Importance of training & certification of rac service technicians
THE IMPORTANCE OF TRAINING & CERTIFICATION OF RAC TECHNICIANS IN TERMS OF ENERGY EFFICIENCY KADIR ISA, PHD, MEMBER ASHRAE ISTANBUL UNIVERSITY - TRThe Annual Meeting of the Regional Ozone Network for Europe & Central Asia (ECA) (ECA) Belgrade, Serbia, 10- Belgrade, Serbia, 10-13 May 2011
‘In the “caste system”, professions oroccupations were strictly separated from eachother. At the top were the priests, or Brahmins.They were in charge of sacred knowledge. [...] Atiny part of the population was excluded fromany caste. They were pariahs, people who weregiven the dirtiest and most unpleasant tasks.So they became known as the “untouchables”.They had to make sure that their shadow nevertouched another person, because even that wasthought to be defiling. People can be very cruel.’(Gombrich, 2005)
IN TURKEY? Having an educated and well-trained labour force emerges as a key factor for remaining competitive in the global economy. Although significant improvements have taken place, Turkey’s population is characterised by low levels of human capital (as measured by formal schooling). Although development plans drafted in the 1970s and beyond placed the emphasis on vocational skills, and envisioned a share of 65% for the vocational and technical component of the secondary school system, this target was not reached.
IN TURKEY? As of 2009, only one out of three students enrolled in secondary schools was receiving vocational education. By matching pre-market skills with the needs of the labour market, vocational school education is expected to help the graduates ease their way into the labour market. Statistics reveal that this is not happening – a significant majority continues with higher education.
ENERGY EFFICIENT AND SUSTAINABLE FUTURE Significant New Trends in the RAC Industry as We Seek to Resolve the Issues of Increasing Energy Demand, Decreasing Supply and Environmental Impact.
BUILDINGS MEAN 17% of fresh water consumption 39% of CO2 emissions 30% of waste generation 40% of energy use 55% of natural gas use 72% of electrical energy use
WE EXPECT Highly Insulated Building Envelope Optimized use of Day lighting Dedicated Outdoor Air Systems with Enthalpy Recovery and Demand Control Expanded use of Heat Pumps Radiant Heating and Cooling Systems High Performance Packaged DX Systems On Going Commissioning, Operation and Maintenance
PROPERLY MAINTAINED SYSTEMSThe RAC industry is a HUGE industry andconsumes more energy than any other sector withthe exception of transportation. When peoplediscuss energy efficiency, going green, savingmoney, the answer to all of these statements isproperly sized properly installed and properly sized, installed,maintained RAC equipment.
SKILLS CHANGE We certainly need to know more about how jobs are changing and tasks are developing, what knowledge, skills and competences people really have in RAC trade apart from their specific formal qualification and which skill mix they need to develop. We also need to have a clearer idea of how supply and demand match. This information is crucial to understand if there is a risk of skill mismatches and overskilling in RAC trade.
CHANGING DEMAND FOR SKILLS Changes in the demand for skills and occupations are widely thought to be part of the main consequences of greening the economy. The following broad impacts can be identified: Some skills will become obsolete due to structural changes in the labour market and employment shifts, both within and across sectors, due to demands for a greener economy.
CHANGING DEMAND FOR SKILLS Demands for some new skills will be created as new ‘green-collar occupations emerge to green-collar’ support adaptation to and mitigation of climate change. The skills required for existing jobs will have a stronger green element as existing occupational profiles change.
TRAINING FIRST Most developed countries require training, apprenticeship and continuing education for someone to work in the RAC industry. The RAC industry in some countries are viewed as a profession not just a trade. To maintain standard of living without paying too much for power or thermal comfort, we must change the mindset of building occupants and the people working on them.
TRAINING FIRSTProper education of technicians, teachenergy auditing and management,emphasize operation and maintenance,teach students to install and serviceequipment to manufacturers specifications.It all comes down to proper techniciantraining!
GREEN CHALLENGE Developing a low-carbon, resource-efficient and competitive economy will firstly require a general up-skilling of the (potential) workforce. This will require substantial investment in efficient education and training. The green challenge offers an excellent opportunity to implement a policy that is indispensable by all means: a good basic education provides the best foundation for developing ones skills throughout life.
GREEN CHALLENGE In many cases, topping-up available skills with some specific, green-oriented skills will be sufficient to allow for the transition to a greener job. Apart from the necessary adaptation of training courses in the context of active labour market policies, this calls for adequate life-long learning and on-the-job training systems.
GREEN CHALLENGE This type of learning is the responsibility of workers, employers and authorities alike, and calls for systems allowing for tripartite financing of training, possibly using some kind of career training accounts. They should guarantee that the necessary up- skilling remains affordable and practicable. In addition, more emphasis is needed on training the trainers and enabling trainers and teachers to teach relevant new “green techniques. green”
REFERENCES Gordon V.R. Holness P.E., ASHRAE, 2011 National HVACR Education & Trainers Conference. Skills Supply and Demand in Europe, Medium-Term Forecast Up to 2020, European Centre for the Development of Vocational Training, 2010. Towards a Greener Labour Market –The Employment Dimension of Tackling Environmental Challenges, Final report endorsed by EMCO, November 10, 2010. Kadir Isa, Ismail Ekmekci, H. Riza Güven, Expectations in Vocational and Technical Education in Turkey, Edu-World Conference, Romania, May 2004.
CONTACTKadir iSA, Ph.D. Ph.D.Istanbul University Faculty of EngineeringMechanical Engineering DepartmentAvcilar Campus, 34320 Istanbul – TR Campus,T: +90 212 473 7070 / 17837F: +90 212 473 7081E: firstname.lastname@example.org email@example.com