1 A Doll’s House What is the setting of play? In your answer, youmust state 1) the decade the play was published 2) the era 3) the place of publication 4) the main setting of the action in the play (be speciﬁc). 1) 1870s...1879 exactly 2) Victorian era 3) Norway 4) the living room
This era was especially strict in many 1 respects. Talk of sex and even babies A Doll’s House was distasteful. Gender roles were confining. Women were expected to be submissive to their husbands; husbands were expected to dominate. Women raised the children; men brought home thebacon. So it went. Anyone who challenged these deeply What is the setting of play? In your answer, youentrenched values faced some serious consequences. must state 1) the decade the play was published 2)This charged atmosphere of gender division was the reason that the play became such a phenomenon. the era 3) the place of publication 4) the main Theres a good chance that, without the controversy, wed have never even heard of A Dolls House. setting of the action in the play (be speciﬁc). Needless to say, the pressure of strict Victorian values is the spark that ignites the plays central conflicts. 1) 1870s...1879 exactly 2) Victorian era 3) Norway 4) the living room
2 A Doll’s HouseList all of the characters in the play and give each one a signiﬁcant epithet. Torvald Helmer - condescending, superﬁcial Nora Helmer - naive, childlike Doctor Rank - stoic, truthful Mrs. Linde - practical Nils Krogstad - conniving
3 A Doll’s HouseList three signiﬁcant themes from the play and provide evidence. 1) Subjugation of women 2) Appearance versus Reality 3) Freedom 4) Specious love
4 A Doll’s HouseWho said these lines and why are they signiﬁcant?“Last winter I was lucky enough to get a lot of copying to do; so I locked myself up and sat writingevery evening until quite late at night. Many a time I was desperately tired; but all the same it wasa tremendous pleasure to sit there working and earning money. It was like being a man.” Nora. First taste of freedom and independence. An impetus for future revelations.
5 A Doll’s HouseNora: Both you and I would have to be so changed that--. Oh, Torvald,I dont believe any longer in wonderful things happening.Helmer: But I will believe in it. Tell me! So changed that--?Nora: That our life together would be a real wedlock. Goodbye.(She goes out through the hall.) Analyze theHelmer: (sinks down on a chair at the door and buries his face in endinghis hands). Nora! Nora! (Looks round, and rises.) Empty. She is gone. (A hopeflashes across his mind.) The most wonderful thing of all--?(The sound of a door shutting is heard from below.) ?????????
6 A Doll’s House Compare and contrast Mrs. Linde and Nora at the beginning of the play and at the end. What is Ibsen’s purpose in doing this? Nora - dependent then independent (chooses)Mrs. Linde - independent then dependent (but chooses) Discover your own truth.
A Streetcar 1 Named DesireWhat is the purpose of the Varsouviana music throughout the play? - Memory of Allen Grey (dead husband) - Sets atmosphere of remorse - Distracts Blanche from reality - Represents the beginning of Blanche’s downfall
A Streetcar 2 Named Desire What is the setting of play? In your answer, you muststate 1) the year the play was published 2) where the play takes place and how that impacts the atmosphere 3) themain setting of the action in the play (be speciﬁc) 4) where Blanche lived before. 1) 1947 2) French Quarter of New Orleans, Louisiana -impoverished neighborhood contrasts the pseudo-afﬂuence of Blanche creating an atmosphere of conﬂict and disgust 3) the Kowalski’s two-room ﬂat 4) Belle Reve in Laurel, Mississippi
A Streetcar 2 Named Desire From another perspective, A Streetcar Named Desire can be seen as a thriving, exuberant atmosphere, one that nurtures an open-minded sense of community. In the plays beginning, two minor female characters are chatting. One woman is black, the other white. The What is the setting of play? In your answer, you must ease at which they communicate demonstrates the casual acceptance of diversity of state 1) the year the play was published 2) where the play the French Quarter. In the low-income world of Stella and Stanley Kowalski, racialsegregation appears non-existent, a sharp contrast to the elitist realms of the old South takes place and how that impacts the atmosphere 3) the (and Blanche Dubois childhood). As sympathetic as Blanche may appear, she often says intolerant remarks about class, sexuality (in the case of her homosexual husband who main setting of the action in the play (be speciﬁc) 4) where was devastated by her negative comments), and ethnicity. In fact, in a rare moment of political-correctness, Stanley insists that Blanche refer to him as Blanche lived before. an American (or at least Polish-American) rather than use the derogatory term: "Polack." 1) 1947 2) French Quarter of New Orleans, Louisiana - impoverished neighborhood contrasts the pseudo-afﬂuence of Blanche creating an atmosphere of conﬂict and disgust 3) the Kowalski’s two-room ﬂat 4) Belle Reve in Laurel, Mississippi
A Streetcar 3 Named DesireCome up with three important motifs from the play and analyze their importance. (You may not use the Varsouviana music.) Light Bathing Playing cards Drunkenness
A Streetcar 4 Named Desire What is Tennessee Williams’ purpose in having Stanley rape Blanche? - Desire leads to her demise- The “new South” is stronger and more dominant than the “old South” - Characterize Stanley’s bestiality
A Streetcar 5 Named Desire Analyze the symbolic importance of Blanche taking a streetcarnamed Desire, then transferring to one called Cemeteries, thenarriving at a street called Elysian Fields, where Stanley and Stella live. Also, what is ironic about the allusion to Elysian Fields.Blanche’s desire leads to her death, and the irony is that her life was lived in vane, void of any true importance or relevance.Elysian Fields is also the realm (paradise) where Greek Heroes went after they died. There are no heroes in the play.
A Streetcar 6 Named Desire Blanche sings the song “It’s Only a Paper Moon” while she is bathing. What is symbolic about this ballad?In Scene Seven, Blanche sings this popular ballad while she bathes. The song’s lyricsdescribe the way love turns the world into a “phony” fantasy. The speaker in the song saysthat if both lovers believe in their imagined reality, then it’s no longer “make-believe.”These lyrics sum up Blanche’s approach to life. She believes that her ﬁbbing is only hermeans of enjoying a better way of life and is therefore essentially harmless.As Blanche sits in the tub singing “It’s Only a Paper Moon,” Stanley tells Stella the detailsof Blanche’s sexually corrupt past. Williams juxtaposes Blanche’s fantasticalunderstanding of herself with Stanley’s description of Blanche’s real nature. In reality,Blanche is a sham who feigns propriety and sexual modesty. Once Mitch learns the truthabout Blanche, he can no longer believe in Blanche’s tricks and lies.
1 Death of a SalesmanProvide two valid reasons why Arthur Miller wroteDeath of a Salesman and provide evidence from the play. Critique the American Dream Father/son relationships Treatment of women Personal identity
2 Death of a SalesmanThere are several foil characters in the play. List two and explain each of their roles. Charlie Bernard Howard
3 Death of a Salesman “I’m a dime a dozen, and so are you!”1) Who speaks these lines? 2) When are they said and to whom? 3) Why are they so signiﬁcant in the play?1) Biff 2) At the end of the play in the house to Willy 3)Biff has come to terms with the fact that he is a simple man and he embraces this reality. Will never does and never will.
4 Death of a SalesmanWhat are the FIVE most important motifs in the play, and what is each motif’s purpose? Flute Rubber hose Stealing & “The Answer” Reputation Stockings Ben’s Appearances (Diamonds) Insurance money ($20,000) Seeds and the garden Sky (setting of being boxed in) Whistling
5 Death of a SalesmanWhat are the two most important themes in the play, and explain how they are conveyed. Flute Rubber hose Stealing & “The Answer” Reputation Stockings Ben’s Appearances (Diamonds) Insurance money ($20,000) Seeds and the garden Sky (setting of being boxed in) Whistling
6 Death of a SalesmanWhat is Ebbets Field and how does it connect to Willy or Biff or both? It’s the stadium where Biff goes to play his football game. It isactually a baseball ﬁeld; Biff is pursuing the wrong dream along with Willy.
1 Drama Terms What is the deﬁnition of a tragedy in drama? Be speciﬁc and give examples of two plays that are tragedies. A type of drama in which the characters experience reversals of fortune, usually forthe worse. In tragedy, catastrophe and suffering await many of the characters, especially the hero. Examples include Shakespeares “Othello” and “Hamlet”; Arthur Millers “Death of a Salesman.”
2 Drama TermsWhat are the similarities and differences between an aside and a soliloquy?Both meant to be heard by the audience and not the characters. An aside is directed to the audience.
3 Drama TermsWhat is stream of consciousness and why would an author choose to use it? A technique or method in modern literary work which attempts to convey a character’s rambling thoughts.
4 Drama Terms What is exposition? The ﬁrst stage of a ﬁctional or dramatic plot, in which necessary background information is provided. Ibsens A Dolls House, for instance,begins with a conversation between the two central characters, a dialoguethat ﬁlls the audience in on events that occurred before the action of the play begins, but which are important in the development of its plot.
5 Drama Terms What is pathos when it comes to drama, and provide amoment in each play where pathos is used by the playwright. Evoking pity from the audience.
6 Drama TermsWhat is a recognition? Using two plays, explain when these happen and how. Biff Nora
1 Paper 2“Drama at its best investigates the problems that beset ordinaryindividuals.” In light of this statement consider the ways in which two or three dramatists you have studied explore the problems that affects individuals.
2 Paper 2Setting can often reﬂect the underlying ideas in a play. Inthe light of this statement consider the importance and use of setting in two or three plays you have studied.
3 Paper 2“Drama explains individuals, not relationships.” Paying closeattention to how individuals and relationships are presentedin two or three plays you have studied, say how far you ﬁnd this statement to be true.
4 Paper 2Compare the presentation and functions of theopenings in two or three plays you have studied.
5 Paper 2With reference to two or three plays you havestudied, examine the dramatic signiﬁcance of failures in communication.
6 Paper 2 Consider the ways in which scene changes may highlightthe development of the characters and their relationships in two or three plays you have studied.