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Drug scenario in the philippines

Third Quarter Topic in Health 9

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Drug scenario in the philippines

  1. 1. Health 9 La Salle University Integrated School Mr. Al-lyn L. Vocal Health 9 Instructor Prevention of Substance Use and Abuse: Drug Scenario in the Philippines
  2. 2. Republic of the Philippines O f f i c e o f t h e P r e s i d e n t PHILIPPINE DRUG ENFORCEMENT AGENCY Preventive Education and Community Involvement Service
  3. 3. REPUBLIC ACT 9165 COMPREHENSIVE DANGEROUS DRUGS ACT OF 2002 Signed June 7, 2002 Published June 19, 2002 Took effect July 4, 2002 3 PGMA signed RA 9165 on June 7, 2002 and it took effect on July 4, 2002.
  4. 4. Re-organization of the Philippine Drug Enforcement System Re-organization of … The new Dangerous Drugs Board (DDB) as the policy and strategy formulating body. 4 Creation of …  The Philippine Drug Enforcement Agency (PDEA) as its implementing arm.
  5. 5. 5 Philippine Drug Enforcement Agency  A regular law enforcement agency.  Implementing arm of the DDB.  Responsible for efficient and effective law enforcement of all provisions on any dangerous drug and/or controlled precursor and essential chemicals.
  6. 6. WHY SHOULD WE AVOID DANGEROUS DRUGS Illegal – Prohibited by law (RA 9165) Health – Damages our brain and body Psycho-social – Destroys one’s behavior and causes one to commit crime Spiritual – Against the will of God
  7. 7. Therefore, drug abuse is everybody’s concern
  8. 8. 8 WHAT IS DRUG  A drug is a chemical substance that brings about physical, emotional or behavioral change in a person taking it.  Is any substance other than food or water that is intended to be taken or administered for the purpose of altering, sustaining or controlling the recipients physical, mental or emotional state.
  9. 9. 9 WHAT IS DRUG ABUSE Drug abuse is the use of any chemical substance, licit or illicit, resulting to individual’s physical, mental, or social impairment. It may refer to any of the following practices: • Using, without benefit or prescription, useful drugs which have the capacity to alter the mood or behavior. • Using drugs and substances for a purpose different from the one from which the drug has been prescribed. •Using drugs and substances having no legitimate medical application or purposes other than research.
  10. 10. as per DDB (Facility Based) CY 2008 10 PROFILE OF DRUG USERS  SEX: Ratio of male to female is 9:1  CIVIL STATUS: Single 56.94%  EDUCATIONAL ATTAINMENT: High School level 30.62%  STATUS OF EMPLOYMENT : Unemployed (32.82%)  PLACE OF RESIDENCE: Urban (Specifically NCR)  DURATION OF DRUG – TAKING: More than six (6) years  NATURE OF DRUG – TAKING : Poly drug use
  12. 12. Pharmacological Classifications of Drugs STIMULANTS DEPRESSANTS HALLUCINOGENS
  13. 13. 1. Stimulants Also known as “uppers” Any of a group of drugs that excite the central nervous system. It increase alertness, alleviate fatigue, reduce hunger and provide a feeling of well-being. Ex. Cocaine, Methamphetamine (SHABU)
  14. 14. 2. Depressant  also called as “downers” or “barbs”  any drug or chemical that decreases the activity of any bodily function. The term is most often used to refer to drugs that reduce the activity of the central nervous system Ex: Sedatives, Sleeping Pills, Tranquilizers
  15. 15. 16 3. Hallucinogens  Also called “psychedelics” First developed as appetite suppressant Any natural or synthetic psychoactive drugs that produce marked distortion of the senses and changes in perception Ex: MJ, LSD, Ecstasy, Ketamine
  16. 16. MARIJUANA SHABU 81.36 33.65 INHALANTS, 4.82
  17. 17. 18 DRUGS OF ABUSE
  18. 18. CONTENTS OF SHABU • Ephedrine - (Classified as Dangerous Drugs) Main ingredient of Shabu causing brain damage • Toluene – Chemical used for paints, adhesives, etc. • Acetone – Nail cleaner • Lithium Batteries – Cancer causing component • Battery Acid – Corrosive chemical • Drain Cleaner – Liquid Soap • Hydrochloric Acid – (Muriatic Acid) • Chloroform – Cancer causing solvent
  19. 19. 20 Produces anxiety, tension, irritability, irrational behavior, talkativeness, and loss of self-control. • Results in loss of appetite and inability to sleep. • Euphoria, elation. • Can lead to acute psychotic reactions, violent and destructive behavior and recklessness that may result in accidents. • Includes chest pain, irregularity of heart beat, elevated or lowered blood pressure, evidence of weight loss, convulsion and death from cardiac arrest.
  20. 20. 21 Prolonged use or even a single exposure, especially if administrated intravenously, can lead to manifestations of a full blown “psychosis” which is similar to schizophrenia characterized by the presence of paranoid delusions, auditory and visual hallucinations. The paranoia may lead to violent and aggressive behavior.
  21. 21. 22 FACES OF METH THERESA BAXTER June 2001 3 years, 5 months later
  25. 25. 26 FACES OF METH
  26. 26. 27 FACES OF METH
  27. 27. 28 FACES OF METH
  28. 28. 29 FACES OF METH
  29. 29. 30
  31. 31. 32 32 Normal Person’s Brain Drug User’s Brain CT SCAN COMPARISON OF BRAIN ACTIVITY
  32. 32. 33 Meth “BUGS”
  33. 33. 34 Meth “BUGS”
  35. 35. 36 Celebrities Who Used Dangerous Drugs
  36. 36. GUESS WHO?
  37. 37. 38 Whitney Elizabeth Houston Born August 9, 1963, she is an American pop and R&B singer, actress, film producer, record producer, songwriter, and former fashion model. Her crossover success opened doors for other African Americans, particularly women, to be equally successful in pop music and showbiz. She has frequently been referred to as "The Voice".
  38. 38. Whitney Houston
  39. 39. On September 12, 2002 at Malibu, California, the 61 year old actor was arrested for being under the influence of drugs after his Mercedes-Benz car was seen swerving on a highway near his home. The movie star pleaded no contest to driving under the influence of drugs (DUI). 40
  40. 40. 41 Nick Nolte 1991 - Los Angeles Film Critics Association: Best Actor, The Prince of Tides 1991 - Golden Globe: Best Actor in a Motion Picture (Drama), The Prince of Tides 1992 - Chosen as People Magazine's Sexiest Man Alive 1998 - New York Film Critics Circle - Best Actor, Affliction 1998 - National Society of Film Critics - Best Actor, Affliction
  41. 41. Nick Nolte
  42. 42. 43 She was booked on felony charges of possession of cocaine and transportation of narcotic - in addition to misdemeanor charges of driving under the influence (DUI) and driving with a suspended license.
  43. 43. Born on July 2, 1986, she is an American actress and pop music singer. Lohan started in show business as a child fashion model for magazine advertisements and television commercials. 44 Lindsay Lohan
  44. 44. Lindsay Lohan
  45. 45. In February 2003, she was arrested in Malibu, California and charged with possession of heroin while driving with a suspended driver's license
  46. 46. Nicole Richie Born September 21, 1981, she is an American socialite, actress, television personality, author, model, and singer. The daughter of Lionel Richie, she is known for her role in the reality show The Simple Life and her turbulent personal life.
  47. 47. Nicole Richie
  48. 48. Drugs of Abuse No. 2 Marijuana or Cannabis Sativa
  49. 49.  Hallucinations/illusions  Faster heart beat and pulse rate  Bloodshot Eye/blurred vision/Rapid Eye Movement (REM)  Dry mouth and throat  Forgetfulness/inability to think  Altered sense of time/ disorientation  Impaired reflexes coordination and concentration  Acute panic anxiety reaction  “Food-trip” & sleepiness (MJ)  Severe irritation of the nasal passages that leads to frequent nose bleeding  Renal damages, heart disease and strokes  Psychiatric consequences  Gateway drug that may lead to poly-drug use.
  50. 50. 51 The 21 year old actress was arrested for suspicion of driving under the influence of alcohol , possession of marijuana and a controlled substance, and driving without a valid license on December 27, 2007
  51. 51. MISCHA BARTON 52 Born on January 24, 1986, she is an award-winning actress. Perhaps best known for her role as Marissa Cooper in the American television series The O.C..
  52. 52. Mischa Barton
  53. 53. 54 Was nabbed in Oklahoma for possession of marijuana and two controlled dangerous substances (Xanax and sleeping pills) for which he did not have a prescription. The bleary-eyed actor, 24, posed for the below Oklahoma County Sheriffs Office mug shot following a traffic stop of his buddy’s car in September 2004.
  54. 54. 55
  55. 55. Macaulay Culkin
  56. 56. 57 Drugs of Abuse No. 3 Inhalants  Volatile chemical substances that contains psycho-active (mind/mood altering) vapors producing a state of intoxication. Ex: Glue and Adhesive Cement / Rugby / Super Glue / Thinner
  57. 57. IMMEDIATE EFFECTS • Prone to bleeding and bruises • Loss of memory • Difficulty in learning and seeing things clearly • Loss of bodily control • Cramps, pains and bad cough LONG TERM EFFECT • Permanent damage to brain, liver and kidneys WITHDRAWAL SYMPTOMS • Anxiety, depression and irritability • Aggressive behavior • Dizziness, shaking and nausea • Insomnia
  58. 58. Other Drugs of Abuse 59
  59. 59. 60 SLEEPING PILLS BENZODIAZEPINES – commonly known as tranquilizers and sleeping pills. They are classified as short, medium and long acting. This relates to the length of the drug action in the body. Length of action can also be influenced by the health of a person’s liver, age and weight. A.K.A. Valium, Ativan, Nubain, etc.
  60. 60. Heath Ledger Hollywood Actor
  61. 61. died from an overdose of sleeping pills
  62. 62. 63  Tobacco means the curved leaves of the tobacco plant “nicotiana tobacu” which contains a very potent ingredient called nicotine.
  63. 63. Important active ingredients which is a very addictive and toxic (poisonous) substance. Substance left behind on the filter by the tobacco smoke, known to be strong associated with cancer and aggravates bronchial and other respiratory diseases Gaseous product of incomplete combustion it is also known as a poisonous emission from the exhaust of motor vehicles, which in effect decreases the amount of oxygen in the blood 64
  64. 64. CIGARETTE CONTENTS • Ammonia – used to clean bathrooms • Cadmium – component of car battery • Carbon Monoxide – from car / factory exhaust • Nicotine – used as a mixture in insecticide • Tar – ingredients for asphalt • Vinyl Chloride – used for plastic manufacture • Cyanide – poison gas used by Hitler in his concentration camps • DDT – used to kill cockroach • Formaldehyde (Formalin) – used for embalming 65
  65. 65. Contents of Cigarette acetic acid, methane (sewer gas), arsenic (poison), carbon monoxide, rocket fuel, paint, toilet cleaner (ammonia), insecticide, Industrial solvent, candle wax, cadmium (batteries), butane (lighter fluid)
  66. 66.  Smelly breath, hair and clothes  Stained teeth and fingers  Increase heart rate, breathing rate and blood pressure  Reduced blood supply to extremities (hands and feet because the blood vessel are constricted)  Stimulated central nervous system  Smoking exposes “the smokers” and others to health risks 67  Sickness  Heart Attack  Cancer  Bronchitis and Emphysema  Ulcers  Infertility
  67. 67. EFFECT on the LUNGS Normal Affected
  68. 68. 69 Republic Act No. 9211 - Known as Tobacco Regulation Act of 2003 (Signed into law in June 23, 2003) Prohibited Acts: • Allowing minors to man stalls selling tobacco product (s) • Selling tobacco products to a minor (under 18 years of age) • For a minor to smoke cigarettes or any tobacco products • Selling of Tobacco products within 100 meters from playgrounds, schools and all youth facilities • Cigarette vending machine within the place mentioned • Smoking in public places and public transportation • tobacco sponsorship restricted to activities for those "18 and above“ beginning July 1, 2006 • no tobacco ad on TV, Cable TV and radio since January I, 2007 • no tobacco ads outdoors and in cinemas beginning July 1, 2007 • no tobacco ads in all mass media beginning July 1, 2008 • no tobacco sponsorship of all sports, concert, cultural, and art events beginning July 1, 2008
  69. 69.  Alcohol is a powerful drug. Alcoholic drinks contain the drug “ethanol” (ethyl alcohol). It is a toxic and poisonous drug. It poisons the body if taken in large quantities simply or in combination with other drugs.  Alcohol damages all the major organs of the body. Alcohol is a depressant drug, not a stimulant as erroneously believed. Pure alcohol is colorless and tasteless. Alcoholic drinks vary in color and taste because of the ingredients used to flavor them. 70 WHAT IS ALCOHOL
  70. 70. 71
  71. 71. 73
  72. 72. Family Problems Parents who always quarrel in front of the children. Irresponsible parents who don’t have time for their children.
  73. 73. Peer Pressure/Curiosity BAD Influence by friends.
  74. 74. Weak Personality, Desire to Escape From Reality Lack of self-confidence and inferiority complex.
  76. 76. Stealing items which can be readily sold for cash (to support a drug habit)
  77. 77. Changes in Mood – depending on the drug taken. Example: depressed or becoming elated and euphoric.
  78. 78. Association with known drug abusers
  79. 79. Change from normal capabilities (work habits, efficiency, etc.)
  80. 80. Change in attendance at work or school
  81. 81. Poor physical appearance, including inattention to dress and personal hygiene
  82. 82. 86
  83. 83. OBJECTIIVE To harness people’s power in the anti-drug campaign by tapping the citizenry as the “eyes and ears” of the government in achieving the vision of a Drug-Free Philippines by the year 2010. 88
  84. 84. a. The informant is not a member of the DDB and its secretariat, PDEA, PNP, AFP, NBI, PCG, BuCus or any government agency exercising law enforcement function; b. The Information Report Form (IRF) containing the detailed information on illegal drug activity must reach the PDEA before the commencement of the successful anti-illegal drug operation; 89 ARTICLE IV PROCEDURES AND REQUIREMENTS
  85. 85. 90 ACCOMPLISHMENTS Year 2009 a total of P9,000,000 million were disbursed as reward.
  86. 86. Awarding of Cash Reward
  87. 87. Awarding of Cash Reward
  88. 88. Ang Laban Kontra • Report the User! Droga ay • Jail the Pusher! Laban ng Buong Bayan, MAKI-ISA NA!!!
  89. 89. 94 WHICH ONE NBP (Prison) NMH (Mental Hospital) RIP (Death)
  90. 90. Credits to Gen. Dionisio R. Santiago (Ret) Senior Usec./ Director General, PDEA “Towards a Drug-Free Philippines“
  91. 91. 96 For Any Assistance Please call PDEA Hotlines: 920-0735 or 920-0736 Or TEXT PDEANCR(space)FEEDBACK(space) TIP or MESSAGE And Send to 7007332 For Smart & TALKnText users only