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Agile Portugal 2017 - Agile-based Active Learning

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Big question:
– Can we "equip" our children with the knowledge and skills they will need to succeed in the 21st century?

Digging it more:
– Are we successfully preparing our students for the increasing 21st century demands of life and career?
– Are our educators successfully addressing the unique and diverse needs of the 21st century children?
– How can we improve even further the quality of our Education offer?

Published in: Education

Agile Portugal 2017 - Agile-based Active Learning

  1. 1. Agile-based Active Learning A gentle introduction, by Nuno Rafael Gomes Agile Portugal 2017 Conference June 2-3, 2017
  2. 2. About me Twitter: @nrgomes Linkedin: linkedin.com/in/nrgomes Blog: medium.com/@nrgomes #lean #leanthinking #leanstartup #agile #scrum #eduscrum #kaizen #kata #lego #seriousplay #seriouslearning #coaching #learning #education #activelearning #agileschools Lean Agile Coach Agile Connect® Founder Serious LearningTM Founder
  3. 3. Agenda ➔ The world in April, 2015. ➔ Some powerful questions. ➔ The world we live in… ➔ Making sense of the world… ➔ The skills we need in the 21st century… ➔ To learn or to know? ➔ Active Learning. ➔ Agile Mindset. ➔ Scrum. ➔ Agile in Education. ➔ Agile Classrooms ➔ eduScrum®. ➔ The 1st eduScrum® Portuguese School. ➔ Takeaways. ➔ Q&A. ➔ Thank You!
  4. 4. The world in April, 2015
  5. 5. Some powerful questions
  6. 6. How can we make the classroom as dynamic as the world around us?
  7. 7. What do you value most? Learn content or learn how to learn?
  8. 8. What do you value most? Learning or knowledge?
  9. 9. The world we live in...
  10. 10. A VUCA world Volatile Uncertain Complex Ambiguous
  11. 11. A VUCA world The US Military started using this term in late 90s to describe the post-Cold War multilateral, fast-paced, increasingly unstable and rapidly changing world.
  12. 12. A VUCA world Currently used in emerging ideas in strategic leadership that apply in a wide range of organizations, including everything from for-profit corporations to education.
  13. 13. Volatility The nature and dynamics of change, and the nature and speed of change forces and change catalysts.
  14. 14. Uncertainty The lack of predictability, the prospects for surprise, and the sense of awareness and understanding of issues and events.
  15. 15. Complexity The multiplex of forces, the confounding of issues, no cause-and-effect chain and confusion that surround an organization.
  16. 16. Ambiguity The haziness of reality, the potential for misreads, and the mixed meanings of conditions; cause-and-effect confusion.
  17. 17. A VUCA world The new normal?
  18. 18. Making sense of the world...
  19. 19. "Different contexts require different ways of navigation." Nuno Rafael Gomes
  20. 20. Cynefin Framework A "sense-making device", that is, the data precedes the framework, the patterns, used worldwide to help managers, executives and policy-makers reach decisions, accordingly to 5 decision-making contexts or “domains”: Obvious, complicated, complex, chaotic and disorder.
  21. 21. Complex The realm of “unknown unknowns” Stable state, with enabling constraints Cause and effect are only obvious in hindsight, with unpredictable, emergent outcomes. Complicated The realm of “known unknowns” Stable state, with governing constraints Cause and effect relationships exist, but are not self evident, and therefore require expertise. Chaotic The realm of “unknowables” Transient state, absence of constraints No cause and effect relationships can be determined. Obvious The realm of “known knowns” Stable state, with rigid constraints Cause and effect relationships exist, are predictable and are repeatable. Disorder
  22. 22. Complex Probe - Sense - Respond Emergent Practices Pattern management, stories, heuristics, sensemaking, coherence monitoring, conduct safe-fail experiments, dynamic flow management. Complicated Sense - Analyse - Respond Good Practices Predictive planning, expert analysis, data provides options but only experts can interpret it on most of the cases. Chaotic Act - Sense - Respond Novel Practices Crisis management, experience informs decisions, act as fast as possible to bring stability (if accident), drive innovation quickly (if intentional) Obvious Sense - Categorise - Respond Best Practices Standard operating procedures (SOPs). automation, fact-based management, data provides answers and anyone can interpret it. Disorder
  23. 23. Complex The realm of “unknown unknowns” Stable state, with enabling constraints Probe - Sense - Respond Emergent Practices Complicated The realm of “known unknowns” Stable state, with governing constraints Sense - Analyse - Respond Good Practices Chaotic The realm of “unknowables” Transient state, absence of constraints Act - Sense - Respond Novel Practices Obvious The realm of “known knowns” Stable state, with rigid constraints Sense - Categorise - Respond Best Practices Disorder
  24. 24. Complex Complicated Expert Education Almost all University degrees! Chaotic Special Training: Firefighters, Special Ops, Emergency Medical Staff... Obvious Basic Training Core K-9 Education Disorder
  25. 25. Complex Active Learning Education What we need today! Complicated Expert Education Almost all University degrees! Chaotic Special Training: Firefighters, Special Ops, Emergency Medical Staff... Obvious Basic Training Core K-9 Education Disorder
  26. 26. The skills we need in the 21st century...
  27. 27. “As escolas são as pessoas, e não os lugares. Onde houver gente, há escola.” José Francisco Pacheco
  28. 28. “The schools are the people, and not the places. Where there are people, there is a school.” José Francisco Pacheco
  29. 29. P21 Framework for 21st Century
  30. 30. Communication Sharing thoughts, questions, ideas and solutions. The ability to share information while expressing thoughts and opinions clearly to to others. It also requires strong listen and evaluation skills in order to aid collaboration.
  31. 31. Collaboration Working together to reach a goal; putting talent, expertise, and smarts to work. The ability to work with others to accomplish a goal, while being flexible and sharing group responsibility.
  32. 32. Critical Thinking Looking at problems in a new way, linking learning across subjects and disciplines. The ability to analyse, interpret, evaluate, make decisions and solve problems.
  33. 33. Creativity Trying new approaches to get things done equals innovation and invention. The ability to brainstorm, refine ideas, be responsive to ideas from others, and make ideas tangible and useful.
  34. 34. To learn or to know?
  35. 35. Active Learning
  36. 36. "Every time we teach a child something, we keep him from inventing it himself." Jean Piaget
  37. 37. Active Learning A model of instruction that focuses the responsibility of learning on learners. A method of learning in which students are actively or experientially involved in the learning process, and where there are different levels of active learning, depending on student involvement.
  38. 38. Active Learning Principles Purpose Reflection Negotiation Critical Thinking Complexity Situation-driven Engagement
  39. 39. Learning pyramid (Edgar Dale) Retention Rate Passive Learning Active Learning ——— +++
  40. 40. Some Active Learning strategies Class game Class discussion Think-pair-share Jigsaw Learning by collaborating Learning by teaching Reciprocal teaching ...
  41. 41. “I hear and I forget. I see and I remember. I do and I understand.” Confucius
  42. 42. Active Learning Passive Learning Thinking & Complexity Level Bloom’s Taxonomy ——— +++
  43. 43. Agile Mindset
  44. 44. “Agile is a mindset driven by 4 Values and 12 Principles." Nuno Rafael and many others :-)
  45. 45. Agile Manifesto We are uncovering better ways of developing software by doing it and helping others do it. Through this work we have come to value:
  46. 46. Agile Values Individuals and interactions over processes and tools Working software over comprehensive documentation Customer collaboration over contract negotiation Responding to change over following a plan That is, while there is value in the items on the right, we value the items on the left more.
  47. 47. Collaboration Culture Individuals & interactions Customer collaboration Control Culture Cultivation Culture Responding to change Competence Culture Working software People Organization Reality Possibility
  48. 48. Agile Principles Satisfy the customer Welcome change Deliver frequently Work together Trust & support everyone Face-to-face interactions Working products Sustainable pace Technical excellence Simplicity Emergent design Reflect & adjust regularly
  49. 49. Collaboration Culture Deliver frequently Work together Face-to-face interactions Emergent design Reflect & adjust regularly Control Culture Cultivation Culture Satisfy the customer Welcome change Trust & support everyone Sustainable pace Simplicity Competence Culture Working products Technical excellence Reality People Organization Possibility
  50. 50. Agile Practices Scrum, eduScrum, Extreme Programming (XP), Crystal Clear methods, Kanban, Dynamic systems development method (DSDM), Disciplined Agile Delivery (DAD), Adaptive software development (ASD), Xtreme Decoupled Engineering (XDE), LeSS, Nexus, Scrum @ Scale, ...
  51. 51. Agile as Culture? Agile is all about putting People First! Agile aligns well with Collaboration & Cultivation cultures! Validated in 2010 by Michael Spayd!
  52. 52. Scrum
  53. 53. From Scrum Guide Scrum is a framework for developing and sustaining complex products. Scrum is a framework within which people can address complex adaptive problems, while productively and creatively delivering products of the highest possible value. Scrum is also a “way of getting things done”, thus, Culture.
  54. 54. Scrum Values Commitment Focus Openness Respect Courage
  55. 55. Collaboration Culture Focus Openness Control Culture Cultivation Culture Commitment Respect Courage Competence Culture People Reality Organization Possibility
  56. 56. Scrum as Culture? Scrum is all about putting People First! Scrum aligns well with Collaboration & Cultivation cultures!
  57. 57. Agile in Education
  58. 58. Your Journey from... Prescriptive → Iterative Content → Culture Evaluation → Visible Feedback & Reflection Control → Trust Competition → Collaboration
  59. 59. Agile Classrooms
  60. 60. Build an Agile Classroom
  61. 61. eduScrum®
  62. 62. Collaboration that gives you wings
  63. 63. “O professor deve ser um mediador do conhecimento.” José Francisco Pacheco
  64. 64. “The teacher should be a mediator of knowledge.” José Francisco Pacheco
  65. 65. From eduScrum Guide eduScrum is a framework within which students can tackle complex adaptive problems, while productively and creatively achieving learning goals and personal growth of the highest possible value.
  66. 66. eduScrum Principles Trust Freedom Ownership Focus Commitment Autonomy Authenticity Personal Growth
  67. 67. Collaboration Culture Autonomy Ownership Focus Control Culture Cultivation Culture Trust Commitment Personal Growth Authenticity Freedom Competence Culture People Reality Organization Possibility
  68. 68. eduScrum as Culture? eduScrum is all about putting People First! Scrum aligns well with Collaboration & Cultivation cultures!
  69. 69. eduScrum vs Scrum in a nutshell A slightly different set of Values (previous slides). Development Teams are self-organized Students’ Teams. 1 Product Owner (Teacher) for all Teams in the classroom. Every Student Team has its own eduScrum Master. Product Backlog is known in advance (classroom context).
  70. 70. eduScrum vs Scrum in a nutshell A Sprint Goal is a set of Learning Goals. Acceptance criteria are mandatory. Sprint Planning includes Team Formation. All students’ work is managed through the FLIP (an artifact). A Definition of Fun (an artifact) must be set by each Team. Sprints cannot be canceled!
  71. 71. eduScrum Teams start with Trust...
  72. 72. The 1st eduScrum® Portuguese School
  73. 73. “Our greatest glory is not in never falling, but in rising every time we fall.” Confucius
  74. 74. The School One of the top 10 best Portuguese educational institutions that aims to form citizens who are critical, supportive, ecologically conscious and capable of lifelong learning.
  75. 75. “The important thing is not to stop questioning.” Albert Einstein
  76. 76. An initial question... Are we successfully preparing our students for the increasing 21st century demands of life and career?
  77. 77. A possible answer? Are you shifting the responsibility of learning from the teacher where it has traditionally been, to the learners where it belongs?
  78. 78. Another question... Are our educators successfully addressing the unique and diverse needs of the 21st century children?
  79. 79. A possible answer? Are you using the education content to build and nurture the learning and innovation skills of the 21st century?
  80. 80. And another question... How can we improve even further the quality of our Education offer?
  81. 81. A possible answer? Use Active Learning and eduScrum as its main strategy?
  82. 82. Main challenges (constraints) We need some (eduScrum) templates to support: ➔ The School, for compliance reasons. ➔ The Teachers, for confidence and scaling reasons.
  83. 83. Main challenges (constraints) Teachers are very busy persons: ➔ We have few opportunities to give them training. ➔ It’s critical to give them all support they need to start.
  84. 84. Ignite our “pollinating bees” Start with 11 Teachers, from Sciences, Technology, Languages, Humanities and Socio Economic studies. One 2-days introductory workshop about Scrum and Science of Teams. One 2-days introductory workshop about Active Learning and eduScrum.
  85. 85. … and build knowledge together :-) Co-creation of Active Learning eduScrum templates to support eduScrum classes, the Teachers and the School. Regular Coaching Circle sessions for Teachers to share experiences, learn and improve with each other. A few short eduScrum intros given in classrooms, requested by some Teachers at the beginning.
  86. 86. Sharing some results... 5 Teachers gave Active Learning classes with eduScrum :-) 2 Teachers run an interdisciplinary project with eduScrum! All students improved their grades on eduScrum “facilitated” subjects, and “enjoyed the freedom” of “controlling their own destiny”.
  87. 87. Teachers’ preliminary conclusions Significant test score increase just after one sprint/project. Students’ interest on contents achievement grew a lot. More effectiveness on achieving interdisciplinary goals. Trust and confidence improvements in cooperative work. eduScrum is a great classroom interaction facilitator. eduScrum classes are more dynamic and appealing.
  88. 88. Next steps :-) eduScrum adoption should be expanded, that is, more teachers, classes, subjects, projects and sprints next year, in order to validate these results on a wider scale. Since eduScrum classes require more time to prepare & master (it’s a new way of thinking & doing), Teachers should have quality time to invest in it every week and the coaching circle sessions should last the all year.
  89. 89. Students’ own words :-) “Teachers didn’t orient us as much, we were autonomous.” “We understood the contents much better.” “We worked better, and more, as a Team.” “We learned and worked together.” “We took more responsibility.” “It made us think & reflect more about our own learning.” “Classes were more interesting, dynamic and appealing.”
  90. 90. Takeaways
  91. 91. Just one :-) Inspired to help improve our Education?
  92. 92. Q&A
  93. 93. Thank You! Please, tweet: @nrgomes #agilept #activelearning #education @agilept @eduscrum @agileschools @agileinedu
  94. 94. Some references Standing on the shoulders of giants: - eduScrum (Willy Wijnands, Arno Delhij, Claudia Struijlaart & Maarten Bruns) - Agile Classrooms (John Miller) - Agile in Education (Manifesto) - Framework for 21st Century Learning (US coalition) - Education transforms lives (UNESCO) - Rethinking Education, Towards a global common goal? (UNESCO) - A Leader’s Framework for Decision Making (David Snowden & Mary Boone) - The Reengineering Alternative (William Schneider)
  95. 95. Special thanks Special thanks for the amazing images from: ➔ Karsten Würth ➔ Megan Soule ➔ Michael Sahota ➔ Ahmed Sidky

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