Study Notes

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Study Notes

  1. 1. USA Main Concepts
  2. 2. Location <ul><li>North America </li></ul><ul><li>Northern and Western Hemispheres </li></ul><ul><li>North of Mexico </li></ul><ul><li>South of Canada </li></ul><ul><li>Stretches between Atlantic and Pacific Ocean </li></ul><ul><li>Alaska is NW of Canada </li></ul><ul><li>Hawaii is in the Pacific Ocean </li></ul>
  3. 3. Size <ul><li>The US is the fourth largest country in the world. </li></ul>
  4. 4. Landforms <ul><li>Shares landforms with Canada & Mexico (example: Rocky Mtns., Great Plains) </li></ul><ul><li>Numerous north-south travel corridors (more highways N-S than E-W) </li></ul><ul><li>Spectacular landforms include Yellowstone National Park and Grand Canyon </li></ul><ul><li>These attract many tourists </li></ul><ul><li>Most tourists come from Canada </li></ul>
  5. 5. Rivers and Lakes <ul><li>Water resources are shared between Canada and USA </li></ul>
  6. 6. Natural Resources p1 <ul><li>Many natural resources incl. water </li></ul><ul><li>Water used for drinking, farming, industries, hydroelectricity </li></ul><ul><li>Rivers/Lakes/Oceans = fish </li></ul><ul><li>US may purchase water from Canada </li></ul><ul><li>Large area of rich farmland </li></ul><ul><li>Large mineral deposits </li></ul>
  7. 7. Natural Resources p2 <ul><li>Lots of Coal – used to make electricity </li></ul><ul><li>Petroleum ( still needs to buy from Canada and Saudi Arabia) </li></ul><ul><li>Forest cover 1/3 of U.S, but still imports lumber (mainly from Canada) </li></ul>
  8. 8. Climate <ul><li>Much of US is mild – crops grow year round </li></ul><ul><li>Ideal for fruits, vegetables, cereal (wheat / corn) </li></ul><ul><li>Hawaii – tropical fruits </li></ul><ul><li>Warm climates attract tourists </li></ul>
  9. 9. Political <ul><li>50 states – 48 border each other </li></ul><ul><li>Washington D.C. = capital </li></ul><ul><li>Whitehouse = President’s official residence </li></ul><ul><li>Embassies / Ambassadors </li></ul><ul><li>Democracy – elected by people </li></ul><ul><li>Voting age is 18 </li></ul>
  10. 10. Economic - Primary <ul><li>Uses natural resources </li></ul><ul><li>Farming, fishing, forestry </li></ul><ul><li>Largest food producer </li></ul><ul><li>Many agricultural products: </li></ul>Agricultural products Tobacco Eggs Vegetables Chickens Fruits Corn Cotton Soybeans Wheat Dairy Pigs Beef
  11. 11. Economic – Secondary p1 <ul><li>Manufacturing </li></ul><ul><li>Most industrialized country in the world </li></ul><ul><li>Industries include cars, trucks, medicine, clothing, paper products, computer equipment, televisions, machinery, chemicals, gasoline & plastics </li></ul><ul><li>Most Important: food processing, wireless phones, computer hardware / software, jet planes, space equipment </li></ul>
  12. 12. Economic – Secondary p2 <ul><li>American inventions: </li></ul><ul><li>Assembly line productions </li></ul><ul><li>TV / satellite broadcasts </li></ul><ul><li>Plastic containers </li></ul><ul><li>Computers/early internet </li></ul><ul><li>Fast foods/snacks </li></ul><ul><li>24% work in this sector </li></ul>
  13. 13. Economic – Service <ul><li>73% work in this sector </li></ul><ul><li>Education, banking, health, real estate, transportation, communications, restaurants </li></ul><ul><li>Help people – do not make something. </li></ul><ul><li>Provide a service. </li></ul>
  14. 14. Market Economy <ul><li>Companies compete for profit </li></ul><ul><li>Customers influence what is made </li></ul>
  15. 15. Trade <ul><li>Canada and the USA are each other’s most important trading partners </li></ul>
  16. 16. NAFTA <ul><li>Created in 1994 </li></ul><ul><li>Free trade between Canada, USA and Mexico </li></ul><ul><li>Reduce / remove tariffs (tax on imports) </li></ul><ul><li>Encourage trade </li></ul><ul><li>Mexican factories = lower costs / higher profit </li></ul>
  17. 17. Population <ul><li>Population not spread evenly </li></ul><ul><li>Metro area = dense population centre – more than one city </li></ul><ul><li>Local example: GTA – Toronto + Brampton +…. </li></ul><ul><li>75% urban (77% in Canada) </li></ul><ul><li>Population nearly 300 million </li></ul>
  18. 18. People <ul><li>Native Americans – 2 million </li></ul><ul><li>Melting Pot – most people are immigrants </li></ul><ul><li>Include European, African-American, Hispanic, Asian. </li></ul><ul><li>Most recent immigrants – Mexico, Philippines and Haiti </li></ul>
  19. 19. American Way of Life <ul><li>Families </li></ul><ul><li>Fewer two parent families </li></ul><ul><li>Fewer children per family </li></ul><ul><li>Education </li></ul><ul><li>Literacy rate = 97% </li></ul><ul><li>20% of High School students go to University </li></ul><ul><li>Adult Education for many </li></ul>
  20. 20. American Way of Life <ul><li>Languages </li></ul><ul><li>No official language </li></ul><ul><li>English and Spanish most common </li></ul><ul><li>Beliefs </li></ul><ul><li>Freedom of religion </li></ul><ul><li>56% Protestant, 28% Catholic, 10% none </li></ul><ul><li>84% Christian </li></ul>
  21. 21. American Way of Life <ul><li>Food </li></ul><ul><li>Convenience / fast food </li></ul><ul><li>Drive-through </li></ul><ul><li>Frozen / processed food </li></ul><ul><li>Many ethnic foods are popular </li></ul>
  22. 22. American Way of Life <ul><li>Music </li></ul><ul><li>Jazz, soul, blues, r&b, hip hop, rap, rock and roll very popular all over world </li></ul><ul><li>Latin, African, Indian music influencing American music </li></ul>
  23. 23. American Way of Life <ul><li>Celebrations </li></ul><ul><li>4 th . Of July: Independence in 1776 </li></ul><ul><li>Thanksgiving: Pilgrims – first harvest </li></ul><ul><li>President’s Day – honour George Washington & Abraham Lincoln </li></ul><ul><li>Easter, Christmas, Passover, Diwali, Ramadan </li></ul>

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