neurosisGroup 8 Presentation:Carmella Anne Garcia Shara Jane Clayton Christina Sabangan
• Plural form: Psychoneuroses or Neuroses.• Prefix – “Psycho” was added some decades later when it became clear that mental and emotional factors were important in the etiology of these disorder• Behavioral disorder brought about by emotional tension, resulting from frustration, conflicts, repression or insecurity.• Based on emotional conflict.
1. Anxiety2. Inability3. Rigid or Repetitive behavior4. Egocentricity5.Hypersensitivity
1. Predisposing, possibly constitutionalfactors.2. Childhood development patterns.3. Life situation that precipitated thereactions4. CulturalFactors.
I. Anxiety • Reaction is built on lifetime pattern of insecurity and immaturity. • were always tense, worried, easily upset and preoccupied with future calamities.
1.Neurasthenia • Loss of interest in the surrounding or life situation severe symptoms • Along with headaches, backaches, dizzy, spells, bilious attack and indigestion. • Lacking of energy, complaints of being tired, chronic fatigability, chronic irritability & inability to concentrate.
Example:A middle-aged wife of a successful businessmanwho develops vague aches & pains, markedfeelings of fatigue & insomnia to extent that sheis bedridden for several weeks but for whichmedical examinations discussed no organicpathology. Psychological diagnosis indicatesthat among other frustration & conflicts, shehad been greatly disturbed for year. Because ofher husband’s lack of affection. When shebecame bedridden & sick, her husbandexpressed considerable sympathy and spentmore time with her. Her disabilities were usedas her mechanism for securing the desired
2. Hypochondria • suffering of being greatly exaggerated, isolated and immature, self-centered personality.Example: 1. Story of An Emo Kid 2. Ovreprotective parents
People whose parents were over protective,who showed too much concern about theirchild’s health are prone to Hypochondrialreactions. Feelings of inadequacy and lack offulfillment also predispose some people tothis type of reaction and like the neurasthenictype. Secondary gains accrue to the patientthrough attention-getting efforts.
II. Hysteria • Disorder without unidentifiable physical pathology one or more symptoms usually due to organic limbs, intense aches and pains, deafness, blindness, loss of voice, continuous vomiting, head or hand tremors, anesthesia where he/she becomes insensitive to pain and cannot feel a needle or burn. He/she may develop fits, seizures or faint. • Mood swings, dissociate reactions, loses his/her identity to solve emotional crisis.
1. Amnesia • Literally means “Forgetting” • Disorder which the individual cannot recall his/her name & remembers little or nothingTypes of Amnesia: the past. abouta. Anterograde – inability to retain information which has justbeen seen or read.b. Retrograde – inability to recall any event which took placeduring a certain period of time.c. Localized – inability to recall events which are related to aparticular situaton
2. Fugue • an amnesia state. It may last for a few hours, days or months. It is an escape mechanism from highly distressful situation.3. Somnambulism • Sleep walking is a dreamlike state where the patient walks about and carries on certain activities which are not remembered later.
4. MultiplePersonality form of hysteria. • dramatic Shifting from 1 personality to another last for from a few hours to several months or years. It develops 2 or more separate and different personalities.
III. Psychastenia • a psychoneurotic condition accompanied by a vast range of mental & emotional symptoms which cannot be controlled. Reasons and Symptoms: • unreasonable dreads/phobias, obsession and • compulsion unreasonable elation, constant depression or over inhibition.
1. Phobias • irrational or exaggerated fear of an object, person act or situation and it may develop towards any imaginable aspect of the environment.Characteristics:a. Reasons for the fear do not makesense.b. The fear paralyzes instead ofenhances thec. The fear seems to be the problem. ability to deal with caused by thethreat of discharged of self destructive
Example: Achluphobia/nyctophobia – fear of dark Acrophobia – fear of high places Aichmophobia – fear of open paces Algophobia – fear of pain Arachnephobia – fear of spiders Astraphobia – fear of thunder, lightning & storm Cheimophobia – fear of cold Dipsophobia – fear of drinking Ecophobia/Oikophobia – fear of home Electrophobia – fear of electricity Pathophobia – fear of disease Xenophobia – fear of strangers
2. Obsession • is an idea or series of idea which recur so frequently that it interferes with normal thinking. The thought continues to intrude no matter how hard one tries and what activities are undertaken.CommonOsession: Self-Accusatory Thoughts - Thought about losing the mind, committing immoral acts, superstitious worries, etc.
Psychodynamics ofobsessionof the obsession is from an earlya. The origin :unpleasant experience.b. The individual retained some painfulideas, usually of guilt as a result of thisexperience.c. Since the memory of such experience isunbreakable it is displaced with an ideawhich is more tolerabled. The obsessional thoughts usually are onlyremotely, although symbolically related to theexpressed experience.e. Feelings of guilt & shame, as a rule are thecasual factors in obsessional thinking.
3. Compulsion • irresistible tendency to perform an act or ritual which the individual feels compelled to carry out even though it is recognize as irrational.Example: Arithmania – impulse to count everything. Dipsomania – impulse to drink liquor. Homicidalmania – impulse to kill. Kleptomania – impulse to steal. Megalomania – impulse for fame & power. Pyromania – impulse to set fire to things. Suicidalmania – impulse to take one’s own life.
Other Types:I. Traumatic Neurosis • Inappropriate symptom pattern is manifested in a situation where the individual fears for his/her safety.II. Operational Fatigue or War Neurosis • Manifested in response to a battle environment it is reactive state resulting from