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  1. 1. PSICOGRUP 1
  2. 2. EDITORIALGroup name: PsicogrupWhenever there is a new magazine they say that is just the magazine thateveryone was waiting. It is fair to say that is precisely Psicogrup the magazine thateveryone was waiting. Our purpose, rather than confirm expectations, is tosuggest that people are informed about the psychological or mental diseases thatborder reality. In this first issue we would be treating the paranoia, stress andschizophrenia. For this we offer this magazine to everyone who wants to know alittle more to better cope with life. A magazine that is not due to any power,subject only to the clarity, intelligence, and imagination.This magazine aims to be a surprise in each number, and it has what no other: themost qualified and immodest group of accomplices in the art of communicatingwith the world, a highly professional group. The magazine that Venezuela needs amagazine that fit all of the ideas, provided they achieve so, all languages, allcultures, all races, and to all the prejudices, if they have some charm and are notsilencing of other. We strive to make all the numbers are works of art on everypage, until they finally meet the famous opinion and decide to imitate art reality.Finally: Psicogrup is an informative magazine that invites you to enrich knowledge. 2
  3. 3. MENTAL DISEASESAre disorders of cognitive and affective development, regarded as abnormal withrespect to reference social group from which the individual. You can try to alterthe thinking, behavior, the ability to recognize reality or to adapt to the conditionsof life.Depending on the disease concept is used, some authors consider moreappropriate to use in the field of mental health, the term "mental disorder"(which is using the two classification systems of psychopathology more importanttoday: the ICD-10 of the World Health Organization and the DSM-IV-TR AmericanPsychiatric Association). Especially in those cases where the biological etiology isnot clearly demonstrated, as happens in most of mental disorders. Furthermore,the term "mental illness" may be associated with social stigma. For these reasons,this term is deprecated and is used more mental disorder, or psychopathology.The concept of mental illness brings together a number of diseases of variouskinds, so it is very difficult to define in a unit and we must speak of each disease ordisorder in a particular way and even individualized as each person can bear themwith symptoms something different.Mental illness is often degenerate into social isolation, inactivity, lethargy,disorder of the rhythm of life in general and, in certain cases and circumstances,violent behavior and suicide attempts.There are several psychological disorders:• Generalized Anxiety• boderline• Social Phobia• Schizophrenia• Antisocial• Paranoia• Autism 3
  4. 4. • StressPlease note these that "titles" are relative. Many symptoms are similar and mayhave a scandal of some common (There was a time in the history of medicinewhere scientists are looked fun classify people). Q So if youre looking to have apsychological illness or seek to those around youll be wasting your time.P ARANOIAParanoia is a psychiatric term that describes a mental state characterized by thepresence of self-referential delusions.More specifically, you can refer to a type of distressing feelings, such as beingchased by uncontrollable forces (persecution), or be chosen for high mission assaving the world (or grandiose delusions of grandeur, attributed by some scholarsto certain personalities and dictatorial governments).Paranoia is also manifested in delusions of jealousy in Erotomania, somaticdelusions, etc... It is a chronic disorder, with varying degrees of virulenceoccasionally.The meaning of the term has changed over time, and therefore differentpsychiatrists can understand him different states. The most appropriate diagnosisfor modern paranoia is delusional disorder.The Spanish psychiatrist Enrique Gonzalez Duro, in his book The paranoia (1991),states that the triggers of this disease are very active in individuals with narcissismand an accused who have been exposed to serious frustration, being consequentlyendowed with a low self-esteem. This causes them to fire on the naturalmechanism of projection, much studied by psychology, by which we tend to 4
  5. 5. attribute to others those impulses, fantasies, frustrations and tensions that we areinexplicable, unacceptable and intolerable in ourselves. "The thought is paranoid-Gonzalez Duro-is rigid and incorrigible ignores the reasons to the contrary, onlycollects data or signs that confirm the prejudice, to become convinced."Many times a paranoid emphasizes avoiding action, although desired, with thepretext of a shock: "I saw a rose and I wanted to smell it, but I was afraid of beinghurt." Metaphorically think something like that actually will cause damage.S TRESSStress is a physiological reaction in the body that come into play various defensemechanisms to deal with a situation perceived as threatening or increaseddemand.Stress is a natural and necessary for survival, despite which today is confused withpathology. This confusion is that this defense mechanism may end up undercertain circumstances prevalent in certain modes of life, triggering serious healthproblems.When this natural response is given in excess of an overload of stress that affectsthe body and causes the appearance of diseases and pathological abnormalitiesthat prevent the normal development and functioning of the human body.Examples include forgetfulness (emerging memory problems) alterations in mood,nervousness and lack of concentration, in women can cause significant hormonalchanges such as swollen breasts, lower abdominal pain and other symptoms.It is an emerging disease in the workplace, which has a particular impact on theservice sector, with the highest risk tasks in senior positions that require moredemanding and dedication.Chronic stress is associated with anxiety disorders, which is a normal reaction to 5
  6. 6. various situations of life, but when present in excessive or chronic is a disease4that can alter the lives of people, it is advisable in this case consult a specialist.S CHIZOPHRENIASchizophrenia (a psychiatric diagnosis in people with a group of chronic andserious mental disorders characterized by alterations in the perception orexpression of reality) Schizophrenia also causes a mutation sustained variousaspects of mental functioning of individuals, mainly awareness of reality, and aneuropsychological disorganization more or less complex, especially executivefunctions, leading to difficulty maintaining behaviors motivated and goal-directed,and a significant social dysfunction.The concept of schizophrenia began historically with the term "dementia praecox"of Benedict Morel in the mid-nineteenth century. In 1898 Emil Kraepelindelineated dementia praecox in several disorders such as hebephrenic andcatatonic. Precisely because of the many possible combinations symptomatic, ithas been suggested that schizophrenia treat several disorders, not just one. Forthis reason, Eugen Bleuler schizophrenias preferred to use the plural to refer tothis condition when he coined the name in 1908. Despite its etymology,schizophrenia is not the same as dissociative identity disorder (or "multiplepersonality disorder" or "split personality"), with whom he has often beenconfused. Currently, the Diagnostic and Statistical Manual of Mental Disordersidentifies five variables or subtypes within schizophrenia, while the World HealthOrganization distinguishes seven subtypes. On the other hand, a wide variety ofcategorical and dimensional models that seeks to address and explore thesymptoms of schizophrenia and its diagnosis. 6
  7. 7. Symptoms of schizophrenia usually begin in young adults and about 0.4-0.6% ofthe population is affected. A person with schizophrenia usually shows a languageand disorganized thinking, delusions, hallucinations, mood disorders andinapropiada.7 conduct Diagnosis is based on the experiences reported by thepatient and the conduct of the examiner. There are currently no laboratory testsfor diagnosis of schizophrenia and none of the symptoms is path gnomonic of thiscondition, which makes diagnosis difficult.Some studies suggest that genetic defects during neurodevelopment, theenvironment during childhood and psychological and social processes areimportant factors that could contribute to the onset of schizophrenia. Certainmedications and recreational drug use appear to cause or worsen symptoms.Current psychiatric research is focused on the role of neurobiology, but no causefound orgánica.8 you noticed a consistent increase in the activity of dopamine inthe mesolimbic pathway of the brain in schizophrenia. However, the direction ofcausality remains a biological mystery.Pharmacological treatment of first line drugs are antipsychotics, which actprimarily by suppressing dopamine activity. The doses of antipsychotics used aregenerally lower than in the first decades of use. Psychotherapy and vocational andsocial rehabilitation are also important. In severe cases, where there is risk for thesame patient and to others around them may be indicated for involuntaryhospitalization, although the hospital stay is less frequent and for shorter periodsthan in times pasados.9 usually disorders of cognition contribute to persistentbehavioral problems. Schizophrenic patients often have other health problems,including addiction, depression and anxiety disorder and social problems likeunemployment, poverty and low quality of life. Life expectancy of patients withschizophrenia is 10 to 12 years younger than those without the disease, becauseof health problems and a higher frequency of suicide. 7
  8. 8. S ERENA YOUR MINDCan not stop thinking about something special? Clear your mind and devote a fewminutes a day to relax and forget problems.At some point in life everyone has gone through a moment of frustration wherethat "something special" can be anything from a day of hard work, a couple thathas been or event for which you are very nervous.This can be very frustrating because it happens inside your mind, within your owndomain, and yet you can not control it and youre helpless before these thoughtsthat invade and fill your mind.But why do they happen? The answer may be that certain brain regions thatcontrol the flow of thought are not in their best capacity. Whatever the case, anyimprovement in the very moment you bring peace to your thoughts.The following four steps proposed a method to free your mind of anxiety-producing thoughts using specific aspects of traditional Buddhist meditation, ZenBuddhism and mindfulness practice. However, they also have some relationship tocognitive behavioral therapies and allude to the neuroplasticity of the brain.The brains neuroplasticity means that human beings are able to use your ownmind to alter, in a physiological way, the structure of the brain.Thus, over time, the bombings of these thoughts are becoming less likely.STEP 1: Take time and spacethe first step to silence your mind is essential in any practice of meditation: set atime and space to carry it out.For beginners, meditation has a hard-won credibility: is considered by many to behighly effective, both psychological and physiological therapies. Thats why theyinsist that this process be accorded the necessary respect - and taken seriously -by setting aside a little time, space and energy for a sincere effort.Not provide enough time to spare before bed or while lying in bed: it is importantto spend a couple of minutes. It is a commitment made to calm the mind: 15minutes in the dark of a room, for example. 8
  9. 9. STEP 2: Clarify your goalsThe next step is to remind yourself the reason for meditation: quiet your mind ofwhatever is bothering you so you can continue with your daily activities in a betterway, either resting on a weekend or to enjoy a better sleep. At this rate you cancall it "setting the intention."Go ahead and relax at any attempt to contain your thoughts inflammatory andvivid, and images related to everything that is harassing to mind. Think of yourselfas if you were preparing for a neurological clean and discard all those negativethoughts.STEP 3: Secure your concentrationthis next step is more like an intermediate step, a pause to step 4.There is a type of Buddhist meditation called Samantha that promotes focusedconcentration on a selected object. This ability meditative first obtains and thenpolishes.In this step, just do that: focus on one thing. It can be your own breathing, aconstant sound, a word, a syllable or a short phrase. This will be your uniqueapproach to develop your skills as concentration.STEP 4: Practice the attentionthis last step, a skillful blend of old and modern forces you to understand thepractice of care in an atmosphere of meditation.For better understanding, are the words of the monk Nyanaponika: "Attention isthe clear and unique awareness of what is actually happening around and withinus right then perceives these intrusive thoughts and reviews with a cold logic as ifit were a third person. 9
  10. 10. Group Editor. Director (s): Monica Caceres Design and layout: Monica Caceres Editor (s): Maria José Ramos Digital Image Processing: Roxana Angarita.Bibliographies:Wikipedia. Free Encyclopedia. Accessed on 29/03/2012. 10