Facts about barbiturates

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Facts about barbiturates

  1. 1. Facts About Barbiturates
  2. 2. What are Barbiturates? <ul><li>Barbiturates are depressant drugs used to induce sleep and relieve tension. When used in small dosages, barbiturates can cause a decrease in the ability to responsive and loss of muscle coordination. </li></ul>
  3. 3. What are the uses of Barbiturates? <ul><li>They can be used in treatment of anxiety like tranquilizers, as sedatives or as hypnotics. </li></ul><ul><li>Particular barbiturates like Phenobarbital are used in convulsive disorders caused by conditions like epilepsy or tetanus. </li></ul>
  4. 4. <ul><li>Barbiturates are also widely used In pre-surgery in hospitals to sedate patients. </li></ul><ul><li>Barbiturates are used by psychiatrists in the diagnosis and treatment of certain mental disorders. </li></ul><ul><li>Lastly, barbiturates are widely used as anesthetics for brief surgical procedures like tooth extraction or for filling teeth. </li></ul>
  5. 5. Factors that affect the level of depression: <ul><li>Type of barbiturates </li></ul><ul><li>How the drug is administered </li></ul><ul><li>State of Central Nervous System </li></ul><ul><li>Tolerance of an individual </li></ul>
  6. 6. Reasons of abuse: <ul><li>Curiosity - humans naturally desire to experience something new. </li></ul><ul><li>Low self-esteem - several individuals have poor opinions of themselves. </li></ul><ul><li>Peer pressure - mostly in stages of adolescence, individuals have a strong need to belong to the group. </li></ul>
  7. 7. <ul><li>Adult modeling - young people try to be grown-ups and they see drugs use as a form of adult behavior imitated. </li></ul><ul><li>Mood alteration - some individuals use drugs merely to change their emotions. </li></ul><ul><li>Boredom </li></ul>
  8. 8. <ul><li>Alienation - there are individuals feeling little or no power to control their destiny. They also feel unwanted and unloved. </li></ul>
  9. 9. Effects of Barbiturates when Abused <ul><li>The main effect and use of barbiturate is as depressant. (Depending on dose) </li></ul><ul><li>> half dose- moderate sedation and drowsiness </li></ul><ul><li>> one dose- makes a person sleep </li></ul>
  10. 10. <ul><li>quarter dose - relief anxiety and tension </li></ul><ul><li>Between half and 1 dose- the user will feel elated or “high”. </li></ul><ul><li>5 times the dose- coma </li></ul><ul><li>10 doses - lethal/ can lead to death </li></ul>
  11. 11. Comprehensive Dangerous Drug Act of 2002
  12. 12. <ul><li>The Act primarily gave heavier penalties on dangerous drugs possession . </li></ul><ul><li>It also gave the defined drug user, as a victim , a chance of rehabilitation and a new life . </li></ul>
  13. 13. <ul><li>DANGEROUS DRUGS </li></ul><ul><li>> include the prohibited drugs, regulated drugs, and the ingredients used to make these drugs. </li></ul>
  14. 14. <ul><li>PROHIBITED DRUGS </li></ul><ul><li>> These drugs are those not allowed for use in the country . </li></ul><ul><li>Ex: Shabu, Cocaine, Marijuana, Ecstacy, etc. </li></ul>
  15. 15. <ul><li>REGULATED DRUGS </li></ul><ul><li>> are those medications with prescription from physicians. </li></ul>
  16. 16. <ul><li>Drug user/dependents </li></ul><ul><li>Those who are sent for rehabilitation; </li></ul><ul><li>concluded as victims. </li></ul>
  17. 17. <ul><li>TREATMENT </li></ul><ul><li>a medical service rendered to a patient for effective management of physical and mental conditions arising from an individual’s drug abuse. </li></ul><ul><li>REHABILITATION </li></ul><ul><li>the dynamic process including aftercare and follow-up treatment directed towards the SPEPSV change of a drug dependent. </li></ul>
  18. 18. Positive Outcome of Rehabilitation <ul><li>Enable the victim to live without dangerous drugs. </li></ul><ul><li>Enjoy the fullest life compatible with his capabilities and potentials. </li></ul><ul><li>Render him/her to become a law abiding and productive member of the community. </li></ul>
  19. 19. <ul><li>DRUG DEPENDENT </li></ul><ul><li>any individual suffering from drug dependence. </li></ul><ul><li>DRUG DEPENDENCE </li></ul><ul><li>a strong desire or a sense of compulsion to take the substance and the difficulties in controlling substance taking behavior in terms of its level of use. </li></ul>
  20. 20. Self-check: <ul><li>Direction : Prepare ½ sheet of paper lengthwise, practice the value of self-discipline by doing it silently. After 5 minutes review, keep away all unnecessary things and be ready for the quiz. </li></ul>
  21. 21. “ CHEATING is a form of STEALING . And stealing is an EVIL act ”
  22. 22. <ul><li>TEST I </li></ul><ul><li>These are depressant drugs used to induce sleep and relieve tension. </li></ul><ul><li>How many dosage makes a person sleep? </li></ul><ul><li>How many dosage leads to coma? </li></ul><ul><li>4- 7. Give the factors that affects the level of depression caused by barbiturates. </li></ul>
  23. 23. <ul><li>For numbers 8-13, choose among the following options: </li></ul><ul><li>CURIOSITY </li></ul><ul><li>LOW SELF ESTEEM </li></ul><ul><li>PEER PRESSURE </li></ul><ul><li>ADULT MODELING </li></ul><ul><li>MOOD ALTERATION </li></ul><ul><li>BOREDOM </li></ul>
  24. 24. <ul><li>8. Mostly in stages of adolescence, individuals have the strong need to belong to the group. </li></ul><ul><li>9. Humans naturally desire to experience something new. </li></ul><ul><li>10. Young people try to be grown-ups, and they see drug as a form of adult behavior to be imitated. </li></ul>
  25. 25. <ul><li>11. Several individuals have poor opinions of themselves. </li></ul><ul><li>12. A lot of young people have no interest in childhood activities but are not yet able to engage in adult activities. </li></ul><ul><li>13. Some individuals use drugs merely to change their emotions. </li></ul>
  26. 26. <ul><li>14. The act which gave heavier penalties on drug possession and the victim to have a chance of rehabilitation. </li></ul><ul><li>For # 15-17, choose among the following choices: </li></ul><ul><li>PROHIBITED </li></ul><ul><li>REGULATED </li></ul><ul><li>DANGEROUS </li></ul>
  27. 27. <ul><li>18. It is the dynamic process including aftercare and follow up treatment directed to the SPEPSV change of a drug dependent. </li></ul><ul><li>19. A medical service rendered to a patient. </li></ul><ul><li>20. A strong desire or a sense of compulsion to take substance and the difficulty of controlling substance taking behavior. </li></ul>
  28. 28. <ul><li>TEST 2:Direction: Explain the following questions briefly. </li></ul><ul><li>As a student, what is the advantage of learning about the negative effects of drug abuse? </li></ul><ul><li>What can you do in order to keep yourself away from possible prohibited drug use? </li></ul><ul><li>What part of the lesson “Facts about barbiturates” struck you most? Why? </li></ul>

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