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5. riparian vegetation

Indicator 5. Riparian Vegetation

5. riparian vegetation

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Ukraine Polyana Workshop July 2018
Raha Hakimdavar, Presidential Management Fellow in Hydrology, USDA Forest Service
Indicator 5: Riparian/Wetland
Vegetation Condition
Objectives
1. Mapping riparian areas using a constant buffer
2. Mapping riparian areas using a variable (more detailed)
buffer
Mapping riparian areas using a
constant buffer
Adapted from: USDA Natural Resources Conservation Service. Where the
Land and Water Meet: A Guide for Protection and Restoration of Riparian
Areas First Edition. USDA NRCS, September 2003.
The minimum and maximum limit of Riparian buffer width
to ensure the sustainability of the river functions
Mapping riparian areas for ecosystem services
Selection of two (arbitrary) buffer values:
• Main stream channel - 30 m (100 ft) riparian buffer
• Tributary streams - 15 m (50 ft) buffer
Close-up view of riparian buffers
Main Stream channel
Tributary streams
Mapping riparian areas in Polyana watershed
Close-up view of southwestern “big Pinya”
Forest loss – Landsat data 2001-2014
Riparian area condition – overlay with forest loss
data
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5. riparian vegetation

  • 1. Ukraine Polyana Workshop July 2018 Raha Hakimdavar, Presidential Management Fellow in Hydrology, USDA Forest Service Indicator 5: Riparian/Wetland Vegetation Condition
  • 2. Objectives 1. Mapping riparian areas using a constant buffer 2. Mapping riparian areas using a variable (more detailed) buffer
  • 3. Mapping riparian areas using a constant buffer
  • 4. Adapted from: USDA Natural Resources Conservation Service. Where the Land and Water Meet: A Guide for Protection and Restoration of Riparian Areas First Edition. USDA NRCS, September 2003. The minimum and maximum limit of Riparian buffer width to ensure the sustainability of the river functions Mapping riparian areas for ecosystem services
  • 5. Selection of two (arbitrary) buffer values: • Main stream channel - 30 m (100 ft) riparian buffer • Tributary streams - 15 m (50 ft) buffer Close-up view of riparian buffers Main Stream channel Tributary streams Mapping riparian areas in Polyana watershed
  • 6. Close-up view of southwestern “big Pinya” Forest loss – Landsat data 2001-2014 Riparian area condition – overlay with forest loss data
  • 7. Forest gain – Landsat data 2001-2014 Riparian area condition – overlay with forest gain data
  • 8. Mapping riparian areas using a variable buffer
  • 9. National inventory of riparian areas and their condition within national forests and rangelands www.riparian.solutions Riparian Areas Inventory & Assessment Project Sinan Abood, ORISE Research Fellow, USDA Forest Service
  • 10. Input Data Sources Type Streams USGS National Hydrology Dataset (NHD) http://nhd.usgs.gov/ Required Lakes USGS National Hydrology Dataset (NHD) http://nhd.usgs.gov/ Optional National Wetlands Inventory National Wetlands Inventory (NWI) http://www.fws.gov/wetlands/Data/Data-Download.html Optional gSSURGO Natural Resources Conservation Service (NRCS) http://soildatamart.nrcs.usda.gov/ or http://websoilsurvey.nrcs.usda.gov/app/HomePage.htm Optional Elevation (10-30 m DEM) The National Map https://viewer.nationalmap.gov/basic/#startUp Required Land Cover National Land Cover Database http://www.mrlc.gov/ Cropland Data Layer http://www.nass.usda.gov/research/Cropland/SARS1a.htm Optional 50-Year Flood Height 50-year flood height value is calculated using Mason (2007) approach utilizing available USGS water gauges at: https://maps.waterdata.usgs.gov/mapper/index.html Required Data requirements
  • 11. Input Data Sources Type Streams FORZA Required Lakes Optional National Wetlands Inventory Optional gSSURGO FORZA / soil surveys Optional Elevation (10-30 m DEM) FORZA / USGS 30 m DEM Required Land Cover FORZA / Landsat satellite land cover data Optional 50-Year Flood Height Can be calculated using data from available streamflow gauges and rainfall Required Data requirements – Pinya watershed
  • 13. Variable width of riparian area Resulting outputs
  • 14. Mapping riparian area change, 2013 to 2014
  • 15. Mapping riparian area complex changes, 2010 to 2014
  • 16. 0 10000 20000 30000 40000 50000 60000ACRES 2010 2011 2012 2013 2014 2015 2016 • 97% of riparian land cover is natural or semi natural • Between 2010 to 2016 there were: • 2030 acres decrease in forests • 1322 acres increase in shrublands • 1087 increase in wetlands National riparian area assessment (US)