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Tutorial of SPSS
BY
Nida Shahzad
Contents
• 1 Introduction:
• 1.1 What is SPSS?
• 1.2 Begin by opening SPSS 21 for
Windows.
• 1.3 Opening SPSS
• 2 Basic Information
• 2.1 Menu Bar:
• 2.2 Toolbar:
• 3 Data View Window
• 3.1 Variable View Window
• 3.1.1 Name
• 3.1.2 Type
• 3.1.3 Width
• 3.1.4 Decimals
• 3.1.5 Label
• 3.1.6 Values
• 4 Practice
• 4.1 Solution
• 5 Saving the data
• 6 Basic Analysis of SPSS
• 6.1 Frequencies
• 6.2 Descriptive
• 6.3 Regression Analysis
Introduction:
What is SPSS?
• Originally it is an acronym of Statistical Package for the Social Science but
now it stands for Statistical Product and Service Solutions
• One of the most popular statistical packages which can perform highly
complex data manipulation and analysis with simple instructions
• Begin by opening SPSS 21 for Windows.
• Click on the IBM SPSS shortcut button on your desktop.
• OR
• Type here to search → write SPSS → IBM SPSS statistics 21 APP→ double
click on it→ open SPSS 21.
Below is an illustration of how the first page
should appear.
• The three most common options at this point are:
• Run a tutorial – this will take you through a tour of how to use SPSS
21.
• Type in data – this is used to begin entering a new data set.
• Open an existing data source – this is used to work with an existing
data set.
To begin, click on the “Type in data” option from
the opening SPSS for Windows menu.
Then click “OK”.
Opening SPSS
The default window will have the data editor. There are two sheets in the window:
1. Data view 2. Variable view
1 2
Basic Information
• Each little box is called a “cell” (1). To access a cell, simply move the mouse
pointer to the cell and click the left mouse button. Once you have entered
data in a cell, you can either hit ENTER, or one of the direction arrows. To
modify information in a cell, you can also use the data view “window” (2).
Click on the cell you want to modify and then click the mouse pointer in
the data view window (the data presently in the cell should appear once
you click on the window). Now you move around in the data by using the
direction arrows to delete all or some of the information (by using the
DELETE button) or add new information. Along the side and bottom of
SPSS, you will find “scroll bars” (3) that allow you to move the view
up/down or left/right (by clicking the appropriate arrows at the ends of the
scroll bars).
Above the data cells, you will find the toolbar (1) and the menu bar (2).
Each provides the functions you will need to open/save data, perform
transformations, and conduct your statistical operations.
• Menu Bar:
• The menu bar provides a series of “drop down” commands to
perform most essential SPSS functions. By clicking on a menu
command, a further series of menu options will appear.
• Toolbar:
• The toolbar contains icons to facilitate easy point and click operations.
Because these can be customized, they may vary slightly between
systems. Below is a description of the some main icons:
Data View Window
• This sheet is visible when you first open the Data Editor and this sheet
contains the data
• Click on the tab labeled Variable View
Variable View Window
This sheet contains information about the data set that is stored with the dataset. Each row represents
a different variable that you will use in your analysis.
• Name
• The first character of the variable name must be alphabetic
• Variable names must be unique, and have to be less than 64 characters.
• Spaces are NOT allowed.
Type
Click on the ‘type’ box. Different types of variables but the two basic types of variables that you will
use are numeric and string. This column enables you to specify the type of variable.
Width
Width allows you to determine the number of characters SPSS will allow to
be entered for the variable.
3.1.4 Decimals
• Number of decimals
• It has to be less than or equal to 16
3.1.5 Label
• You can specify the details of the variable
• You can write characters with spaces up to 256 characters
3.1.6 Values
This is used and to suggest which numbers represent which categories
when the variable represents a category.
• 3.1.6.1 Defining the value label
• Click the cell in the values column as shown below
• For the value, and the label, you can put up to 60 characters.
• After defining the values click add and then click OK.
Thank You…

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Tutorial of SPSS

  • 2. Contents • 1 Introduction: • 1.1 What is SPSS? • 1.2 Begin by opening SPSS 21 for Windows. • 1.3 Opening SPSS • 2 Basic Information • 2.1 Menu Bar: • 2.2 Toolbar: • 3 Data View Window • 3.1 Variable View Window • 3.1.1 Name • 3.1.2 Type • 3.1.3 Width • 3.1.4 Decimals • 3.1.5 Label • 3.1.6 Values • 4 Practice • 4.1 Solution • 5 Saving the data • 6 Basic Analysis of SPSS • 6.1 Frequencies • 6.2 Descriptive • 6.3 Regression Analysis
  • 3. Introduction: What is SPSS? • Originally it is an acronym of Statistical Package for the Social Science but now it stands for Statistical Product and Service Solutions • One of the most popular statistical packages which can perform highly complex data manipulation and analysis with simple instructions • Begin by opening SPSS 21 for Windows. • Click on the IBM SPSS shortcut button on your desktop. • OR • Type here to search → write SPSS → IBM SPSS statistics 21 APP→ double click on it→ open SPSS 21.
  • 4.
  • 5. Below is an illustration of how the first page should appear.
  • 6. • The three most common options at this point are: • Run a tutorial – this will take you through a tour of how to use SPSS 21. • Type in data – this is used to begin entering a new data set. • Open an existing data source – this is used to work with an existing data set.
  • 7. To begin, click on the “Type in data” option from the opening SPSS for Windows menu. Then click “OK”.
  • 8. Opening SPSS The default window will have the data editor. There are two sheets in the window: 1. Data view 2. Variable view 1 2
  • 9. Basic Information • Each little box is called a “cell” (1). To access a cell, simply move the mouse pointer to the cell and click the left mouse button. Once you have entered data in a cell, you can either hit ENTER, or one of the direction arrows. To modify information in a cell, you can also use the data view “window” (2). Click on the cell you want to modify and then click the mouse pointer in the data view window (the data presently in the cell should appear once you click on the window). Now you move around in the data by using the direction arrows to delete all or some of the information (by using the DELETE button) or add new information. Along the side and bottom of SPSS, you will find “scroll bars” (3) that allow you to move the view up/down or left/right (by clicking the appropriate arrows at the ends of the scroll bars).
  • 10.
  • 11. Above the data cells, you will find the toolbar (1) and the menu bar (2). Each provides the functions you will need to open/save data, perform transformations, and conduct your statistical operations.
  • 12. • Menu Bar: • The menu bar provides a series of “drop down” commands to perform most essential SPSS functions. By clicking on a menu command, a further series of menu options will appear. • Toolbar: • The toolbar contains icons to facilitate easy point and click operations. Because these can be customized, they may vary slightly between systems. Below is a description of the some main icons:
  • 13. Data View Window • This sheet is visible when you first open the Data Editor and this sheet contains the data • Click on the tab labeled Variable View
  • 14. Variable View Window This sheet contains information about the data set that is stored with the dataset. Each row represents a different variable that you will use in your analysis. • Name • The first character of the variable name must be alphabetic • Variable names must be unique, and have to be less than 64 characters. • Spaces are NOT allowed.
  • 15. Type Click on the ‘type’ box. Different types of variables but the two basic types of variables that you will use are numeric and string. This column enables you to specify the type of variable.
  • 16. Width Width allows you to determine the number of characters SPSS will allow to be entered for the variable.
  • 17. 3.1.4 Decimals • Number of decimals • It has to be less than or equal to 16
  • 18. 3.1.5 Label • You can specify the details of the variable • You can write characters with spaces up to 256 characters
  • 19. 3.1.6 Values This is used and to suggest which numbers represent which categories when the variable represents a category. • 3.1.6.1 Defining the value label • Click the cell in the values column as shown below • For the value, and the label, you can put up to 60 characters. • After defining the values click add and then click OK.