports after 'Deregulation'. Explores the impact of market liberalisation on South Africa’s citrus export Industry, specifically from a grower’s perspective Literature review conducted Qualitative data collected from interviews Growers from 4 co- operatives within 4 specific geographical areas Former cooperatives have faced problems in using the resources they inherited from the past, increasing differentiation between those who are able to take advantage of deregulation and those who are not. Deregulation has affected labour on farms and in packhouses but could be as a result of liberalisation of the economy having intensified structural changes in the agricultural labour market that have been present for some time. The literature review synthesis table
  • 13. Reference management tools Programs that assist you in storing your citations, managing your citations and then inserting citations in a specific citation style while you write your assignment
  • 14. How to skim read First sentence of each paragraph Introduction + conclusion Table of contents Abstract Title, author, journal, date
  • 15. Step 3: Evaluate the literature Step 2: Search the literature Step 1: Select a topic
  • 16. 3. Evaluating the Literature Through evaluating your literature, you can start to group it by theme, and develop your “argument” or golden thread
  • 17. 2. Search the literature Critical reading I. Read with research question in mind and consider the evidence I. Is the evidence sufficient? II. Are the sources reliable? III. Are the data and its interpretations adequate? IV. Where does the data come from? Incorporate all of this into your Synthesis Table
  • 18. Evaluating the Literature Purpose of article •Why was the article written? •To persuade the reader to do something? Inform the reader? Prove something? Type of audience & journal •Is it a scholarly journal? •For what type of reader is the author writing? Organization and content •Is the material organized and focused? •Is the argument / presentation understandable? •Is this original research, a review of previous research, or an informative piece?
  • 19. iii. Evaluating the Literature Bias, date, bibliography • Bias: Does the publisher / author have a bias? • Date: Is it up-to-date, out-of-date or timeless? Authority / author • Is the author an expert in this field? What else have they written? • Where is the author employed? • Has the author won any awards? Usefulness & coverage • Is the article relevant to the current research project? • Does the article cover the topic comprehensively, partially, or is it an overview?
  • 20. Mapping core ideas PEST analysis Export of citrus Market Regulations Export Citrus South Africa PEST Analysis • You can use a mindmap style to map out your themes / ideas and structure your research • There are tools that let you do this – such as CMAP tools, or powerpoint (used here), or just a simple piece of pen and paper
  • 21. Surveying the literature This just means you look at an overview of all the literature you have collected ◦ You can use the literature synthesis table to help here. Synthesize the information ◦ Complete your table and analyse it
  • 22. Literature Synthesis table AUTHOR (S) (YEAR) TITLE PURPOSOF THE STUDY METHOD SAMPLE FINDINGS THEMES SIMILARITIES UNIQUENESS DATA QUALITY Mather, C. and Greenberg, S., 2003. Market Liberalisation in Post-Apartheid South Africa: the Restructuring of Citrus Exports after 'Deregulation'. Explores the impact of market liberalisation on South Africa’s citrus export Industry, specifically from a grower’s perspective Literature review conducted Qualitative data collected from interviews Growers from 4 co- operatives within 4 specific geographic al areas Former cooperatives have faced problems in using the resources they inherited from the past, increasing differentiation between those who are able to take advantage of deregulation and those who are not. Deregulation has affected labour on farms and in packhouses but could be as a result of liberalisation of the economy having intensified structural changes in the agricultural labour market that have been present for some time. Market regulation Export regulations (Butler, Washington). Effect on farm labourers(Washin gton). Similar to Cohen for risk factors. Analysis of the ‘deregulation’ of citrus exports draws on political economy approaches to markets and suggests that the impact of liberalisation is far more complex. Data was triangulated through variables. Bias was countered through pre- testing. All results reported (no leaving out of results).
  • 23. Step 4: Critique the literature Step 3: Evaluate the literature Step 2: Search the literature Step 1: Select a topic
  • 24. 4. Critique the literature Two steps: ◦ Interpret the current understanding about the topic of research and ◦ Determine how this knowledge answers your research topic What is the answer to the research question that you have posed given what you know about the subject? ◦ Make sure your literature covers all aspects of your “research question” sufficiently Use your evaluation of literature and mapping to also build into the critiquing
  • 25. 4. Critique the literature • Comparing and contrasting • Strategic referencing to support arguments • Synthesising and reformulating arguments • Agreeing, confirming, or defending findings • Conceding that some views have weaknesses • Rejecting certain points of view
  • 26. Step 5: Write the review Step 4: Critique the literature Step 3: Evaluate the literature Step 2: Search the literature Step 1: Select a topic
  • 27. 5. Write the review Write to understand ◦ Act of learning and owning the subject matter Write to be understood Write Evaluate Edit
  • 28. 5. Write the review When writing, adopt a critical mindset. This means that • Clear reasons for referencing a source • Making connections • Negative critiques • Being respectful
  • 29. Write early and write often • the more you write, the easier it becomes, and it becomes a habit Don't get it right, get it written • drafting helps you to clarify your thoughts, start by writing the parts you are clear on, this identifies the bits that need more work
  • 30. Main points to remember when writing: A 'golden thread‘ ◦ an overall line of argument - running through the paper, holding it together 'Sign-posts‘ ◦ crisp titles, sub-titles and headings that identify the direction being followed 'Authority‘ ◦ good engagement with existing literature and a comprehensive bibliography - the bibliography is the window to the paper and its author
  • 31. Things to avoid Avoid long quotations ◦ rather paraphrase or break up the quote with your own commentary Avoid sloppy and inaccurate presentation and ensure that your references are correct ©https://www.jewellerymonthly.com/a-diamond-in-the-rough/
  • 32. Some basic structures to help Introduction ◦ What it should include Body ◦ What it should include ◦ How to structure a paragraph ◦ The funnel approach Conclusion ◦ What it should include 32
  • 33. •Explains the focus •Establishes the importance of the subject •What kind of work has been done on the topic • identifies any controversies within the field • any recent research which has raised questions about earlier assumptions •Background or history •A purpose or thesis statement. Outline - Introduction
  • 34. •Summarises and evaluates •Major themes or topics •Most important trends •Organized chronologically, thematically, methodologically etc. •Any findings about which researchers agree or disagree. Outline - Body
  • 35. Topic Sentence • Summarises argument • Indicates approach Elaboration • May provide additional information or restate the topic sentence in a more extended way. Evidence • Maybe be quantitative or qualitative data, or analysis of data. Link • This makes the connection to the next paragraph explicit. Paragraph structure
  • 36. The funnel approach Your topic Impact of temperature breaks on coldchain General Cold chain Temperature breaks Go from the general to the specific Identifying temperature breaks and its impact on the export of citrus
  • 37. •Summarizes all the evidence •Shows its significance •Highlights gaps •Indicates how previous research leads to your own research project Outline - Conclusion

Editor's Notes

  1. describe, summarise, evaluate and clarify
  2. The purpose of a literature review mirrors what it is and can be broken down into the following: It Identifies gaps in current knowledge. Avoids reinventing the wheel – i.e. it saves you wasting time researching something that’s already been done. Allows you to show that you are building on a foundation of existing knowledge and ideas – i.e. carrying on from where others have already reached. Identifies other people working in the same field. Knowing who’s already working in your area and getting in touch with them can be an invaluable source of knowledge and support. Demonstrates the depth of your knowledge about your research. Identifies the important works in your area and shows that you’ve read them. So you can see a literature review is to show that you as a researcher are grounded in current research practices, and that you are building on what already exists. It also provides scholarly motivation for your research project.
  3. Literature review is a kind of a journey – the secret to a successful journey is planning and preparation Must have a plan of action
  4. Interest – ideas – researchable topic A successful research topic is usually a result of an interest in a practical problem 3 STEPS: Choose a research interest Select a research interest from an everyday interest Use the research interest to choose a research topic Sometimes you may want to research an area, but it is much more complex than you realise Speaking to somebody who is familiar with the field will help to clarify any areas that you are uncertain about
  5. Two questions that guide your literature search: What is the subject of your inquiry? What literature must you include that will tell you about the subject?
  6. How to skim: Review the abstracts or introduction These summarise what the article is about so you know if to include it Note main ideas Does it address topic statement? You are not looking for every article ever written Just the seminal ones that convey the main academic opinions about the topic
  7. Assembling the data - allows you to see all the puzzle pieces Bibliographic documentation, themes etc. Research puzzle – patterns appear and organisation follows Evaluate the data collected
  8. Looking for the logic Cause and effect Effect to cause Sign, symptoms
  9. Looking for the logic Cause and effect Effect to cause Sign, symptoms
  10. Looking for the logic Cause and effect Effect to cause Sign, symptoms
  11. Explains the focus and Establishes the importance of the subject. It discusses what kind of work has been done on the topic and identifies any controversies within the field or any recent research which has raised questions about earlier assumptions. It may provide background or history. It concludes with a purpose or thesis statement.
  12. Often divided by headings/subheadings, The body summarizes and evaluates the current state of knowledge in the field. It notes major themes or topics, the most important trends, and any findings about which researchers agree or disagree.
  13. Summarizes all the evidence presented and shows its significance. If the review is an introduction to your own research, it highlights gaps and indicates how previous research leads to your own research project and chosen methodology.