• What are the 3 types of animal life cycles?
– Direct development, incomplete metamorphosis,
• What is the only change in direct development?
• What are the stages in an incomplete metamorphosis?
– 1.egg 2.nymph 3.adult
• What are the stages in a complete metamorphosis?
– 1.egg 2.larva 3.pupa 4.adult
• What are the four stages in a plant life cycle?
– 1.embryo, 2.seed, 3.seedling, 4.mature plant
• What are the three parts of a plant?
– Root, stem, leaf
• What are the functions of the 3 parts?
1. Root: stores food, takes in water and minerals
2. Stem: carries food and water to different parts
3. Leaf: makes food (photosynthesis)
• What is chlorophyll?
– Makes plants green (pigmentation)
• Why do plants change color in the Fall?
– They stop making chlorophyll in the Fall
• What makes a coyote howl?
• Spiders spinning a web is an example of an:
– Instinct (nobody teaches them how)
• Practicing good manners is an example of a:
– Learned behavior
• Your eye color is an_____from parents.
– Inherited trait
• What 2 things make up an ecosystem?
– Community of organisms, physical environment (fish
in the ocean)
• What is a habitat?
– A place within an ecosystem where animals live
(example: crabs live near the shore of the ocean)
• What is a niche?
– What a species does in its habitat
• Give me an example of a niche.
– Bats eat bugs at night, birds eat bugs in the day
• What is an organism?
– Any living thing plant or animal
• What are producers?
• What is a consumer?
– An animal that eats other organisms
• What is a 2nd
– A carnivore (meat eater)
• What do food chains usually start with producers
(plants) or consumers (animals)?
– Producers (plants)
• What is an herbivore, and how do they get their
– A plant eating consumer (animal) that gets its energy
• What is an omnivore?
– An animal that eats both plants and animals(ex. people)
• How do carnivores get their energy?
– From the stored plant energy of their prey
• The color of this rabbit’s fur is an example
• What are two adaptations cacti have for life in a
dry, hot desert ecosystem?
1. The ability to store a lot of water
2. Its thorns protect it from plant eating animals
• What are some ways humans modify their
environment to meet their needs?
– Building houses, roads, stores, etc.
• Give an example of how another animal
modifies its environment.
– Beavers build dams, birds build nests, etc
• Give some examples of habitats for different
animals in an ocean ecosystem.
– Clown fish: coral reef
– Whales: open ocean
– Seals: ocean coast
• An animal with sharp long teeth most likely eats:
– Other animals (to tear the flesh)
• An animal with flat teeth most likely eats:
– Plants (to smash the plants)
• What adaptations allow dolphins to survive in
1. Smooth bodies (fast swimming)
2. Sharp teeth (catching fish)
3. Holes on their backs (coming up for air)
• What 4 things do plants need in order to survive:
3. Carbon Dioxide
4. Soil (minerals)
• In the jungle herbivores would most likely eat:
– Leaves from trees
• Fill in the blank for the food chain using an
Sun – Plants – Zebra - ____________.
• Why do animals need plants (give 2 reasons)?
1. Plants produce oxygen which animals need
2. Animals (herbivores) need plants for food
• A behavior or a body part that helps organisms survive are
• Name one adaptationadaptation for each of these animals:
• Sharp beaks to tear apart their prey
• Needles for mouths to suck blood
• Stinky spray when they feel threatened
• Scaly skin to preserve water
• Gills are used to take oxygen from water (H2O)
• Describe the Nitrogen Cycle.
The nitrogen gas in the atmosphere is used by
bacteria in the soil
Plants use the nitrogen in the soil for food
Animals eat the plants using the nitrogen for
The animals die, returning the nitrogen back
into the soil starting the cycle over again
• The 3 steps of the water cycle are:
– 1. Evaporation, 2. Condensation, 3.
• What is the carbon dioxide-oxygen cycle?
Plants take in carbon dioxide and release
oxygen into the air (during photosynthesis)
Animals inhale the oxygen and exhale carbon
dioxide for the plants starting the cycle all over
• Describe the rock cycle
1. Igneous rock is formed from hardened magma
2. Sedimentary rock is created by the breaking down of
igneous rock into sediment and then cemented together
3. Metamorphic rock is rock that was sedimentary
changed by extreme pressure and heat
4. Metamorphic rock can then melt back into the magma
starting the cycle all over again
– These changes do not always occur in the same order
• Give an example of a decomposer and its role in
the life cycle.
– Decomposers are consumers (mushrooms) that use
tissue of dead organisms for food.
• What would happen to the water cycle if there was
– If there was no sun there would be no evaporation
– Without evaporation there will be no condensation
– Without condensation there will be no precipitation
– Without precipitation all plant life would die leading to
the death of all animals as well.
• What can we determine from tree rings?
– The age of the tree and the history (dry seasons, wet
seasons, forest fires)
• What does a tree ring look like during a dry
season compared to a wet season?
– During a dry season the rings are much thinner because
the tree doesn’t grow as fast with little water
• What are the effects of a forest fire on a forest
– The fire would destroy living things and their habitats