- Flat flame, counter‐flow, and nozzle burners will be used to measure fundamental flame characteristics of CH4 (natural gas)/O2 and H2‐CO (syngas)/O2 combustion..Examples of syngas methods include steam reforming of natural gas, the gasification of coal, biomass, and in some types of waste-to-energy gasification facilities- Determining flame blowout and flashback limits of CH4/O2 and H2‐CO/O2 flames at different CO2 and O2 loadings and correlating them with the fundamental flame characteristics.
2012 ReEnergize the Americas 2B: Nathanial Robinson
Energy Engineering Workforce DevelopmentRe-Energize the Americas2012Session 2B: Regional Capacities in Nate Robinson, P.E.Advanced Energy Engineering Center for Space ExplorationResearch and Development Technology Research – UTEP
ObjectiveResearch to developWorkforce Technologies Energy and Improved engineering energy shortage efficiencies Lessened Skill gap and environmental innovation impact
Industry needs Impending Retirements ⌂ > 50% of current workers will be eligible to retire or will leave for other reasons in the next five to ten years. ⌂ Nearly 49 percent of employees who operate gas and coal-fired generation will be eligible to leave (CEWD report, 2010) Shrinking Labor Pool, Knowledge and Skill Gaps ⌂ Projected in the next 20 years, there will be virtually no growth in the “prime age workforce” (those between the ages of 25 and 54) ⌂ Growth in the labor force will probably be sought from older workers, immigrants, and other underutilized labor pools¥¥ The Aspen Institute, Domestic Strategy Group. Grow Faster Together or Grow Slowly Apart. How will AmericaWork in the 21st Century. p 11.
Industry needs Increasing Energy Demand ⌂ Between 2008 and 2035, demand for petroleum and other liquid fuels will increase by 26.9 million barrels a day, consumption of natural gas is forecast to rise 52 percent, to 169 trillion cubic feet.£ Increasing Concern on Environmental Impact ⌂ Energy-related emissions of carbon dioxide will rise 43 percent, to 43.2 billion metric tons, from 2008 to 2035.£ Economic Growth ⌂ Two-thirds of America’s economic growth in the 1990s resulted from the introduction of new technologies; sufficient supplies of affordable energy are needed for every sector of the economy. ¤ £ Energy Information Administration, 2011; ¤ Bureau of Economic Analysis, Gross-Domestic-Product-By-Industry Accounts, 2010
Industry needs Transition to a low carbon economy Transformation changes in energy production, conversion, and utilization sciences and engineering Clean, affordable and abundant energy for a carbon constrained future Climate sustainability is the new paradigm of energy engineering Future energy and climate R& D challenges are complex Need for significant R&D across discipline boundaries
National needs Cutting the dropout rate by half would yield over $45 billion annually in additional federal tax revenues… and $319 billion for the economy. ~ Columbia University (2009), Alliance for Excellent Education (2008)1/3 of U.S. manufacturingcompanies stated they aresuffering from some level of Typical college graduate paid overskills shortage. 100% more in federal income taxes~People and profitability: A time for and about 82% more in totalchange (2009) federal, state, and local taxes than the typical high school graduate. Almost half US population does not know that electrons ~ Trends in Higher Education (2005) are smaller than atoms.. and only about half is aware that dinosaurs and humans never coexisted. NSB, 2010, Appendix Table 7-10; National Science Board (NSB), Science and Engineering Indicators 2002
STEM Education and Workforce Dev. Aspects of our approach
Education Deliver effective technical content with diverse delivery methods, mix theoretical learning with application Human Resource and hands-on learning, to Development include research and projects Provide where able. Structure paths, opportunities, inspirati programs, content and on and support toward STEM research to meet the skill degrees and careers for K- needs of future doctoral. Utilize a employers, with emphasis growing, diverse population on energy, aerospace and to tap underserved and engineering needs underrepresented groups in STEM. Develop an industry- ready workforce with technical and professional competencies through professional development programs, and industry best practices.
Research and Technical Development Use research opportunities to deliver quality results that are modern and progressively relevant while adopting industry best practices in design, build and test. Utilize research as a recruitment and retention tool.Sustainability and Growth Maintain fluid, efficient operations in administration and management support by diversified funding. Ensure visibility and consistent tracking of results and benefits. Development and maintain effective partnerships. Build capacity and infrastructure.
Toward K-Doctoral pipeline The best method for recruitment and retention of underrepresented students is an institution-wide approach and commitment to a broad and culturally relevant process (Dumas Hines, 2001; Stewart, Russell, & Wright, 1997).
SEMAA, HRA, Plaza Mix of high contact, low quantity and high quantity, low contact programs designed to stimulate interest and improve competency in STEM. K-12: 2500 in 2011, 6100 in 2012 with 20 hrs or more; 8000 with 10 hrs or more
Undergraduate - Doctoral research: Fossil energy CO2 sequestrations Renewable and alternative energy Climate change and climate modeling Energy systems dynamics Economics of energy systems
Oxy-Fuel Combustion Provide fundamental flame characteristics and related burner operability parameters that are essential for designing and developing oxy‐fuel combustion systems for new power plants and retrofitting existing power generation units Thermal Barrier Coatings Provide coatings on structural materials for corrosive and high temperature environment in Advanced Ultra-supercritical Coal-Fired Boilers, Steam Turbines and Gas Turbines.
Professional and Use workshops aimed at improving researchSkills Development and experimentation, communication skills (oral, (PSD) Initiative written, professional and social media), industry best practices, interviewing and resumes, proposal writing, etc Support student participation and success in professional certifications. Provide students exposure to real world efforts and to network opportunities through leaders in industry, academia and government lecture series.
While logically (at least to us) this makes an effective, impactfulplatform for STEM development, there has been insufficient timeand data to make statistical inferences oncorrelation, impact, etc. Deficiencies toward this goal include: 1. Need for comparative and equivalent data pre implementation for impact analysis 2. Lack of engineering concepts in 6-12th grade curriculum (for both generating conceptual understanding, application, career perspectives and interest in S&E among K-12 students) 3. Lack of social bonding and network programs
1. Industry ready, professional developed, well educated workforce2. Ethnically diverse workforce3. Improved recruitment, retention and performance of students in STEM higher ed., K-124. Closer collaboration between workforce generators (higher ed., ISDs, etc) and workforce employers5. Research that provides pertinent, applicable data, technologies and solutions